Alaska 2004

This album contains photos of the flowers, mountains, glaciers, and other attractions we saw on our trip to the Kenai Peninsula and Denali National Park in Alaska during June / July 2004.
Image Number Image (Click to Enlarge)CaptionImage Viewed
1 <strong>Chocolate Lily</strong>
<em>Fritillaria camschatcensis</em><br>
Ken and I visited Alaska in June 2004 to celebrate our 24-1/2 wedding anniversary (I don't think we would have seen quite so much if we had gone 6 months later!). This plant is t...

Chocolate Lily Fritillaria camschatcensis
Ken and I visited Alaska in June 2004 to celebrate our 24-1/2 wedding anniversary (I don't think we would have seen quite so much if we had gone 6 months later!). This plant is t...

Chocolate Lily Fritillaria camschatcensis
Ken and I visited Alaska in June 2004 to celebrate our 24-1/2 wedding anniversary (I don't think we would have seen quite so much if we had gone 6 months later!). This plant is the lead-in for the Alaska site because it required a tremendous amount of effort to find it. I have never worked so hard to see a flower in my life! When we were told it was "just a short way" up the Skyline trail in the Kenai National Wildlife Refuge I was anxious do the hike to find it. However, the lady at the Refuge Information desk didn't tell us that the trail went STRAIGHT UP! I found the wilted flowers at about 3/4th mile up the trail. Later, at my cousin's house in Kenai, he told me that the flowers grow in his neighborhood! I found this plant growing across the street on the bank of the Kenai River! When people ask me if the flowers smell like chocolate, my answer is, "Not like it does when it goes in!" The other common name, "Outhouse Lily", is pretty descriptive of their distinctive fecal odor! These stinky flowers are pollinated by flies and beetles. (story)


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2 <strong>Skyline Trail</strong><br>
We later learned that the Skyline Trail is one of the steepest trails on the Kenai Peninsula with an elevation gain of 2000 feet in 3/4 mile! Thank goodness it wasn't wet! The bluish-green color in the upper right co...

Skyline Trail
We later learned that the Skyline Trail is one of the steepest trails on the Kenai Peninsula with an elevation gain of 2000 feet in 3/4 mile! Thank goodness it wasn't wet! The bluish-green color in the upper right co...

Skyline Trail
We later learned that the Skyline Trail is one of the steepest trails on the Kenai Peninsula with an elevation gain of 2000 feet in 3/4 mile! Thank goodness it wasn't wet! The bluish-green color in the upper right corner is a small lake. The purple flowers are Wild Geraniums. We made sure to make a lot of noise by talking or whistling to let our presence be known to any moose or bears that might be nearby.
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3 This photo was taken about 5:00 p.m. as we were flying over the Chugash Mountains on our descent into Anchorage. Note the glaciers, the one in the middle is a tidewater glacier. Glaciers move slowly but constantly, the ice at their base grinds the bedr...

This photo was taken about 5:00 p.m. as we were flying over the Chugash Mountains on our descent into Anchorage. Note the glaciers, the one in the middle is a tidewater glacier. Glaciers move slowly but constantly, the ice at their base grinds the bedr...

This photo was taken about 5:00 p.m. as we were flying over the Chugash Mountains on our descent into Anchorage. Note the glaciers, the one in the middle is a tidewater glacier. Glaciers move slowly but constantly, the ice at their base grinds the bedrock into a powder as fine as flour, in fact, it is called "glacier flour". 1969
4 <strong>Hanging basket in Anchorage</strong><br>
The downtown part of the city of Anchorage is bursting with colorful flowers. Hanging baskets with gold Marigolds and blue Lobelias reflect the colors of the state flag, gold stars in the shape of the B...

Hanging basket in Anchorage
The downtown part of the city of Anchorage is bursting with colorful flowers. Hanging baskets with gold Marigolds and blue Lobelias reflect the colors of the state flag, gold stars in the shape of the B...

Hanging basket in Anchorage
The downtown part of the city of Anchorage is bursting with colorful flowers. Hanging baskets with gold Marigolds and blue Lobelias reflect the colors of the state flag, gold stars in the shape of the Big Dipper and the North Star on a dark blue field.
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5 Anchorage has the largest seaplane port in the world at Lake Hood. At the busiest times of the summer there are 800 flights per day flying in and out. Since Alaska is such a large state and there are so few roads, private planes are a popular form of t...

Anchorage has the largest seaplane port in the world at Lake Hood. At the busiest times of the summer there are 800 flights per day flying in and out. Since Alaska is such a large state and there are so few roads, private planes are a popular form of t...

Anchorage has the largest seaplane port in the world at Lake Hood. At the busiest times of the summer there are 800 flights per day flying in and out. Since Alaska is such a large state and there are so few roads, private planes are a popular form of transportation. 2331
6 <strong>Flat Top Mountain</strong> in the Chugach State Park is a very popular trail among the Anchorage locals and tourists alike. The day we hiked it was the first clear weekend of the summer and it was packed with hikers and mountain bikers! Park ra...

Flat Top Mountain in the Chugach State Park is a very popular trail among the Anchorage locals and tourists alike. The day we hiked it was the first clear weekend of the summer and it was packed with hikers and mountain bikers! Park ra...

Flat Top Mountain in the Chugach State Park is a very popular trail among the Anchorage locals and tourists alike. The day we hiked it was the first clear weekend of the summer and it was packed with hikers and mountain bikers! Park rangers closed the parking lot when it filled with 250 cars! 2553
7 The view from Flat Top Mountain is worth the long, rocky hike. On a clear day Denali (a.k.a. Mt. McKinley) and Mt. Foraker can be seen from about 250 miles away! Note the two white mountains on the horizon in the middle of this picture, Denali is on th...

The view from Flat Top Mountain is worth the long, rocky hike. On a clear day Denali (a.k.a. Mt. McKinley) and Mt. Foraker can be seen from about 250 miles away! Note the two white mountains on the horizon in the middle of this picture, Denali is on th...

The view from Flat Top Mountain is worth the long, rocky hike. On a clear day Denali (a.k.a. Mt. McKinley) and Mt. Foraker can be seen from about 250 miles away! Note the two white mountains on the horizon in the middle of this picture, Denali is on the right. "Denali" is the Athabaskan Indian name meaning "The Great One", it is well-named! The white rectangle below the Blueberry Loop trail on the middle hillside is the parking lot for the trail. map... 2666
8 There were nearly as many dogs on the trail as people going up to Flattop Mountain! I'm checking out another tiny wildflower along the trail.
photo by Kenny Light

There were nearly as many dogs on the trail as people going up to Flattop Mountain! I'm checking out another tiny wildflower along the trail. photo by Kenny Light

There were nearly as many dogs on the trail as people going up to Flattop Mountain! I'm checking out another tiny wildflower along the trail. photo by Kenny Light 1773
9 <strong>Alpine Azalea</strong>
<em>Loiseleuria procumbens</em><br>
Flat Top Mountain towers above Anchorage offering fabulous views both on the trailsides and far in the distance. We saw 52 different wildflowers on the trail, including these beautifu...

Alpine Azalea Loiseleuria procumbens
Flat Top Mountain towers above Anchorage offering fabulous views both on the trailsides and far in the distance. We saw 52 different wildflowers on the trail, including these beautifu...

Alpine Azalea Loiseleuria procumbens
Flat Top Mountain towers above Anchorage offering fabulous views both on the trailsides and far in the distance. We saw 52 different wildflowers on the trail, including these beautiful little Alpine Azaleas. Many alpine wildflowers grow close to the ground. From the higher parts of the trail we could see the snow-capped volcanoes Mts. Spurr, Iliamna, and Redoubt across Cook Inlet, and the Alaska Range.


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10 <strong>Snow Potentilla</strong>
<em>Potentilla nivea</em><br>
I found these bright yellow flowers blooming on Flat Top Mountain. These and other Cinquefoils are in the Rose Family. <em>Nivea</em> means "snow".

Snow Potentilla Potentilla nivea
I found these bright yellow flowers blooming on Flat Top Mountain. These and other Cinquefoils are in the Rose Family. Nivea means "snow".

Snow Potentilla Potentilla nivea
I found these bright yellow flowers blooming on Flat Top Mountain. These and other Cinquefoils are in the Rose Family. Nivea means "snow".


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11 <strong>Snow Potentilla</strong> growing in a crack in a rock on Flattop Mountain. Alpine plants are amazing in their ability to grow in hostile habitats!

Snow Potentilla growing in a crack in a rock on Flattop Mountain. Alpine plants are amazing in their ability to grow in hostile habitats!

Snow Potentilla growing in a crack in a rock on Flattop Mountain. Alpine plants are amazing in their ability to grow in hostile habitats! 2010
12 <strong>Cloudberry; Salmonberry</strong>
<em>Rubus chamemorus</em>
When I visited a friend in Norway in 1995 I ate a delicious fruit preserve made from the berries of this plant, called "molte". I brought a jar of it home with me, but none of my fami...

Cloudberry; Salmonberry Rubus chamemorus When I visited a friend in Norway in 1995 I ate a delicious fruit preserve made from the berries of this plant, called "molte". I brought a jar of it home with me, but none of my fami...

Cloudberry; Salmonberry Rubus chamemorus When I visited a friend in Norway in 1995 I ate a delicious fruit preserve made from the berries of this plant, called "molte". I brought a jar of it home with me, but none of my family or friends here liked it. It is very good when mixed with whipped cream. The berries are called "Salmonberry" because of their pale orange color. They look like raspberries.


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13 <strong>Lapland Diaspensia</strong>
<em>Diaspensia lapponica</em><br>
These are tiny alpine plants, the flowers are much larger than the leaves. I found these blooming in a crack between two rocks on Flat Top Mountain.

Lapland Diaspensia Diaspensia lapponica
These are tiny alpine plants, the flowers are much larger than the leaves. I found these blooming in a crack between two rocks on Flat Top Mountain.

Lapland Diaspensia Diaspensia lapponica
These are tiny alpine plants, the flowers are much larger than the leaves. I found these blooming in a crack between two rocks on Flat Top Mountain.


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14 <strong>Narcissus-flowered Anemone</strong>
<em>Anemone narcissiflora</em><br>
These pretty white flowers were blooming along the Flat Top Mountain trail. "Anemone" means "wind flower".

Narcissus-flowered Anemone Anemone narcissiflora
These pretty white flowers were blooming along the Flat Top Mountain trail. "Anemone" means "wind flower".

Narcissus-flowered Anemone Anemone narcissiflora
These pretty white flowers were blooming along the Flat Top Mountain trail. "Anemone" means "wind flower".


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15 <strong>Mountain Avens</strong>
<em>Dryas octopetala</em><br>
These are beautiful white flowers that bloom in alpine areas. The species name alludes to the 8 petals of the flowers. The seed heads are as interesting as the flowers are pretty (see foll...

Mountain Avens Dryas octopetala
These are beautiful white flowers that bloom in alpine areas. The species name alludes to the 8 petals of the flowers. The seed heads are as interesting as the flowers are pretty (see foll...

Mountain Avens Dryas octopetala
These are beautiful white flowers that bloom in alpine areas. The species name alludes to the 8 petals of the flowers. The seed heads are as interesting as the flowers are pretty (see following photographs).


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16 These unripe Mountain Avens seeds are swirled until they ripen and dry out, then they look very different... (see next picture)

These unripe Mountain Avens seeds are swirled until they ripen and dry out, then they look very different... (see next picture)

These unripe Mountain Avens seeds are swirled until they ripen and dry out, then they look very different... (see next picture) 1876
17 When the seeds of Mountain Avens dry and ripen they stick straight out like a kid with a bad haircut! The little fringes help the seeds spread by the wind when they loosen.

When the seeds of Mountain Avens dry and ripen they stick straight out like a kid with a bad haircut! The little fringes help the seeds spread by the wind when they loosen.

When the seeds of Mountain Avens dry and ripen they stick straight out like a kid with a bad haircut! The little fringes help the seeds spread by the wind when they loosen. 1920
18 <strong>Pixie-eye Primrose</strong>
<em>Primula cuneifolia</em><br>
This tiny pink flower was blooming along the Flat Top Mountain trail, I also saw it in the higher elevations of Kenai Fjords National Park.

Pixie-eye Primrose Primula cuneifolia
This tiny pink flower was blooming along the Flat Top Mountain trail, I also saw it in the higher elevations of Kenai Fjords National Park.

Pixie-eye Primrose Primula cuneifolia
This tiny pink flower was blooming along the Flat Top Mountain trail, I also saw it in the higher elevations of Kenai Fjords National Park.


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19 <strong>Dwarf Dogwood; Bunchberry</strong>
<em>Cornus canadensis</em><br>
This plant is a pint-sized relative of our southern Dogwood tree. These pretty white flowers bloom on small herbaceous (non-woody) plants, not trees. The other name alludes to ...

Dwarf Dogwood; Bunchberry Cornus canadensis
This plant is a pint-sized relative of our southern Dogwood tree. These pretty white flowers bloom on small herbaceous (non-woody) plants, not trees. The other name alludes to ...

Dwarf Dogwood; Bunchberry Cornus canadensis
This plant is a pint-sized relative of our southern Dogwood tree. These pretty white flowers bloom on small herbaceous (non-woody) plants, not trees. The other name alludes to the cluster of red berries that ripen in the fall. The white "petals" are actually bracts, the true flowers are found in the center.


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20 <strong>Swedish Dwarf Cornel</strong>
<em>Cornus suecica</em><br>
The leaves of the Swedish Dwarf Cornel are smaller and a bit more round. I found these blooming on Flat Top Mountain.

Swedish Dwarf Cornel Cornus suecica
The leaves of the Swedish Dwarf Cornel are smaller and a bit more round. I found these blooming on Flat Top Mountain.

Swedish Dwarf Cornel Cornus suecica
The leaves of the Swedish Dwarf Cornel are smaller and a bit more round. I found these blooming on Flat Top Mountain.


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21 <strong>Beautiful Jacob's Ladder</strong>
<em>Polemonium pulcherrimum</em><br>
"Pulcherrimum" means beautiful. I saw two types of Jacob's Ladder, the "beautiful" kind and the "Tall" kind. I photographed these flowers on the Flat Top Mountain trail.

