Spring Flowers - Woodland - Pink, red, maroon, brown

These flowers bloom between late March and late May.
Image Number Image (Click to Enlarge)CaptionImage Viewed
1 <strong>Pink Lady's-Slipper Orchid</strong>
<em>Cypripedium acaule</em> / Orchid Family
<span style="color:purple;">Rare - Endangered in TN</span><br>
I found these beautiful wild orchids blooming in late April in Morgan County. Lady's Slipper Orchi...

Pink Lady's-Slipper Orchid Cypripedium acaule / Orchid Family Rare - Endangered in TN
I found these beautiful wild orchids blooming in late April in Morgan County. Lady's Slipper Orchi...

Pink Lady's-Slipper Orchid Cypripedium acaule / Orchid Family Rare - Endangered in TN
I found these beautiful wild orchids blooming in late April in Morgan County. Lady's Slipper Orchids can only grow under special conditions, they need acidic soil and are often found under pine trees. There is a specific soil fungus (called "mycorrhiza") that must grow into the roots, without it the orchid will die. These orchids should never be dug from the woods or bought from individuals. It takes these plants 7 years to bloom from a microscopic seed, no nursery would cultivate a plant for that length of time, the cost would be much too high. It would be a shame to kill such beautiful plants. Please leave them in the forests where they belong! Some people may notice the similarity of this flower to a very personal part of a male's anatomy (I won't get too specific, this is a "family-friendly" site!). Actually, that is what the word "orchid" means. If a guy has an "orchidectomy", he has not had an orchid removed from his jacket lapel! :0 Perennial Where seen:Frozen Head SP, University of Tennessee Arboretum, Great Smoky Mountains NP
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2 <strong>Lady's Slipper Orchid</strong> - side view
Many orchid flowers work as temporary insect traps. The insect has to go through a "floral maze" to get out of the flower taking the pollen along when it finally exits.

Lady's Slipper Orchid - side view Many orchid flowers work as temporary insect traps. The insect has to go through a "floral maze" to get out of the flower taking the pollen along when it finally exits.

Lady's Slipper Orchid - side view Many orchid flowers work as temporary insect traps. The insect has to go through a "floral maze" to get out of the flower taking the pollen along when it finally exits. 1910
3 Pink Lady's Slipper Orchid - Front view

Pink Lady's Slipper Orchid - Front view

Pink Lady's Slipper Orchid - Front view 1541
4 <strong>Showy Orchis</strong>
<em>Galearis spectabilis</em> / Orchid Family
April 29, 2005<br>
I always enjoy finding this lovely pink and white orchid growing along the trailsides. Many orchids must have a soil fungus that grows into their roots to...

Showy Orchis Galearis spectabilis / Orchid Family April 29, 2005
I always enjoy finding this lovely pink and white orchid growing along the trailsides. Many orchids must have a soil fungus that grows into their roots to...

Showy Orchis Galearis spectabilis / Orchid Family April 29, 2005
I always enjoy finding this lovely pink and white orchid growing along the trailsides. Many orchids must have a soil fungus that grows into their roots to help them grow. They will not survive if moved from where they grow naturally. Never dig or buy wild orchids! I photographed these on the Little River Trail in the Smokies in April. {Formerly known as Orchis spectabilis} Perennial Where seen:Oak Ridge Greenways Trails, Great Smoky Mountains NP, Frozen Head SP
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5 <strong>Showy Orchis</strong> close-up<br>
It is interesting to get down low to look closely at these pretty orchids. Considering how lousy the weather was, I was lucky to get this picture!

Showy Orchis close-up
It is interesting to get down low to look closely at these pretty orchids. Considering how lousy the weather was, I was lucky to get this picture!

Showy Orchis close-up
It is interesting to get down low to look closely at these pretty orchids. Considering how lousy the weather was, I was lucky to get this picture!
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6 Showy Orchis - pink variety
April 29, 2005<br>
I was surprised to find this all-pink and an all-white variety of Showy Orchis blooming along the Little River Trail in the Smokies.

Showy Orchis - pink variety April 29, 2005
I was surprised to find this all-pink and an all-white variety of Showy Orchis blooming along the Little River Trail in the Smokies.

Showy Orchis - pink variety April 29, 2005
I was surprised to find this all-pink and an all-white variety of Showy Orchis blooming along the Little River Trail in the Smokies.
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7 <strong>Wister's or Spring Coralroot</strong>
<em>Corallorhiza wisteriana</em> / Orchid family
Oak Ridge, TN
April 22, 2009

I had been looking for this plant for the past 3 springs. I was determined to find it this year. Thanks to my botanist fri...

Wister's or Spring Coralroot Corallorhiza wisteriana / Orchid family Oak Ridge, TN April 22, 2009 I had been looking for this plant for the past 3 springs. I was determined to find it this year. Thanks to my botanist fri...

