Spring wildflowers - Woodland - White and Cream Colored

To enlarge the pictures within the links click on the thumbnails.
These flowers bloom between late March and late May.
Image Number Image (Click to Enlarge)CaptionImage Viewed
1 <strong>Red Chokeberry</strong>
<em>Aronia arbutifolia</em> / Rose Family
April 15, 2006<br>
I found this plant blooming at the Lilly Bluff Overlook at the Obed Wild and Scenic River. It had dried berries still attached to the plant. 
Perennial - s...

Red Chokeberry Aronia arbutifolia / Rose Family April 15, 2006
I found this plant blooming at the Lilly Bluff Overlook at the Obed Wild and Scenic River. It had dried berries still attached to the plant. Perennial - s...

Red Chokeberry Aronia arbutifolia / Rose Family April 15, 2006
I found this plant blooming at the Lilly Bluff Overlook at the Obed Wild and Scenic River. It had dried berries still attached to the plant. Perennial - shrub Where seen: Obed Wild and Scenic River
3541
2 <strong>Ninebark </strong>
<em>Physocarpus opulifolius</em> / Rose Family
Obed National Scenic River, Wartburg, TN
May 22, 2009

I found this shrub in full bloom at the Lily Bridge parking area.

Ninebark Physocarpus opulifolius / Rose Family Obed National Scenic River, Wartburg, TN May 22, 2009 I found this shrub in full bloom at the Lily Bridge parking area.

Ninebark Physocarpus opulifolius / Rose Family Obed National Scenic River, Wartburg, TN May 22, 2009 I found this shrub in full bloom at the Lily Bridge parking area. 2071
3 <strong>Biltmore Hawthorn</strong>
<em>Crataegus intricata</em> / Rose Family
May 2, 2005<br>
This pretty hawthorn was blooming on the Haw Ridge Greenway in early May. It is a small tree. Note the bronze color of the toothed leaves. Flowers in the R...

Biltmore Hawthorn Crataegus intricata / Rose Family May 2, 2005
This pretty hawthorn was blooming on the Haw Ridge Greenway in early May. It is a small tree. Note the bronze color of the toothed leaves. Flowers in the R...

Biltmore Hawthorn Crataegus intricata / Rose Family May 2, 2005
This pretty hawthorn was blooming on the Haw Ridge Greenway in early May. It is a small tree. Note the bronze color of the toothed leaves. Flowers in the Rose Family have numerous petals, stamens (male) and pistils (pistils). Perennial - Tree Where seen: Great Smoky Mountains NP, Oak Ridge
4138
4 <strong>American Plum</strong>
<em>Prunus americana</em> / Rose Family
April 16, 2005<br>
This is the small white-flowered tree that is often seen along the roadsides and interstates in mid-April. It is an important source of fruit for wildlife in t...

American Plum Prunus americana / Rose Family April 16, 2005
This is the small white-flowered tree that is often seen along the roadsides and interstates in mid-April. It is an important source of fruit for wildlife in t...

American Plum Prunus americana / Rose Family April 16, 2005
This is the small white-flowered tree that is often seen along the roadsides and interstates in mid-April. It is an important source of fruit for wildlife in the fall. The flowers of the plum are similar to the Wild Cherry or Chokecherry, but they are larger and not in a long cluster. I found this tree blooming at the parking area of Haw Ridge. Flowers in the Rose family have numerous pistils and stamens. The pistils are the female parts of the flower, they are attached to the ovary, the seed-producing part. The stamen are the male parts and contain the pollen-producing anthers. Pollen must be transferred from one flower to another on a plant of the same type for seed production to occur. Perennial - Tree Where seen: Haw Ridge Greenway, Great Smoky Mountains NP
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5 <strong>American Plum</strong>

American Plum

American Plum 1787
6 <strong>Wild Cherry; Chokecherry; close-up</strong>
 / Rose Family
The twigs of these trees contain cyanide, if you scrape a bit of the bark from one and sniff the twig you'll smell the distinctive "bitter almond" odor from the cyanide (Cyanogenic gl...

Wild Cherry; Chokecherry; close-up / Rose Family The twigs of these trees contain cyanide, if you scrape a bit of the bark from one and sniff the twig you'll smell the distinctive "bitter almond" odor from the cyanide (Cyanogenic gl...

Wild Cherry; Chokecherry; close-up / Rose Family The twigs of these trees contain cyanide, if you scrape a bit of the bark from one and sniff the twig you'll smell the distinctive "bitter almond" odor from the cyanide (Cyanogenic glycoside). Needless to say, they are poisonous! Wilted twigs and leaves of this tree have killed livestock that have eaten them. It is poisonous to sheep, cattle, horses, swine, goats and moose. The leaves and seeds contain the poisons amygdalin and prunasin. 2541
7 <strong>Chokecherry</strong>
<em>Prunus virginia</em> / Rose Family <br>
These trees are very common in east Tennessee. In April they are easy to spot while hiking in the woods or driving along the roads because of the large silvery tent caterpillar ...

Chokecherry Prunus virginia / Rose Family
These trees are very common in east Tennessee. In April they are easy to spot while hiking in the woods or driving along the roads because of the large silvery tent caterpillar ...

Chokecherry Prunus virginia / Rose Family
These trees are very common in east Tennessee. In April they are easy to spot while hiking in the woods or driving along the roads because of the large silvery tent caterpillar nests in the branches. (See caterpillars and nests in the Butterfly, Moth, and Caterpillars gallery) Perennial - Tree Where seen: Oak Ridge Greenways, Great Smoky Mountains NP
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8 <strong>American Ipecac; Indian Physic</strong>
<em>Porteranthus stipulatus</em> / Rose Family
Height: To 40"<br>
The flowers of American Ipecac are smaller than Bowman's Root. An easy way to identify the plant is by the two small stipules at the ba...

American Ipecac; Indian Physic Porteranthus stipulatus / Rose Family Height: To 40"
The flowers of American Ipecac are smaller than Bowman's Root. An easy way to identify the plant is by the two small stipules at the ba...

American Ipecac; Indian Physic Porteranthus stipulatus / Rose Family Height: To 40"
The flowers of American Ipecac are smaller than Bowman's Root. An easy way to identify the plant is by the two small stipules at the base of the leaves (thus the species name stipulatus. Also, look for the red calyx. Both plants grow to around 40 inches. Perennial Where seen: Big South Fork, Piney River, Great Smoky Mountains NP {Formerly known as: Gillenia stipulata}
3608
9 <strong>Bowman's Root (close up)</strong>
<em>Porteranthus trifoliatus</em> /Rose Family
Height: To 40"<br>
Bowman's Root and American Ipecac are very similar, look closely at the leaves; Bowman's Root has three leaflets.
Perennial 
<u>Where seen:...

Bowman's Root (close up) Porteranthus trifoliatus /Rose Family Height: To 40"
Bowman's Root and American Ipecac are very similar, look closely at the leaves; Bowman's Root has three leaflets. Perennial Where seen:...

Bowman's Root (close up) Porteranthus trifoliatus /Rose Family Height: To 40"
Bowman's Root and American Ipecac are very similar, look closely at the leaves; Bowman's Root has three leaflets. Perennial Where seen: Frozen Head SP, Great Smoky Mountains NP {Formerly known as: Gillenia trifoliata}
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10 Bowman's Root

Bowman's Root

Bowman's Root 1199
11 <strong>Shadbush; Serviceberry</strong>
<em>Amelanchier laevis</em> / Rose Family
April 10, 2005<br>
This small tree blooms early in April before the leaves are on the other trees. The common name, "Serviceberry" (or Sarviceberry to the old mountain...

Shadbush; Serviceberry Amelanchier laevis / Rose Family April 10, 2005
This small tree blooms early in April before the leaves are on the other trees. The common name, "Serviceberry" (or Sarviceberry to the old mountain...

Shadbush; Serviceberry Amelanchier laevis / Rose Family April 10, 2005
This small tree blooms early in April before the leaves are on the other trees. The common name, "Serviceberry" (or Sarviceberry to the old mountaineers) came from the practice of waiting until the ground thawed in the spring to bury people who died during the winter; the ground was soft enough by the time this small tree bloomed, so the funeral services could then take place. Perennial - Tree Where seen: Great Smoky Mountains NP, Piney River, Norris Dam SP, Warriors' Path SP
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12 <strong>Red Raspberry</strong>
<em>Rubus ideaus(variety)canadensis</em>  / Rose Family <br>
I found this plant blooming above Norris Dam in early May. When I first saw it, I wasn't sure it was really blooming, but a closer look revealed the tiny whit...

Red Raspberry Rubus ideaus(variety)canadensis / Rose Family
I found this plant blooming above Norris Dam in early May. When I first saw it, I wasn't sure it was really blooming, but a closer look revealed the tiny whit...

Red Raspberry Rubus ideaus(variety)canadensis / Rose Family
I found this plant blooming above Norris Dam in early May. When I first saw it, I wasn't sure it was really blooming, but a closer look revealed the tiny white petals. In late summer these flowers will have become luscious, juicy red berries! The stems and flower buds are very hairy. Perennial Where seen: Norris Dam SP, Great Smoky Mountains NP
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13 <strong>Wild Raspberry close-up</strong>

Wild Raspberry close-up

Wild Raspberry close-up 1128
14 <strong>Clinton's Lily; Speckled Wood Lily; White Clintonia</strong>
<em>Clintonia umbellulata</em> / Lily Family
Height: 8" - 15"
May 22, 2005<br>
The large flat leaves can be confused with some Orchids when it is not in bloom. The flower stalk ca...

Clinton's Lily; Speckled Wood Lily; White Clintonia Clintonia umbellulata / Lily Family Height: 8" - 15" May 22, 2005
The large flat leaves can be confused with some Orchids when it is not in bloom. The flower stalk ca...

Clinton's Lily; Speckled Wood Lily; White Clintonia Clintonia umbellulata / Lily Family Height: 8" - 15" May 22, 2005
The large flat leaves can be confused with some Orchids when it is not in bloom. The flower stalk can grow up to 15 inches tall. This plant will have large blue berries in the fall. I found this one growing in the Smokies. Perennial Where seen: Frozen Head SP, Great Smoky Mountains NP
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15 <strong>Clinton's Lily</strong> close-up

Clinton's Lily close-up

Clinton's Lily close-up 1983
16 <strong>Canada Mayflower</strong>
<em>Maianthemum canadense </em> / Lily Family
Height: 2"-8"
May 29, 2006<br>
It is very easy to walk right past this tiny plant! I found it on the trail near Charlie's Bunion in the high part of the Smokies. 
Pere...

Canada Mayflower Maianthemum canadense / Lily Family Height: 2"-8" May 29, 2006
It is very easy to walk right past this tiny plant! I found it on the trail near Charlie's Bunion in the high part of the Smokies. Pere...

Canada Mayflower Maianthemum canadense / Lily Family Height: 2"-8" May 29, 2006
It is very easy to walk right past this tiny plant! I found it on the trail near Charlie's Bunion in the high part of the Smokies. Perennial Where seen: Great Smoky Mountains NP map...
2636
17 <strong>Fly Poison </strong>
<em>Amianthium muscaetoxicum</em> / Lily Family
Height: To 36"
May 23, 2005<br>
Early settlers crushed the bulbs of these plants and mixed the juice with sugar, which killed flies that feasted on the mix. "Muscaetoxicum...

Fly Poison Amianthium muscaetoxicum / Lily Family Height: To 36" May 23, 2005
Early settlers crushed the bulbs of these plants and mixed the juice with sugar, which killed flies that feasted on the mix. "Muscaetoxicum...

Fly Poison Amianthium muscaetoxicum / Lily Family Height: To 36" May 23, 2005
Early settlers crushed the bulbs of these plants and mixed the juice with sugar, which killed flies that feasted on the mix. "Muscaetoxicum" means "fly poison." This picture was taken on the Oak / Hickory trail at the University of Tennessee Arboretum in Oak Ridge. The non-blooming plants could be confused with long-leaved grass. Perennial Where seen: University of Tennessee Arboretum, Great Smoky Mountains NP
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18 <strong>Fly Poison (close up)</strong><br>

Fly Poison (close up)

Fly Poison (close up)
1909
19 <strong>European Lily-of-the-Valley</strong>
<em>Convallaria majalis*</em> / Lily Family
Height: To 12"
April 22, 2005<br>
When I was in elementary school we sang a song called "White Coral Bells", which was about these beautiful, fragrant little f...

European Lily-of-the-Valley Convallaria majalis* / Lily Family Height: To 12" April 22, 2005
When I was in elementary school we sang a song called "White Coral Bells", which was about these beautiful, fragrant little f...

European Lily-of-the-Valley Convallaria majalis* / Lily Family Height: To 12" April 22, 2005
When I was in elementary school we sang a song called "White Coral Bells", which was about these beautiful, fragrant little flowers. "White coral bells upon a slender stalk, Lilies of The Valley by my garden walk. Oh, don't you wish that you could hear them ring? That will happen only when the fairies sing!" These non-native plants are garden escapes or can be found around old homesites. As pretty as these flowers are, they are also highly poisonous. They contain cardiac glycosides and saponins which are toxic to dogs, goats, cats, and humans. Perennial Where seen: Oak Ridge
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20 <strong>Smooth Solomon's Seal</strong>
<em>Polygonatum biflorum</em> / Lily Family
Length of stem: 16" - 48"<br>
The paired flowers of the Solomon's Seal hang below the leaves. They bloom in late April. The common name comes from the seal-like scar ...

Smooth Solomon's Seal Polygonatum biflorum / Lily Family Length of stem: 16" - 48"
The paired flowers of the Solomon's Seal hang below the leaves. They bloom in late April. The common name comes from the seal-like scar ...