Beautiful Jacob's Ladder Polemonium pulcherrimum
"Pulcherrimum" means beautiful. I saw two types of Jacob's Ladder, the "beautiful" kind and the "Tall" kind. I photographed these flowers on the Flat Top Mountain trail.

Beautiful Jacob's Ladder Polemonium pulcherrimum
"Pulcherrimum" means beautiful. I saw two types of Jacob's Ladder, the "beautiful" kind and the "Tall" kind. I photographed these flowers on the Flat Top Mountain trail.


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22 <strong>Forget-Me-Not</strong>
<em>Myosotis alpestris</em>, subspecies <em>asiatica</em><br>
I was happy to find the Alaska State Flower blooming at the overlook on Flat Top Mountain.

Forget-Me-Not Myosotis alpestris, subspecies asiatica
I was happy to find the Alaska State Flower blooming at the overlook on Flat Top Mountain.

Forget-Me-Not Myosotis alpestris, subspecies asiatica
I was happy to find the Alaska State Flower blooming at the overlook on Flat Top Mountain.


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23 <strong>Glaucous Gentian</strong>
<em>Gentiana glauca</em><br>
The color of this flower was one that I have never seen in a flower before, it was a greenish-blue. The plant was about 3 inches tall growing among the rocks on Flat Top Mountain.

Glaucous Gentian Gentiana glauca
The color of this flower was one that I have never seen in a flower before, it was a greenish-blue. The plant was about 3 inches tall growing among the rocks on Flat Top Mountain.

Glaucous Gentian Gentiana glauca
The color of this flower was one that I have never seen in a flower before, it was a greenish-blue. The plant was about 3 inches tall growing among the rocks on Flat Top Mountain.


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24 <strong>Labrador Tea</strong>
<em>Ledum palustris ssp. groenlandicum</em><br>
These flowers were one of the first that I saw when we went to Flat Top Mountain. They were fairly common in alpine areas. These flowers are in the Heath Family.

Labrador Tea Ledum palustris ssp. groenlandicum
These flowers were one of the first that I saw when we went to Flat Top Mountain. They were fairly common in alpine areas. These flowers are in the Heath Family.

Labrador Tea Ledum palustris ssp. groenlandicum
These flowers were one of the first that I saw when we went to Flat Top Mountain. They were fairly common in alpine areas. These flowers are in the Heath Family.


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25 <strong>Alp lily</strong> 
<em>Lloydia serotina</em><br>
I was delighted to see these beautiful little white lilies blooming on Flat Top Mountain on June 20. It was our first hike in Alaska.

Alp lily Lloydia serotina
I was delighted to see these beautiful little white lilies blooming on Flat Top Mountain on June 20. It was our first hike in Alaska.

Alp lily Lloydia serotina
I was delighted to see these beautiful little white lilies blooming on Flat Top Mountain on June 20. It was our first hike in Alaska.


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26 <strong>Nagoonberry</strong>
<em>Rubus arctica</em><br>
This pretty pink flower was blooming along the trail to Flat Top Mountain. Later in the season it will produce an edible raspberry-like fruit.

Nagoonberry Rubus arctica
This pretty pink flower was blooming along the trail to Flat Top Mountain. Later in the season it will produce an edible raspberry-like fruit.

Nagoonberry Rubus arctica
This pretty pink flower was blooming along the trail to Flat Top Mountain. Later in the season it will produce an edible raspberry-like fruit.


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27 <strong>Alaska Spirea</strong>
<em>Spirea beauverdiana</em><br>
These plants were blooming on Flat Top Mountain in the Chugach Mountains outside Anchorage. Spireas often have an unpleasant odor, which is probably why there are flies on these flowers ...

Alaska Spirea Spirea beauverdiana
These plants were blooming on Flat Top Mountain in the Chugach Mountains outside Anchorage. Spireas often have an unpleasant odor, which is probably why there are flies on these flowers ...

Alaska Spirea Spirea beauverdiana
These plants were blooming on Flat Top Mountain in the Chugach Mountains outside Anchorage. Spireas often have an unpleasant odor, which is probably why there are flies on these flowers instead of bees!


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28 <strong>Labrador Lousewort</strong>
<em>Pedicularis labradorica</em>
Alaska has 4 species of Louseworts. I found this one on Flat Top Mountain.

Labrador Lousewort Pedicularis labradorica Alaska has 4 species of Louseworts. I found this one on Flat Top Mountain.

Labrador Lousewort Pedicularis labradorica Alaska has 4 species of Louseworts. I found this one on Flat Top Mountain.


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29 <strong>Bluebells; Languid Lady; Chiming Bells</strong>
<em>Mertensia paniculata</em>
Flat Top Mountain proved to be a great area for wildflowers; I identified 52 different species along that trail!

Bluebells; Languid Lady; Chiming Bells Mertensia paniculata Flat Top Mountain proved to be a great area for wildflowers; I identified 52 different species along that trail!

Bluebells; Languid Lady; Chiming Bells Mertensia paniculata Flat Top Mountain proved to be a great area for wildflowers; I identified 52 different species along that trail!


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30 Beluga Point is a nice pullout spot along the Seward Highway. We hiked on a "secret" trail to get to this point. At certain times of the year the white whales, for which the point is named, can be seen in the water. The current in Turnagain Arm is incr...

Beluga Point is a nice pullout spot along the Seward Highway. We hiked on a "secret" trail to get to this point. At certain times of the year the white whales, for which the point is named, can be seen in the water. The current in Turnagain Arm is incr...

Beluga Point is a nice pullout spot along the Seward Highway. We hiked on a "secret" trail to get to this point. At certain times of the year the white whales, for which the point is named, can be seen in the water. The current in Turnagain Arm is incredibly strong during the change of tides. During a full or new moon, a 6-foot high bore tide can be seen roaring up the large inlet. The inlet gets its name from Captain Cook's explorations; when he went up the inlet he learned it came to a dead end and he had to turn around again. The gray color of the water comes from the mud ground from the mountain by nearby glaciers. 2183
31 We took the tram up to the slopes of Alyeska Ski Resort in Girdwood. We enjoyed watching the parasailers as they took off and slowly drifted down to the valley below. The view of Turnagain Arm from up here was spectacular!

We took the tram up to the slopes of Alyeska Ski Resort in Girdwood. We enjoyed watching the parasailers as they took off and slowly drifted down to the valley below. The view of Turnagain Arm from up here was spectacular!

We took the tram up to the slopes of Alyeska Ski Resort in Girdwood. We enjoyed watching the parasailers as they took off and slowly drifted down to the valley below. The view of Turnagain Arm from up here was spectacular! 1793
32 <strong>Largeleaf Avens</strong>
<em>Geum macrophyllum spp. macrophyllum</em>
I found this plant growing in Girdwood the town below the Aleska ski resort south of Anchorage.

Largeleaf Avens Geum macrophyllum spp. macrophyllum I found this plant growing in Girdwood the town below the Aleska ski resort south of Anchorage.

Largeleaf Avens Geum macrophyllum spp. macrophyllum I found this plant growing in Girdwood the town below the Aleska ski resort south of Anchorage.


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33 <strong>Yellow Mountain Heather</strong>
<em>Phyllodoce glanduliflora</em><br>
There were many of these tiny plants blooming near the mountain lodge at Alyeska Ski Resort near Girdwood.

Yellow Mountain Heather Phyllodoce glanduliflora
There were many of these tiny plants blooming near the mountain lodge at Alyeska Ski Resort near Girdwood.

Yellow Mountain Heather Phyllodoce glanduliflora
There were many of these tiny plants blooming near the mountain lodge at Alyeska Ski Resort near Girdwood.


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34 Portage glacier can be seen in the distance. It is interesting to see the small icebergs floating in the lake. Note the "U" shaped valleys that have been cut by the glaciers.

Portage glacier can be seen in the distance. It is interesting to see the small icebergs floating in the lake. Note the "U" shaped valleys that have been cut by the glaciers.

Portage glacier can be seen in the distance. It is interesting to see the small icebergs floating in the lake. Note the "U" shaped valleys that have been cut by the glaciers. 1847
35 There is a small worm that can survive in the surface ice of glaciers. The <strong>Ice worm</strong> has a very narrow range of temperatures that it can live in. The warmth of a human hand will kill it! These interesting little animals eat single-celle...

There is a small worm that can survive in the surface ice of glaciers. The Ice worm has a very narrow range of temperatures that it can live in. The warmth of a human hand will kill it! These interesting little animals eat single-celle...

There is a small worm that can survive in the surface ice of glaciers. The Ice worm has a very narrow range of temperatures that it can live in. The warmth of a human hand will kill it! These interesting little animals eat single-celled algae and pollen grains that get trapped in the ice. This picture was taken at the Portage Glacier Visitors Center. 2125
36 This Skeleton Forest can be seen along Highway 1 near Portage. The dead trees have stood here since the 1964 Good Friday 9.2 magnitude earthquake. The land near the Turnagain Arm sunk causing salt water to inundate the forest. Because of the cold weath...

This Skeleton Forest can be seen along Highway 1 near Portage. The dead trees have stood here since the 1964 Good Friday 9.2 magnitude earthquake. The land near the Turnagain Arm sunk causing salt water to inundate the forest. Because of the cold weath...

This Skeleton Forest can be seen along Highway 1 near Portage. The dead trees have stood here since the 1964 Good Friday 9.2 magnitude earthquake. The land near the Turnagain Arm sunk causing salt water to inundate the forest. Because of the cold weather, decomposition of the trees has been very slow. 2289
37 <strong>Bell Heather</strong>
<em>Cassiope tetragona</em><br>
These tiny alpine plants grow in low, thick mats high in the mountains above the tree line. In Alaska, the tree line can be as low as 2000 feet above sea level. These flowers are in the He...

Bell Heather Cassiope tetragona
These tiny alpine plants grow in low, thick mats high in the mountains above the tree line. In Alaska, the tree line can be as low as 2000 feet above sea level. These flowers are in the He...

Bell Heather Cassiope tetragona
These tiny alpine plants grow in low, thick mats high in the mountains above the tree line. In Alaska, the tree line can be as low as 2000 feet above sea level. These flowers are in the Heath family.


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38 <strong>Beach Pea</strong>
<em>Lathyrus maritimus maritimus</em><br>
This plant grows on the beaches. I found it on the Kenai Peninsula.  Note how the flowers change color as they age.

Beach Pea Lathyrus maritimus maritimus
This plant grows on the beaches. I found it on the Kenai Peninsula. Note how the flowers change color as they age.

Beach Pea Lathyrus maritimus maritimus
This plant grows on the beaches. I found it on the Kenai Peninsula. Note how the flowers change color as they age.


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39 A view of our Bed and Breakfast on Resurrection Bay in Seward.

A view of our Bed and Breakfast on Resurrection Bay in Seward.

A view of our Bed and Breakfast on Resurrection Bay in Seward. 1622
40 It was a bit unnerving to see Tsunami evacuation signs along the main street of Seward. A tsunami from the 1964 earthquake devastated homes and businesses in Seward.

It was a bit unnerving to see Tsunami evacuation signs along the main street of Seward. A tsunami from the 1964 earthquake devastated homes and businesses in Seward.

It was a bit unnerving to see Tsunami evacuation signs along the main street of Seward. A tsunami from the 1964 earthquake devastated homes and businesses in Seward. 2079
41 We wondered if this ornate, old radiator we found on the beach in Seward was a relic from the 1964 Good Friday Earthquake.

We wondered if this ornate, old radiator we found on the beach in Seward was a relic from the 1964 Good Friday Earthquake.

We wondered if this ornate, old radiator we found on the beach in Seward was a relic from the 1964 Good Friday Earthquake. 1613
42 Ken enjoys the view of low tide at Resurection Bay south of Seward. We hiked on the Caines Head trail. Signs at the trailhead warn hikers of the dangers of the rapidly changing tides. Tides in this part of Alaska are very high, unwary hikers can get ca...

Ken enjoys the view of low tide at Resurection Bay south of Seward. We hiked on the Caines Head trail. Signs at the trailhead warn hikers of the dangers of the rapidly changing tides. Tides in this part of Alaska are very high, unwary hikers can get ca...

Ken enjoys the view of low tide at Resurection Bay south of Seward. We hiked on the Caines Head trail. Signs at the trailhead warn hikers of the dangers of the rapidly changing tides. Tides in this part of Alaska are very high, unwary hikers can get caught in the rising water and drown. 1722
43 Seaweed-covered Rocks at low tide in Ressurection Bay. The tides in this part of the state are quite dramatic.

Seaweed-covered Rocks at low tide in Ressurection Bay. The tides in this part of the state are quite dramatic.

Seaweed-covered Rocks at low tide in Ressurection Bay. The tides in this part of the state are quite dramatic. 1745
44 <strong>Wild Iris</strong>
<em>Iris setosa</em><br>
These blue flowers are common roadside plants. I found these growing in a field of a "Skeleton Forest," which is a remnant of the 1964 magnitude 9.2 Alaska Earthquake. The town of Seward was devasta...

Wild Iris Iris setosa
These blue flowers are common roadside plants. I found these growing in a field of a "Skeleton Forest," which is a remnant of the 1964 magnitude 9.2 Alaska Earthquake. The town of Seward was devasta...

Wild Iris Iris setosa
These blue flowers are common roadside plants. I found these growing in a field of a "Skeleton Forest," which is a remnant of the 1964 magnitude 9.2 Alaska Earthquake. The town of Seward was devastated by a tremendous tidal wave. The land in many coastal areas sunk up to six feet, drowning the trees in saltwater, leaving behind the "Skeleton Forests."


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45 This was the boat that we took out of Seward to see the Holgate Glacier. It was owned by the man who owned the bed and breakfast where we stayed. It was nice to have only 2 other guests and the 2-person crew on board (until we picked up the 12 kayakers)!

This was the boat that we took out of Seward to see the Holgate Glacier. It was owned by the man who owned the bed and breakfast where we stayed. It was nice to have only 2 other guests and the 2-person crew on board (until we picked up the 12 kayakers)!