Wister's or Spring Coralroot Corallorhiza wisteriana / Orchid family Oak Ridge, TN April 22, 2009 I had been looking for this plant for the past 3 springs. I was determined to find it this year. Thanks to my botanist friend, Larry, for flagging it so I could find it! These plants were only 5 - 6 inches tall and not very colorful. They are saprophytes, they contain no chlorophyll and obtain their nutrients from the decaying leaves and other organic matter in the soil. A close-up photo follows. 1332
8 <strong>Wister's or Spring Coralroot</strong> front view
<em>Corallorhiza wisteriana</em> / Orchid family
Oak Ridge, TN
April 22, 2009

Wister's or Spring Coralroot front view Corallorhiza wisteriana / Orchid family Oak Ridge, TN April 22, 2009

Wister's or Spring Coralroot front view Corallorhiza wisteriana / Orchid family Oak Ridge, TN April 22, 2009 764
9 <strong>Wild Columbine</strong>
<em>Aquilegia canadensis</em> / Buttercup Family
May 7, 2005<br>
Bumblebees often pierce the "spurs" at the end of the petals to steal the nectar. Look for holes or slits in the spurs! Columbines are in the Buttercup ...

Wild Columbine Aquilegia canadensis / Buttercup Family May 7, 2005
Bumblebees often pierce the "spurs" at the end of the petals to steal the nectar. Look for holes or slits in the spurs! Columbines are in the Buttercup ...

Wild Columbine Aquilegia canadensis / Buttercup Family May 7, 2005
Bumblebees often pierce the "spurs" at the end of the petals to steal the nectar. Look for holes or slits in the spurs! Columbines are in the Buttercup family. These can be found on the Haw Ridge Greenways Trail in Oak Ridge. Perennial Where seen:Great Smoky Mountains NP, Haw Ridge Greenway Trail, Warriors' Path SP, Ijams Nature Center
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10 Wild Columbine close-up

Wild Columbine close-up

Wild Columbine close-up 1444
11 <strong>Lenten Rose</strong> (pink variety)
<em>Helleborus orientalis*</em>/ Buttercup Family<br>
This lovely flower was found blooming in mid-February at Ijams Nature Center in Knoxville, along with a whole hillside of others! It is a garden escape....

Lenten Rose (pink variety) Helleborus orientalis*/ Buttercup Family
This lovely flower was found blooming in mid-February at Ijams Nature Center in Knoxville, along with a whole hillside of others! It is a garden escape....

Lenten Rose (pink variety) Helleborus orientalis*/ Buttercup Family
This lovely flower was found blooming in mid-February at Ijams Nature Center in Knoxville, along with a whole hillside of others! It is a garden escape. These flowers bloom in early February. Like other plants in the Buttercup family, Lenten Rose is poisonous if eaten. It is very important to teach children to not eat any plants found in the wild.
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12 <strong>Yellowroot</strong>
<em>Xanthorhiza simplicissima</em> / Buttercup Family
<span style="color: blue;">Aquatic</span></strong>
April 6, 2006<br>
Yellowroot grows near streams. Early settlers made a "bitter spring tea" from this plant to stimu...

Yellowroot Xanthorhiza simplicissima / Buttercup Family Aquatic April 6, 2006
Yellowroot grows near streams. Early settlers made a "bitter spring tea" from this plant to stimu...

Yellowroot Xanthorhiza simplicissima / Buttercup Family Aquatic April 6, 2006
Yellowroot grows near streams. Early settlers made a "bitter spring tea" from this plant to stimulate their appetites. Perennial Where seen:Great Smoky Mountains NP, Piney Falls SNA, Piney River Trail, Warriors' Path SP
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13 Yellowroot flowers close-up

Yellowroot flowers close-up

Yellowroot flowers close-up 1205
14 <strong>Fire Pink</strong>
<em>Silene virginica</em> / Pink Family
April 15, 2005<br>
These "pinks" are actually a brilliant red. These plants grow along steep woodland trail banks and on rocky roadsides. They are one of the few bright red woodland ...

Fire Pink Silene virginica / Pink Family April 15, 2005
These "pinks" are actually a brilliant red. These plants grow along steep woodland trail banks and on rocky roadsides. They are one of the few bright red woodland ...

Fire Pink Silene virginica / Pink Family April 15, 2005
These "pinks" are actually a brilliant red. These plants grow along steep woodland trail banks and on rocky roadsides. They are one of the few bright red woodland flowers. I took this picture on the Chestnut Top Trail in the Smokies in late April. Perennial Where seen:Great Smoky Mountains NP, Frozen Head NP, Warrior's Path SP, Haw Ridge, Bays Mountain
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15 Close-up ofFire Pink

Close-up ofFire Pink

Close-up ofFire Pink 1265
16 <strong>Fire Pink</strong>
<em>Silene virginica</em><br>
These lovely flowers grew along the Chestnut Top trail near the Townsend Wye. This is a great trail for wildflowers! The large leaves are those of a different plant, they are not Fire Pink leaves.