Smooth Solomon's Seal Polygonatum biflorum / Lily Family Length of stem: 16" - 48"
The paired flowers of the Solomon's Seal hang below the leaves. They bloom in late April. The common name comes from the seal-like scar that forms on the rootstalk or rhizome when the leaf falls off. A triploid version of this plant has 3 sets of chromosomes instead of 2, they are much larger and taller than the more common diploid versions. I found these blooming in Oak Ridge near the Melton Lake Greenways Trail in April. In the fall the plants will produce large round blue berries. (See Fruits and Seeds Gallery) Perennial Where seen: Great Smoky Mountains NP, Frozen Head SP, Norris Dam SP, Piney River, Oak Ridge Greenways, Savage Gardens, Haw Ridge, Cumberland Trail, Ijams Nature Center
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21 <strong>Solomon's Seal close-up</strong>
These little flowers are hard to photograph since they hang below the leaves and they grow in heavy shade.

Solomon's Seal close-up These little flowers are hard to photograph since they hang below the leaves and they grow in heavy shade.

Solomon's Seal close-up These little flowers are hard to photograph since they hang below the leaves and they grow in heavy shade. 1671
22 <strong>False Solomon's Seal; Solomon's Plume (close up)</strong>
<em>Smilacina racemosa</em> / Lily Family
Height: 16" - 32"
April 22, 2005<br>
The flowers of the False Soloman's Seal are located at the end of the stem and are slightly upturned. 
...

False Solomon's Seal; Solomon's Plume (close up) Smilacina racemosa / Lily Family Height: 16" - 32" April 22, 2005
The flowers of the False Soloman's Seal are located at the end of the stem and are slightly upturned. ...

False Solomon's Seal; Solomon's Plume (close up) Smilacina racemosa / Lily Family Height: 16" - 32" April 22, 2005
The flowers of the False Soloman's Seal are located at the end of the stem and are slightly upturned. Perennial Where seen: Great Smoky Mountains NP, Frozen Head SP, Norris Dam SP, Piney River, Oak Ridge Greenways, Warriors' Path SP, Ijams Nature Center
1730
23 <strong>False Solomon's Seal; Solomon's Plume</strong>
<em>Smilacina racemosa</em><br>
These plants often grow in large colonies in rich woods.

False Solomon's Seal; Solomon's Plume Smilacina racemosa
These plants often grow in large colonies in rich woods.

False Solomon's Seal; Solomon's Plume Smilacina racemosa
These plants often grow in large colonies in rich woods.
2750
24 <strong>Spotted Mandarin; Nodding Mandarin</strong>
<em>Disporum maculatum</em> / Lily Family
Height: 8" -32"
April 10, 2005<br>
These uncommon plants are a treat to see blooming in the forest. They are related to the yellow-flowered Nodding Mandar...

Spotted Mandarin; Nodding Mandarin Disporum maculatum / Lily Family Height: 8" -32" April 10, 2005
These uncommon plants are a treat to see blooming in the forest. They are related to the yellow-flowered Nodding Mandar...

Spotted Mandarin; Nodding Mandarin Disporum maculatum / Lily Family Height: 8" -32" April 10, 2005
These uncommon plants are a treat to see blooming in the forest. They are related to the yellow-flowered Nodding Mandarin. Look for tiny purple dots on the "tepals" (same-colored sepals and petals). Maculatum means "spotted". Both of these plants are found in forests on the Cumberland Plateau. They can grow up to 32 inches tall. Close up picture follows. Perennial Where seen: Frozen Head SP, Piney River, Great Smoky Mountains NP
2819
25 <strong>Spotted Mandarin; Nodding Mandarin</strong>
<em>Disporum maculatum</em> / Lily Family
view from below

Spotted Mandarin; Nodding Mandarin Disporum maculatum / Lily Family view from below

Spotted Mandarin; Nodding Mandarin Disporum maculatum / Lily Family view from below 1720
26 <strong>Devil's Bit; Fairy Wand</strong>
<em>Chamaelirium luteum</em> / Lily Family
Height: Male - to 28"; Female - to 48"
May 22, 2005<br>
These flowers were blooming along the Schoolhouse Gap trail in the Smokies in mid-May. Devil's Bit is a dioe...

Devil's Bit; Fairy Wand Chamaelirium luteum / Lily Family Height: Male - to 28"; Female - to 48" May 22, 2005
These flowers were blooming along the Schoolhouse Gap trail in the Smokies in mid-May. Devil's Bit is a dioe...

Devil's Bit; Fairy Wand Chamaelirium luteum / Lily Family Height: Male - to 28"; Female - to 48" May 22, 2005
These flowers were blooming along the Schoolhouse Gap trail in the Smokies in mid-May. Devil's Bit is a dioecious plant, the flowers are either male or female. The female plants can grow up to 4 feet tall, the males grow half that size. These are all male flowers. Does that make them a "bachelor" group? :) Perennial Where seen: Great Smoky Mountains NP
2814
27 <strong>Devil's Bit</strong>
<em>Chamaelirium luteum</em>) / Lily Family 
The female plant may grow taller than the male, but there are less pistils (female flowers) than stamens on the male plants. The male plant is blooming in the background.

Devil's Bit Chamaelirium luteum) / Lily Family The female plant may grow taller than the male, but there are less pistils (female flowers) than stamens on the male plants. The male plant is blooming in the background.

Devil's Bit Chamaelirium luteum) / Lily Family The female plant may grow taller than the male, but there are less pistils (female flowers) than stamens on the male plants. The male plant is blooming in the background. 1351
28 <strong>Devil's Bit</strong> - male flowers
<em>Chamaelirium luteum</em>) / Lily Family

Devil's Bit - male flowers Chamaelirium luteum) / Lily Family

Devil's Bit - male flowers Chamaelirium luteum) / Lily Family 1302
29 <strong>Large-flowered Trillium</strong>
<em>Trillium grandiflorum</em> / Lily Family
Height: 8" - 16"
April 17, 2005<br>
This is the largest and showiest of the trilliums. Frozen Head State Park has a fantastic showing of these beautiful flowers i...

Large-flowered Trillium Trillium grandiflorum / Lily Family Height: 8" - 16" April 17, 2005
This is the largest and showiest of the trilliums. Frozen Head State Park has a fantastic showing of these beautiful flowers i...

Large-flowered Trillium Trillium grandiflorum / Lily Family Height: 8" - 16" April 17, 2005
This is the largest and showiest of the trilliums. Frozen Head State Park has a fantastic showing of these beautiful flowers in mid-April. I like to take people to a large field of them along the Panther Branch Trail when I lead hikes there. The flowers turn a pale pink as they age. Perennial Where seen: Oak Ridge Greenways, Great Smoky Mountains NP, Frozen Head SP, Ijams Nature Center
2776
30 <strong>Bent Trillium; Jennison's White Trillium</strong>
<em>Trillium flexipes</em> / Lily Family
Height: 8" - 16"
April 7, 2005<br>
I found this pretty trillium blooming in a greenbelt in Oak Ridge in mid-April. It has smaller, thinner petals tha...

Bent Trillium; Jennison's White Trillium Trillium flexipes / Lily Family Height: 8" - 16" April 7, 2005
I found this pretty trillium blooming in a greenbelt in Oak Ridge in mid-April. It has smaller, thinner petals tha...

Bent Trillium; Jennison's White Trillium Trillium flexipes / Lily Family Height: 8" - 16" April 7, 2005
I found this pretty trillium blooming in a greenbelt in Oak Ridge in mid-April. It has smaller, thinner petals than the Large-flowered Trillium. It grows up to 16 inches tall. Perennial Where seen: Oak Ridge Greenways, Great Smoky Mountains NP, Warriors' Path SP
2650
31 <strong>Bent Trillium; Jennison's White Trillium</strong>
<em>Trillium flexipes</em> / Lily Family
close-up

Bent Trillium; Jennison's White Trillium Trillium flexipes / Lily Family close-up

Bent Trillium; Jennison's White Trillium Trillium flexipes / Lily Family close-up 1595
32 <strong>White Erect Trillium</strong>
<em>Trillium erectum albiflorum</em> / Lily Family
Height: To 24"
April 15, 2005<br>
Notice the dark ovary in the center of the flowers, the Grandiflora (Great White) and Bent Trilliums have a cream-colored ova...

White Erect Trillium Trillium erectum albiflorum / Lily Family Height: To 24" April 15, 2005
Notice the dark ovary in the center of the flowers, the Grandiflora (Great White) and Bent Trilliums have a cream-colored ova...

White Erect Trillium Trillium erectum albiflorum / Lily Family Height: To 24" April 15, 2005
Notice the dark ovary in the center of the flowers, the Grandiflora (Great White) and Bent Trilliums have a cream-colored ovary. The Chimney Tops Picnic area, Chestnut Top, and Little River trails of the Smokies are great places to find this and many other beautiful wildflowers in the spring. Perennial Where seen: Great Smoky Mountains NP
2651
33 <strong>Catesby's Trillium</strong>
<em>Trillium catesbaei</em> / Lily Family
May 7, 2005
Height: 6" - 16"<br>
The flower of the Catesby's Trillium hangs beneath the leaves. As it ages the petals are often tinged with pale pink. This plant was foun...

Catesby's Trillium Trillium catesbaei / Lily Family May 7, 2005 Height: 6" - 16"
The flower of the Catesby's Trillium hangs beneath the leaves. As it ages the petals are often tinged with pale pink. This plant was foun...

Catesby's Trillium Trillium catesbaei / Lily Family May 7, 2005 Height: 6" - 16"
The flower of the Catesby's Trillium hangs beneath the leaves. As it ages the petals are often tinged with pale pink. This plant was found growing along the Schoolhouse Gap trail in the Great Smoky Mountains. Perennial Where seen: Great Smoky Mountains NP
2618
34 <strong>Painted Trillium </strong>
<em>Trillium undulatum</em> / Lily Family
Height: 3"-8"
May 29, 2006<br>

I scared my friends, Terri and Rod, to death when I sqealed loudly at the sight of this flower (my husband Ken is used to my outbursts of ...

Painted Trillium Trillium undulatum / Lily Family Height: 3"-8" May 29, 2006
I scared my friends, Terri and Rod, to death when I sqealed loudly at the sight of this flower (my husband Ken is used to my outbursts of ...

Painted Trillium Trillium undulatum / Lily Family Height: 3"-8" May 29, 2006
I scared my friends, Terri and Rod, to death when I sqealed loudly at the sight of this flower (my husband Ken is used to my outbursts of excitement!), I had looked for it for years to no avail. Surprisingly, it was growing in an open field high in the Smokies. I would have expected to find it in the woods. These trilliums are much smaller than the others. Painted Trillium is one of the prettiest with the pink flashes on the petals. The pink areas are nectar guides, "road maps" which show pollinators where to find food in the flower. Perennial Where seen: Great Smoky Mountains NP map...
2672
35 <b>White Trout Lily</b>
<em>Erythronium albidum</em> / Lily family
Maryville, TN
March 20, 2011

White Trout Lily Erythronium albidum / Lily family Maryville, TN March 20, 2011

White Trout Lily Erythronium albidum / Lily family Maryville, TN March 20, 2011 1124
36 <strong>Wood Vetch</strong>
<em>Vicia caroliniana</em> / Pea Family
Length: To 40"
April 10, 2005<br>
Wood Vetch is a trailing plant in the Pea family. Like most vetches the leaves have a long tendril at the end. I found this one blooming along the...

Wood Vetch Vicia caroliniana / Pea Family Length: To 40" April 10, 2005
Wood Vetch is a trailing plant in the Pea family. Like most vetches the leaves have a long tendril at the end. I found this one blooming along the...

Wood Vetch Vicia caroliniana / Pea Family Length: To 40" April 10, 2005
Wood Vetch is a trailing plant in the Pea family. Like most vetches the leaves have a long tendril at the end. I found this one blooming along the Piney River trail in April. Perennial Where seen: Frozen Head SP, Piney River SNA, Great Smoky Mountains NP, Warriors' Path SP, Haw Ridge
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37 <strong>Mayapple</strong>
<em>Podophyllum peltatum</em> / Barberry Family
Height: 12" - 20"
April 22, 2005<br>
Only plants with 2 leaves will have a flower (this plant has just one leaf because it got mowed off!). It blooms in April and the green f...

Mayapple Podophyllum peltatum / Barberry Family Height: 12" - 20" April 22, 2005
Only plants with 2 leaves will have a flower (this plant has just one leaf because it got mowed off!). It blooms in April and the green f...

Mayapple Podophyllum peltatum / Barberry Family Height: 12" - 20" April 22, 2005
Only plants with 2 leaves will have a flower (this plant has just one leaf because it got mowed off!). It blooms in April and the green fruit, "apple," appears in May or June. I photographed this one along the Wildflower Greenway Trail in Oak Ridge. Mayapples often grow in large colonies. All parts of this plant are poisonous to pigs, cattle and humans, they contain the toxins alpha- and beta- peltatin, podophylloresin. The ripe fruits are not poisonous, but too many of them will cause diarrhea in humans. Perennial Where seen: Great Smoky Mountains NP, University of Tennessee Arboretum, Frozen Head SP, Warrior's Path SP, Ijams Nature Center
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38 <strong>Mayapple</strong>
<em>Podophyllum peltatum</em> / Barberry Family

Mayapple flower close-up with raindrops

Mayapple Podophyllum peltatum / Barberry Family Mayapple flower close-up with raindrops

Mayapple Podophyllum peltatum / Barberry Family Mayapple flower close-up with raindrops 1652
39 <strong>Umbrella Leaf (whole plant)</strong>
<em>Diphylleia cymosa</em> / Barberry Family
This is not a common plant, so you're lucky to see it blooming in rich mountain woods. I found this colony blooming in April along the Little River Trail in the...