This was the boat that we took out of Seward to see the Holgate Glacier. It was owned by the man who owned the bed and breakfast where we stayed. It was nice to have only 2 other guests and the 2-person crew on board (until we picked up the 12 kayakers)! 1681
46 Kenny and Kris on the whale/glacier tour boat. This day was our 24-1/2 anniversary! :) What a memorable day we had seeing orcas, porpoises, a humpback whale, Stellar sea lions, a mountain goat and puffins!

Kenny and Kris on the whale/glacier tour boat. This day was our 24-1/2 anniversary! :) What a memorable day we had seeing orcas, porpoises, a humpback whale, Stellar sea lions, a mountain goat and puffins!

Kenny and Kris on the whale/glacier tour boat. This day was our 24-1/2 anniversary! :) What a memorable day we had seeing orcas, porpoises, a humpback whale, Stellar sea lions, a mountain goat and puffins! 1597
47 Resurrection Bay is home to many Sea Otters. When the Exxon Valdez tanker accident occured, many otters and other animals died.

Resurrection Bay is home to many Sea Otters. When the Exxon Valdez tanker accident occured, many otters and other animals died.

Resurrection Bay is home to many Sea Otters. When the Exxon Valdez tanker accident occured, many otters and other animals died. 1463
48 We were excited to see a group of Puffins swimming in Ressurection Bay when we went out on the boat.

We were excited to see a group of Puffins swimming in Ressurection Bay when we went out on the boat.

We were excited to see a group of Puffins swimming in Ressurection Bay when we went out on the boat. 1449
49 I cheated on this picture by taking it through the glass at the Seward Aquarium. It would be very difficult to get this close to a Horned Puffin in the wild!

I cheated on this picture by taking it through the glass at the Seward Aquarium. It would be very difficult to get this close to a Horned Puffin in the wild!

I cheated on this picture by taking it through the glass at the Seward Aquarium. It would be very difficult to get this close to a Horned Puffin in the wild! 1525
50 <strong>Dall's porpoises</strong>
<em>Phocoenoides dalli</em>

Most people expect to see orcas and humpback whales when they are cruising in Alaska, but we got the added treat of seeing these Dall's porpoises swimming near the boat! These little por...

Dall's porpoises Phocoenoides dalli Most people expect to see orcas and humpback whales when they are cruising in Alaska, but we got the added treat of seeing these Dall's porpoises swimming near the boat! These little por...

Dall's porpoises Phocoenoides dalli Most people expect to see orcas and humpback whales when they are cruising in Alaska, but we got the added treat of seeing these Dall's porpoises swimming near the boat! These little porpoises are only found it the cold Arctic waters near Alaska, Japan and Russia. 1665
51 <strong>Orcas</strong>
<em>Orcinus orca</em>
We enjoyed watching three pods of orcas (killer whales)in Resurrection Bay on a 10-hour nature cruise out of Seward. There are two females and a calf in this picture. Adult female orcas have a shorter dors...

Orcas Orcinus orca We enjoyed watching three pods of orcas (killer whales)in Resurrection Bay on a 10-hour nature cruise out of Seward. There are two females and a calf in this picture. Adult female orcas have a shorter dors...

Orcas Orcinus orca We enjoyed watching three pods of orcas (killer whales)in Resurrection Bay on a 10-hour nature cruise out of Seward. There are two females and a calf in this picture. Adult female orcas have a shorter dorsal fin than the males. The captain of our boat put a hydrophone in the water so we could eavesdrop on the whale communication. It was incredible to hear the squeals and whistles of the Orca chatter! We saw these whales on our 24-1/2 year wedding anniversary! 4355
52 <strong>A Male Orca in Resurrection Bay</strong><br>
Note the tall fin of this lone male killer whale.

A Male Orca in Resurrection Bay
Note the tall fin of this lone male killer whale.

A Male Orca in Resurrection Bay
Note the tall fin of this lone male killer whale.
1735
53 <strong>Sealions</strong> (<em>Eumetopias jubatus</em>) on the rocks can be smelled before they are seen! The large bull has a harem of cows and his pups. We were on a small boat that could get closer to animals than the larger boats, but not close eno...

Sealions (Eumetopias jubatus) on the rocks can be smelled before they are seen! The large bull has a harem of cows and his pups. We were on a small boat that could get closer to animals than the larger boats, but not close eno...

Sealions (Eumetopias jubatus) on the rocks can be smelled before they are seen! The large bull has a harem of cows and his pups. We were on a small boat that could get closer to animals than the larger boats, but not close enough to disturb them. Sealions and seals eat fish. 1651
54 <strong>Steller Sea Lion</strong>
<em>Eumetopias jubatus</em>
This huge <strong>Steller Sea Lion</strong> was warming himself on the rocks. These spectacular animals were listed as a threatened species in 1990

Steller Sea Lion Eumetopias jubatus This huge Steller Sea Lion was warming himself on the rocks. These spectacular animals were listed as a threatened species in 1990

Steller Sea Lion Eumetopias jubatus This huge Steller Sea Lion was warming himself on the rocks. These spectacular animals were listed as a threatened species in 1990 1956
55 The Holgate glacier ends in the Holgate Fjord in Kenai Fjords National Park. It is considered a "tidewater" glacier. Note the "U"- shaped valley. Icebergs calve, or break off, from the end of the glacier.

The Holgate glacier ends in the Holgate Fjord in Kenai Fjords National Park. It is considered a "tidewater" glacier. Note the "U"- shaped valley. Icebergs calve, or break off, from the end of the glacier.

The Holgate glacier ends in the Holgate Fjord in Kenai Fjords National Park. It is considered a "tidewater" glacier. Note the "U"- shaped valley. Icebergs calve, or break off, from the end of the glacier. 2902
56 <strong>Mountain Goat</strong>
<em>Oreamnos americanus</em>
We were delighted and amazed to see this mountain goat carefully picking his way along the edge of the cliffside above the Holgate Fjord. He is certainly safe from any predators here! This p...

Mountain Goat Oreamnos americanus We were delighted and amazed to see this mountain goat carefully picking his way along the edge of the cliffside above the Holgate Fjord. He is certainly safe from any predators here! This p...

Mountain Goat Oreamnos americanus We were delighted and amazed to see this mountain goat carefully picking his way along the edge of the cliffside above the Holgate Fjord. He is certainly safe from any predators here! This picture was taken from a boat with the maximum telephoto capability on my Nikon Coolpix 5700, so it is a bit blurry! 2341
57 Our whale/glacier tour boat was also used as a "water taxi". We picked up these kayakers (<u>and</u> their kayaks!) who had just completed a 3-day paddle/camp trip. The people talked of bears that visited their campsites and how the glacier sounded lik...

Our whale/glacier tour boat was also used as a "water taxi". We picked up these kayakers (and their kayaks!) who had just completed a 3-day paddle/camp trip. The people talked of bears that visited their campsites and how the glacier sounded lik...

Our whale/glacier tour boat was also used as a "water taxi". We picked up these kayakers (and their kayaks!) who had just completed a 3-day paddle/camp trip. The people talked of bears that visited their campsites and how the glacier sounded like a cannon shot when the ice broke off the end. 1538
58 Approaching the Holgate glacier it is hard to appreciate how large it is. To give some scale to this scene, look for the small black rectangle in the water just below the glacier... that is a boat!

Approaching the Holgate glacier it is hard to appreciate how large it is. To give some scale to this scene, look for the small black rectangle in the water just below the glacier... that is a boat!

Approaching the Holgate glacier it is hard to appreciate how large it is. To give some scale to this scene, look for the small black rectangle in the water just below the glacier... that is a boat! 1587
59 Alaska's cold ocean waters teem with sea animals such as these anemones, gastropods and sea stars I photographed in a tank at the Seward Aquarium.

Alaska's cold ocean waters teem with sea animals such as these anemones, gastropods and sea stars I photographed in a tank at the Seward Aquarium.

Alaska's cold ocean waters teem with sea animals such as these anemones, gastropods and sea stars I photographed in a tank at the Seward Aquarium. 2061
60 <strong>Bald Eagle</strong>
<em>Haliaeetus leucocephalus</em>
This Bald Eagle, nicknamed "Chatty Charlie", sat in a tree outside our bed and breakfast in Seward; he lived up to his name, calling loudly each morning. Eagles are very common in Alaska, ...

Bald Eagle Haliaeetus leucocephalus This Bald Eagle, nicknamed "Chatty Charlie", sat in a tree outside our bed and breakfast in Seward; he lived up to his name, calling loudly each morning. Eagles are very common in Alaska, ...

Bald Eagle Haliaeetus leucocephalus This Bald Eagle, nicknamed "Chatty Charlie", sat in a tree outside our bed and breakfast in Seward; he lived up to his name, calling loudly each morning. Eagles are very common in Alaska, we saw one try to steal a fish from a seagull. The species name, leucocephalus, means "white head". 1841
61 I was amazed one morning to look out the window of our room at the bed and breakfast in Seward to see this blanket of fog hanging over Resurrection Bay. In 1964 this tranquil bay was the scene of a tragic and devastating tsunami due to the Good Friday ...

I was amazed one morning to look out the window of our room at the bed and breakfast in Seward to see this blanket of fog hanging over Resurrection Bay. In 1964 this tranquil bay was the scene of a tragic and devastating tsunami due to the Good Friday ...

I was amazed one morning to look out the window of our room at the bed and breakfast in Seward to see this blanket of fog hanging over Resurrection Bay. In 1964 this tranquil bay was the scene of a tragic and devastating tsunami due to the Good Friday earthquake. 1602
62 Seward and Homer are 2 very popular fishing areas in Alaska. We enjoyed going out on the dock and seeing the many catches of the day. The large white fish are halibut. It is a very tasty fish, the cheeks are a delicacy in Alaska restaurants. Yum!

Seward and Homer are 2 very popular fishing areas in Alaska. We enjoyed going out on the dock and seeing the many catches of the day. The large white fish are halibut. It is a very tasty fish, the cheeks are a delicacy in Alaska restaurants. Yum!

Seward and Homer are 2 very popular fishing areas in Alaska. We enjoyed going out on the dock and seeing the many catches of the day. The large white fish are halibut. It is a very tasty fish, the cheeks are a delicacy in Alaska restaurants. Yum! 1544
63 Another load of fish are pushed up the dock late in the afternoon at Seward. These guys will clean the fish for the customers who caught them.

Another load of fish are pushed up the dock late in the afternoon at Seward. These guys will clean the fish for the customers who caught them.

Another load of fish are pushed up the dock late in the afternoon at Seward. These guys will clean the fish for the customers who caught them. 1424
64 Seward was the orginal starting place for the serum run to Nome, AK. The Iditarod race commemorates that historic and life-saving wintertime run.

Seward was the orginal starting place for the serum run to Nome, AK. The Iditarod race commemorates that historic and life-saving wintertime run.

Seward was the orginal starting place for the serum run to Nome, AK. The Iditarod race commemorates that historic and life-saving wintertime run. 1704
65 This dog sled is in the Iditarod park in Seward.

This dog sled is in the Iditarod park in Seward.

This dog sled is in the Iditarod park in Seward. 1551
66 <strong>Twisted-stalk; Watermelon Berry</strong>
<em>Streptopus amplexifolius</em><br>
This member of the Lily Family has interesting blooms. Note how the flower stalk grows below each leaf. The ripe berries are used to make syrups and jellies. I fou...

Twisted-stalk; Watermelon Berry Streptopus amplexifolius
This member of the Lily Family has interesting blooms. Note how the flower stalk grows below each leaf. The ripe berries are used to make syrups and jellies. I fou...

Twisted-stalk; Watermelon Berry Streptopus amplexifolius
This member of the Lily Family has interesting blooms. Note how the flower stalk grows below each leaf. The ripe berries are used to make syrups and jellies. I found this plant growing on a trail above the Exit Glacier in Kenai Fjords National Park.


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3554
67 <strong>Western Columbine</strong>
<em>Aquilegia formosa</em><br>
These bright red and yellow flowers add a splash of color along the woodland trails. I found these on the Harding Ice Field Trail in Kenai Fjords National Park. I have seen these beaut...

Western Columbine Aquilegia formosa
These bright red and yellow flowers add a splash of color along the woodland trails. I found these on the Harding Ice Field Trail in Kenai Fjords National Park. I have seen these beaut...

Western Columbine Aquilegia formosa
These bright red and yellow flowers add a splash of color along the woodland trails. I found these on the Harding Ice Field Trail in Kenai Fjords National Park. I have seen these beautiful flowers blooming in Olympic National Park in Washington.


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2625
68 <strong>Fringecup</strong>
<em>Tellima grandiflora</em><br>
These flowers were blooming along the trail to the Harding Ice Field at Kenai Fjords National Park. They are related to the Bishop's Cap or Miterwort (Mitella) of our area.

Fringecup Tellima grandiflora
These flowers were blooming along the trail to the Harding Ice Field at Kenai Fjords National Park. They are related to the Bishop's Cap or Miterwort (Mitella) of our area.

Fringecup Tellima grandiflora
These flowers were blooming along the trail to the Harding Ice Field at Kenai Fjords National Park. They are related to the Bishop's Cap or Miterwort (Mitella) of our area.


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2582
69 <strong>Nootka Lupine</strong> 
<em>Lupinus nootkatensis</em><br>
These smaller Lupines have hairy seed pods. 
The seeds of lupines are poisonous to goats and cattle. The toxins contained in the seeds are lupinine, anagyrine, sparteine, and hydroxyl...

Nootka Lupine Lupinus nootkatensis
These smaller Lupines have hairy seed pods. The seeds of lupines are poisonous to goats and cattle. The toxins contained in the seeds are lupinine, anagyrine, sparteine, and hydroxyl...

Nootka Lupine Lupinus nootkatensis
These smaller Lupines have hairy seed pods. The seeds of lupines are poisonous to goats and cattle. The toxins contained in the seeds are lupinine, anagyrine, sparteine, and hydroxylupanine. The big names are almost bigger than the seeds themselves!


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3173
70 <strong>Arctic Lupine</strong>
<em>Lupinus arcticus</em><br>
These pretty Lupines were common on the Kenai Peninsula. It is a taller plant than the Nootka Lupine. Many arctic plants have wooly leaves and stems as an adaptation to help the plants surv...

Arctic Lupine Lupinus arcticus
These pretty Lupines were common on the Kenai Peninsula. It is a taller plant than the Nootka Lupine. Many arctic plants have wooly leaves and stems as an adaptation to help the plants surv...