Fire Pink Silene virginica
These lovely flowers grew along the Chestnut Top trail near the Townsend Wye. This is a great trail for wildflowers! The large leaves are those of a different plant, they are not Fire Pink leaves.

Fire Pink Silene virginica
These lovely flowers grew along the Chestnut Top trail near the Townsend Wye. This is a great trail for wildflowers! The large leaves are those of a different plant, they are not Fire Pink leaves.
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17 <strong>Gaywings; Fringed Polygala</strong>
<em>Polygala paucifolia</em> / Milkwort Family
April 24, 2005<br>
These plants are a treat to find in the woods in late April! They are tiny, around 3 inches tall, with beautiful pink flowers! These can be...

Gaywings; Fringed Polygala Polygala paucifolia / Milkwort Family April 24, 2005
These plants are a treat to find in the woods in late April! They are tiny, around 3 inches tall, with beautiful pink flowers! These can be...

Gaywings; Fringed Polygala Polygala paucifolia / Milkwort Family April 24, 2005
These plants are a treat to find in the woods in late April! They are tiny, around 3 inches tall, with beautiful pink flowers! These can be found on the Abrams Falls Trail in the Smokies. Perennial Where seen:Piney River Trail, Great Smoky Mountains NP
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18 <strong>Wild Geranium</strong>
<em>Geranium maculatum</em> / Geranium Family
April 15, 2005<br>
Wild Geranium adds pretty spots of pink along the springtime trailsides. Bees are attracted to the white nectar guides on the inside of the petals. Note ...

Wild Geranium Geranium maculatum / Geranium Family April 15, 2005
Wild Geranium adds pretty spots of pink along the springtime trailsides. Bees are attracted to the white nectar guides on the inside of the petals. Note ...

Wild Geranium Geranium maculatum / Geranium Family April 15, 2005
Wild Geranium adds pretty spots of pink along the springtime trailsides. Bees are attracted to the white nectar guides on the inside of the petals. Note the five-parted stigmas on the pistil. The fruits are interesting, they have 5 seeds in cups at the base of a "storkbill" seed pod. When the fruit ripens the pod splits and throws the seeds upward. Frozen Head State Park has a large number of these flowers. Perennial Where seen:Great Smoky Mountains NP, Haw Ridge Greenway, Frozen Head SP, Piney River Trail, Warriors' Path SP, Ijams Nature Center
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19 <strong>Lousewort</strong>
<em>Pedicularis canadensis</em> / Snapdragon Family
April 17, 2005<br>
Cattle do NOT get lice from this plant as European farmers once thought! The flowers look like a pinwheel when viewed from above (as seen on the home p...

Lousewort Pedicularis canadensis / Snapdragon Family April 17, 2005
Cattle do NOT get lice from this plant as European farmers once thought! The flowers look like a pinwheel when viewed from above (as seen on the home p...

Lousewort Pedicularis canadensis / Snapdragon Family April 17, 2005
Cattle do NOT get lice from this plant as European farmers once thought! The flowers look like a pinwheel when viewed from above (as seen on the home page of this site). There are many of these flowers on the Panther Branch trail at Frozen Head. Perennial Where seen:Frozen Head SP, Great Smoky Mountains NP, Cherokee NF
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20 <strong>Pinxsterflower</strong>
<em>Rhododendron periclymenoides</em> / Heath Family<br>
These are a type of beautiful woodland wild azalea. It is in the Heath Family. Pinxterflowers have a nice, sweet smell. I found this plant at the University of T...

Pinxsterflower Rhododendron periclymenoides / Heath Family
These are a type of beautiful woodland wild azalea. It is in the Heath Family. Pinxterflowers have a nice, sweet smell. I found this plant at the University of T...

Pinxsterflower Rhododendron periclymenoides / Heath Family
These are a type of beautiful woodland wild azalea. It is in the Heath Family. Pinxterflowers have a nice, sweet smell. I found this plant at the University of Tennessee Arboretum in Oak Ridge in April. Perennial Where seen:University of Tennessee Arboretum, Oak Ridge Greenways, Great Smoky Mountains NP
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21 <strong>Trailing Arbutus</strong>
<em>Epigaea repens</em> /Heath Family
April 10, 2005<br>
These pale pink flowers have a delicate, sweet fragrance. They bloom very early. The flowers often bloom beneath the leathery, evergreen leaves. Like many oth...

Trailing Arbutus Epigaea repens /Heath Family April 10, 2005
These pale pink flowers have a delicate, sweet fragrance. They bloom very early. The flowers often bloom beneath the leathery, evergreen leaves. Like many oth...