Umbrella Leaf (whole plant) Diphylleia cymosa / Barberry Family This is not a common plant, so you're lucky to see it blooming in rich mountain woods. I found this colony blooming in April along the Little River Trail in the...

Umbrella Leaf (whole plant) Diphylleia cymosa / Barberry Family This is not a common plant, so you're lucky to see it blooming in rich mountain woods. I found this colony blooming in April along the Little River Trail in the Smokies. Following photo shows close-up of flowers. Perennial Where seen:Great Smoky Mountains NP 2037
40 <strong>Umbrella Leaf (close up)</strong>
<em>Diphylleia cymosa</em> / Barberry Family
Height: 12" - 36"<br>
The leaves of the Umbrella Leaf could almost be used as an emergency umbrella during a hike in the Applachians! The leaves are huge, 1- 2 fe...

Umbrella Leaf (close up) Diphylleia cymosa / Barberry Family Height: 12" - 36"
The leaves of the Umbrella Leaf could almost be used as an emergency umbrella during a hike in the Applachians! The leaves are huge, 1- 2 fe...

Umbrella Leaf (close up) Diphylleia cymosa / Barberry Family Height: 12" - 36"
The leaves of the Umbrella Leaf could almost be used as an emergency umbrella during a hike in the Applachians! The leaves are huge, 1- 2 feet across. Like the Mayapple, flowers occur only on plants with two leaves. This plant was growing along the Little River Trail in the Smokies in April. Where seen: Great Smoky Mountains NP
2913
41 <strong>Twinleaf</strong>
<em>Jeffersonia diphylla</em> / Barberry Family
Height: 8" - 20"
April 3, 2005<br>
This plant was named for Thomas Jefferson. The leaves look like green butterflies! "Diphylla" means "two-leaved." Twinleaf is an early bloo...

Twinleaf Jeffersonia diphylla / Barberry Family Height: 8" - 20" April 3, 2005
This plant was named for Thomas Jefferson. The leaves look like green butterflies! "Diphylla" means "two-leaved." Twinleaf is an early bloo...

Twinleaf Jeffersonia diphylla / Barberry Family Height: 8" - 20" April 3, 2005
This plant was named for Thomas Jefferson. The leaves look like green butterflies! "Diphylla" means "two-leaved." Twinleaf is an early bloomer, go out in late March or early April to see it. I found these growing along the Northridge Greenway in Oak Ridge. The plants grow well in limestone soils. They have an odd seed pod that develops later in the year. Perennial Where seen: Oak Ridge Greenways, Norris Dam SP, Warriors' Path SP, Ijams Nature Center
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42 <strong>Buckeye</strong>
<em>Aesculus glabra</em> / Hippocastanaceae
April 22, 2005<br>
This is a tree, but I added it because the individual flowers are pretty and interesting. They bloom in April. Buckeye trees are one of the few trees with palmat...

Buckeye Aesculus glabra / Hippocastanaceae April 22, 2005
This is a tree, but I added it because the individual flowers are pretty and interesting. They bloom in April. Buckeye trees are one of the few trees with palmat...

Buckeye Aesculus glabra / Hippocastanaceae April 22, 2005
This is a tree, but I added it because the individual flowers are pretty and interesting. They bloom in April. Buckeye trees are one of the few trees with palmately compound leaves (a helpful hint for students having to find such a leaf for a leaf collection!). This one was blooming near the Melton Lake Greenway Trail in Oak Ridge in April. Perennial Where seen: Oak Ridge Greenways
2843
43 <strong>One-flowered Cancer Root</strong> 
<em>Orobanche uniflora</em> / Broomrape Family
April 28, 2005
Height: 2" - 8"<br>
A parasite of plant roots, One-flowered Cancer Root does not have leaves or contain chlorophyll. As the common and genus na...

One-flowered Cancer Root Orobanche uniflora / Broomrape Family April 28, 2005 Height: 2" - 8"
A parasite of plant roots, One-flowered Cancer Root does not have leaves or contain chlorophyll. As the common and genus na...

One-flowered Cancer Root Orobanche uniflora / Broomrape Family April 28, 2005 Height: 2" - 8"
A parasite of plant roots, One-flowered Cancer Root does not have leaves or contain chlorophyll. As the common and genus names imply, each stem has only one flower. This picture was taken in the Great Smoky Mountains in a deep woods along the Chestnut Top trail in late April. Perennial Where seen: Great Smoky Mountains NP, Warriors' Path SP
2656
44 <strong>Spring Cress</strong>
<em>Cardamine rhomboidea</em> / Mustard Family
Height: To 24"<br>
I found this plant blooming in Oak Ridge in April. Like other cresses, it is in the Mustard Family.
Annual
<u>Where seen:</u>Oak Ridge Greenways
{Form...

Spring Cress Cardamine rhomboidea / Mustard Family Height: To 24"
I found this plant blooming in Oak Ridge in April. Like other cresses, it is in the Mustard Family. Annual Where seen:Oak Ridge Greenways {Form...

Spring Cress Cardamine rhomboidea / Mustard Family Height: To 24"
I found this plant blooming in Oak Ridge in April. Like other cresses, it is in the Mustard Family. Annual Where seen:Oak Ridge Greenways {Formerly known as: Cardamine bulbosa}
2721
45 <strong>Smooth Rock Cress</strong>
<em>Arabis laevigata</em> / Mustard Family
Height: To 40"<br>
Look for Smooth Rock Cress to be in bloom in late March - early April. I found this plant blooming at Savage Gardens.
Biennial
<u>Where seen:</u> Norr...

Smooth Rock Cress Arabis laevigata / Mustard Family Height: To 40"
Look for Smooth Rock Cress to be in bloom in late March - early April. I found this plant blooming at Savage Gardens. Biennial Where seen: Norr...

Smooth Rock Cress Arabis laevigata / Mustard Family Height: To 40"
Look for Smooth Rock Cress to be in bloom in late March - early April. I found this plant blooming at Savage Gardens. Biennial Where seen: Norris Dam SP, Savage Gardens
1693
46 <strong>Smooth Rock Cress close-up</strong>
<em>Arabis laevigata</em> / Mustard Family
Biennial
<u>Where seen</u>: Great Smoky Mountains NP, Norris Dam SP, Savage Gardens, Warriors' Path SP

Smooth Rock Cress close-up Arabis laevigata / Mustard Family Biennial Where seen: Great Smoky Mountains NP, Norris Dam SP, Savage Gardens, Warriors' Path SP

Smooth Rock Cress close-up Arabis laevigata / Mustard Family Biennial Where seen: Great Smoky Mountains NP, Norris Dam SP, Savage Gardens, Warriors' Path SP 2836
47 <strong>Garlic Mustard</strong>
<em>Alliaria petiolata*</em> / Mustard Family
Height: To 36"
<span style="color: red;">(INN) Rank 1</span>
April 14, 2005<br>
This plant can take over when it starts growing in a suitable area. Many plants in the Mu...

Garlic Mustard Alliaria petiolata* / Mustard Family Height: To 36" (INN) Rank 1 April 14, 2005
This plant can take over when it starts growing in a suitable area. Many plants in the Mu...

Garlic Mustard Alliaria petiolata* / Mustard Family Height: To 36" (INN) Rank 1 April 14, 2005
This plant can take over when it starts growing in a suitable area. Many plants in the Mustard Family have seed pods that split and throw their seeds. It is a problem on the Wildflower Trail in Oak Ridge. The leaves have a garlic-like odor. It blooms in April. Winter Annual or Biennial Where seen:Oak Ridge Greenways, Great Smoky Mountains NP, Warrior's Path SP
2846
48 <strong>Slender Toothwort</strong>
<em>Dentaria heterophylla</em> / Mustard Family
Height: 8" - 16"
April 15, 2005<br>
Toothworts can grow up to 16 inches tall. The flowers may be slightly pink in hue. Toothwort is a very early bloomer, look for it...

Slender Toothwort Dentaria heterophylla / Mustard Family Height: 8" - 16" April 15, 2005
Toothworts can grow up to 16 inches tall. The flowers may be slightly pink in hue. Toothwort is a very early bloomer, look for it...

Slender Toothwort Dentaria heterophylla / Mustard Family Height: 8" - 16" April 15, 2005
Toothworts can grow up to 16 inches tall. The flowers may be slightly pink in hue. Toothwort is a very early bloomer, look for it in late March or early April. The species name, "heterophylla," means "different leaf," the basal leaf is larger and more rounded than the stem leaves. Slender toothwort seems to bloom a week or so later than the Cut-leaf variety. Perennial Where seen:I took this picture in a private garden in Knoxville. {Formerly known as: Cardamine angustata}
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49 <strong>Cut-leaf Toothwort</strong>
<em>Dentaria lacinata</em> / Mustard Family
Height: 8" - 16"
March 28, 2005<br>
Look for the toothworts to bloom in late March. The flowers often have a light pink tinge to the petals. They like rich soil on nort...

Cut-leaf Toothwort Dentaria lacinata / Mustard Family Height: 8" - 16" March 28, 2005
Look for the toothworts to bloom in late March. The flowers often have a light pink tinge to the petals. They like rich soil on nort...

Cut-leaf Toothwort Dentaria lacinata / Mustard Family Height: 8" - 16" March 28, 2005
Look for the toothworts to bloom in late March. The flowers often have a light pink tinge to the petals. They like rich soil on north-facing slopes. The word "wort" means "plant," the "tooth" part alludes to the white, tooth-like growths on the roots. Perennial Where seen:Oak Ridge Greenways, Haw Ridge, Frozen Head SP, Norris Dam SP, Piney River, Ijams Nature Center {Formerly known as: Cardimine concatenata, Cardamine lacinata}
3869
50 <strong>Fine-leaf Toothwort</strong>
<em>Dentaria multifida</em> / Mustard Family
Height: 8" - 16"
April 20, 2005<br>
The leaves of this plant are much more finely cut than the other species of Toothworts.
Perennial
<u>Where seen:</u> Oak Ridge
...

Fine-leaf Toothwort Dentaria multifida / Mustard Family Height: 8" - 16" April 20, 2005
The leaves of this plant are much more finely cut than the other species of Toothworts. Perennial Where seen: Oak Ridge ...

Fine-leaf Toothwort Dentaria multifida / Mustard Family Height: 8" - 16" April 20, 2005
The leaves of this plant are much more finely cut than the other species of Toothworts. Perennial Where seen: Oak Ridge {Formerly known as: Cardamine multifida, Cardamine dissecta}
2810
51 <strong>Water Cress</strong>
<em>Nasturtium officinale*</em> / Mustard Family
<span style="color: blue;">Aquatic</span></strong>
Height: up to 6"
April 24, 2005<br>

If you find this plant growing in a clean stream, you could pick the leaves and ...

Water Cress Nasturtium officinale* / Mustard Family Aquatic Height: up to 6" April 24, 2005
If you find this plant growing in a clean stream, you could pick the leaves and ...

Water Cress Nasturtium officinale* / Mustard Family Aquatic Height: up to 6" April 24, 2005
If you find this plant growing in a clean stream, you could pick the leaves and mix them in a salad, they have a sharp peppery taste. Water cress is in the Mustard family. Perennial Where seen: Oak Ridge, University of Tennessee Arboretum, Great Smoky Mountains NP, Warriors' Path SP
2035
52 <strong>Mountain Laurel</strong>
<em>Kalmia latifolia</em> / Heath Family
May 2003<br>
Mountain Laurel is one of the most interesting wildflowers that blooms in the spring. The leaves, flowers, nectar, and pollen of the moutain laurel shrub are high...

Mountain Laurel Kalmia latifolia / Heath Family May 2003
Mountain Laurel is one of the most interesting wildflowers that blooms in the spring. The leaves, flowers, nectar, and pollen of the moutain laurel shrub are high...

Mountain Laurel Kalmia latifolia / Heath Family May 2003
Mountain Laurel is one of the most interesting wildflowers that blooms in the spring. The leaves, flowers, nectar, and pollen of the moutain laurel shrub are highly poisonous. It has been said that the old mountaineers would feed honey from their bee hives to their dogs before eating it themselves in case the honey was made from laurel nectar, if the dogs lived they would use the honey. The toxin found in Mountain Laurel is andromedotoxin, it is poisonous to all domesticated animals. This shrub was photographed on the Angel Falls Overlook Trail in Big South Fork in May 2003. Perennial - Shrub Where seen: Great Smoky Mountains NP, Frozen Head SP, Big South Fork, Piney River, Piney Falls, Cherokee National Forest, Warriors' Path SP, Cumberland Trail
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53 <strong>Mountain Laurel</strong> close-up
May 22, 2005
Look closely at a newly opened flower. The stamens are tucked into little maroon-colored pockets. When a bee lands on the flower the stamens pop up, showering her with pollen, which she carries t...

Mountain Laurel close-up May 22, 2005 Look closely at a newly opened flower. The stamens are tucked into little maroon-colored pockets. When a bee lands on the flower the stamens pop up, showering her with pollen, which she carries t...

Mountain Laurel close-up May 22, 2005 Look closely at a newly opened flower. The stamens are tucked into little maroon-colored pockets. When a bee lands on the flower the stamens pop up, showering her with pollen, which she carries to the next flower. One stamen has been released from its pocket. 1534
54 <strong>Mountain Myrtle; Sand Myrtle</strong>
<em>Leiophyllum buxifolium</em> / Heath Family
<span style="color:purple;">Rare</span>
Height: 8" - 20"
Height: to 1 foot
May 29, 2006
I was happy to see the whole side of the mountain at Charlie's Bu...