Arctic Lupine Lupinus arcticus
These pretty Lupines were common on the Kenai Peninsula. It is a taller plant than the Nootka Lupine. Many arctic plants have wooly leaves and stems as an adaptation to help the plants survive the cold and wind. The seeds of lupines are poisonous to goats and cattle. The toxins contained in the seeds are lupinine, anagyrine, sparteine, and hydroxylupanine. The big names are almost bigger than the seeds themselves!


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4597
71 <strong>Kris with wildflowers at Kenai Fjords National Park</strong><br>
The wildflowers along the Harding Ice Field trail were quite varied depending on the terrain. I enjoyed seeing these blue Lupines, red Western Columbine and yellow Paintbrush flo...

Kris with wildflowers at Kenai Fjords National Park
The wildflowers along the Harding Ice Field trail were quite varied depending on the terrain. I enjoyed seeing these blue Lupines, red Western Columbine and yellow Paintbrush flo...

Kris with wildflowers at Kenai Fjords National Park
The wildflowers along the Harding Ice Field trail were quite varied depending on the terrain. I enjoyed seeing these blue Lupines, red Western Columbine and yellow Paintbrush flowers. We were really surprised to be able to wear shorts in Alaska! The area was suffering through a heat wave when we were there, it got up to 90 degrees on the Kenai Peninsula. The locals were miserable!
1695
72 This sign in Kenai Fjords NP shows how much the Exit Glacier has retreated since 1978. You can't see this and not believe that there is something to global warming!

This sign in Kenai Fjords NP shows how much the Exit Glacier has retreated since 1978. You can't see this and not believe that there is something to global warming!

This sign in Kenai Fjords NP shows how much the Exit Glacier has retreated since 1978. You can't see this and not believe that there is something to global warming! 1567
73 The blue ice of the Exit glacier in Kenai Fjord National Park.

The blue ice of the Exit glacier in Kenai Fjord National Park.

The blue ice of the Exit glacier in Kenai Fjord National Park. 1583
74 Exit Glacier at Kenai Fjord NP from the overlook on the Harding Icefield Trail. The glacier has been receeding up the valley over the decades. Many of Alaska's glaciers are suffering the same fate. 
<a href="http://maps.google.com/maps/ms?ie=UTF8&hl=e...

Exit Glacier at Kenai Fjord NP from the overlook on the Harding Icefield Trail. The glacier has been receeding up the valley over the decades. Many of Alaska's glaciers are suffering the same fate.

Exit Glacier at Kenai Fjord NP from the overlook on the Harding Icefield Trail. The glacier has been receeding up the valley over the decades. Many of Alaska's glaciers are suffering the same fate. map... 1908
75 <strong>Exit Glacier's cravasses at Kenai Fjords NP</strong><br>
This glacier is just a small part of the massive Harding Ice Field. Cravasses form because the ice is moving slowly, causing cracks.

Exit Glacier's cravasses at Kenai Fjords NP
This glacier is just a small part of the massive Harding Ice Field. Cravasses form because the ice is moving slowly, causing cracks.

Exit Glacier's cravasses at Kenai Fjords NP
This glacier is just a small part of the massive Harding Ice Field. Cravasses form because the ice is moving slowly, causing cracks.
1796
76 It may look like an animal has died here and spilled blood, but this is actually a type of red algae that grows in the snow. We saw this at Kenai Fjords National Park.

It may look like an animal has died here and spilled blood, but this is actually a type of red algae that grows in the snow. We saw this at Kenai Fjords National Park.

It may look like an animal has died here and spilled blood, but this is actually a type of red algae that grows in the snow. We saw this at Kenai Fjords National Park. 1458
77 I photographed this mother Moose and her young twins late the first evening that we were in Kenai. My cousin's daughter took us on a "moose hunt" at 10:30 that night. I took the photo from the truck window, cow moose are extremely protective of their y...

I photographed this mother Moose and her young twins late the first evening that we were in Kenai. My cousin's daughter took us on a "moose hunt" at 10:30 that night. I took the photo from the truck window, cow moose are extremely protective of their y...

I photographed this mother Moose and her young twins late the first evening that we were in Kenai. My cousin's daughter took us on a "moose hunt" at 10:30 that night. I took the photo from the truck window, cow moose are extremely protective of their young and could easily kill a person. They didn't seem to notice a big red pick-up truck stopped a few feet away! 1611
78 <strong>Moose droppings</strong> are found nearly everywhere in Alaska. Winter droppings look like balls of sawdust because the moose have to eat more woody plants during that season. In the summer the droppings are black and more "pasty" (sorry to be ...

Moose droppings are found nearly everywhere in Alaska. Winter droppings look like balls of sawdust because the moose have to eat more woody plants during that season. In the summer the droppings are black and more "pasty" (sorry to be ...

Moose droppings are found nearly everywhere in Alaska. Winter droppings look like balls of sawdust because the moose have to eat more woody plants during that season. In the summer the droppings are black and more "pasty" (sorry to be so gross!). Winter droppings can be used as emergency fuel since it burns easily. I'm not so sure I'd want to roast hot dogs or marshmallows over a fire from moose droppings! :-0 2628
79 Tern Lake on the Kenai Peninsula is a nice stopping place along the highway going to Kenai and Homer. This picture was taken just a few hours before a large thunderstorm hit.

Tern Lake on the Kenai Peninsula is a nice stopping place along the highway going to Kenai and Homer. This picture was taken just a few hours before a large thunderstorm hit.

Tern Lake on the Kenai Peninsula is a nice stopping place along the highway going to Kenai and Homer. This picture was taken just a few hours before a large thunderstorm hit. 1548
80 The man on the left worked part time as a Fish Counter for the Fish and Wildlife Service to estimate the number of salmon that are migrating up the river. The weir in the background stops the fish, a few times a day a gate in the box is opened which al...

The man on the left worked part time as a Fish Counter for the Fish and Wildlife Service to estimate the number of salmon that are migrating up the river. The weir in the background stops the fish, a few times a day a gate in the box is opened which al...

The man on the left worked part time as a Fish Counter for the Fish and Wildlife Service to estimate the number of salmon that are migrating up the river. The weir in the background stops the fish, a few times a day a gate in the box is opened which allows a few fish at time to swim through to be counted. The number of fish counted will help determine how many salmon can be caught by fishermen (and women!) downstream. 1343
81 Salmon swimming upstream to spawn.

Salmon swimming upstream to spawn.

Salmon swimming upstream to spawn. 1615
82 This was my first time on a Mountain bike! My cousin Jim and his wife Debbie took Kenny and me on this trail to go see the salmon jumping up the rapids on the Russian River.

This was my first time on a Mountain bike! My cousin Jim and his wife Debbie took Kenny and me on this trail to go see the salmon jumping up the rapids on the Russian River.

This was my first time on a Mountain bike! My cousin Jim and his wife Debbie took Kenny and me on this trail to go see the salmon jumping up the rapids on the Russian River. 1414
83 When the salmon start to run in June, the fishermen (and a few ladies) line the bank of the Kenai River. This type of sport is called "combat fishing" by the locals. Needless to say, with so many flying hooks at such close proximity there are many acci...

When the salmon start to run in June, the fishermen (and a few ladies) line the bank of the Kenai River. This type of sport is called "combat fishing" by the locals. Needless to say, with so many flying hooks at such close proximity there are many acci...

When the salmon start to run in June, the fishermen (and a few ladies) line the bank of the Kenai River. This type of sport is called "combat fishing" by the locals. Needless to say, with so many flying hooks at such close proximity there are many accidents. Doctors at the local hospital have plywood cutouts of a fisherman and fisherwoman in the emergency room, they put fish hooks they pull out of the patients into the appropriate area of the cutouts! The cord in the middle of this photo is the line for the flat-bottomed ferry that takes the fishermen across the river. The milky color of the water is due to the "glacier flour" from the nearby mountains. 1620
84 I spotted this seagull sitting on the roof of the Salty Dawg Saloon in Homer. The red spot on the lower beak is the area where the chicks peck to induce their parents to regurgitate a meal.

I spotted this seagull sitting on the roof of the Salty Dawg Saloon in Homer. The red spot on the lower beak is the area where the chicks peck to induce their parents to regurgitate a meal.

I spotted this seagull sitting on the roof of the Salty Dawg Saloon in Homer. The red spot on the lower beak is the area where the chicks peck to induce their parents to regurgitate a meal. 1789
85 <strong>Goatsbeard</strong>
<em>Aruncus sylvester</em><br>
The Kenai Peninsula was heavily populated with Goatsbeard. It has hundreds of tiny cream-colored flowers on the flower stalk. It was pretty to see it with Cow Parsnip. This was photographed n...

Goatsbeard Aruncus sylvester
The Kenai Peninsula was heavily populated with Goatsbeard. It has hundreds of tiny cream-colored flowers on the flower stalk. It was pretty to see it with Cow Parsnip. This was photographed n...

Goatsbeard Aruncus sylvester
The Kenai Peninsula was heavily populated with Goatsbeard. It has hundreds of tiny cream-colored flowers on the flower stalk. It was pretty to see it with Cow Parsnip. This was photographed near the town of Homer.


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2649
86 <strong>Prickly Rose</strong>
<em>Rosa acicularis</em><br>
This pretty pink rose has a lovely aroma but very prickly stems. It is very common on the Kenai Peninsula.

Prickly Rose Rosa acicularis
This pretty pink rose has a lovely aroma but very prickly stems. It is very common on the Kenai Peninsula.

Prickly Rose Rosa acicularis
This pretty pink rose has a lovely aroma but very prickly stems. It is very common on the Kenai Peninsula.


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2788
87 <strong>Bud of the Prickly Rose</strong>

Bud of the Prickly Rose

Bud of the Prickly Rose 1773
88 This orange fungus was common on rosehips.

This orange fungus was common on rosehips.

This orange fungus was common on rosehips. 1836
89 <strong>Rock Harlequin or Pale Corydalis</strong>
<em>Corydalis sempervirens*</em><br>
This beautiful pink and yellow plant is not native to Alaska. I found this blooming in my cousin's neighborhood in Kenai.

Rock Harlequin or Pale Corydalis Corydalis sempervirens*
This beautiful pink and yellow plant is not native to Alaska. I found this blooming in my cousin's neighborhood in Kenai.

Rock Harlequin or Pale Corydalis Corydalis sempervirens*
This beautiful pink and yellow plant is not native to Alaska. I found this blooming in my cousin's neighborhood in Kenai.


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2949
90 <strong>Rattlebox</strong>
<em>Rhinanthus minor</em><br>
This strange-looking yellow flower is in the Figwort Family. It gets its name from the way the seeds rattle in the ovary when they ripen. I found this plant blooming along the lake at our bed a...

Rattlebox Rhinanthus minor
This strange-looking yellow flower is in the Figwort Family. It gets its name from the way the seeds rattle in the ovary when they ripen. I found this plant blooming along the lake at our bed a...

Rattlebox Rhinanthus minor
This strange-looking yellow flower is in the Figwort Family. It gets its name from the way the seeds rattle in the ovary when they ripen. I found this plant blooming along the lake at our bed and breakfast in Wasilla.


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91 <strong>Cow parsnip</strong> 
<em>Heracleum lanatum</em><br>
This large flower, which I found blooming at the Russian Orthodox church in Ninilchik, was a plant that we learned to avoid on our hikes. It has irritating hairs that can cause severe rashe...

Cow parsnip Heracleum lanatum
This large flower, which I found blooming at the Russian Orthodox church in Ninilchik, was a plant that we learned to avoid on our hikes. It has irritating hairs that can cause severe rashe...

Cow parsnip Heracleum lanatum
This large flower, which I found blooming at the Russian Orthodox church in Ninilchik, was a plant that we learned to avoid on our hikes. It has irritating hairs that can cause severe rashes and photosensitivity. Cow Parsnip grew everywhere that we visited in Alaska! The plant can grow to be over 5 feet tall!


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2756
92 <strong>Twinflower</strong>
<em>Linnaea borealis</em><br>
I always enjoy looking for these pretty little double flowers when I go to the forests of northern latitudes. I've seen it in Yellowstone National Park and the forests of Norway. These were bl...

Twinflower Linnaea borealis
I always enjoy looking for these pretty little double flowers when I go to the forests of northern latitudes. I've seen it in Yellowstone National Park and the forests of Norway. These were bl...

Twinflower Linnaea borealis
I always enjoy looking for these pretty little double flowers when I go to the forests of northern latitudes. I've seen it in Yellowstone National Park and the forests of Norway. These were blooming along the Skyline Trail where we hiked to find the Chocolate Lilies.


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93 <strong>Ground Cone</strong>
<em>Boschniakia rossica</em><br>
This unusual plant is related to the Squawroot that we have here in the eastern forests. Squawroot is parasitic on oak tree roots, Ground Cone is parasitic on Mountain Alder roots. I found...

Ground Cone Boschniakia rossica
This unusual plant is related to the Squawroot that we have here in the eastern forests. Squawroot is parasitic on oak tree roots, Ground Cone is parasitic on Mountain Alder roots. I found...

Ground Cone Boschniakia rossica
This unusual plant is related to the Squawroot that we have here in the eastern forests. Squawroot is parasitic on oak tree roots, Ground Cone is parasitic on Mountain Alder roots. I found it climbing up the Skyline Trail on my quest for the Chocolate Lily. These plants were the only ones I saw during our 2 week trip.


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94 <strong>Alpine Arnica</strong>
<em>Arnica alpina angustifolia</em><br>
Arnicas are always bright and pretty. They add a lot of color to the landscape. I found these blooming in Kenai.

Alpine Arnica Arnica alpina angustifolia
Arnicas are always bright and pretty. They add a lot of color to the landscape. I found these blooming in Kenai.

Alpine Arnica Arnica alpina angustifolia
Arnicas are always bright and pretty. They add a lot of color to the landscape. I found these blooming in Kenai.


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95 This picture was taken just before midnight as we watched the sun slide below the horizon across the Cook Inlet at Captain Cook Park on the Kenai Peninsula. Note the ever-present Cow Parsnip!

This picture was taken just before midnight as we watched the sun slide below the horizon across the Cook Inlet at Captain Cook Park on the Kenai Peninsula. Note the ever-present Cow Parsnip!