Trailing Arbutus Epigaea repens /Heath Family April 10, 2005
These pale pink flowers have a delicate, sweet fragrance. They bloom very early. The flowers often bloom beneath the leathery, evergreen leaves. Like many other members of the Heath family they grow in acidic soil. I made a special trip to Piney Falls State Natural Area in early April to find these in bloom. Perennial Where seen:Frozen Head SP, Piney Falls SNA, Great Smoky Mountains NP, Big South Fork NRRA
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22 <strong>Upland Low Blueberry</strong>
<em>Vaccinium pallidum</em> / Heath Family
May 14, 2005<br>
I found this shrub blooming at Clark Center Park. It will have dark blue berries in the fall. This is a plant that benefits from controlled burning. 
...

Upland Low Blueberry Vaccinium pallidum / Heath Family May 14, 2005
I found this shrub blooming at Clark Center Park. It will have dark blue berries in the fall. This is a plant that benefits from controlled burning. ...

Upland Low Blueberry Vaccinium pallidum / Heath Family May 14, 2005
I found this shrub blooming at Clark Center Park. It will have dark blue berries in the fall. This is a plant that benefits from controlled burning. Perennial - shrub Where seen: Oak Ridge Greenways Formerly known as: Vaccinium vacillans
1915
23 <strong>Downy Phlox</strong>
<em>Phlox pilosa</em> / Phlox Family<br>
This is one of several species of Phlox. I have this one growing in my yard.
Perennial 
<u>Where seen:</u>Oak Ridge

Downy Phlox Phlox pilosa / Phlox Family
This is one of several species of Phlox. I have this one growing in my yard. Perennial Where seen:Oak Ridge

Downy Phlox Phlox pilosa / Phlox Family
This is one of several species of Phlox. I have this one growing in my yard. Perennial Where seen:Oak Ridge
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24 <strong>Virginia Spring Beauty</strong>
<em>Claytonia virginica</em> / Purslane Family
March 27, 2005<br>
The leaves of the Virginia Spring Beauty are thin. I think of two thin, paired leaves being like "V" for Virginia. These are common in the wood...

Virginia Spring Beauty Claytonia virginica / Purslane Family March 27, 2005
The leaves of the Virginia Spring Beauty are thin. I think of two thin, paired leaves being like "V" for Virginia. These are common in the wood...

Virginia Spring Beauty Claytonia virginica / Purslane Family March 27, 2005
The leaves of the Virginia Spring Beauty are thin. I think of two thin, paired leaves being like "V" for Virginia. These are common in the woods in Oak Ridge. Perennial Where seen:Oak Ridge Greenways, Norris Dam SP, Frozen Head SP, Piney River Trail, Great Smoky Mountains NP, Warriors' Path SP, Ijams Nature Center
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25 The pistil and anthers of Virginia Spring Beauty mature at different times as can be seen in this photo. The anthers are ripe on the flower on the right, they are prostrate on the flower on the left and the pistil is mature.

The pistil and anthers of Virginia Spring Beauty mature at different times as can be seen in this photo. The anthers are ripe on the flower on the right, they are prostrate on the flower on the left and the pistil is mature.

The pistil and anthers of Virginia Spring Beauty mature at different times as can be seen in this photo. The anthers are ripe on the flower on the right, they are prostrate on the flower on the left and the pistil is mature. 1404
26 <strong>Carolina Spring Beauty</strong>
<em>Claytonia caroliniana</em> / Purslane Family
April 10, 2005<br>
Carolina Spring Beauty flowers have pale pink nectar guides. The leaves are larger and rounder than those of the Virginia Spring Beauty. For ...

Carolina Spring Beauty Claytonia caroliniana / Purslane Family April 10, 2005
Carolina Spring Beauty flowers have pale pink nectar guides. The leaves are larger and rounder than those of the Virginia Spring Beauty. For ...

Carolina Spring Beauty Claytonia caroliniana / Purslane Family April 10, 2005
Carolina Spring Beauty flowers have pale pink nectar guides. The leaves are larger and rounder than those of the Virginia Spring Beauty. For this plant, I think of "C" being (nearly) round and "C" is for Carolina. Perennial Where seen:Norris Dam SP, Great Smoky Mountains NP, Warriors' Path SP, Piney River SNA
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27 <strong>Whorled Horsemint</strong>
<em>Collinsonia verticillata</em> / Mint Family<br>
Look for very large leaves on this woodland plant. I found this growing on  the Piney River Trail in Spring City in Rhea County in early May.
Perennial 
<u>Where...

Whorled Horsemint Collinsonia verticillata / Mint Family
Look for very large leaves on this woodland plant. I found this growing on the Piney River Trail in Spring City in Rhea County in early May. Perennial Where...

Whorled Horsemint Collinsonia verticillata / Mint Family
Look for very large leaves on this woodland plant. I found this growing on the Piney River Trail in Spring City in Rhea County in early May. Perennial Where seen:Piney River Trail, Great Smoky Mountains NP
2127
28 <strong>Eastern Bee Balm</strong> 
<em>Monarda bradburiana</em> / Mint Family<br>
I found these flowers blooming at Tremont in the Smokies in mid-May. The flowers have small purple dots which may not show up in this picture.
Perennial 
<u>Where see...