Mountain Myrtle; Sand Myrtle Leiophyllum buxifolium / Heath Family Rare Height: 8" - 20" Height: to 1 foot May 29, 2006 I was happy to see the whole side of the mountain at Charlie's Bu...

Mountain Myrtle; Sand Myrtle Leiophyllum buxifolium / Heath Family Rare Height: 8" - 20" Height: to 1 foot May 29, 2006 I was happy to see the whole side of the mountain at Charlie's Bunion in bloom with these pretty white flowers. Other places to see them include Myrtle Point at Mount Leconte and along the Alum Cave Trail. It can grow in the cracks of the slate mountaintop. Perennial 2263
55 Since Mountain Myrtle grows above 4000 feet elevation in the Smokies, it is one of those flowers that you have to work for to see! 
<a href="http://maps.google.com/maps/ms?hl=en&ie=UTF8&msa=0&msid=111048428162997367442.0004429ba882ac4533c89&ll=35.6690...

Since Mountain Myrtle grows above 4000 feet elevation in the Smokies, it is one of those flowers that you have to work for to see!

Since Mountain Myrtle grows above 4000 feet elevation in the Smokies, it is one of those flowers that you have to work for to see! map... 1649
56 <strong>Deerberry</strong>
<em>Vaccinium stamineum</em> / Heath Family
May 14, 2005
These flowers were blooming in the Tremont area of the Smokies in mid-May. They produce berries, but they are not tasty like the closely related, juicy, sweet bluebe...

Deerberry Vaccinium stamineum / Heath Family May 14, 2005 These flowers were blooming in the Tremont area of the Smokies in mid-May. They produce berries, but they are not tasty like the closely related, juicy, sweet bluebe...

Deerberry Vaccinium stamineum / Heath Family May 14, 2005 These flowers were blooming in the Tremont area of the Smokies in mid-May. They produce berries, but they are not tasty like the closely related, juicy, sweet blueberries. The corolla of the bell-shaped flowers of Deerberry are more open than Blueberry or Farkelberry. Note the long pistil on each flower. You'll find these bushes growing in dry woods in acidic soil. Perennial - Shrub Where seen: Great Smoky Mountains NP, Warriors' Path SP, Oak Ridge 2624
57 <strong>Shiny Blueberry; Evergreen Blueberry</strong>
<em>Vaccinium myrsinites</em>
Big South Fork National River and Recreation Area, Oneida, TN
April 11, 2010

This acid soil-loving plant grew at the rim of the Big South Fork of the Cumberland R...

Shiny Blueberry; Evergreen Blueberry Vaccinium myrsinites Big South Fork National River and Recreation Area, Oneida, TN April 11, 2010 This acid soil-loving plant grew at the rim of the Big South Fork of the Cumberland R...

Shiny Blueberry; Evergreen Blueberry Vaccinium myrsinites Big South Fork National River and Recreation Area, Oneida, TN April 11, 2010 This acid soil-loving plant grew at the rim of the Big South Fork of the Cumberland River. These are very small evergreen shrubs. 1323
58 <strong>Dog Hobble</strong>
<em>Leucothoe editorum</em> / Heath Family
May 7, 2005
Dog-Hobble has fragrant clusters of small white bell-shaped flowers. It gets its name from the way it grows in dense thickets. Hunting dogs pursuing animals would be ...

Dog Hobble Leucothoe editorum / Heath Family May 7, 2005 Dog-Hobble has fragrant clusters of small white bell-shaped flowers. It gets its name from the way it grows in dense thickets. Hunting dogs pursuing animals would be ...

Dog Hobble Leucothoe editorum / Heath Family May 7, 2005 Dog-Hobble has fragrant clusters of small white bell-shaped flowers. It gets its name from the way it grows in dense thickets. Hunting dogs pursuing animals would be stopped (hobbled) by the tangled stems and the stiff, saw-toothed leaves. This plant is common in the lower elevations of the Smokies. It blooms in April and early May. Perennial - Shrub Where seen: Great Smoky Mountains NP 3302
59 <strong>Common Alumroot</strong>
<em>Heuchera americana</em> / Saxifrage Family
Height: To 56"
April 24, 2005
This plant is often found growing on rocky cliffsides. It has mottled leaves with stiff hairs. The flower stalks can grow up to 56 inches ...

Common Alumroot Heuchera americana / Saxifrage Family Height: To 56" April 24, 2005 This plant is often found growing on rocky cliffsides. It has mottled leaves with stiff hairs. The flower stalks can grow up to 56 inches ...

Common Alumroot Heuchera americana / Saxifrage Family Height: To 56" April 24, 2005 This plant is often found growing on rocky cliffsides. It has mottled leaves with stiff hairs. The flower stalks can grow up to 56 inches tall. See following photo for close-up of flowers. Perennial Where seen:Piney River, Great Smoky Mountains NP, Warriors' Path SP, Haw Ridge 3962
60 <strong>Alumroot; close-up</strong>
<em>Heuchera americana</em> / Saxifrage Family
These flowers are not very showy; if they were not on a long stalk, you might not even notice them.

Alumroot; close-up Heuchera americana / Saxifrage Family These flowers are not very showy; if they were not on a long stalk, you might not even notice them.

Alumroot; close-up Heuchera americana / Saxifrage Family These flowers are not very showy; if they were not on a long stalk, you might not even notice them. 1572
61 <strong>Mountain Lettuce; Brook Lettuce</strong><br><span style="color: blue;">Aquatic</span></strong>
<em>Saxifraga micranthidifolia</em> / Saxifrage Family
This not-too-common plant likes to grow along wet cliffsides. I found it growing on the Litt...

Mountain Lettuce; Brook Lettuce
Aquatic Saxifraga micranthidifolia / Saxifrage Family This not-too-common plant likes to grow along wet cliffsides. I found it growing on the Litt...

Mountain Lettuce; Brook Lettuce
Aquatic Saxifraga micranthidifolia / Saxifrage Family This not-too-common plant likes to grow along wet cliffsides. I found it growing on the Little River Trail in the Smokies in April. The plant grows up to 32 inches tall. Perennial Where seen: Great Smoky Mountains NP
2275
62 <strong>Carey's Saxifrage</strong>
<em>Saxifraga careyana</em> / Saxifrage Family
Height: 8" -20"
April 10, 2005
Look for this plant on wet cliffsides. The cliffs of Piney Falls have many of these plants blooming in April. They may bloom up until J...

Carey's Saxifrage Saxifraga careyana / Saxifrage Family Height: 8" -20" April 10, 2005 Look for this plant on wet cliffsides. The cliffs of Piney Falls have many of these plants blooming in April. They may bloom up until J...

Carey's Saxifrage Saxifraga careyana / Saxifrage Family Height: 8" -20" April 10, 2005 Look for this plant on wet cliffsides. The cliffs of Piney Falls have many of these plants blooming in April. They may bloom up until July. Perennial Where seen: Piney Falls, Piney River, Great Smoky Mountains NP 2694
63 <strong>Foamflower</strong>
<em>Tiarella cordifolia</em> / Saxifrage Family
Height: 4" - 14"
April 10, 2005
The leaves of this plant have long, stiff, widely-spaced hairs. The individual flowers are very pretty, they grow on flower stalks up to 14 ...

Foamflower Tiarella cordifolia / Saxifrage Family Height: 4" - 14" April 10, 2005 The leaves of this plant have long, stiff, widely-spaced hairs. The individual flowers are very pretty, they grow on flower stalks up to 14 ...

Foamflower Tiarella cordifolia / Saxifrage Family Height: 4" - 14" April 10, 2005 The leaves of this plant have long, stiff, widely-spaced hairs. The individual flowers are very pretty, they grow on flower stalks up to 14 inches tall. Look for Foamflower in April in moist, damp woods; it is a common plant. A few "stragglers" may still be blooming in May too. These were photographed on the Delaware Loop on the Northridge Trail in Oak Ridge. Perennial Where seen: Oak Ridge Greenways, Haw Ridge, Frozen Head SP, Norris Dam SP, Great Smoky Mountains NP, Cherokee National Forest, Warriors' Path SP, Ijams Nature Center, Piney River SNA 3527
64 <strong>Miterwort; Bishop's Cap</strong>
<em>Mitella diphylla</em> / Saxifrage Family
Height: 4" -16"
April 15, 2005
You'll find Miterwort blooming in mid-April along stream banks and in low woodlands in many areas of East Tennessee. I found this b...

Miterwort; Bishop's Cap Mitella diphylla / Saxifrage Family Height: 4" -16" April 15, 2005 You'll find Miterwort blooming in mid-April along stream banks and in low woodlands in many areas of East Tennessee. I found this b...

Miterwort; Bishop's Cap Mitella diphylla / Saxifrage Family Height: 4" -16" April 15, 2005 You'll find Miterwort blooming in mid-April along stream banks and in low woodlands in many areas of East Tennessee. I found this blooming in the Great Smoky Mountains National Park. The plants can grow to 16 inches tall and often grow in large patches. You must get down on the level of the flowers to truly appreciate their delicate beauty! (See following picture) Diphylla means two leaves, there are two opposite leaves on the stem of the plant. Perennial Where seen: Frozen Head SP, Norris Dam SP, Great Smoky Mountains NP, Piney River Pocket Wilderness, Warrior's Path SP, Ijams Nature Center 2576
65 Close-up of <strong>Miterwort; Bishop's Cap</strong>
Norris Dam State Park
April 5, 2008<br>
The fringed petals of these flowers make them look like little 5-pointed snowflakes. I knew I would put my new macro lens to good use this spring!:) This is...

Close-up of Miterwort; Bishop's Cap Norris Dam State Park April 5, 2008
The fringed petals of these flowers make them look like little 5-pointed snowflakes. I knew I would put my new macro lens to good use this spring!:) This is...

Close-up of Miterwort; Bishop's Cap Norris Dam State Park April 5, 2008
The fringed petals of these flowers make them look like little 5-pointed snowflakes. I knew I would put my new macro lens to good use this spring!:) This is one of those wildflowers that you have to look at up very closely to really appreciate.
1069
66 <strong>Cumberland Spurge</strong>
<em>Euphorbia mercurialina</em> / Spurge Family 
Height: 8" - 16"
April 10, 2005
This relative of the Christmas Poinsettia is easy to overlook due to the small size of the "flowers". Since it has a "superior ovary...

Cumberland Spurge Euphorbia mercurialina / Spurge Family Height: 8" - 16" April 10, 2005 This relative of the Christmas Poinsettia is easy to overlook due to the small size of the "flowers". Since it has a "superior ovary...

Cumberland Spurge Euphorbia mercurialina / Spurge Family Height: 8" - 16" April 10, 2005 This relative of the Christmas Poinsettia is easy to overlook due to the small size of the "flowers". Since it has a "superior ovary", the Cumberland Spurge should have been designated the official flower of the Women's Movement! The female flower in the center of the inflorescence, called the "cyathium", is surrounded by many small male flowers. Like many other euphorbias, the seed capsule (superior ovary) forms above the flowers (see next picture). Perennial Where seen: Frozen Head SP, Piney River, Haw Ridge 2629
67 <strong>Cumberland Spurge</strong>
<em>Euphorbia mercurialina</em> / Spurge Family 
See, Cumberland Spurge <u>really does</u> have superior ovaries! ;)

Cumberland Spurge Euphorbia mercurialina / Spurge Family See, Cumberland Spurge really does have superior ovaries! ;)

Cumberland Spurge Euphorbia mercurialina / Spurge Family See, Cumberland Spurge really does have superior ovaries! ;) 1411
68 <strong>Bloodroot</strong>
<em>Sanguinaria canadensis</em> / Poppy Family
Height: To 6"
March 28, 2005<br>
Looking forward to seeing these beautiful white flowers shining in the sun on an early spring day helps me get through the long, cold winter!...

Bloodroot Sanguinaria canadensis / Poppy Family Height: To 6" March 28, 2005
Looking forward to seeing these beautiful white flowers shining in the sun on an early spring day helps me get through the long, cold winter!...

Bloodroot Sanguinaria canadensis / Poppy Family Height: To 6" March 28, 2005
Looking forward to seeing these beautiful white flowers shining in the sun on an early spring day helps me get through the long, cold winter! Bloodroot plants have an iodine-colored juice in the roots, which gives them their name. The leaves envelop the flowers before they bloom. You can find large clusters of these flowers blooming in early March, they are one of the first to emerge from the forest floor. What a beautiful prelude to spring! These were blooming in a garden at the University of Tennessee Arboretum. Bloodroot is one of the first wildflowers to greet hikers on the Norris Dam State Park Bluff Trail. Perennial Where seen: Norris Dam SP, Frozen Head SP, Great Smoky Mountains NP, University of Tennessee Arboretum, Haw Ridge Greenway, Warriors' Path SP, Ijams Nature Center
4822
69 <strong>Squirrel Corn</strong>
<em>Dicentra canadensis</em> / Bleeding Heart Family
Height: To 12"
April 7, 2005<br>
The little white flowers of Squirrel Corn look like white Bleeding Hearts flowers. Look for them in late March or early April. The ...

Squirrel Corn Dicentra canadensis / Bleeding Heart Family Height: To 12" April 7, 2005
The little white flowers of Squirrel Corn look like white Bleeding Hearts flowers. Look for them in late March or early April. The ...