This picture was taken just before midnight as we watched the sun slide below the horizon across the Cook Inlet at Captain Cook Park on the Kenai Peninsula. Note the ever-present Cow Parsnip! 1671
96 There is a nice boardwalk that takes people over the saltmarsh at Potter Marsh. This is a protected area just south of Anchorage. It is a haven for all kinds of water birds.

There is a nice boardwalk that takes people over the saltmarsh at Potter Marsh. This is a protected area just south of Anchorage. It is a haven for all kinds of water birds.

There is a nice boardwalk that takes people over the saltmarsh at Potter Marsh. This is a protected area just south of Anchorage. It is a haven for all kinds of water birds. 1712
97 This mother duck was nearly attacked by a bald eagle. She escaped and the brood quickly scattered into the grasses at her loud "Quack!"

This mother duck was nearly attacked by a bald eagle. She escaped and the brood quickly scattered into the grasses at her loud "Quack!"

This mother duck was nearly attacked by a bald eagle. She escaped and the brood quickly scattered into the grasses at her loud "Quack!" 1715
98 <strong>Marsh Cinquefoil</strong>
<em>Potentilla palustris</em>
I wasn't thrilled with the way this photo came out, but it was the best of the ones I got. Most cinquefoils are yellow  or white, so I was surprised to see one this color.

Marsh Cinquefoil Potentilla palustris I wasn't thrilled with the way this photo came out, but it was the best of the ones I got. Most cinquefoils are yellow or white, so I was surprised to see one this color.

Marsh Cinquefoil Potentilla palustris I wasn't thrilled with the way this photo came out, but it was the best of the ones I got. Most cinquefoils are yellow or white, so I was surprised to see one this color.


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99 <strong>Beach Cinquefoil</strong>
<em>Potentilla egedii ssp. grandis</em>
I found these plants growing along the shore of Potter Marsh south of Anchorage.

Beach Cinquefoil Potentilla egedii ssp. grandis I found these plants growing along the shore of Potter Marsh south of Anchorage.

Beach Cinquefoil Potentilla egedii ssp. grandis I found these plants growing along the shore of Potter Marsh south of Anchorage.


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100 <strong>Musk Ox</strong>
<em>Ovibos moschatus</em> 
There is a Musk Ox Farm along the Glenn Highway in Palmer. Tours are given to introduce people to these fascinating animals. The shaggy fur called <em>qiviut</em> (pronounced kiv-ee-ute) is collecte...

Musk Ox Ovibos moschatus There is a Musk Ox Farm along the Glenn Highway in Palmer. Tours are given to introduce people to these fascinating animals. The shaggy fur called qiviut (pronounced kiv-ee-ute) is collecte...

Musk Ox Ovibos moschatus There is a Musk Ox Farm along the Glenn Highway in Palmer. Tours are given to introduce people to these fascinating animals. The shaggy fur called qiviut (pronounced kiv-ee-ute) is collected by the workers and sent to native villages to be spun into yard and knitted into beautiful garments. Qiviut is the warmest fiber on earth (and very expensive too!). 2334
101 The mighty Matanuska River roars down the valley on its way to the Knik Arm. Note the second stream above that is a lighter color. The gray color comes from the pulverized rock (called glacier flour) ground down by the heavy ice of the glaciers.

The mighty Matanuska River roars down the valley on its way to the Knik Arm. Note the second stream above that is a lighter color. The gray color comes from the pulverized rock (called glacier flour) ground down by the heavy ice of the glaciers.

The mighty Matanuska River roars down the valley on its way to the Knik Arm. Note the second stream above that is a lighter color. The gray color comes from the pulverized rock (called glacier flour) ground down by the heavy ice of the glaciers. 1861
102 <strong>Eskimo Potato</strong> at Matanuska glacier
<em>Hedysarum alpinum</em><br>
As the name Eskimo Potato implies, Native Alaskans once ate the roots of this plant. It is in the Pea Family. I photographed this one at the Matanuska Glacier along th...

Eskimo Potato at Matanuska glacier Hedysarum alpinum
As the name Eskimo Potato implies, Native Alaskans once ate the roots of this plant. It is in the Pea Family. I photographed this one at the Matanuska Glacier along th...

Eskimo Potato at Matanuska glacier Hedysarum alpinum
As the name Eskimo Potato implies, Native Alaskans once ate the roots of this plant. It is in the Pea Family. I photographed this one at the Matanuska Glacier along the Glenn Highway after we did a 3-hour glacier hike with the MICA Guides. Smoke from the wildfires obsured our views of the mountains. :(


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103 <strong>Alpine Hawksbeard</strong>
<em>Crepis nana</em><br>
This tiny wildflower was blooming near the Matanuska Glacier. It is in the Aster Family.

Alpine Hawksbeard Crepis nana
This tiny wildflower was blooming near the Matanuska Glacier. It is in the Aster Family.

Alpine Hawksbeard Crepis nana
This tiny wildflower was blooming near the Matanuska Glacier. It is in the Aster Family.


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104 Ken and Kris by a lake on the Matanuska glacier. We went on a guided 3-hour glacier walk with the MICA Guides. This was one of the small, hidden lakes found on the glacier.

Ken and Kris by a lake on the Matanuska glacier. We went on a guided 3-hour glacier walk with the MICA Guides. This was one of the small, hidden lakes found on the glacier.

Ken and Kris by a lake on the Matanuska glacier. We went on a guided 3-hour glacier walk with the MICA Guides. This was one of the small, hidden lakes found on the glacier. 1691
105 We had to wear crampons (ice spikes), a helmet, and carry walking poles to walk safely on the ice of the glacier.

We had to wear crampons (ice spikes), a helmet, and carry walking poles to walk safely on the ice of the glacier.

We had to wear crampons (ice spikes), a helmet, and carry walking poles to walk safely on the ice of the glacier. 1543
106 This "X" marks the spot on the Matanuska glacier where the more dense ice absorbs all the colors of the spectrum except blue; the less dense white ice, which contains more air, reflects the mixed colors as white. The black dots are tiny bits of rock on...

This "X" marks the spot on the Matanuska glacier where the more dense ice absorbs all the colors of the spectrum except blue; the less dense white ice, which contains more air, reflects the mixed colors as white. The black dots are tiny bits of rock on...

This "X" marks the spot on the Matanuska glacier where the more dense ice absorbs all the colors of the spectrum except blue; the less dense white ice, which contains more air, reflects the mixed colors as white. The black dots are tiny bits of rock on the surface of the ice. 1539
107 A small waterfall cascading over a sculpted ice shelf on the glacier.

A small waterfall cascading over a sculpted ice shelf on the glacier.

A small waterfall cascading over a sculpted ice shelf on the glacier. 1571
108 At the end of the hike I couldn't resist scooping up some water from the headwaters of the Matanuska river at the base of the glacier to share with my students back in Tennessee! The gray, ice-cold water roared from the vent at the end of the glacier. ...

At the end of the hike I couldn't resist scooping up some water from the headwaters of the Matanuska river at the base of the glacier to share with my students back in Tennessee! The gray, ice-cold water roared from the vent at the end of the glacier. ...

At the end of the hike I couldn't resist scooping up some water from the headwaters of the Matanuska river at the base of the glacier to share with my students back in Tennessee! The gray, ice-cold water roared from the vent at the end of the glacier. The gray color came from the powder-fine glacier dust which is ground from the rock below the glacier. That same glacier flour will eventually end up in the mudflats of Knik Arm near Anchorage. The "quickmud" becomes a deathtrap to unwary people who may walk out on it at low tide. 1666
109 My bootprint in the extrememly finely ground Glacier flour at the Matanuska Glacier.

My bootprint in the extrememly finely ground Glacier flour at the Matanuska Glacier.

My bootprint in the extrememly finely ground Glacier flour at the Matanuska Glacier. 1278
110 A Mudflat on the Turnagain Arm south of Anchorage. This mud can become a death trap for unwary folks who may wander out at low tide. This mud came from the glaciers of the distant Chugach mountains!

A Mudflat on the Turnagain Arm south of Anchorage. This mud can become a death trap for unwary folks who may wander out at low tide. This mud came from the glaciers of the distant Chugach mountains!

A Mudflat on the Turnagain Arm south of Anchorage. This mud can become a death trap for unwary folks who may wander out at low tide. This mud came from the glaciers of the distant Chugach mountains! 1967
111 Interesting designs appear in the Mudflat at low tide.

Interesting designs appear in the Mudflat at low tide.

Interesting designs appear in the Mudflat at low tide. 1522
112 Just outside Wasilla is the Iditarod Museum. We stopped there on the way to Denali NP. We knew it was popular cruise line stop when we drove up and saw numerous tour buses in the parking lot!

Just outside Wasilla is the Iditarod Museum. We stopped there on the way to Denali NP. We knew it was popular cruise line stop when we drove up and saw numerous tour buses in the parking lot!

Just outside Wasilla is the Iditarod Museum. We stopped there on the way to Denali NP. We knew it was popular cruise line stop when we drove up and saw numerous tour buses in the parking lot! 1444
113 Here I am holding a tiny Sled dog pup at the museum. We were surprised to see that not all sled dogs are Malamutes or Huskies.

Here I am holding a tiny Sled dog pup at the museum. We were surprised to see that not all sled dogs are Malamutes or Huskies.

Here I am holding a tiny Sled dog pup at the museum. We were surprised to see that not all sled dogs are Malamutes or Huskies. 1336
114 Tourists enjoy a popular, but very short (2 minutes) summer wheeled "sled" ride at the Iditarod museum.

Tourists enjoy a popular, but very short (2 minutes) summer wheeled "sled" ride at the Iditarod museum.

Tourists enjoy a popular, but very short (2 minutes) summer wheeled "sled" ride at the Iditarod museum. 1355
115 <strong>Caribou; Reindeer</strong>
<em>Rangifer tarandus</em>

We made an unexpected stop along the Parks Highway to see these Caribou (a.k.a. reindeer). The larger one, the male, was tame and would allow people to touch him. His antlers were in vel...

Caribou; Reindeer Rangifer tarandus We made an unexpected stop along the Parks Highway to see these Caribou (a.k.a. reindeer). The larger one, the male, was tame and would allow people to touch him. His antlers were in vel...

Caribou; Reindeer Rangifer tarandus We made an unexpected stop along the Parks Highway to see these Caribou (a.k.a. reindeer). The larger one, the male, was tame and would allow people to touch him. His antlers were in velvet, they were so soft to touch! Female Caribou have antlers too. They keep their antlers longer during the year than the males. Since Santa's reindeer still have their antlers when they pull his sleigh at Christmas, it is said that they have to be females! :) These caribou were grazing in the yard of a very unique store in the little community of Trapper Creek. The store is called "Wal-Mike's," which offers an incredible collection of Alaskan antiques and some other things that have to be seen to be believed! 2326
116 The one and only "Walmike's"! This was the type of experience we would have missed if we had not rented a car and gone on a "ship, train, bus" tour! Mike was quite a character and very interesting to talk to!  Mike greeted us wearing a grizzly bear cla...

The one and only "Walmike's"! This was the type of experience we would have missed if we had not rented a car and gone on a "ship, train, bus" tour! Mike was quite a character and very interesting to talk to! Mike greeted us wearing a grizzly bear cla...

The one and only "Walmike's"! This was the type of experience we would have missed if we had not rented a car and gone on a "ship, train, bus" tour! Mike was quite a character and very interesting to talk to! Mike greeted us wearing a grizzly bear claw necklace and a hat made from a black bear pelt! 1699
117 "Walmike" and his friend, she is wearing a polar bear fur hat.

"Walmike" and his friend, she is wearing a polar bear fur hat.

"Walmike" and his friend, she is wearing a polar bear fur hat. 1660
118 When we arrived at Denali National Park most of the views were obscured by smoke from wildfires in Fairbanks. Over 1 million acres were on fire, much of the smoke had drifted south. For 3-1/2 of the 4 days we were in the park, the visibility was 1/4th ...

When we arrived at Denali National Park most of the views were obscured by smoke from wildfires in Fairbanks. Over 1 million acres were on fire, much of the smoke had drifted south. For 3-1/2 of the 4 days we were in the park, the visibility was 1/4th ...

When we arrived at Denali National Park most of the views were obscured by smoke from wildfires in Fairbanks. Over 1 million acres were on fire, much of the smoke had drifted south. For 3-1/2 of the 4 days we were in the park, the visibility was 1/4th to 1 mile. :( 1518
119 Fireweed on the taiga

Fireweed on the taiga

Fireweed on the taiga


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120 <strong>Tall Fireweed close-up</strong>
<em>Epilobium angustifolium</em><br>
Fireweed is a very common roadside and trailside plant. It is often incorporated into Alaskan artwork. This plant frequently grows after a fire, giving it it's common name. ...

Tall Fireweed close-up Epilobium angustifolium
Fireweed is a very common roadside and trailside plant. It is often incorporated into Alaskan artwork. This plant frequently grows after a fire, giving it it's common name. ...

Tall Fireweed close-up Epilobium angustifolium
Fireweed is a very common roadside and trailside plant. It is often incorporated into Alaskan artwork. This plant frequently grows after a fire, giving it it's common name. It grows up to 3 feet tall. According to Native lore, when the last flowers on the top of the stalk finish blooming, autumn will be 2 weeks away. Fall begins in late August or early September in much of Alaska!
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121 <strong>Dwarf Fireweed</strong> on Toklat river in Denali NP
<em>Epilobium latifolium</em><br>
Dwarf Fireweed is much smaller than its taller relative, about a foot tall. It is often found growing along river banks and on islands. One lovely scene I ...

Dwarf Fireweed on Toklat river in Denali NP Epilobium latifolium
Dwarf Fireweed is much smaller than its taller relative, about a foot tall. It is often found growing along river banks and on islands. One lovely scene I ...

Dwarf Fireweed on Toklat river in Denali NP Epilobium latifolium
Dwarf Fireweed is much smaller than its taller relative, about a foot tall. It is often found growing along river banks and on islands. One lovely scene I saw was a large group of these pink flowers interspersed with Yellow Monkeyflower on an island in a snowmelt-fed creek. Smoke from distant wildfires obscured our view in Denali for 3-1/2 of the 4 days that we were in the park.