Eastern Bee Balm Monarda bradburiana / Mint Family
I found these flowers blooming at Tremont in the Smokies in mid-May. The flowers have small purple dots which may not show up in this picture. Perennial Where see...

Eastern Bee Balm Monarda bradburiana / Mint Family
I found these flowers blooming at Tremont in the Smokies in mid-May. The flowers have small purple dots which may not show up in this picture. Perennial Where seen:Great Smoky Mountains NP, Oak Ridge Greenways {Formerly known as: Monarda russeliana}
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29 <strong>Violet Wood Sorrel</strong>
<em>Oxalis violaceae</em> / Wood Sorrel Family<br>
These little plants grow in large colonies from tiny bulbs. Although the leaves look like little shamrocks, they are not related to clovers. These bloomed in Norri...

Violet Wood Sorrel Oxalis violaceae / Wood Sorrel Family
These little plants grow in large colonies from tiny bulbs. Although the leaves look like little shamrocks, they are not related to clovers. These bloomed in Norri...

Violet Wood Sorrel Oxalis violaceae / Wood Sorrel Family
These little plants grow in large colonies from tiny bulbs. Although the leaves look like little shamrocks, they are not related to clovers. These bloomed in Norris Dam State Park in late April. Perennial Where seen:Oak Ridge Greenways, University of Tennessee Arboretum, Great Smoky Mountain NP, Warriors' Path SP, Haw Ridge
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30 <strong>Wild Bleeding-heart</strong>
<em>Dicentra eximia</em> / Bleeding Heart Family<br>
I found these beautiful little flowers blooming along the road to Cades Cove in the Smokies. They are in the Poppy Family and are related to Dutchman's Breeches...

Wild Bleeding-heart Dicentra eximia / Bleeding Heart Family
I found these beautiful little flowers blooming along the road to Cades Cove in the Smokies. They are in the Poppy Family and are related to Dutchman's Breeches...

Wild Bleeding-heart Dicentra eximia / Bleeding Heart Family
I found these beautiful little flowers blooming along the road to Cades Cove in the Smokies. They are in the Poppy Family and are related to Dutchman's Breeches and Squirrel Corn. Perennial Where seen:Great Smoky Mountains NP
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31 <strong>Sweetshrub; Bubby Bush</strong>
<em>Calycanthus floridus</em> / Calycanthus family<br>
The maroon flowers of this shrub have a "vinegary" odor, but the leaves have a pleasant, spicy smell. The name "Bubby Bush" comes from the practice of the ...

Sweetshrub; Bubby Bush Calycanthus floridus / Calycanthus family
The maroon flowers of this shrub have a "vinegary" odor, but the leaves have a pleasant, spicy smell. The name "Bubby Bush" comes from the practice of the ...

Sweetshrub; Bubby Bush Calycanthus floridus / Calycanthus family
The maroon flowers of this shrub have a "vinegary" odor, but the leaves have a pleasant, spicy smell. The name "Bubby Bush" comes from the practice of the mountain women putting crushed leaves in their dress tops to make themselves smell nice! ;) These are common in the Walker Valley (Tremont area) in the Smokies. Perennial - Shrub Where seen:Great Smokies NP, University of Tennessee Arboretum, Ijams Nature Center
4106
32 <strong>Rosy Twisted Stalk</strong> 
<em>Streptopus roseus</em> / Lily Family
May 29, 2006<br>
I had seen this flower blooming in Alaska and Maine, so I was excited to find it in the high elevations of the Smokies. The flowers have an unusual growin...

Rosy Twisted Stalk Streptopus roseus / Lily Family May 29, 2006
I had seen this flower blooming in Alaska and Maine, so I was excited to find it in the high elevations of the Smokies. The flowers have an unusual growin...

Rosy Twisted Stalk Streptopus roseus / Lily Family May 29, 2006
I had seen this flower blooming in Alaska and Maine, so I was excited to find it in the high elevations of the Smokies. The flowers have an unusual growing habit, they hang below the leaves on a bent stalk. Without flowers, the plant would look a lot like a Yellow or Spotted Mandarin. Perennial Where seen: Great Smoky Mountains NP
1903
33 <strong>Sweet Betsy Trillium; Toadshade</strong>
<em>Trillium cuneatum</em> / Lily Family<br>
I've never seen a toad sitting in the shade of one of these trilliums, but I guess it could happen! :) The flowers are "sessile," not on a stem. These are c...

Sweet Betsy Trillium; Toadshade Trillium cuneatum / Lily Family
I've never seen a toad sitting in the shade of one of these trilliums, but I guess it could happen! :) The flowers are "sessile," not on a stem. These are c...