Squirrel Corn Dicentra canadensis / Bleeding Heart Family Height: To 12" April 7, 2005
The little white flowers of Squirrel Corn look like white Bleeding Hearts flowers. Look for them in late March or early April. The finely cut leaves in this picture are the leaves of this plant. These were blooming along the Wildflower Greenway Trail in Oak Ridge. They are common in the Smokies too. Plants in the Dicentra species are poisonous to cattle and cats, they contain the poisons, isoquinolone alkaloids . Perennial Where seen: Oak Ridge Greenways, Great Smoky Mountains NP, Warriors' Path SP, Ijams Nature Center
3000
70 <strong>Dutchman's breeches</strong>
<em>Dicentra cucullaria</em> / Bleeding Heart Family
Height: 4" - 12"
April 15, 2005<br>
Dutchman's Breeches (a.k.a. "Little Boy Plant") is closely related to Squirrel Corn (a.k.a. "Little Girl Plant") and the l...

Dutchman's breeches Dicentra cucullaria / Bleeding Heart Family Height: 4" - 12" April 15, 2005
Dutchman's Breeches (a.k.a. "Little Boy Plant") is closely related to Squirrel Corn (a.k.a. "Little Girl Plant") and the l...

Dutchman's breeches Dicentra cucullaria / Bleeding Heart Family Height: 4" - 12" April 15, 2005
Dutchman's Breeches (a.k.a. "Little Boy Plant") is closely related to Squirrel Corn (a.k.a. "Little Girl Plant") and the leaves are nearly identical. The flowers look like little white pants hanging on a line to dry. The plant is only a few inches high, so you'll have to look closely to find it. Perennial Where seen: Great Smoky Mountains NP, Norris Dam SP, Warriors' Path SP, Ijams Nature Center
2742
71 <strong>Rue Anemone</strong>
<em>Thalictrum thalictroides</em> / Buttercup Family
Height: 4" - 12"
March 28, 2005<br>
These delicate white flowers bloom early in the season (March, April). All anemones are in the Buttercup family. I found these blo...

Rue Anemone Thalictrum thalictroides / Buttercup Family Height: 4" - 12" March 28, 2005
These delicate white flowers bloom early in the season (March, April). All anemones are in the Buttercup family. I found these blo...

Rue Anemone Thalictrum thalictroides / Buttercup Family Height: 4" - 12" March 28, 2005
These delicate white flowers bloom early in the season (March, April). All anemones are in the Buttercup family. I found these blooming along the North Ridge Trail in Oak Ridge. The common name, Anemone, comes from the fact that the thin-stemmed flowers move in the wind. Perennial Where seen: Great Smoky Mountains NP, Norris Dam SP, Oak Ridge Greenways, Haw Ridge, Piney River, Warriors' Path SP, Ijams Nature Center {Formerly known as: Anemonella thalictroides}
5093
72 <strong>False Rue Anemone</strong>
<em>Enemion biternatum</em> / Buttercup Family
Height: 4" - 16"<br>
False Rue Anemone is in the same family (Buttercup) as the true Rue Anemone. Each plant has only one or two flowers.
Perennial
<u>Where seen:</u...

False Rue Anemone Enemion biternatum / Buttercup Family Height: 4" - 16"
False Rue Anemone is in the same family (Buttercup) as the true Rue Anemone. Each plant has only one or two flowers. Perennial Where seen:

False Rue Anemone Enemion biternatum / Buttercup Family Height: 4" - 16"
False Rue Anemone is in the same family (Buttercup) as the true Rue Anemone. Each plant has only one or two flowers. Perennial Where seen:I photographed these in a private garden in Knoxville in April 2004. {Formerly known as: Isopyrum biternatum
4139
73 <strong>Wood Anemone; Windflower</strong>
<em>Anemone quinquefolia</em> / Buttercup Family
Height: 4" - 8"
April 15, 2005<br>
These plants have a beautiful, white, single flower --- talk about putting all your eggs in one basket! "Quinquefolia" mea...

Wood Anemone; Windflower Anemone quinquefolia / Buttercup Family Height: 4" - 8" April 15, 2005
These plants have a beautiful, white, single flower --- talk about putting all your eggs in one basket! "Quinquefolia" mea...

Wood Anemone; Windflower Anemone quinquefolia / Buttercup Family Height: 4" - 8" April 15, 2005
These plants have a beautiful, white, single flower --- talk about putting all your eggs in one basket! "Quinquefolia" means five-leaved. This one was blooming in April at Frozen Head State Park. Anemones have only colored sepals, no petals. Like many other spring, woodland wildflowers, Wood Anemone grows close to the ground. Perennial Where seen: Great Smoky Mountains NP, Frozen Head SP, University of Tennessee Arboretum, Ijams Nature Center
3195
74 <strong>White Baneberry; Doll's Eyes</strong>
<em>Actaea pachypoda</em> / Buttercup Family
Height: 16" - 32"
April 10, 2005<br>
This plant is also named "Doll's Eyes," (See Fruits and Seeds Gallery) which comes from the poisonous white fruits that ...

White Baneberry; Doll's Eyes Actaea pachypoda / Buttercup Family Height: 16" - 32" April 10, 2005
This plant is also named "Doll's Eyes," (See Fruits and Seeds Gallery) which comes from the poisonous white fruits that ...

White Baneberry; Doll's Eyes Actaea pachypoda / Buttercup Family Height: 16" - 32" April 10, 2005
This plant is also named "Doll's Eyes," (See Fruits and Seeds Gallery) which comes from the poisonous white fruits that ripen in the fall. The poison in this plant is protoanemonin. Baneberry is in the Buttercup Family. I found this one blooming along the Piney River Trail in early April. Perennial Where seen: Great Smoky Mountains NP, Pickett SP, Piney River Pocket Wilderness, Ijams Nature Center Formerly known as: Actaea alba
3621
75 <strong>Goldenseal</strong>
<em>Hydrastis canadensis</em> / Buttercup Family
<span style="color:purple;">Rare - Species to be watched in TN</span>
Height: 8" - 20"
April 14, 2005<br>
It was a real treat to find this Goldenseal flower blooming alon...

Goldenseal Hydrastis canadensis / Buttercup Family Rare - Species to be watched in TN Height: 8" - 20" April 14, 2005
It was a real treat to find this Goldenseal flower blooming alon...

Goldenseal Hydrastis canadensis / Buttercup Family Rare - Species to be watched in TN Height: 8" - 20" April 14, 2005
It was a real treat to find this Goldenseal flower blooming along a trail in Oak Ridge in mid-April. Each plant has just one flower, another "putting all your eggs in one basket" plant. These plants are in the Buttercup Family. The plants grow a few inches larger after blooming. Perennial Where seen:Oak Ridge Greenways, Great Smoky Mountains NP
2958
76 <strong>Whorled or Four-leaf Milkweed</strong>
<em>Asclepias quadrifolia</em> / Milkweed Family
Height: 8" - 20"<br>
This milkweed has groups of four leaves in a circle or whorls, thus the species name, "quadrifolia". The flowers are longer stemmed ...

Whorled or Four-leaf Milkweed Asclepias quadrifolia / Milkweed Family Height: 8" - 20"
This milkweed has groups of four leaves in a circle or whorls, thus the species name, "quadrifolia". The flowers are longer stemmed ...

Whorled or Four-leaf Milkweed Asclepias quadrifolia / Milkweed Family Height: 8" - 20"
This milkweed has groups of four leaves in a circle or whorls, thus the species name, "quadrifolia". The flowers are longer stemmed than the White Milkweed. The Chestnut Top Trail was where I found this plant blooming in late April. Perennial Where seen: Great Smoky Mountains NP, Warrior's Path SP
2614
77 <strong>White Milkweed</strong>
<em>Asclepias variegata</em> / Milkweed Family
Height: 8" - 40"<br>
This plant looks similar to the Four-leaf Milkweed except the leaves are opposite instead of whorled and the flowers are more compact on shorter stem...

White Milkweed Asclepias variegata / Milkweed Family Height: 8" - 40"
This plant looks similar to the Four-leaf Milkweed except the leaves are opposite instead of whorled and the flowers are more compact on shorter stem...

White Milkweed Asclepias variegata / Milkweed Family Height: 8" - 40"
This plant looks similar to the Four-leaf Milkweed except the leaves are opposite instead of whorled and the flowers are more compact on shorter stems. Tennessee has 13 species of milkweed. They come in a variety of colors, including pink, orange, white, green, and maroon. Watch for yellow, black and white-striped Monarch caterpillars on milkweeds, the butterflies lay their eggs on milkweed leaves which contain a poison. (See the Butterflies, Moths, and Caterpillars Gallery) Perennial Where seen: Oak Ridge Greenways
1793
78 <strong>Alternate-leaved dogwood</strong>
<em>Cornus alternifolia</em> / Dogwood Family<br>
Unlike its showier cousin the Flowering Dogwood, the Alternate-leaved dogwood has no large bracts and it blooms later in the season. This small shrub is quite...

Alternate-leaved dogwood Cornus alternifolia / Dogwood Family
Unlike its showier cousin the Flowering Dogwood, the Alternate-leaved dogwood has no large bracts and it blooms later in the season. This small shrub is quite...

Alternate-leaved dogwood Cornus alternifolia / Dogwood Family
Unlike its showier cousin the Flowering Dogwood, the Alternate-leaved dogwood has no large bracts and it blooms later in the season. This small shrub is quite common in some areas. I found this one growing in my neighbors' yard in late May. Perennial - Shrub Where seen: Oak Ridge Greenways, Great Smoky Mountains NP, Warriors Path SP, Haw Ridge
3259
79 <strong>Dogwood flowers</strong>
<em>Cornus florida</em> / Dogwood Family<br>
During the first two weeks of April the woods are accentuated by the large white blooms of the flowering dogwood. The tiny yellowish-green "true" flowers are located in the...

Dogwood flowers Cornus florida / Dogwood Family
During the first two weeks of April the woods are accentuated by the large white blooms of the flowering dogwood. The tiny yellowish-green "true" flowers are located in the...

Dogwood flowers Cornus florida / Dogwood Family
During the first two weeks of April the woods are accentuated by the large white blooms of the flowering dogwood. The tiny yellowish-green "true" flowers are located in the center; the four white "petals" are actually bracts. If pollinated, each tiny flower can form a red berry in the fall. These berries are relished by many species of birds; every white dogwood growing wild in the woods was "planted" by a bird when the seeds were excreted! Squirrels also like to eat the berries, however, they destroy the seeds with their teeth. (See "Fruits" gallery) Perennial - Shrub Where seen: Oak Ridge Greenways, Great Smoky Mountains NP, Frozen Head NP, Norris Dam SP, Cove Lake SP, Cherokee National Forest, Piney River, Piney Falls, Pickett SP, Warriors' Path SP
4795
80 <strong>Dogwood flowers</strong> - close-up of individual flowers
<em>Cornus florida</em> / Dogwood Family<br>

Dogwood flowers - close-up of individual flowers Cornus florida / Dogwood Family

Dogwood flowers - close-up of individual flowers Cornus florida / Dogwood Family
1400
81 <strong>Wild White Licorice; Forest Bedstraw</strong>
<em>Galium circaezans</em> / Madder Family
Height: 4" - 40"<br>
My little "point and shoot" Sony just couldn't handle these tiny flowers! This plant has leaves in whorls of 4, a similar plant, Fr...

Wild White Licorice; Forest Bedstraw Galium circaezans / Madder Family Height: 4" - 40"
My little "point and shoot" Sony just couldn't handle these tiny flowers! This plant has leaves in whorls of 4, a similar plant, Fr...

Wild White Licorice; Forest Bedstraw Galium circaezans / Madder Family Height: 4" - 40"
My little "point and shoot" Sony just couldn't handle these tiny flowers! This plant has leaves in whorls of 4, a similar plant, Fragrant Bedstraw, has leaves in whorls of 6. This plant was growing at the University of Tennessee Arboretum in Oak Ridge in mid-May. The plant is in the Madder Family. Annual Where seen: University of Tennessee Arboretum
1771
82 <strong>Partridgeberry</strong>
<em>Mitchella repens</em> / Madder Family
Length: 4" - 12"<br>
The double ovaries of these twin flowers form a single red berry (See Fruits and Berries gallery). This low-growing vine is very common along trails in ea...

Partridgeberry Mitchella repens / Madder Family Length: 4" - 12"
The double ovaries of these twin flowers form a single red berry (See Fruits and Berries gallery). This low-growing vine is very common along trails in ea...

Partridgeberry Mitchella repens / Madder Family Length: 4" - 12"
The double ovaries of these twin flowers form a single red berry (See Fruits and Berries gallery). This low-growing vine is very common along trails in east Tennessee. Perennial Where seen: Frozen Head SP, Piney Falls, Piney River, Laurel-Snow Pocket Wilderness, Great Smoky Mountains NP, Cherokee National Forest, Norris Dam SP, Pickett SP
1951
83 <strong>Partridge Berry</strong>
It is easy to see how the berry could develop a double ovary by the way these 2 flowers grow so closely. I was interested to see how fuzzy the flowers are too!

Partridge Berry It is easy to see how the berry could develop a double ovary by the way these 2 flowers grow so closely. I was interested to see how fuzzy the flowers are too!

Partridge Berry It is easy to see how the berry could develop a double ovary by the way these 2 flowers grow so closely. I was interested to see how fuzzy the flowers are too! 1024
84 <strong>Glade Bluet</strong>
<em>Hedyotis nigricans</em> / Madder Family
Height: 8" - 24"
April 27, 2005<br>
The Oak Ridge Cedar Barrens never lets me down for interesting or different flowers! This not-too-common wildflower was blooming amid the g...

Glade Bluet Hedyotis nigricans / Madder Family Height: 8" - 24" April 27, 2005
The Oak Ridge Cedar Barrens never lets me down for interesting or different flowers! This not-too-common wildflower was blooming amid the g...