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122 <strong>Yellow Monkeyflower and Dwarf Fireweed</strong><br>
<em>Mimulus guttatus</em><br> (Monkeyflower)
I noticed these beautiful wildflowers blooming along a creek on the Kenai Peninsula.

Yellow Monkeyflower and Dwarf Fireweed
Mimulus guttatus
(Monkeyflower) I noticed these beautiful wildflowers blooming along a creek on the Kenai Peninsula.

Yellow Monkeyflower and Dwarf Fireweed
Mimulus guttatus
(Monkeyflower) I noticed these beautiful wildflowers blooming along a creek on the Kenai Peninsula.
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123 <strong>Dwarf Fireweed</strong> close-up

Dwarf Fireweed close-up

Dwarf Fireweed close-up 1531
124 This huge Gneiss boulder was in the Savage River. Note the swirls of white quartz. Gneiss is a metamorphosed form of granite, changed by extreme pressure and heat.

This huge Gneiss boulder was in the Savage River. Note the swirls of white quartz. Gneiss is a metamorphosed form of granite, changed by extreme pressure and heat.

This huge Gneiss boulder was in the Savage River. Note the swirls of white quartz. Gneiss is a metamorphosed form of granite, changed by extreme pressure and heat. 1549
125 This Male <strong>Ptarmigan</strong> is sporting his summer plumage. In the fall he will molt and grow in pure white feathers so he will be camouflaged in the winter snows. Note his feathered feet, they are adapted to work like snowshoes to allow him t...

This Male Ptarmigan is sporting his summer plumage. In the fall he will molt and grow in pure white feathers so he will be camouflaged in the winter snows. Note his feathered feet, they are adapted to work like snowshoes to allow him t...

This Male Ptarmigan is sporting his summer plumage. In the fall he will molt and grow in pure white feathers so he will be camouflaged in the winter snows. Note his feathered feet, they are adapted to work like snowshoes to allow him to walk on top of the snow. This photo was taken from the window of the tour bus. There is a town in Alaska called Chicken. It was originally called Ptarmigan, but the early inhabitants couldn't spell that, so they changed it to Chicken (which is what they called the Ptarmigan)! 1428
126 The <strong>Ptarmigan hen</strong> is much more camouflaged to help protect her chicks and herself from predators. We heard her before we saw her when she softly clucked to her chicks. Like the male, she will molt her brown feathers and become white in...

The Ptarmigan hen is much more camouflaged to help protect her chicks and herself from predators. We heard her before we saw her when she softly clucked to her chicks. Like the male, she will molt her brown feathers and become white in...

The Ptarmigan hen is much more camouflaged to help protect her chicks and herself from predators. We heard her before we saw her when she softly clucked to her chicks. Like the male, she will molt her brown feathers and become white in the winter. 1244
127 This Ptarmigan chick was so well camouflaged we almost didn't see it and it's siblings during a hike at Savage River.

This Ptarmigan chick was so well camouflaged we almost didn't see it and it's siblings during a hike at Savage River.

This Ptarmigan chick was so well camouflaged we almost didn't see it and it's siblings during a hike at Savage River. 1361
128 <strong>White Fireweed</strong><br>
I found this plant growing near the visitor center at Denali National Park. I'm not sure if it is a albino mutant or if it is a subspecies that was planted there.

White Fireweed
I found this plant growing near the visitor center at Denali National Park. I'm not sure if it is a albino mutant or if it is a subspecies that was planted there.

White Fireweed
I found this plant growing near the visitor center at Denali National Park. I'm not sure if it is a albino mutant or if it is a subspecies that was planted there.
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129 Due to the rough, narrow roads and  the high number of summer tourists, the main road in Denali is closed to personal vehicles. The only way to travel past mile marker 13 is by foot or by park buses. There are 2 types of bus tours, the one we took in t...

Due to the rough, narrow roads and the high number of summer tourists, the main road in Denali is closed to personal vehicles. The only way to travel past mile marker 13 is by foot or by park buses. There are 2 types of bus tours, the one we took in t...

Due to the rough, narrow roads and the high number of summer tourists, the main road in Denali is closed to personal vehicles. The only way to travel past mile marker 13 is by foot or by park buses. There are 2 types of bus tours, the one we took in the green schoolbus was less expensive and they would allow riders to stop to get out and hike, then board another bus later. The more expensive tour had nicer buses, but riders had to stay with that bus for the duration of the tour. I took this photo looking out of one of the park's tour buses. 1328
130 The Denali tour bus drivers will stop when wildlife is spotted. Soon the camera shutters start clicking and there are a lot of "ooohs and aaahs" heard throughout the group. At the end of the trip a young man on another bus was becoming impatient, when ...

The Denali tour bus drivers will stop when wildlife is spotted. Soon the camera shutters start clicking and there are a lot of "ooohs and aaahs" heard throughout the group. At the end of the trip a young man on another bus was becoming impatient, when ...

The Denali tour bus drivers will stop when wildlife is spotted. Soon the camera shutters start clicking and there are a lot of "ooohs and aaahs" heard throughout the group. At the end of the trip a young man on another bus was becoming impatient, when a caribou was spotted and the bus stopped, he angrily said, "Oh, not ANOTHER Caribou!!!" 1499
131 A Caribou bull makes his way to the river. This photo was taken from the bus window on one of our many wildlife stops.

A Caribou bull makes his way to the river. This photo was taken from the bus window on one of our many wildlife stops.

A Caribou bull makes his way to the river. This photo was taken from the bus window on one of our many wildlife stops. 1332
132 This was the most nerve-wracking section of the road in Denali National Park. At one point, the road makes such a sharp curve, the driver had to stop in mid-curve and back up! Seeing the sheer drop-offs made many riders so nervous they shifted to the o...

This was the most nerve-wracking section of the road in Denali National Park. At one point, the road makes such a sharp curve, the driver had to stop in mid-curve and back up! Seeing the sheer drop-offs made many riders so nervous they shifted to the o...

This was the most nerve-wracking section of the road in Denali National Park. At one point, the road makes such a sharp curve, the driver had to stop in mid-curve and back up! Seeing the sheer drop-offs made many riders so nervous they shifted to the other side of the bus. It didn't bother me though! It was near this section that we saw the second grizzly bear sow and her 2 cubs. 1371
133 The Wildlife can get pretty "wild" as this bear-mangled sign can attest. Rangers have put large nails in the bottom of it to keep the bears from destroying it.

The Wildlife can get pretty "wild" as this bear-mangled sign can attest. Rangers have put large nails in the bottom of it to keep the bears from destroying it.

The Wildlife can get pretty "wild" as this bear-mangled sign can attest. Rangers have put large nails in the bottom of it to keep the bears from destroying it. 1295
134 We spotted this <strong>Grizzly</strong> sow from the tour bus  along the road into Denali. She had 2 cubs. She was so far from the road it was hard to get a good photograph, but at least we got to see a grizzly!

We spotted this Grizzly sow from the tour bus along the road into Denali. She had 2 cubs. She was so far from the road it was hard to get a good photograph, but at least we got to see a grizzly!

We spotted this Grizzly sow from the tour bus along the road into Denali. She had 2 cubs. She was so far from the road it was hard to get a good photograph, but at least we got to see a grizzly! 1436
135 <strong>Bearflower</strong>
<em>Boykinia richardsonii</em><br>
As the name implies, this plant is a favorite food of bears when they emerge from their long winter sleep. It grows in Denali National Park. It is in the Saxifrage family.

I was able t...

Bearflower Boykinia richardsonii
As the name implies, this plant is a favorite food of bears when they emerge from their long winter sleep. It grows in Denali National Park. It is in the Saxifrage family. I was able t...

Bearflower Boykinia richardsonii
As the name implies, this plant is a favorite food of bears when they emerge from their long winter sleep. It grows in Denali National Park. It is in the Saxifrage family. I was able to get this picture because I practically begged the driver of the Denali tour bus to stop. He commented (a bit preturbed!), "It's just a flower!" I said, "There's no such thing as just a flower!" To me, seeing these flowers was almost as exciting as seeing a grizzly bear or caribou, but the other people didn't quite share my enthusiasm! They groaned as I stepped off the bus along the side of the road, but I got my picture! Mission accomplished! :) (story)


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136 <strong>Bearflower</strong> grouping

Bearflower grouping

Bearflower grouping 1776
137 We took the 8-hour park bus tour to the <strong>Eilson Visitor Center</strong>. Unfortunately, while we were in the park, wildfires burning near Fairbanks filled the valley with thick smoke. We could not see more than 1/4th-mile 3 of the 4 days we were...

We took the 8-hour park bus tour to the Eilson Visitor Center. Unfortunately, while we were in the park, wildfires burning near Fairbanks filled the valley with thick smoke. We could not see more than 1/4th-mile 3 of the 4 days we were...

We took the 8-hour park bus tour to the Eilson Visitor Center. Unfortunately, while we were in the park, wildfires burning near Fairbanks filled the valley with thick smoke. We could not see more than 1/4th-mile 3 of the 4 days we were in Denali. An 11-hour trip would have taken us to Wonder Lake with a fabulous view of Denali (Mt. McKinley), however, we would not have seen it on our trip. 1704
138 <strong>Alpine Meadow Bistort</strong>
<em>Polygonum viviparum</em><br>
These are common wildflowers along the trailsides, they are related to our Smartweeds. Some of my flower pictures are blurry because it was often very windy.

Alpine Meadow Bistort Polygonum viviparum
These are common wildflowers along the trailsides, they are related to our Smartweeds. Some of my flower pictures are blurry because it was often very windy.

Alpine Meadow Bistort Polygonum viviparum
These are common wildflowers along the trailsides, they are related to our Smartweeds. Some of my flower pictures are blurry because it was often very windy.


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139 <strong>Bering Sea Chickweed</strong>
<em>Cerastium beeringianum</em><br>
I found this plant blooming along the Savage River trail in Denali National Park in early July.

Bering Sea Chickweed Cerastium beeringianum
I found this plant blooming along the Savage River trail in Denali National Park in early July.

Bering Sea Chickweed Cerastium beeringianum
I found this plant blooming along the Savage River trail in Denali National Park in early July.


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140 <strong>Mountain Harebell</strong> 
<em>Campanula lasiocarpa</em><br>
This little Harebell was blooming in a crack in a rock at 3400' on Mt. Healy in Denali National Park. The flower is quite large in comparison to the whole plant. I'm often amazed a...

Mountain Harebell Campanula lasiocarpa
This little Harebell was blooming in a crack in a rock at 3400' on Mt. Healy in Denali National Park. The flower is quite large in comparison to the whole plant. I'm often amazed a...

Mountain Harebell Campanula lasiocarpa
This little Harebell was blooming in a crack in a rock at 3400' on Mt. Healy in Denali National Park. The flower is quite large in comparison to the whole plant. I'm often amazed at the tenacity of plants to live in such seemingly impossible situations!


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141 <strong>Blueberry</strong>
This was the only ripe blueberry we saw on our 2-week visit. Berries of all kinds are very prevalent in Alaska. Berry picking is a popular activity in the late summer and fall. We enjoyed eating preserves at the Big Bear Bed...

Blueberry This was the only ripe blueberry we saw on our 2-week visit. Berries of all kinds are very prevalent in Alaska. Berry picking is a popular activity in the late summer and fall. We enjoyed eating preserves at the Big Bear Bed...

Blueberry This was the only ripe blueberry we saw on our 2-week visit. Berries of all kinds are very prevalent in Alaska. Berry picking is a popular activity in the late summer and fall. We enjoyed eating preserves at the Big Bear Bed and Breakfast where we stayed in Anchorage. Our hostess served us the "fruits of her labor" with her delicious breakfasts! 1833
142 <strong>Northern Green Bog Orchid</strong>
<em>Platanthera hyperborea</em><br>
This little orchid is tricky to find because of its yellowish green color. It grows in low, damp areas. I found this one growing along the Savage River trail in Denali Nat...

Northern Green Bog Orchid Platanthera hyperborea
This little orchid is tricky to find because of its yellowish green color. It grows in low, damp areas. I found this one growing along the Savage River trail in Denali Nat...

Northern Green Bog Orchid Platanthera hyperborea
This little orchid is tricky to find because of its yellowish green color. It grows in low, damp areas. I found this one growing along the Savage River trail in Denali National Park, it is the farthest point that personal autos can be driven without a special park permit. It may seem strange to think of orchids growing in Alaska, but they grow in all types of ecosystems on every continent except Antarctica!


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143 <strong>Bog Saxifrage</strong>
<em>Saxifraga hirculus</em><br>
I was delighted to find these beautiful little yellow flowers blooming along the Savage River trail.

Bog Saxifrage Saxifraga hirculus
I was delighted to find these beautiful little yellow flowers blooming along the Savage River trail.

Bog Saxifrage Saxifraga hirculus
I was delighted to find these beautiful little yellow flowers blooming along the Savage River trail.


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144 <strong>Sitka Burnet</strong> 
<em>Sanguisorba stipulata</em><br>
I found these strange-looking flowers, which are in the Rose family, blooming in the town of Kenai and in Denali National Park.

Sitka Burnet Sanguisorba stipulata
I found these strange-looking flowers, which are in the Rose family, blooming in the town of Kenai and in Denali National Park.

Sitka Burnet Sanguisorba stipulata
I found these strange-looking flowers, which are in the Rose family, blooming in the town of Kenai and in Denali National Park.


clr: 1-w
2518
145 Sitka Burnet group in Denali NP.

Sitka Burnet group in Denali NP.

Sitka Burnet group in Denali NP. 1829
146 <strong>Death Camas</strong>
<em>Zygadenus elegans</em><br>
The bulb of this beautiful flower is deadly poisonous if eaten. It is in the Lily family. I found this one blooming along the Glenn Highway while we were stopped several minutes for construc...

Death Camas Zygadenus elegans
The bulb of this beautiful flower is deadly poisonous if eaten. It is in the Lily family. I found this one blooming along the Glenn Highway while we were stopped several minutes for construc...