Sweet Betsy Trillium; Toadshade Trillium cuneatum / Lily Family
I've never seen a toad sitting in the shade of one of these trilliums, but I guess it could happen! :) The flowers are "sessile," not on a stem. These are common at Frozen Head State Park in early April. Like other maroon-colored flowers, this trillium has a strong smell. The knickname of the plant is "Stinking Benjamin"! Perennial Where seen:Norris Dam SP, Frozen Head SP, Oak Ridge Greenways, Piney River Trail
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34 <strong>Trailing Trillium</strong>
<em>Trillium decumbens</em> / Lily Family
<span style="color:purple;">Rare - Threatened in TN</span><br>
This trillium grows almost flat on the ground. I found this one growing in a private garden in Knoxville.
Pe...

Trailing Trillium Trillium decumbens / Lily Family Rare - Threatened in TN
This trillium grows almost flat on the ground. I found this one growing in a private garden in Knoxville. Pe...

Trailing Trillium Trillium decumbens / Lily Family Rare - Threatened in TN
This trillium grows almost flat on the ground. I found this one growing in a private garden in Knoxville. Perennial Where seen:Knoxville
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35 <strong>Prairie Trillium</strong>
<em>Trillium recurvatum</em>
May 1, 2008
Ijams Nature Center

This was a "milestone" flower for me, it was flower #700 on this website! I went to Ijams in hopes of reaching that goal.  At first I was afraid it was...

Prairie Trillium Trillium recurvatum May 1, 2008 Ijams Nature Center This was a "milestone" flower for me, it was flower #700 on this website! I went to Ijams in hopes of reaching that goal. At first I was afraid it was...

Prairie Trillium Trillium recurvatum May 1, 2008 Ijams Nature Center This was a "milestone" flower for me, it was flower #700 on this website! I went to Ijams in hopes of reaching that goal. At first I was afraid it was another common Sessile Trillium, but I noticed the petals were curved and the leaves had a definite stem. 1675
36 Prairie Trillium - close-up
Trillium recurvatum
May 1, 2008
Ijams Nature Center

Prairie Trillium - close-up Trillium recurvatum May 1, 2008 Ijams Nature Center

Prairie Trillium - close-up Trillium recurvatum May 1, 2008 Ijams Nature Center 914
37 <strong>Southern Red Trillium</strong>
<em>Trillium sulcatum</em> / Lily Family<br>
The stemmed, maroon flowers have a vinegar-like odor. Maroon-colored flowers attract beetles and ants. The flower stalk stands above the leaves, the petals are straig...

Southern Red Trillium Trillium sulcatum / Lily Family
The stemmed, maroon flowers have a vinegar-like odor. Maroon-colored flowers attract beetles and ants. The flower stalk stands above the leaves, the petals are straig...

Southern Red Trillium Trillium sulcatum / Lily Family
The stemmed, maroon flowers have a vinegar-like odor. Maroon-colored flowers attract beetles and ants. The flower stalk stands above the leaves, the petals are straight. These can be found in abundance in early April on the Bluff Trail at Norris Dam State Park. Perennial Where seen: Norris Dam State Park
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38 <strong>Southern Red Trillium close-up</strong><br>
All of the parts of a trillium flower are in 3's or multiple of 3's - 3 sepals, 3 petals, 6 stamens (but just 1 pistil).

Southern Red Trillium close-up
All of the parts of a trillium flower are in 3's or multiple of 3's - 3 sepals, 3 petals, 6 stamens (but just 1 pistil).

Southern Red Trillium close-up
All of the parts of a trillium flower are in 3's or multiple of 3's - 3 sepals, 3 petals, 6 stamens (but just 1 pistil).
1765
39 <strong>Red Erect Trillium; Stinking Benjamin</strong>
<em>Trillium erectum</em> / Lily Family
April 17, 2005<br>
This flower has a disagreeable odor said to be like a wet dog (yucch!), thus the name "Stinking Benjamin". It has the flower stem above...

Red Erect Trillium; Stinking Benjamin Trillium erectum / Lily Family April 17, 2005
This flower has a disagreeable odor said to be like a wet dog (yucch!), thus the name "Stinking Benjamin". It has the flower stem above...

Red Erect Trillium; Stinking Benjamin Trillium erectum / Lily Family April 17, 2005
This flower has a disagreeable odor said to be like a wet dog (yucch!), thus the name "Stinking Benjamin". It has the flower stem above the leaves and the petals are long and pointed. Perennial Where seen:Frozen Head State Park
2706
40 <strong>Vasey's Trillium</strong>
<em>Trillium vaseyi</em> / Lily Family
April 20, 2005<br>
It is easy to confuse this Trillium with the Red Erect Trillium. The flower stalk hangs below the leaves and the petals of Vasey's trillium are curved backwa...