Glade Bluet Hedyotis nigricans / Madder Family Height: 8" - 24" April 27, 2005
The Oak Ridge Cedar Barrens never lets me down for interesting or different flowers! This not-too-common wildflower was blooming amid the gravel along the paths. The leaves of this plant are very thin, the stems are a reddish brown. These "Bluets" are white, not blue like its other relatives. It is in the Madder Family and related to coffee. Perennial Where seen:Jefferson Middle School Cedar Barrens {Formerly known as: Houstonia nigricans}
3355
85 <strong>Star Chickweed</strong>
<em>Stellaria pubera</em> / Pink Family
Height: To 16"
April 5, 2005<br>
This woodland chickweed has much larger flowers than the weedy Mouse Ear Chickweed. It is a very common wildflower; it blooms in late March and...

Star Chickweed Stellaria pubera / Pink Family Height: To 16" April 5, 2005
This woodland chickweed has much larger flowers than the weedy Mouse Ear Chickweed. It is a very common wildflower; it blooms in late March and...

Star Chickweed Stellaria pubera / Pink Family Height: To 16" April 5, 2005
This woodland chickweed has much larger flowers than the weedy Mouse Ear Chickweed. It is a very common wildflower; it blooms in late March and April. There are 5 petals which are so deeply-notched they look like 10. Perennial Where seen:Oak Ridge Greenways, Haw Ridge, Frozen Head SP, Norris Dam SP, Big Ridge SP, Great Smoky Mountains NP, Warriors' Path SP, Ijams Nature Center
3369
86 <strong>Galax; Beetleweed</strong>
<em>Galax aphylla</em> / Diapensia Family
Height: 8" - 32"<br>
The leaves of Galax are thick, leathery, and evergreen. Mountain folk once gathered the leaves to make Christmas wreaths. A town in Virginia is named f...

Galax; Beetleweed Galax aphylla / Diapensia Family Height: 8" - 32"
The leaves of Galax are thick, leathery, and evergreen. Mountain folk once gathered the leaves to make Christmas wreaths. A town in Virginia is named f...

Galax; Beetleweed Galax aphylla / Diapensia Family Height: 8" - 32"
The leaves of Galax are thick, leathery, and evergreen. Mountain folk once gathered the leaves to make Christmas wreaths. A town in Virginia is named for this plant. This is commonly found in the Smokies in May. I found this one on the Cumberland Trail (near Cove Lake State Park) on the way to The Devil's Racetrack. Perennial Where seen:Great Smoky Mountains NP, Frozen Head SP, Cove Lake section of the Cumberland Trail, Stinging Fork Falls SNA, Warriors' Path SP {Also known as: Galax urceolata}
4736
87 <strong>Dwarf Ginseng</strong>
<em>Panax trifolius</em> / Ginseng Family
Height: 4" - 8"
April 15, 2005<br>
This plant blooms early in the season. It is very tiny (4-8 inches) and very easy to overlook hidden in the leaves. Finding some wildflowers...

Dwarf Ginseng Panax trifolius / Ginseng Family Height: 4" - 8" April 15, 2005
This plant blooms early in the season. It is very tiny (4-8 inches) and very easy to overlook hidden in the leaves. Finding some wildflowers...

Dwarf Ginseng Panax trifolius / Ginseng Family Height: 4" - 8" April 15, 2005
This plant blooms early in the season. It is very tiny (4-8 inches) and very easy to overlook hidden in the leaves. Finding some wildflowers is a lot like hunting Easter eggs, you often have to look low and under leaves. I found these blooming on the Chimney Tops Nature Trail in Great Smoky Mountains Park. Perennial Where seen:Frozen Head SP, Great Smoky Mountains NP
6525
88 <strong>Harbinger-of-Spring; Pepper Root</strong>
<em>Erigenia bulbosa</em> / Parsley Family
Height: 1" - 4"
March 27, 2005<br>
As the common name implies, this little flower blooms very early in the spring, look for it in March. It is a very tiny ...

Harbinger-of-Spring; Pepper Root Erigenia bulbosa / Parsley Family Height: 1" - 4" March 27, 2005
As the common name implies, this little flower blooms very early in the spring, look for it in March. It is a very tiny ...

Harbinger-of-Spring; Pepper Root Erigenia bulbosa / Parsley Family Height: 1" - 4" March 27, 2005
As the common name implies, this little flower blooms very early in the spring, look for it in March. It is a very tiny plant, only about 3 inches tall, so you'll have to look closely among the fallen leaves to find it. I took this picture on the Northridge Trail in Oak Ridge. Perennial Where seen:Oak Ridge Greenways, Norris Dam SP, Warrior's Path SP
3003
89 <strong>Southern Chervil</strong>
<em>Chaerophyllum tainturieri</em> / Parsley Family
Height: To 30"<br>
Southern Chervil has lacy, fern-like leaves. I found these blooming in the Three Bends Area in Oak Ridge in late April.
Annual
<u>Where seen:<...

Southern Chervil Chaerophyllum tainturieri / Parsley Family Height: To 30"
Southern Chervil has lacy, fern-like leaves. I found these blooming in the Three Bends Area in Oak Ridge in late April. Annual Where seen:<...

Southern Chervil Chaerophyllum tainturieri / Parsley Family Height: To 30"
Southern Chervil has lacy, fern-like leaves. I found these blooming in the Three Bends Area in Oak Ridge in late April. Annual Where seen:Oak Ridge Greenways, Great Smoky Mountains NP
2501
90 <strong>Honewort</strong>
<em>Cryptotaenia canadensis</em> / Parsley Family
Height: 12" - 40"
April 15, 2005<br>
Honewort has larger leaves than the previous two flowers, the flowers are very small. This one was growing along the Chestnut Top trail...

Honewort Cryptotaenia canadensis / Parsley Family Height: 12" - 40" April 15, 2005
Honewort has larger leaves than the previous two flowers, the flowers are very small. This one was growing along the Chestnut Top trail...

Honewort Cryptotaenia canadensis / Parsley Family Height: 12" - 40" April 15, 2005
Honewort has larger leaves than the previous two flowers, the flowers are very small. This one was growing along the Chestnut Top trail in the Smokies. Perennial Where seen:Great Smoky Mountains NP, Warriors' Path SP
3043
91 <strong>Sweet Cicely</strong>
<em>Osmorhiza claytonii</em> / Parsley Family
Height: To 36"
April 15, 2005<br>
It is easy to confuse Sweet Cicely with Southern Chervil or Honewort. Note the hairy stem as an aid in identification. The plant is in the...

Sweet Cicely Osmorhiza claytonii / Parsley Family Height: To 36" April 15, 2005
It is easy to confuse Sweet Cicely with Southern Chervil or Honewort. Note the hairy stem as an aid in identification. The plant is in the...

Sweet Cicely Osmorhiza claytonii / Parsley Family Height: To 36" April 15, 2005
It is easy to confuse Sweet Cicely with Southern Chervil or Honewort. Note the hairy stem as an aid in identification. The plant is in the Carrot or Parsley family. This blooms in April. I photographed this plant on the Chestnut Top trail in the Great Smoky Mountains Park. Perennial Where seen:Frozen Head SP, Great Smoky Mountains NP, Warriors' Path SP, Haw Ridge, Ijams Nature Center
2865
92 <strong>Heart's-a-Bustin'</strong>
<em>Euonymus americanus</em> / Staff-tree Family<br>
The flower is not the interesting feature of this plant; in the fall the pods pop open and small red berries hang down like drops of blood (See Fruits and Seeds)....

Heart's-a-Bustin' Euonymus americanus / Staff-tree Family
The flower is not the interesting feature of this plant; in the fall the pods pop open and small red berries hang down like drops of blood (See Fruits and Seeds)....

Heart's-a-Bustin' Euonymus americanus / Staff-tree Family
The flower is not the interesting feature of this plant; in the fall the pods pop open and small red berries hang down like drops of blood (See Fruits and Seeds). These are common in the woods. This one was photographed on the Piney River Trail in Spring City during early May. Perennial - Shrub Where seen:Oak Ridge Greenways, Frozen Head SP, Great Smoky Mountains NP, Pickett SP, Norris Dam SP, Big Ridge SP, Piney River Pocket Wilderness, Warriors' Path SP
3017
93 <strong>Hearts-a-Bustin'</strong> 
Perhaps this is how these flowers are pollinated!

Hearts-a-Bustin' Perhaps this is how these flowers are pollinated!

Hearts-a-Bustin' Perhaps this is how these flowers are pollinated! 1443
94 <strong>Stonecrop</strong>
<em>Sedum ternatum</em> / Sedum Family
Height: To 7"
April 22, 2005<br>
This plant, a succulent, is often found on rocks or rotting tree trunks, it likes moist areas. We called these plants "Crow's Feet" when I was young....

Stonecrop Sedum ternatum / Sedum Family Height: To 7" April 22, 2005
This plant, a succulent, is often found on rocks or rotting tree trunks, it likes moist areas. We called these plants "Crow's Feet" when I was young....

Stonecrop Sedum ternatum / Sedum Family Height: To 7" April 22, 2005
This plant, a succulent, is often found on rocks or rotting tree trunks, it likes moist areas. We called these plants "Crow's Feet" when I was young. There are also pink and yellow species of Sedum. In mid-April these can be found along the Haw Ridge Trail. Perennial Where seen:Frozen Head SP, Oak Ridge Greenways, Great Smoky Mountains NP, Warriors' Path SP, Haw Ridge
2515
95 <strong>Pennywort</strong>
<em>Obolaria virginica</em> / Gentian Family
Height: 3" - 6"<br>
Another small, easy-to-miss early bloomer! The plant is only about 3 inches tall. Finding some of the small, spring-blooming flowers is like hunting Easter e...

Pennywort Obolaria virginica / Gentian Family Height: 3" - 6"
Another small, easy-to-miss early bloomer! The plant is only about 3 inches tall. Finding some of the small, spring-blooming flowers is like hunting Easter e...

Pennywort Obolaria virginica / Gentian Family Height: 3" - 6"
Another small, easy-to-miss early bloomer! The plant is only about 3 inches tall. Finding some of the small, spring-blooming flowers is like hunting Easter eggs! This picture was taken in late March at Savage Gardens in Lake City. Perennial Where seen:Norris Dam SP, Savage Gardens, Great Smoky Mountains NP, Warrior's Path SP
1933
96 <strong>Frasier's Sedge</strong>
<em>Cymophyllus fraserianus</em> / Sedge Family
April 15, 2005<br>
This plant looks like grass, but it is in the Sedge family. It is found in the Smokies and Appalachian Mountains of east Tennessee. The white flowers...

Frasier's Sedge Cymophyllus fraserianus / Sedge Family April 15, 2005
This plant looks like grass, but it is in the Sedge family. It is found in the Smokies and Appalachian Mountains of east Tennessee. The white flowers...

Frasier's Sedge Cymophyllus fraserianus / Sedge Family April 15, 2005
This plant looks like grass, but it is in the Sedge family. It is found in the Smokies and Appalachian Mountains of east Tennessee. The white flowers look a bit like mopheads! This plant was blooming along the Little River Trail in the Smokies. Perennial Where seen:Great Smoky Mountains NP, Ijams Nature Center
2314
97 Frasier's Sedge has monoecious flowers. The fuzzy staminate (male) flowers are at the top of the flower and the two-pronged pistils are below.

Frasier's Sedge has monoecious flowers. The fuzzy staminate (male) flowers are at the top of the flower and the two-pronged pistils are below.

Frasier's Sedge has monoecious flowers. The fuzzy staminate (male) flowers are at the top of the flower and the two-pronged pistils are below. 1501
98 <strong>Canada Violet</strong>
<em>Viola canadensis</em> / Violet Family
April 15, 2005<br>
Canada Violet is considered a "stemmed" violet because the flowers grow from the plant stem. The flowers of these tall violets turn purple when they age. The...

Canada Violet Viola canadensis / Violet Family April 15, 2005
Canada Violet is considered a "stemmed" violet because the flowers grow from the plant stem. The flowers of these tall violets turn purple when they age. The...

Canada Violet Viola canadensis / Violet Family April 15, 2005
Canada Violet is considered a "stemmed" violet because the flowers grow from the plant stem. The flowers of these tall violets turn purple when they age. These violets are much taller than other violets, sometimes up to a foot tall. Frozen Head has many of these violets, they bloom in April. Perennial Where seen:Great Smoky Mountains NP, Oak Ridge Greenways, Norris Dam Sp, Frozen Head SP
2500
99 <strong>Cream or Pale Violet</strong>
<em>Viola striata</em> / Violet Family<br>
This is a stemmed violet, it is a cream color, it is not pure white. This plant is not as tall as the Canada Violet and the older petals don't turn purple. Cream Violets...

Cream or Pale Violet Viola striata / Violet Family
This is a stemmed violet, it is a cream color, it is not pure white. This plant is not as tall as the Canada Violet and the older petals don't turn purple. Cream Violets...

Cream or Pale Violet Viola striata / Violet Family
This is a stemmed violet, it is a cream color, it is not pure white. This plant is not as tall as the Canada Violet and the older petals don't turn purple. Cream Violets grow in damp soil. I found these blooming in the Smokies. Perennial Where seen:University of Tennessee Arboretum, Warriors' Path SP
2449
100 <strong>Sweet White Violet</strong>
<em>Viola blanda</em> / Violet Family<br>
Sweet White Violets are "stemless" violets; the stems come directly from the roots instead of from the plant stem. I liked the way these plants grew from a crack in this bo...

Sweet White Violet Viola blanda / Violet Family
Sweet White Violets are "stemless" violets; the stems come directly from the roots instead of from the plant stem. I liked the way these plants grew from a crack in this bo...