Death Camas Zygadenus elegans
The bulb of this beautiful flower is deadly poisonous if eaten. It is in the Lily family. I found this one blooming along the Glenn Highway while we were stopped several minutes for construction work near the Matanuska Glacier. I never turn down an opportunity to look for flowers! :)


clr: 1-w
3398
147 <strong>Devils' Club</strong>
<em>Oplopanax horridus</em><br>
This plant lives up to its descriptive species name! It was very common on the Kenai Peninsula. It made hiking in the woods quite a challenge, along with the nettles and the Cow Parsnip, i...

Devils' Club Oplopanax horridus
This plant lives up to its descriptive species name! It was very common on the Kenai Peninsula. It made hiking in the woods quite a challenge, along with the nettles and the Cow Parsnip, i...

Devils' Club Oplopanax horridus
This plant lives up to its descriptive species name! It was very common on the Kenai Peninsula. It made hiking in the woods quite a challenge, along with the nettles and the Cow Parsnip, it has nasty thorns. We hiked in long pants despite the mid-80 to 90 degree "heat wave" in the area! The huge leaves were easy to spot, so we could avoid it fairly easily.


clr: 6-g
2496
148 <strong>Elegant Paintbrush</strong>
<em>Castilleja elegans</em><br>
Paintbrushes are in the Snapdragon Family. They can be red, orange, yellow, or pink. I found these lovely flowers blooming on the trail above the Eielson Visitor Center in Denali Nat...

Elegant Paintbrush Castilleja elegans
Paintbrushes are in the Snapdragon Family. They can be red, orange, yellow, or pink. I found these lovely flowers blooming on the trail above the Eielson Visitor Center in Denali Nat...

Elegant Paintbrush Castilleja elegans
Paintbrushes are in the Snapdragon Family. They can be red, orange, yellow, or pink. I found these lovely flowers blooming on the trail above the Eielson Visitor Center in Denali National Park.


clr: 3-p
2890
149 <strong>Four-parted Gentian</strong>
<em>Gentiana propinqua</em><br>
I found this plant blooming at Denali NP along the Savage River Trail. The petals are supposed to open at the top of the flower, but I never saw that. Perhaps they have to have dire...

Four-parted Gentian Gentiana propinqua
I found this plant blooming at Denali NP along the Savage River Trail. The petals are supposed to open at the top of the flower, but I never saw that. Perhaps they have to have dire...

Four-parted Gentian Gentiana propinqua
I found this plant blooming at Denali NP along the Savage River Trail. The petals are supposed to open at the top of the flower, but I never saw that. Perhaps they have to have direct sunlight to cause them to open. The smoke from the fires above Fairbanks drifted in the Denali valley and kept the sun from shining, so the flowers may have stayed closed.


clr: 8-v
2417
150 <strong>Red Burnet</strong>
<em>Sanguisorba officianalis</em>
I found these blooming in the yard of our bed and breakfast in Healy, just outside of Denali. The host family had planted some interesting wildflowers along the roadside.

Red Burnet Sanguisorba officianalis I found these blooming in the yard of our bed and breakfast in Healy, just outside of Denali. The host family had planted some interesting wildflowers along the roadside.

Red Burnet Sanguisorba officianalis I found these blooming in the yard of our bed and breakfast in Healy, just outside of Denali. The host family had planted some interesting wildflowers along the roadside.


clr: 9-m
2515
151 <strong>Grass of Parnassus</strong>
<em>Parnassia palustris</em><br>
I had looked for <u>10 years</u> to find the eastern version of this flower, then I go to Alaska and find it growing in many places!

Grass of Parnassus Parnassia palustris
I had looked for 10 years to find the eastern version of this flower, then I go to Alaska and find it growing in many places!

Grass of Parnassus Parnassia palustris
I had looked for 10 years to find the eastern version of this flower, then I go to Alaska and find it growing in many places!


clr: 1-w
2386
152 <strong>Grass of Parnassus</strong>
close-up
<em>Parnassia palustris</em><br>
The detail of the individual flowers is so pretty.

Grass of Parnassus close-up Parnassia palustris
The detail of the individual flowers is so pretty.

Grass of Parnassus close-up Parnassia palustris
The detail of the individual flowers is so pretty.
1644
153 <strong>Common Horsetail</strong>
<em>Equisetum arvense</em><br>
This is not a flowering plant, but it was so common in the areas of Alaska that we visited, I decided to add it to this site. In some areas it grew so thickly, few other plants could co...

Common Horsetail Equisetum arvense
This is not a flowering plant, but it was so common in the areas of Alaska that we visited, I decided to add it to this site. In some areas it grew so thickly, few other plants could co...

Common Horsetail Equisetum arvense
This is not a flowering plant, but it was so common in the areas of Alaska that we visited, I decided to add it to this site. In some areas it grew so thickly, few other plants could compete with them. The plant contains silica in the stem, which gives the plant a rough feeling, they were once used as pot scrubbers.
2281
154 <strong>Tall Jacob's Ladder</strong>
<em>Polemonium acutiflorum</em><br>
These flowers were photographed in my cousin's neighborhood in Kenai. The plants grow up to 3 feet tall. They are a very lovely blue color.

Tall Jacob's Ladder Polemonium acutiflorum
These flowers were photographed in my cousin's neighborhood in Kenai. The plants grow up to 3 feet tall. They are a very lovely blue color.

Tall Jacob's Ladder Polemonium acutiflorum
These flowers were photographed in my cousin's neighborhood in Kenai. The plants grow up to 3 feet tall. They are a very lovely blue color.


clr: 7-b
2549
155 <strong>Larkspur</strong>
<em>Delphinium glaucum</em><br>
The Larkspur was common on the Kenai Peninsula and at Denali NP. The buds look similiar to small dolphins, therefore the genus name, Delphinium. One of the park rangers told us not to eat any ...

Larkspur Delphinium glaucum
The Larkspur was common on the Kenai Peninsula and at Denali NP. The buds look similiar to small dolphins, therefore the genus name, Delphinium. One of the park rangers told us not to eat any ...

Larkspur Delphinium glaucum
The Larkspur was common on the Kenai Peninsula and at Denali NP. The buds look similiar to small dolphins, therefore the genus name, Delphinium. One of the park rangers told us not to eat any of the purple flowers (like I'd eat flowers in a national park anyway !) because the purple-flowered Larkspur and Monkshood are both deadly poisonous.


clr: 8-v
3457
156 <strong>Dwarf Monkshood</strong>
<em>Aconitum delphinifolium paradoxum</em><br>
The difference between this Monkshood and its relative is that this plant is much smaller and has only one or two flowers. It seems to like growing in alpine areas.

Dwarf Monkshood Aconitum delphinifolium paradoxum
The difference between this Monkshood and its relative is that this plant is much smaller and has only one or two flowers. It seems to like growing in alpine areas.

Dwarf Monkshood Aconitum delphinifolium paradoxum
The difference between this Monkshood and its relative is that this plant is much smaller and has only one or two flowers. It seems to like growing in alpine areas.


clr: 8-v
3315
157 <strong>Monkshood</strong>
<em>Aconitum delphinifolium delphinifolium</em><br> 
Monkshood is a highly poisonous plant if eaten by livestock or people. The flowers are very unusual. These are seen from the front and the side. The species name <em>delp...

Monkshood Aconitum delphinifolium delphinifolium
Monkshood is a highly poisonous plant if eaten by livestock or people. The flowers are very unusual. These are seen from the front and the side. The species name delp...

Monkshood Aconitum delphinifolium delphinifolium
Monkshood is a highly poisonous plant if eaten by livestock or people. The flowers are very unusual. These are seen from the front and the side. The species name delphinifolium means "delphinium-leaved". Delphin means "dolphin" alluding to the dolphin-like bud of the larkspur, which is another delphinium.


clr: 8-v
2572
158 <strong>Moss Gentian</strong>
<em>Gentiana prostrata</em><br>
It would be easy to overlook these tiny blue flowers, they are less than an inch tall!

Moss Gentian Gentiana prostrata
It would be easy to overlook these tiny blue flowers, they are less than an inch tall!

Moss Gentian Gentiana prostrata
It would be easy to overlook these tiny blue flowers, they are less than an inch tall!


clr: 7-b
2590
159 A Moss gentian with Kenny's finger as scale. This little plant was only 3/4th inch tall!

A Moss gentian with Kenny's finger as scale. This little plant was only 3/4th inch tall!

A Moss gentian with Kenny's finger as scale. This little plant was only 3/4th inch tall! 1595
160 <strong>Marsh Skullcap</strong><br>
This plant was located in Wasilla, AK.

Marsh Skullcap
This plant was located in Wasilla, AK.

Marsh Skullcap
This plant was located in Wasilla, AK.


clr: 8-v
2342
161 Yellow Lichen

Yellow Lichen

Yellow Lichen 1520
162 The Mt. Healy trail in Denali started out pretty easy through a type of forest called "taiga", but it became steep and rocky before reaching the overlook. The view from the top was obscured by smoke from the wildfires. This area is frequented by moose,...

The Mt. Healy trail in Denali started out pretty easy through a type of forest called "taiga", but it became steep and rocky before reaching the overlook. The view from the top was obscured by smoke from the wildfires. This area is frequented by moose,...

The Mt. Healy trail in Denali started out pretty easy through a type of forest called "taiga", but it became steep and rocky before reaching the overlook. The view from the top was obscured by smoke from the wildfires. This area is frequented by moose, so we had to talk and make a lot of noise. 1488
163 While we were up at the top of Mt.Healy a thunderstorm was approaching, we had to rush back down the trail before the rain and lightning hit. As we neared the bottom we realized the storm had blown out all the smoke, we could see the spectacular views ...

While we were up at the top of Mt.Healy a thunderstorm was approaching, we had to rush back down the trail before the rain and lightning hit. As we neared the bottom we realized the storm had blown out all the smoke, we could see the spectacular views ...

While we were up at the top of Mt.Healy a thunderstorm was approaching, we had to rush back down the trail before the rain and lightning hit. As we neared the bottom we realized the storm had blown out all the smoke, we could see the spectacular views for the first time! 1195
164 The Savage River is as far as visitors can drive their personal vehicles in Denali National Park. This was the only day we got to see the spectacular views, 3-1/2 days of the 4 days we were in the park we couldn't see any of this view due to the smoke ...

The Savage River is as far as visitors can drive their personal vehicles in Denali National Park. This was the only day we got to see the spectacular views, 3-1/2 days of the 4 days we were in the park we couldn't see any of this view due to the smoke ...

The Savage River is as far as visitors can drive their personal vehicles in Denali National Park. This was the only day we got to see the spectacular views, 3-1/2 days of the 4 days we were in the park we couldn't see any of this view due to the smoke from the wildfires northeast of Fairbanks. 1343
165 Orange lichen

Orange lichen

Orange lichen 2812
166 Kenny donned his Mosquito net during one of our hikes in Denali. For such a cold place, Alaska has some really BIG mosquitoes. We were still a bit too early for the Black Fly season, so we didn't get the "pleasure" of experiencing them too!

Kenny donned his Mosquito net during one of our hikes in Denali. For such a cold place, Alaska has some really BIG mosquitoes. We were still a bit too early for the Black Fly season, so we didn't get the "pleasure" of experiencing them too!

Kenny donned his Mosquito net during one of our hikes in Denali. For such a cold place, Alaska has some really BIG mosquitoes. We were still a bit too early for the Black Fly season, so we didn't get the "pleasure" of experiencing them too! 1573
167 <strong>Pink Plumes</strong>
<em>Polygonum bistorta</em><br>
Note the little pink inchworm (geometer moth larva) on the upper right side of the plant. This plant is in the Buckwheat Family. I found this one blooming in Denali National Park.

Pink Plumes Polygonum bistorta
Note the little pink inchworm (geometer moth larva) on the upper right side of the plant. This plant is in the Buckwheat Family. I found this one blooming in Denali National Park.

Pink Plumes Polygonum bistorta
Note the little pink inchworm (geometer moth larva) on the upper right side of the plant. This plant is in the Buckwheat Family. I found this one blooming in Denali National Park.


clr: 3-p
2997
168 <strong>Saussurea</strong>
<em>Saussurea angustifolia</em><br>
This unusual plant was growing in Denali National Park. It has disk flowers, but no ray flowers.

Saussurea Saussurea angustifolia
This unusual plant was growing in Denali National Park. It has disk flowers, but no ray flowers.

Saussurea Saussurea angustifolia
This unusual plant was growing in Denali National Park. It has disk flowers, but no ray flowers.


clr: 8-v
2489
169 <strong>Siberian Aster</strong>
<em>Aster sibiricus</em><br>
I usually think of asters as being fall-blooming flowers, but this one was blooming in Denali National Park in early July.

Siberian Aster Aster sibiricus
I usually think of asters as being fall-blooming flowers, but this one was blooming in Denali National Park in early July.

Siberian Aster Aster sibiricus
I usually think of asters as being fall-blooming flowers, but this one was blooming in Denali National Park in early July.


clr: 8-v
2571
170 <strong>Sidebells Pyrola</strong>
<em>Pyrola secunda</em><br>
You have to look closely to find these small flowers blooming on the forest floor! The flowers grow on one side of the stem, giving them their common name. The plant is only 4 or 5 inches ...

Sidebells Pyrola Pyrola secunda
You have to look closely to find these small flowers blooming on the forest floor! The flowers grow on one side of the stem, giving them their common name. The plant is only 4 or 5 inches ...

Sidebells Pyrola Pyrola secunda
You have to look closely to find these small flowers blooming on the forest floor! The flowers grow on one side of the stem, giving them their common name. The plant is only 4 or 5 inches tall. They are in the Wintergreen Family. I found these blooming on the Kenai Peninsula.


clr: 1-w
2492
171 <strong>Squirrel-tail grass</strong> is an invasive non-native grass that takes over areas where it grows. It has an attractive seed head that turns reddish upon ripening. 

I found out that it can't be picked to take home as an nice souvenir, it fal...

Squirrel-tail grass is an invasive non-native grass that takes over areas where it grows. It has an attractive seed head that turns reddish upon ripening. I found out that it can't be picked to take home as an nice souvenir, it fal...

Squirrel-tail grass is an invasive non-native grass that takes over areas where it grows. It has an attractive seed head that turns reddish upon ripening. I found out that it can't be picked to take home as an nice souvenir, it falls apart! We had seeds all over the rental car! 2921
172 <strong>Starflower</strong>
<em>Trientalis europea arctica</em><br>
This is a beautiful little plant that grows in only northern climates. I've seen a European relative in Norway. It is in the Primrose Family.