Vasey's Trillium Trillium vaseyi / Lily Family April 20, 2005
It is easy to confuse this Trillium with the Red Erect Trillium. The flower stalk hangs below the leaves and the petals of Vasey's trillium are curved backwa...

Vasey's Trillium Trillium vaseyi / Lily Family April 20, 2005
It is easy to confuse this Trillium with the Red Erect Trillium. The flower stalk hangs below the leaves and the petals of Vasey's trillium are curved backward. Last year I found this blooming along the Northridge Trail in Oak Ridge on 04-04-04! Close-up photo follows. Perennial Where seen:Oak Ridge Greenways, Great Smoky Mountains NP, Frozen Head SP
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41 Vasey's Trillium close-up

Vasey's Trillium close-up

Vasey's Trillium close-up 1489
42 <strong>Wild Ginger</strong>
<em>Asarum canadense</em> / Birthwort Family<br>
Wild Ginger flowers are related to Little Brown Jugs. Both have flowers that grow on the ground. These are common in the Smokies.
Perennial 
<u>Where seen:</u>Frozen Head...

Wild Ginger Asarum canadense / Birthwort Family
Wild Ginger flowers are related to Little Brown Jugs. Both have flowers that grow on the ground. These are common in the Smokies. Perennial Where seen:Frozen Head...

Wild Ginger Asarum canadense / Birthwort Family
Wild Ginger flowers are related to Little Brown Jugs. Both have flowers that grow on the ground. These are common in the Smokies. Perennial Where seen:Frozen Head SP, Great Smoky Mountains NP, Warriors' Path SP
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43 <strong>Little Brown Jugs</strong>
<em>Hexastylis arifolia</em> /Birthwort Family
April 10, 2005<br>
The fleshy little brown flowers have an odor that attracts fungus gnats as their pollinators. Ants spread the ripened seeds in the fall. The seeds h...

Little Brown Jugs Hexastylis arifolia /Birthwort Family April 10, 2005
The fleshy little brown flowers have an odor that attracts fungus gnats as their pollinators. Ants spread the ripened seeds in the fall. The seeds h...

Little Brown Jugs Hexastylis arifolia /Birthwort Family April 10, 2005
The fleshy little brown flowers have an odor that attracts fungus gnats as their pollinators. Ants spread the ripened seeds in the fall. The seeds have a sticky coating that ants like to eat. The evergreen leaves have a very spicy, sassafras-like aroma, pinch a tiny piece off and sniff it. I photographed these on the Piney River Trail in Spring City in April. Perennial Where seen:Great Smoky Mountains NP, Frozen Head SP, University of Tennessee Arboretum, Piney River Trail, Oak Ridge Greenways, Haw Ridge Greenway, Warriors' Path SP
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44 I sacrificed this Little Brown Jugs flower to see what the inside looks like. It is a dark maroon color and very velvety. The pistil and anthers are located at the base of the flower.

I sacrificed this Little Brown Jugs flower to see what the inside looks like. It is a dark maroon color and very velvety. The pistil and anthers are located at the base of the flower.

I sacrificed this Little Brown Jugs flower to see what the inside looks like. It is a dark maroon color and very velvety. The pistil and anthers are located at the base of the flower. 1009
45 <strong>Shuttleworth's Ginger</strong>
<em>Hexastylis shuttleworthii</em> /Birthwort Family<br>
This "Little Brown Jugs relative" has much larger flowers which are more open. The tough leaves are evergreen and mottled. These flowers were in my neighb...

Shuttleworth's Ginger Hexastylis shuttleworthii /Birthwort Family
This "Little Brown Jugs relative" has much larger flowers which are more open. The tough leaves are evergreen and mottled. These flowers were in my neighb...

Shuttleworth's Ginger Hexastylis shuttleworthii /Birthwort Family
This "Little Brown Jugs relative" has much larger flowers which are more open. The tough leaves are evergreen and mottled. These flowers were in my neighbor's garden. Perennial Where seen:Oak Ridge, Great Smoky Mountains NP
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46 Poison ivy leaves are red when they emerge in the spring, due to <em>anthocyanin</em> a "vegetative form of sunscreen". Keep an eye out for these leaves as you enjoy the early spring wildflowers! This picture was taken the first week of April.
Perenni...

Poison ivy leaves are red when they emerge in the spring, due to anthocyanin a "vegetative form of sunscreen". Keep an eye out for these leaves as you enjoy the early spring wildflowers! This picture was taken the first week of April. Perenni...

Poison ivy leaves are red when they emerge in the spring, due to anthocyanin a "vegetative form of sunscreen". Keep an eye out for these leaves as you enjoy the early spring wildflowers! This picture was taken the first week of April. Perennial Where seen:Just about everywhere! 2716
47 <strong>Pawpaw</strong>
<em>Asimina triloba</em> / Annona Family
April 16, 2005<br>
Like other maroon-colored flowers, the Pawpaw tree's blooms have a disagreeable odor; they attract flies and some types of bees. I photographed these flowers at the ...

