Spring Flowers - Woodland - Blue, purple, green

These flowers bloom between late March and late May.
Image Number Image (Click to Enlarge)CaptionImage Viewed
1 <strong>Wild Hyacinth</strong>
<em>Camassia scilloides</em> / Lily Family
April 15, 2007
I finally found this plant! I knew it grew at Haw Ridge, but I have missed it the past 2 years. As I was leading a wildflower hike I suddenly spotted it. Anothe...

Wild Hyacinth Camassia scilloides / Lily Family April 15, 2007 I finally found this plant! I knew it grew at Haw Ridge, but I have missed it the past 2 years. As I was leading a wildflower hike I suddenly spotted it. Anothe...

Wild Hyacinth Camassia scilloides / Lily Family April 15, 2007 I finally found this plant! I knew it grew at Haw Ridge, but I have missed it the past 2 years. As I was leading a wildflower hike I suddenly spotted it. Another new flower for my life list! I really hate to have to resort to using a flash on wildflower photos, but sometimes it is the only way to get the shot. 3864
2 <strong>Wild Hyacinth</strong>
<em>Camassia scilloides</em> / Lily Family
April 15, 2007

Wild Hyacinth Camassia scilloides / Lily Family April 15, 2007

Wild Hyacinth Camassia scilloides / Lily Family April 15, 2007 1663
3 Bluestar; Blue Dogbane, Willow Amsonia

Bluestar; Blue Dogbane, Willow Amsonia

Bluestar; Blue Dogbane, Willow Amsonia Amsonia tabernaemontana /Dogbane family
I found this plant growing at the Haw Ridge Greenway in mid-April. It likes damp soil. Perennial Where seen:Haw Ridge Greenway, University of
4742
4 <strong>Blue-eyed Grass</strong> 
<em>Sisyrinchium angustifolium</em> /Iris Family<br>
Blue-eyed Grass is not a "grass," but actually a member of the Iris Family. I found these blooming in Oak Ridge.
Perennial 
<u>Where seen:</u>Oak Ridge Greenways...

Blue-eyed Grass Sisyrinchium angustifolium /Iris Family
Blue-eyed Grass is not a "grass," but actually a member of the Iris Family. I found these blooming in Oak Ridge. Perennial Where seen:Oak Ridge Greenways...

Blue-eyed Grass Sisyrinchium angustifolium /Iris Family
Blue-eyed Grass is not a "grass," but actually a member of the Iris Family. I found these blooming in Oak Ridge. Perennial Where seen:Oak Ridge Greenways, Great Smoky Mountains NP, Frozen Head SP, Warriors' Path SP
3209
5 <strong>Blue-eyed Grass</strong> close-up

Blue-eyed Grass close-up

Blue-eyed Grass close-up 2196
6 <strong>Quaker Ladies; Bluets</strong>
<em>Hedyotis caerulea</em> /Madder Family<br>
These little pale blue flowers with white and yellow centers are a delightful surprise to find blooming on trailsides early in the spring. These were found on the tr...

Quaker Ladies; Bluets Hedyotis caerulea /Madder Family
These little pale blue flowers with white and yellow centers are a delightful surprise to find blooming on trailsides early in the spring. These were found on the tr...

Quaker Ladies; Bluets Hedyotis caerulea /Madder Family
These little pale blue flowers with white and yellow centers are a delightful surprise to find blooming on trailsides early in the spring. These were found on the trail to Piney Falls in Spring City. Perennial Where seen:Oak Ridge Greenways, Haw Ridge Greenway, Great Smoky Mountains NP, Piney River Trail, Ijams Nature Center {formerly known as Houstonia caerulea}
4148
7 Bluets Close-up

Bluets Close-up

Bluets Close-up 1729
8 <strong>Large-flowered Bluets; Purple Bluets</strong>
<em>Hedyotis purpurea</em> /Madder Family
Height 6" to 20"
May 23, 2005<br>
This plant has a long blooming season, don't be surprised to see it blooming in the summer too. These can be found in ...

Large-flowered Bluets; Purple Bluets Hedyotis purpurea /Madder Family Height 6" to 20" May 23, 2005
This plant has a long blooming season, don't be surprised to see it blooming in the summer too. These can be found in ...