Starflower Trientalis europea arctica
This is a beautiful little plant that grows in only northern climates. I've seen a European relative in Norway. It is in the Primrose Family.

Starflower Trientalis europea arctica
This is a beautiful little plant that grows in only northern climates. I've seen a European relative in Norway. It is in the Primrose Family.


clr: 1-w
2554
173 <strong>Stiff-stem saxifrage</strong>
<em>Saxifraga hieracifolia</em><br>
This odd-looking plant grew along the Savage River Trail in Denali National Park.

Stiff-stem saxifrage Saxifraga hieracifolia
This odd-looking plant grew along the Savage River Trail in Denali National Park.

Stiff-stem saxifrage Saxifraga hieracifolia
This odd-looking plant grew along the Savage River Trail in Denali National Park.


clr: 6-g
2431
174 <strong>Tall Campion</strong>
<em>Silene repens</em><br>
The flowers of this plant are two colors --- white petals, reddish-purple calyx. I found this blooming in Denali National Park.

Tall Campion Silene repens
The flowers of this plant are two colors --- white petals, reddish-purple calyx. I found this blooming in Denali National Park.

Tall Campion Silene repens
The flowers of this plant are two colors --- white petals, reddish-purple calyx. I found this blooming in Denali National Park.


clr: 1-w
2407
175 <strong>Tall Sandwort</strong>
<em>Arenaria capillaris</em><br>
Tall Sandwort often grows in the cracks of rocks. I found these blooming along the Savage River Trail in Denali National Park.

Tall Sandwort Arenaria capillaris
Tall Sandwort often grows in the cracks of rocks. I found these blooming along the Savage River Trail in Denali National Park.

Tall Sandwort Arenaria capillaris
Tall Sandwort often grows in the cracks of rocks. I found these blooming along the Savage River Trail in Denali National Park.


clr: 1-w
2682
176 <strong>Thoroughwax</strong>
<em>Bupleurum triradiatum</em><br>
This member of the Parsley / Carrot Family was found in Denali National Park.

Thoroughwax Bupleurum triradiatum
This member of the Parsley / Carrot Family was found in Denali National Park.

Thoroughwax Bupleurum triradiatum
This member of the Parsley / Carrot Family was found in Denali National Park.


clr: 5-y
2682
177 <strong>Whitish Gentian</strong>
<em>Gentiana algida</em><br>
The park rangers at Denali said this flower was blooming 2 -3 weeks earlier than it usually does. It is an unusual flower. Yet another "victim" of global warming?!

Whitish Gentian Gentiana algida
The park rangers at Denali said this flower was blooming 2 -3 weeks earlier than it usually does. It is an unusual flower. Yet another "victim" of global warming?!

Whitish Gentian Gentiana algida
The park rangers at Denali said this flower was blooming 2 -3 weeks earlier than it usually does. It is an unusual flower. Yet another "victim" of global warming?!


clr: 1-w
2455
178 <strong>Wild Geranium</strong>
<em>Geranium erianthum</em><br>
These purplish-blue flowers are very common in Alaska, we saw them everywhere on our 2-week trip. The long, pointed fruits of the Geranium are interesting, the 5 seeds are located in smal...

Wild Geranium Geranium erianthum
These purplish-blue flowers are very common in Alaska, we saw them everywhere on our 2-week trip. The long, pointed fruits of the Geranium are interesting, the 5 seeds are located in smal...

Wild Geranium Geranium erianthum
These purplish-blue flowers are very common in Alaska, we saw them everywhere on our 2-week trip. The long, pointed fruits of the Geranium are interesting, the 5 seeds are located in small cups until they ripen. When the fruits mature they split from the bottom to the top point, throwing the seeds away from the plant. The mosquitoes just about ate me alive as I made this picture outside our bed and breakfast in Wasilla!


clr: 8-v
2767
179 <strong>Alaska Cottongrass</strong>
<em>Eriophorum scheuchzeri</em><br>
The fuzzy white seedheads of these plants are easily spotted along wet areas.

Alaska Cottongrass Eriophorum scheuchzeri
The fuzzy white seedheads of these plants are easily spotted along wet areas.

Alaska Cottongrass Eriophorum scheuchzeri
The fuzzy white seedheads of these plants are easily spotted along wet areas.


clr: 1-w
3049
180 <strong>Yellow Paintbrush</strong>
<em>Phyllodoce glanduliflora</em><br>
These unusual flowers were common on the Kenai Peninsula. I found these blooming on the "infamous" Skyline trail.

Yellow Paintbrush Phyllodoce glanduliflora
These unusual flowers were common on the Kenai Peninsula. I found these blooming on the "infamous" Skyline trail.

Yellow Paintbrush Phyllodoce glanduliflora
These unusual flowers were common on the Kenai Peninsula. I found these blooming on the "infamous" Skyline trail.


clr: 5-y
2604
181 <strong>Yellow Spotted Saxifrage</strong>
<em>Saxifraga bronchialis</em><br>
Like many other Saxifrage flowers, these have tiny dots on the petals. I found these blooming on the Savage River Trail in Denali National Park.

Yellow Spotted Saxifrage Saxifraga bronchialis
Like many other Saxifrage flowers, these have tiny dots on the petals. I found these blooming on the Savage River Trail in Denali National Park.

Yellow Spotted Saxifrage Saxifraga bronchialis
Like many other Saxifrage flowers, these have tiny dots on the petals. I found these blooming on the Savage River Trail in Denali National Park.


clr: 5-y
2750
182 <strong>Arctic wormwood</strong>
<em>Artemisia frigida</em><br>
I photographed this plant at Denali National Park. It is an example of a composite flower that does not have "petals" (ray flowers), just disk flowers.

Arctic wormwood Artemisia frigida
I photographed this plant at Denali National Park. It is an example of a composite flower that does not have "petals" (ray flowers), just disk flowers.

Arctic wormwood Artemisia frigida
I photographed this plant at Denali National Park. It is an example of a composite flower that does not have "petals" (ray flowers), just disk flowers.


clr: 5-y
3188
183 <strong>Frigid Arnica</strong>
<em>Arnica frigida</em>
This flower was blooming on the mountainside above the Eilson Visitor Center.

Frigid Arnica Arnica frigida This flower was blooming on the mountainside above the Eilson Visitor Center.

Frigid Arnica Arnica frigida This flower was blooming on the mountainside above the Eilson Visitor Center.


clr: 5-y
2237
184 <strong>Frigid Arnica</strong> on the Tundra
<em>Arnica frigida</em><br>
These pretty yellow flowers seemed to spring from the tundra on the hillside above the Eielson Visitors Center in Denali National Park.

Frigid Arnica on the Tundra Arnica frigida
These pretty yellow flowers seemed to spring from the tundra on the hillside above the Eielson Visitors Center in Denali National Park.

Frigid Arnica on the Tundra Arnica frigida
These pretty yellow flowers seemed to spring from the tundra on the hillside above the Eielson Visitors Center in Denali National Park.
1686
185 <strong>Aspen leafminer tracks</strong><br>
A moth larva made these squiggly lines on this aspen leaf. The dark spots are "frass," the droppings of the larva. The caterpillars eat the cells on the inside of the leaves. Many leaves of the trees at Dena...

Aspen leafminer tracks
A moth larva made these squiggly lines on this aspen leaf. The dark spots are "frass," the droppings of the larva. The caterpillars eat the cells on the inside of the leaves. Many leaves of the trees at Dena...

Aspen leafminer tracks
A moth larva made these squiggly lines on this aspen leaf. The dark spots are "frass," the droppings of the larva. The caterpillars eat the cells on the inside of the leaves. Many leaves of the trees at Denali National Park had been affected by the larvae.
1818
186 <strong>Moose and calf</strong>
<em>Alces alces</em>

This moose cow and her calf crossed the Parks Highway just north of Denali. They really were "traffic stoppers!" There are signs along the highway reminding people to "Give moose a brake" showing...

Moose and calf Alces alces This moose cow and her calf crossed the Parks Highway just north of Denali. They really were "traffic stoppers!" There are signs along the highway reminding people to "Give moose a brake" showing...

Moose and calf Alces alces This moose cow and her calf crossed the Parks Highway just north of Denali. They really were "traffic stoppers!" There are signs along the highway reminding people to "Give moose a brake" showing the number of moose that have been hit during the year. 1841
187 <strong>Hoary Marmot</strong>
<em>Marmota caligata</em>

This marmot was relaxing on the rocks along the Savage River Trail in Denail National Park. Marmots are sometimes called "Whistle Pigs" because of their shrill alarm calls.

Hoary Marmot Marmota caligata This marmot was relaxing on the rocks along the Savage River Trail in Denail National Park. Marmots are sometimes called "Whistle Pigs" because of their shrill alarm calls.

Hoary Marmot Marmota caligata This marmot was relaxing on the rocks along the Savage River Trail in Denail National Park. Marmots are sometimes called "Whistle Pigs" because of their shrill alarm calls. 1796
188 On our final full day in Alaska we drove from Denali to Anchorage. We got a special treat when we stopped in the little town of Talkeetna. We got to enjoy watching the 4th of July Parade. What they didn't have in large floats, bands or groups of people...

On our final full day in Alaska we drove from Denali to Anchorage. We got a special treat when we stopped in the little town of Talkeetna. We got to enjoy watching the 4th of July Parade. What they didn't have in large floats, bands or groups of people...

On our final full day in Alaska we drove from Denali to Anchorage. We got a special treat when we stopped in the little town of Talkeetna. We got to enjoy watching the 4th of July Parade. What they didn't have in large floats, bands or groups of people, they made up for in making noise! They had every piece of emergency equipment blaring sirens, bagpipes, and even the Alaska Railroad got in on the festivities by blasting the train horn! Here Uncle Sam waves to the crowd as he walks by on stilts! It was one of the most memorable 4th of July celebrations we've ever experienced! 1171
189 Talkeetna is the main starting point for climbers who hope to climb "The Great One". I took this plane out of the airport in Talkeetna to get a bird's eye view of Denali. I had to sit in the co-pilot's seat because there was only one seat left. It was ...

Talkeetna is the main starting point for climbers who hope to climb "The Great One". I took this plane out of the airport in Talkeetna to get a bird's eye view of Denali. I had to sit in the co-pilot's seat because there was only one seat left. It was ...

Talkeetna is the main starting point for climbers who hope to climb "The Great One". I took this plane out of the airport in Talkeetna to get a bird's eye view of Denali. I had to sit in the co-pilot's seat because there was only one seat left. It was an expensive flight at $250 for about 2 hours, but the views were worth every penny! 1132
190 We flew so high over Mt. McKinley we had to use oxygen masks!

We flew so high over Mt. McKinley we had to use oxygen masks!

We flew so high over Mt. McKinley we had to use oxygen masks! 1410
191 <strong>Mt. McKinley in Denali National Park</strong><br>
On July 4 I flew out of Talkeetna in a twin engine plane to see Denali - Athabaskan word for "The Great One" (a.k.a. Mt. McKinley). At 20,320 feet, this beautiful mountain is the highest peak i...

Mt. McKinley in Denali National Park
On July 4 I flew out of Talkeetna in a twin engine plane to see Denali - Athabaskan word for "The Great One" (a.k.a. Mt. McKinley). At 20,320 feet, this beautiful mountain is the highest peak i...

Mt. McKinley in Denali National Park
On July 4 I flew out of Talkeetna in a twin engine plane to see Denali - Athabaskan word for "The Great One" (a.k.a. Mt. McKinley). At 20,320 feet, this beautiful mountain is the highest peak in North America. What a grande finale for our trip!
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192 <strong>The Ruth Glacier</strong> on Mt. McKinley<br>
It was so fascinating to fly over the glaciers on the mountain! Glaciers are "rivers" of ice that flow very slowly. The long black line in the middle of the glacier is a medial moraine, made up of ...

The Ruth Glacier on Mt. McKinley
It was so fascinating to fly over the glaciers on the mountain! Glaciers are "rivers" of ice that flow very slowly. The long black line in the middle of the glacier is a medial moraine, made up of ...

The Ruth Glacier on Mt. McKinley
It was so fascinating to fly over the glaciers on the mountain! Glaciers are "rivers" of ice that flow very slowly. The long black line in the middle of the glacier is a medial moraine, made up of ground up rock where 2 glaciers meet as they flow down from the mountains.
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193 <strong>Cravasses and the medial moraine on Ruth glacier</strong><br> The blue-tinted cracks are deep cravasses in the glacier. Cravasses form in quicker-moving areas of a glacier. Glaciers form when snow builds up faster than it can melt. Over time th...

Cravasses and the medial moraine on Ruth glacier
The blue-tinted cracks are deep cravasses in the glacier. Cravasses form in quicker-moving areas of a glacier. Glaciers form when snow builds up faster than it can melt. Over time th...

Cravasses and the medial moraine on Ruth glacier
The blue-tinted cracks are deep cravasses in the glacier. Cravasses form in quicker-moving areas of a glacier. Glaciers form when snow builds up faster than it can melt. Over time the snow compresses forcing the air out, creating very clear ice. This ice absorbs all the colors of the spectrum except blue which is reflected giving the glacier its beautiful blue hue.
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194 The small, brilliant blue lake was formed from meltwater on the Ruth glacier. The large black medial moraine looked like a paved road from the air! I was sitting in the co-pilot's seat, so I didn't have the best view on the plane. But, I was so thrille...

The small, brilliant blue lake was formed from meltwater on the Ruth glacier. The large black medial moraine looked like a paved road from the air! I was sitting in the co-pilot's seat, so I didn't have the best view on the plane. But, I was so thrille...

The small, brilliant blue lake was formed from meltwater on the Ruth glacier. The large black medial moraine looked like a paved road from the air! I was sitting in the co-pilot's seat, so I didn't have the best view on the plane. But, I was so thrilled to go up, I didn't complain! A flight over Denali is a must-do, however, be ready to pay dearly to do it! My flight was over $200 for 1-1/2 hours. 1284
195 A <strong>Mew Gull</strong>

A Mew Gull

A Mew Gull 1223

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