Pawpaw Asimina triloba / Annona Family April 16, 2005
Like other maroon-colored flowers, the Pawpaw tree's blooms have a disagreeable odor; they attract flies and some types of bees. I photographed these flowers at the ...

Pawpaw Asimina triloba / Annona Family April 16, 2005
Like other maroon-colored flowers, the Pawpaw tree's blooms have a disagreeable odor; they attract flies and some types of bees. I photographed these flowers at the University of Tennessee Arboretum. Pawpaw trees often grow in groups, thus the song, "Way Down Yonder in the Pawpaw Patch." In the fall the yellow mushy fruits form on the trees. They are edible, but from what I understand, not very tasty. When my son was about 3 years old I took him for a walk on this trail and pointed out the Pawpaw trees to him. He got a confused look on his face, looked at the other trees and asked, "Do they have a Meemaw tree too?" "Pawpaw" was the name he had given my father! :) Perennial - Tree Where seen: Norris Dam State Park, Oak Ridge Greenways, University of Tennessee Arboretum
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48 <strong>Feverwort</strong>
<em>Triosteum perfoliatum</em> / Honeysuckle Family
Height: 4" to 32"
May 22, 2005<br>
This plant was blooming in White Oak Sinks in the Smokies in late May. It will have berries later in the fall. 
Perennial
<u>Where s...

Feverwort Triosteum perfoliatum / Honeysuckle Family Height: 4" to 32" May 22, 2005
This plant was blooming in White Oak Sinks in the Smokies in late May. It will have berries later in the fall. Perennial Where s...

Feverwort Triosteum perfoliatum / Honeysuckle Family Height: 4" to 32" May 22, 2005
This plant was blooming in White Oak Sinks in the Smokies in late May. It will have berries later in the fall. Perennial Where seen: Great Smoky Mountains
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49 <strong>Climbing Milkvine</strong>
<em>Matelea obliqua</em> / Milkweed Family
May 31, 2005<br>
I was excited to find this interesting vine growing and blooming along one of the trails at Haw Ridge. It was challenging to go through my "mental notes" ...

Climbing Milkvine Matelea obliqua / Milkweed Family May 31, 2005
I was excited to find this interesting vine growing and blooming along one of the trails at Haw Ridge. It was challenging to go through my "mental notes" ...

Climbing Milkvine Matelea obliqua / Milkweed Family May 31, 2005
I was excited to find this interesting vine growing and blooming along one of the trails at Haw Ridge. It was challenging to go through my "mental notes" to try and identify it before looking it up in my wildflower books at home later. My "in the field guess" was that it was a member of the milkweed family. I guess years of browsing through wildflower books eventually sinks in! There are 3 flowers in this genus in Tennessee, this one is differentiated from the other 2 by the longer, lighter-colored petals and the conical buds. It has large heart-shaped leaves. The plant is listed as an "occasional", this was the first time I had seen it. Vine Perennial Where seen: Haw Ridge Greenway
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50 <strong>Anise-Stinkbush</strong> 
<em>Illicium floridanum</em> / Illiciaceae
April 14, 2006<br>
I found this shrub blooming at Ijams Nature Center in Knoxville. At first I thought it was a type of Sweetshrub.

Anise-Stinkbush Illicium floridanum / Illiciaceae April 14, 2006
I found this shrub blooming at Ijams Nature Center in Knoxville. At first I thought it was a type of Sweetshrub.

Anise-Stinkbush Illicium floridanum / Illiciaceae April 14, 2006
I found this shrub blooming at Ijams Nature Center in Knoxville. At first I thought it was a type of Sweetshrub.
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51 <strong>Eastern Wahoo</strong>
<em>Euonymus atropurpurea</em> / Celastraceae
Oak Ridge, TN
May 31, 2005<br>
This is no longer "Mystery shrub #4" on my "Flowers I Can't Identify" gallery, my friend Sonnia in Texas is like a bulldog when she meets th...

Eastern Wahoo Euonymus atropurpurea / Celastraceae Oak Ridge, TN May 31, 2005
This is no longer "Mystery shrub #4" on my "Flowers I Can't Identify" gallery, my friend Sonnia in Texas is like a bulldog when she meets th...

Eastern Wahoo Euonymus atropurpurea / Celastraceae Oak Ridge, TN May 31, 2005
This is no longer "Mystery shrub #4" on my "Flowers I Can't Identify" gallery, my friend Sonnia in Texas is like a bulldog when she meets the challenge of a new wildflower, she doesn't give up until she identifies it! :) I found this small shrub blooming along a Haw Ridge greenway trail. It has 1/4" maroon flowers. I knew it was related to Hearts-A-Bustin', but I couldn't figure out exactly what it was. I love the common name of this shrub, it is fun to say!
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