Sweet White Violet Viola blanda / Violet Family
Sweet White Violets are "stemless" violets; the stems come directly from the roots instead of from the plant stem. I liked the way these plants grew from a crack in this boulder at Frozen Head State Park in April. Note the reddish stems of the flowers and leaves. Perennial Where seen:Frozen Head SP, Great Smoky Mountains NP
2285
101 <strong>Northern White Violet  </strong>
<em>Viola macloskeyi</em> ssp. <em> pallens</em>  / Violet Family
<span style="color:purple;">Rare</span>
May 29, 2006
Height: to 3"
These tiny white violets grow in the mountains of east Tennessee. Yet ano...

Northern White Violet Viola macloskeyi ssp. pallens / Violet Family Rare May 29, 2006 Height: to 3" These tiny white violets grow in the mountains of east Tennessee. Yet ano...

Northern White Violet Viola macloskeyi ssp. pallens / Violet Family Rare May 29, 2006 Height: to 3" These tiny white violets grow in the mountains of east Tennessee. Yet another stemless white violet! This one was found along the Appalachian Trail. It has rounded leaves. Perennial Where seen:Great Smoky Mountains NP 2302
102 <strong>Primrose-leaved Violet</strong>
<em>Viola primulifolia</em> /Violet Family<br>
The stems and leaves of this white violet are longer than the Sweet White Violet. The flowers bloom later too, which helps differentiate between the two. I found t...

Primrose-leaved Violet Viola primulifolia /Violet Family
The stems and leaves of this white violet are longer than the Sweet White Violet. The flowers bloom later too, which helps differentiate between the two. I found t...

Primrose-leaved Violet Viola primulifolia /Violet Family
The stems and leaves of this white violet are longer than the Sweet White Violet. The flowers bloom later too, which helps differentiate between the two. I found this blooming in a low, damp area along the Piney River Trail in early May. Perennial Where seen:Piney River Trail, Great Smoky Mountains NP
2580
103 <strong>Confederate Violet</strong>
<em>Viola priceana, Viola sororia sororia</em> /Violet Family<br>
These "blue and gray" violets are related to the Common Blue Violet. I found these blooming in Oak Ridge in April.
Perennial
<u>Where seen:</u>Oak...

Confederate Violet Viola priceana, Viola sororia sororia /Violet Family
These "blue and gray" violets are related to the Common Blue Violet. I found these blooming in Oak Ridge in April. Perennial Where seen:Oak...

Confederate Violet Viola priceana, Viola sororia sororia /Violet Family
These "blue and gray" violets are related to the Common Blue Violet. I found these blooming in Oak Ridge in April. Perennial Where seen:Oak Ridge Greenways, University of Tennessee Arboretum {Formerly known as: Viola papilionacea}
2516
104 <strong>Confederate Violet close-up</strong>

Confederate Violet close-up

Confederate Violet close-up 1363
105 <strong>Allegheny Spurge</strong>
<em>Pachysandra procumbens</em> / Box Family
March 28, 2005<br>
You'll have to get out early in the spring to find this wildflower in bloom! I found these along the Oak Ridge Northridge trail. The genus name means "...

Allegheny Spurge Pachysandra procumbens / Box Family March 28, 2005
You'll have to get out early in the spring to find this wildflower in bloom! I found these along the Oak Ridge Northridge trail. The genus name means "...

Allegheny Spurge Pachysandra procumbens / Box Family March 28, 2005
You'll have to get out early in the spring to find this wildflower in bloom! I found these along the Oak Ridge Northridge trail. The genus name means "thick stamen." The leaves are evergreen, so you can find them during the winter and then watch for the flowers to emerge in the spring. This was my first new flower of 2004! Perennnial Where seen:Oak Ridge Greenways, Great Smoky Mountains NP
2230
106 <strong>Allegheny spurge - Monoecious flowers</strong><br>
Allegheny spurge is a monoecious plant, it has flowers of individual sexes. Look closely at the pink-tinged flowers at the bottom of the stalk, they are the female, or pistilate, flowers. The ...

Allegheny spurge - Monoecious flowers
Allegheny spurge is a monoecious plant, it has flowers of individual sexes. Look closely at the pink-tinged flowers at the bottom of the stalk, they are the female, or pistilate, flowers. The ...

Allegheny spurge - Monoecious flowers
Allegheny spurge is a monoecious plant, it has flowers of individual sexes. Look closely at the pink-tinged flowers at the bottom of the stalk, they are the female, or pistilate, flowers. The upper flowers are the staminate (male, pollen-producing) flowers.
1428
107 <strong>Japanese Spurge</strong>
<em>Pachysandra terminalis*</em> / Box Family<br>
This is a garden escape that, like so many other non-natives, has a habit of spreading and taking over an area. I found this plant growing at Savage Gardens in Lake Ci...

Japanese Spurge Pachysandra terminalis* / Box Family
This is a garden escape that, like so many other non-natives, has a habit of spreading and taking over an area. I found this plant growing at Savage Gardens in Lake Ci...

Japanese Spurge Pachysandra terminalis* / Box Family
This is a garden escape that, like so many other non-natives, has a habit of spreading and taking over an area. I found this plant growing at Savage Gardens in Lake City, TN in late March. Perennial Where seen:Savage Gardens, Great Smoky Mountains NP
6291
108 <strong>Shooting Star</strong>
<em>Dodecatheon meadia</em> / Primrose Family
April 12, 2005<br>
These flowers seem to be turned inside out! There is a pink species in the western states. I have found these blooming in the Smokies in late April.
Per...

Shooting Star Dodecatheon meadia / Primrose Family April 12, 2005
These flowers seem to be turned inside out! There is a pink species in the western states. I have found these blooming in the Smokies in late April. Per...

Shooting Star Dodecatheon meadia / Primrose Family April 12, 2005
These flowers seem to be turned inside out! There is a pink species in the western states. I have found these blooming in the Smokies in late April. Perennial Where seen:Great Smoky Mountains NP, Ijams Nature Center
2454
109 Shooting Star close-up

Shooting Star close-up

Shooting Star close-up 1378
110 <strong>Seneca Snakeroot</strong>
<em>Polygala senega</em> / Milkwort Family
April 22, 2005<br>
The small white flowers look like little butterflies when they open. This plant is in the Milkwort Family. It blooms in mid-April. I found these on the H...

Seneca Snakeroot Polygala senega / Milkwort Family April 22, 2005
The small white flowers look like little butterflies when they open. This plant is in the Milkwort Family. It blooms in mid-April. I found these on the H...

Seneca Snakeroot Polygala senega / Milkwort Family April 22, 2005
The small white flowers look like little butterflies when they open. This plant is in the Milkwort Family. It blooms in mid-April. I found these on the Haw Ridge Trail in Oak Ridge. Perennial Where seen:Haw Ridge Greenway Trail, Great Smoky Mountains NP
2487
111 <strong>Pale Blue-eyed grass</strong>
<em>Sisyrinchium albidum</em> / Iris Family<br>
This plant can have pale blue, or as in this case, white flowers. I found these in a cedar barren along the Haw Ridge Greenways Trail in Oak Ridge.
Perennial
<u>W...

Pale Blue-eyed grass Sisyrinchium albidum / Iris Family
This plant can have pale blue, or as in this case, white flowers. I found these in a cedar barren along the Haw Ridge Greenways Trail in Oak Ridge. Perennial W...

Pale Blue-eyed grass Sisyrinchium albidum / Iris Family
This plant can have pale blue, or as in this case, white flowers. I found these in a cedar barren along the Haw Ridge Greenways Trail in Oak Ridge. Perennial Where seen:Haw Ridge Greenways Trail
1920
112 <strong>Umbrella Magnolia</strong>
<em>Magnolia tripetala</em> / Magnolia Family<br>
I found this tree blooming in late April near the Wye, the Townsend entrance of the Great Smoky Mountains National Park. The leaves of the Umbrella Magnolia tree are...

Umbrella Magnolia Magnolia tripetala / Magnolia Family
I found this tree blooming in late April near the Wye, the Townsend entrance of the Great Smoky Mountains National Park. The leaves of the Umbrella Magnolia tree are...

Umbrella Magnolia Magnolia tripetala / Magnolia Family
I found this tree blooming in late April near the Wye, the Townsend entrance of the Great Smoky Mountains National Park. The leaves of the Umbrella Magnolia tree are huge, when they turn brown in the fall, they look like tobacco leaves on the ground! The flowers are not as large and stiff as those of the evergreen Southern Magnolia. This flower does not have the sweet aroma of its southern relative, it smells rather musky. The Magnolia family is one of the oldest of the flowering plants. Flowers have not always been with us, they did not appear until the Cretaceous Period (130 million years ago), the time of the last era of dinosaurs. What a dull world it would have been before then! :) Perennial - Tree Where seen:Great Smoky Mountains NP, University of Tennessee Arboretum, Frozen Head SP, Piney River
3476
113 <strong>Umbrella Magnolia - side view</strong>
<em>Magnolia tripetala</em><br>
In autumn the fruit-bearing cones and fruits of these magnolias turn a brilliant pink to attract birds. Frasier Magnolia trees also have huge leaves, the difference being ...

Umbrella Magnolia - side view Magnolia tripetala
In autumn the fruit-bearing cones and fruits of these magnolias turn a brilliant pink to attract birds. Frasier Magnolia trees also have huge leaves, the difference being ...

Umbrella Magnolia - side view Magnolia tripetala
In autumn the fruit-bearing cones and fruits of these magnolias turn a brilliant pink to attract birds. Frasier Magnolia trees also have huge leaves, the difference being that the bases have 2 lobes ("ears"); Umbrella Magnolias don't have the lobes. I think of the TV character "Frasier" having ears to help me remember the difference! It may be silly, but it helps!
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114 <strong>Synandra; Gyandotte Beauty</strong>
<em>Synandra hispidula</em> / Mint Family
 May 22, 2005<br>
This member of the Mint Family has very large flowers. The beautiful white flowers have light purple stripes for nectar guides.
Perennial 
<u>W...

Synandra; Gyandotte Beauty Synandra hispidula / Mint Family May 22, 2005
This member of the Mint Family has very large flowers. The beautiful white flowers have light purple stripes for nectar guides. Perennial W...

Synandra; Gyandotte Beauty Synandra hispidula / Mint Family May 22, 2005
This member of the Mint Family has very large flowers. The beautiful white flowers have light purple stripes for nectar guides. Perennial Where seen:Great Smoky Mountains NP
1860
115 <strong>Synandra</strong> close-up

Synandra close-up

Synandra close-up 1123
116 Synandra field<br>
My husband and I hiked to the White Oak Sinks in the Smokies in mid-May just to see these flowers and I was not disappointed! The lower end of the trail was carpeted with them.
Perennial
<u>Where seen:</u>Great Smoky Mountains NP,...

Synandra field
My husband and I hiked to the White Oak Sinks in the Smokies in mid-May just to see these flowers and I was not disappointed! The lower end of the trail was carpeted with them. Perennial Where seen:Great Smoky Mountains NP,...

Synandra field
My husband and I hiked to the White Oak Sinks in the Smokies in mid-May just to see these flowers and I was not disappointed! The lower end of the trail was carpeted with them. Perennial Where seen:Great Smoky Mountains NP, Warriors' Path SP
1648
117 <strong>Large-leaf Waterleaf</strong>
<em>Hydrophyllum macrophyllum</em> / Waterleaf Family<br>
I couldn't believe what it took to get a picture of this flower! I had tried for 3 weeks in a row to find it in bloom. Each trip involved going about 1/2-...

Large-leaf Waterleaf Hydrophyllum macrophyllum / Waterleaf Family
I couldn't believe what it took to get a picture of this flower! I had tried for 3 weeks in a row to find it in bloom. Each trip involved going about 1/2-...

Large-leaf Waterleaf Hydrophyllum macrophyllum / Waterleaf Family
I couldn't believe what it took to get a picture of this flower! I had tried for 3 weeks in a row to find it in bloom. Each trip involved going about 1/2-mile (one way)along the Wildflower Greenway trail in Oak Ridge. Hiking 1/2-mile is not difficult, but this trail has several large trees that have fallen over it which involves a lot of crawling under or climbing over 9 branches and trunks. There is also a lot of mud to walk through on the trail and a creek to cross. When I finally found the flowers blooming, I was dismayed to see that some insect had eaten the leaves off all the plants! My legs were itching from wood nettles and mosquito bites, then I started feeling raindrops and hearing thunder, so I had to head back dissatisfied because I wasn't happy with my pictures. When I went to cross back over the creek, I suddenly noticed a group of the flowers with the leaves intact! My "mission" was finally accomplished! Perennial Where seen:Oak Ridge Greenways, Big South Fork NRRA, Great Smoky Mountains NP, Warriors' Path SP (story)
3064
118 <strong>Large-leaf Waterleaf - Close-up</strong>
This flower cluster had ants and a daddy-long-legs on it. Note the fuzz on the sepals and the very long stamens on the flowers! This plant is in the Waterleaf family. The scientific name has the same me...

Large-leaf Waterleaf - Close-up This flower cluster had ants and a daddy-long-legs on it. Note the fuzz on the sepals and the very long stamens on the flowers! This plant is in the Waterleaf family. The scientific name has the same me...

Large-leaf Waterleaf - Close-up This flower cluster had ants and a daddy-long-legs on it. Note the fuzz on the sepals and the very long stamens on the flowers! This plant is in the Waterleaf family. The scientific name has the same meaning as the common name. 2168
119 <strong>Broadleaf Waterleaf</strong>
<em>Hydrophyllum canadense</em>
Spring City, TN (Piney River Trail)
May 26, 2008

I was photographing another flower when this one caught my eye. We have hiked the Piney River Trail numerous times at different ...

Broadleaf Waterleaf Hydrophyllum canadense Spring City, TN (Piney River Trail) May 26, 2008 I was photographing another flower when this one caught my eye. We have hiked the Piney River Trail numerous times at different ...

Broadleaf Waterleaf Hydrophyllum canadense Spring City, TN (Piney River Trail) May 26, 2008 I was photographing another flower when this one caught my eye. We have hiked the Piney River Trail numerous times at different times of the year, but this was the first time I had seen this flower blooming in the woods. In fact, it was the first time I had ever seen it! This makes #701 on this website and #2108 on my lifelist. I love finding a new flower to add to my list! :) 1426
120 <strong>Close-up of Broadleaf Waterleaf</strong>

Close-up of Broadleaf Waterleaf

Close-up of Broadleaf Waterleaf 998
121 <strong>Fringed Phacelia</strong>
<em>Phacelia fimbriata</em> / Waterleaf Family
April 15, 2005<br>
These flowers are white with a pale blue tint on the fringed petals. I found this blooming in the Smokies.
Annual
<u>Where seen:</u>Great Smoky Mou...

Fringed Phacelia Phacelia fimbriata / Waterleaf Family April 15, 2005
These flowers are white with a pale blue tint on the fringed petals. I found this blooming in the Smokies. Annual Where seen:Great Smoky Mou...

Fringed Phacelia Phacelia fimbriata / Waterleaf Family April 15, 2005
These flowers are white with a pale blue tint on the fringed petals. I found this blooming in the Smokies. Annual Where seen:Great Smoky Mountains NP
2217
122 The Fringed Phacelia on the Chimney Tops Picnic Area Nature Trail almost looks like snow in mid-April! My friend and I noticed that most of the flowers (Trillium, violets, Dutchman's Breeches, Squirrel Corn, Wood Anemone, etc.) were white on this trail...

The Fringed Phacelia on the Chimney Tops Picnic Area Nature Trail almost looks like snow in mid-April! My friend and I noticed that most of the flowers (Trillium, violets, Dutchman's Breeches, Squirrel Corn, Wood Anemone, etc.) were white on this trail...

The Fringed Phacelia on the Chimney Tops Picnic Area Nature Trail almost looks like snow in mid-April! My friend and I noticed that most of the flowers (Trillium, violets, Dutchman's Breeches, Squirrel Corn, Wood Anemone, etc.) were white on this trail. Beautiful! 1572
123 <strong>Persimmon Tree</strong>
<em>Diospyros virginiana</em> / Ebony Family<br>
Persimmon trees are dioecious, the tree in this picture has male flowers. I found this tree blooming in mid-May at Clark Center Recreation Park on Melton Hill Lake in Oa...

Persimmon Tree Diospyros virginiana / Ebony Family
Persimmon trees are dioecious, the tree in this picture has male flowers. I found this tree blooming in mid-May at Clark Center Recreation Park on Melton Hill Lake in Oa...

Persimmon Tree Diospyros virginiana / Ebony Family
Persimmon trees are dioecious, the tree in this picture has male flowers. I found this tree blooming in mid-May at Clark Center Recreation Park on Melton Hill Lake in Oak Ridge. After shedding their pollen, the male flowers fall to the ground (in the plant kingdom, males are expendible!). When I was young, a neighbor had a persimmon tree; I used to string the flowers like beads on a grass stem to make a necklace. Since the single flowers look a bit like a child's molar tooth, I once played a trick on my mother by giving her one in hopes that I might get some extra money from the Tooth Fairy! It didn't work! :) Perennial - Tree Where seen:Oak Ridge Greenways, Great Smoky Mountains NP, University of Tennessee Arboretum, Warriors' Path SP
3274
124 <strong>American Bladdernut</strong>
<em>Staphylea trifolia</em> / Bladdernut Family
April 8, 2005<br>
This small tree blooms early in the spring. I photographed this one blooming near the Clinch River in Oak Ridge.
Perennial - Tree
<u>Where seen:...

American Bladdernut Staphylea trifolia / Bladdernut Family April 8, 2005
This small tree blooms early in the spring. I photographed this one blooming near the Clinch River in Oak Ridge. Perennial - Tree Where seen:...

American Bladdernut Staphylea trifolia / Bladdernut Family April 8, 2005
This small tree blooms early in the spring. I photographed this one blooming near the Clinch River in Oak Ridge. Perennial - Tree Where seen:Oak Ridge
3049
125 <strong>Carolina Silverbell</strong>
<em>Halesia carolina</em> / Storax Family
April 15, 2005<br>
These pretty little "bells" don't ring, but they do decorate the woodlands in the Smokies during April. The trees can grow to 30 feet. I found this one...

Carolina Silverbell Halesia carolina / Storax Family April 15, 2005
These pretty little "bells" don't ring, but they do decorate the woodlands in the Smokies during April. The trees can grow to 30 feet. I found this one...

Carolina Silverbell Halesia carolina / Storax Family April 15, 2005
These pretty little "bells" don't ring, but they do decorate the woodlands in the Smokies during April. The trees can grow to 30 feet. I found this one growing near the parking lot at the Townsend Wye. Perennial, tree Where seen: Great Smoky Mountains
2515
126 <strong>Witch Alder</strong>
<em>Fothergilla major</em> / Hamamelidaceae
April 24, 2005<br>
Endangered
This shrub grows in dry woods in Tennessee. I cheated on this photo, I found these flowers growing around a church sign in Oak Ridge! The white s...

Witch Alder Fothergilla major / Hamamelidaceae April 24, 2005
Endangered This shrub grows in dry woods in Tennessee. I cheated on this photo, I found these flowers growing around a church sign in Oak Ridge! The white s...

Witch Alder Fothergilla major / Hamamelidaceae April 24, 2005
Endangered This shrub grows in dry woods in Tennessee. I cheated on this photo, I found these flowers growing around a church sign in Oak Ridge! The white stamens are easy to see on the blooming flower, note the double pistils on the older flowers in the background. Perennial - Shrub Where seen: Oak Ridge
2105
127 <strong>Showy Orchis</strong> - white variety
<em>Galearis spectabilis</em> / Orchid Family
April 29, 2005<br>
I was really excited to find this all-white Showy Orchis while I was leading a hike for the Gatlinburg Wildflower Pilgrimage! I also found...

Showy Orchis - white variety Galearis spectabilis / Orchid Family April 29, 2005
I was really excited to find this all-white Showy Orchis while I was leading a hike for the Gatlinburg Wildflower Pilgrimage! I also found...

Showy Orchis - white variety Galearis spectabilis / Orchid Family April 29, 2005
I was really excited to find this all-white Showy Orchis while I was leading a hike for the Gatlinburg Wildflower Pilgrimage! I also found an all-pink variety. I was impressed with the die-hard enthusiasts who stuck it out and hiked with me in the rain! :) Perennial Where seen: Great Smoky Mountains
1499
128 <strong>American Holly</strong>
<em>Ilex opaca</em> / Holly Family<br>
The holly is a dioecious tree, the female flowers are on one tree, the male flowers on a different tree. These flowers are obviously female, the berries from last year's flowers a...

American Holly Ilex opaca / Holly Family
The holly is a dioecious tree, the female flowers are on one tree, the male flowers on a different tree. These flowers are obviously female, the berries from last year's flowers a...

American Holly Ilex opaca / Holly Family
The holly is a dioecious tree, the female flowers are on one tree, the male flowers on a different tree. These flowers are obviously female, the berries from last year's flowers are still present. Birds must not be too fond of holly berries, otherwise they would have been eaten before spring. This picture was taken at Tremont in the Smokies in mid-May. Perennial - Tree Where seen:University of Tennessee Arboretum, Great Smoky Mountains NP, Warriors' Path SP
3086
129 <strong>Bastard Toadflax</strong>
<em>Comandra umbellata</em> / Sandalwood Family
April 15, 2006<br>
I was excited to find these small plants blooming at the Lilly Bluff Overlook at the Obed National Wild and Scenic River near Lancing, TN. I don't k...

Bastard Toadflax Comandra umbellata / Sandalwood Family April 15, 2006
I was excited to find these small plants blooming at the Lilly Bluff Overlook at the Obed National Wild and Scenic River near Lancing, TN. I don't k...

Bastard Toadflax Comandra umbellata / Sandalwood Family April 15, 2006
I was excited to find these small plants blooming at the Lilly Bluff Overlook at the Obed National Wild and Scenic River near Lancing, TN. I don't know how this plant got its' strange name! Height: 4"-16" Perennial Where seen: Obed Wild and Scenic River
2409
130 <strong>Black Haw</strong>
<em>Viburnum prunifolium</em> / Honeysuckle Family
Oak Ridge, TN
April 24, 2010

I photographed this shrub while leading a wildflower hike at Haw Ridge. We wondered if this might be the reason that area has that name.

Black Haw Viburnum prunifolium / Honeysuckle Family Oak Ridge, TN April 24, 2010 I photographed this shrub while leading a wildflower hike at Haw Ridge. We wondered if this might be the reason that area has that name.

Black Haw Viburnum prunifolium / Honeysuckle Family Oak Ridge, TN April 24, 2010 I photographed this shrub while leading a wildflower hike at Haw Ridge. We wondered if this might be the reason that area has that name. 1329
131 <strong>Maple-leaf Hydrangea</strong>
<em>Viburnum acerifolium</em> / Caprifoliaceae   
This small shrub is common along the Piney River Trail in Rhea County. The leaves look very similar to some maple tree leaves. It has very small flowers that bloo...

Maple-leaf Hydrangea Viburnum acerifolium / Caprifoliaceae This small shrub is common along the Piney River Trail in Rhea County. The leaves look very similar to some maple tree leaves. It has very small flowers that bloo...

Maple-leaf Hydrangea Viburnum acerifolium / Caprifoliaceae This small shrub is common along the Piney River Trail in Rhea County. The leaves look very similar to some maple tree leaves. It has very small flowers that bloom in May. Perennial - Shrub Where seen:Piney River Trail, Frozen Head SP, Great Smoky Mountains NP 4875
132 <strong>Witch Hobble</strong>
<em>Viburnum lantanoides</em> / Honeysuckle Family
April 24, 2006<br>
I found this shrub blooming along a trail high in the Smokies on a futile attempt to find a Painted Trillium. The large flowers are sterile, their pu...

Witch Hobble Viburnum lantanoides / Honeysuckle Family April 24, 2006
I found this shrub blooming along a trail high in the Smokies on a futile attempt to find a Painted Trillium. The large flowers are sterile, their pu...

Witch Hobble Viburnum lantanoides / Honeysuckle Family April 24, 2006
I found this shrub blooming along a trail high in the Smokies on a futile attempt to find a Painted Trillium. The large flowers are sterile, their purpose is to attract the attention of pollinators. If the small flowers are pollinated they will produce red berries in the fall. Perennial Where seen: Great Smoky Mountains NP
1422
133 <strong>Witch Hobble</strong>
<em>Viburnum lantanoides</em> /Honeysuckle Family
April 24, 2006<br>
I found this shrub blooming along a trail high in the Smokies on a futile attempt to find a Painted Trillium. The large flowers are sterile, their pur...

Witch Hobble Viburnum lantanoides /Honeysuckle Family April 24, 2006
I found this shrub blooming along a trail high in the Smokies on a futile attempt to find a Painted Trillium. The large flowers are sterile, their pur...

Witch Hobble Viburnum lantanoides /Honeysuckle Family April 24, 2006
I found this shrub blooming along a trail high in the Smokies on a futile attempt to find a Painted Trillium. The large flowers are sterile, their purpose is to attract the attention of pollinators. If the small flowers are pollinated they will produce red berries in the fall. Perennial Where seen: Great Smoky Mountains NP map...
3476
134 <strong>American Columbo; Green Gentian</strong>
<em>Frasera caroliniensis</em> / Gentian Family
Virgin Falls State Natural Area, DeRosset, TN
May 31, 2009

I had seen these plants at Virgin Falls when Kenny and I hiked there at the beginning of M...

American Columbo; Green Gentian Frasera caroliniensis / Gentian Family Virgin Falls State Natural Area, DeRosset, TN May 31, 2009 I had seen these plants at Virgin Falls when Kenny and I hiked there at the beginning of M...

American Columbo; Green Gentian Frasera caroliniensis / Gentian Family Virgin Falls State Natural Area, DeRosset, TN May 31, 2009 I had seen these plants at Virgin Falls when Kenny and I hiked there at the beginning of May. They were in tight bud, nowhere near being ready to bloom. I sent photos of the plants to a botanist friend who told me they were American Columbo. Unfortunately, we were a little late to see them at their peak 4 weeks later. I did manage to find a few late-blooming flowers, such as this one. The plants area HUGE, up to 10 feet tall! I'm not sure what the fuzzy glands are on each leaf, and my book doesn't tell why they are there either. 1720
135 <strong>American Columbo plant</strong>

American Columbo plant

American Columbo plant 1294
136 <strong>Oconee Bells</strong>
<em>Shortia galacifolia</em> / Diapensia family
Asheville, NC
March 27, 2010

I had to drive over 300 miles round trip to see this beautiful little rare wildflower! When I heard it was blooming at the Asheville Botani...

Oconee Bells Shortia galacifolia / Diapensia family Asheville, NC March 27, 2010 I had to drive over 300 miles round trip to see this beautiful little rare wildflower! When I heard it was blooming at the Asheville Botani...

Oconee Bells Shortia galacifolia / Diapensia family Asheville, NC March 27, 2010 I had to drive over 300 miles round trip to see this beautiful little rare wildflower! When I heard it was blooming at the Asheville Botanical Gardens, I knew I had to go! This is a flower that I have wanted to see for several years. 1515

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