Large-flowered Bluets; Purple Bluets Hedyotis purpurea /Madder Family Height 6" to 20" May 23, 2005
This plant has a long blooming season, don't be surprised to see it blooming in the summer too. These can be found in the Smokies. Notice the purple stripes, the nectar guides. Perennial Where seen:Great Smoky Mountains NP, Oak Ridge Greenways, Warriors' Path SP, Cumberland Trail, University of Tennessee Arboretum {formerly known as Houstonia purpurea}
2314
9 <strong>Sharp-leaved Hepatica; Liverleaf</strong>
<em>Hepatica acutiloba</em> /Buttercup Family<br>
Flower sepals may be blue, purple, pink, or white depending on the pH of the soil --- a "natural litmus test." Alkaline soils produce blue flowers, ac...

Sharp-leaved Hepatica; Liverleaf Hepatica acutiloba /Buttercup Family
Flower sepals may be blue, purple, pink, or white depending on the pH of the soil --- a "natural litmus test." Alkaline soils produce blue flowers, ac...

Sharp-leaved Hepatica; Liverleaf Hepatica acutiloba /Buttercup Family
Flower sepals may be blue, purple, pink, or white depending on the pH of the soil --- a "natural litmus test." Alkaline soils produce blue flowers, acidic soils produce pink, and neutral soils produce white. This plant was the first wildflower I documented in my Wildflowers of the Smokies book, way back on March 10, 1985! Hepatica is also called "Liverleaf" due to the color and 3-lobed shape of the leaves. These were photographed on the Bluff Trail at Norris Dam State Park. Perennial Where seen:Frozen Head SP, Norris Dam SP, Oak Ridge Greenways, Haw Ridge, Piney River Trail, Savage Gardens, Great Smoky Mountains NP, Warriors' Path SP, Ijams Nature Center
3183
10 <strong>Round-lobed Hepatica</strong>
<em>Hepatica americana</em> /Buttercup Family<br>
I found this pretty little flower blooming on Leap Day 2004 along one of the Greenway trails in Oak Ridge. This 
Hepatica has leaves with rounded lobes instead o...

Round-lobed Hepatica Hepatica americana /Buttercup Family
I found this pretty little flower blooming on Leap Day 2004 along one of the Greenway trails in Oak Ridge. This Hepatica has leaves with rounded lobes instead o...

Round-lobed Hepatica Hepatica americana /Buttercup Family
I found this pretty little flower blooming on Leap Day 2004 along one of the Greenway trails in Oak Ridge. This Hepatica has leaves with rounded lobes instead of pointed lobes. Perennial Where seen:Oak Ridge Greenways, University of Tennessee Arboretum, Great Smoky Mountains NP
2683
11 <strong>Round-lobed Hepatica;</strong> Close-up<br>
These plants are in the Buttercup Family. One trait all flowers in this family share is the large numbers of stamens and pistils. I photographed these at Haw Ridge in Oak Ridge on March 10, 2005.

Round-lobed Hepatica; Close-up
These plants are in the Buttercup Family. One trait all flowers in this family share is the large numbers of stamens and pistils. I photographed these at Haw Ridge in Oak Ridge on March 10, 2005.

Round-lobed Hepatica; Close-up
These plants are in the Buttercup Family. One trait all flowers in this family share is the large numbers of stamens and pistils. I photographed these at Haw Ridge in Oak Ridge on March 10, 2005.
2826
12 <strong>Dwarf Larkspur</strong> 
<em>Delphinium tricorne</em> /Buttercup Family
April 14, 2005<br>
These flowers are unusual in that they are a very dark blue, not a common color for a springtime woodland flower. I took this picture on the Wildflowe...

Dwarf Larkspur Delphinium tricorne /Buttercup Family April 14, 2005
These flowers are unusual in that they are a very dark blue, not a common color for a springtime woodland flower. I took this picture on the Wildflowe...

Dwarf Larkspur Delphinium tricorne /Buttercup Family April 14, 2005
These flowers are unusual in that they are a very dark blue, not a common color for a springtime woodland flower. I took this picture on the Wildflower Greenways Trail in Oak Ridge in mid-April. All Larkspurs are poisonous to animals and humans, they contain the toxins alkaloids delphinine and ajacine. Perennial Where seen:Oak Ridge Greenways, Haw Ridge Greenway, Great Smoky Mountains NP, Warrior's Path SP, Ijams Nature Center
4659
13 <strong>Dwarf Larkspur</strong> close-up

Dwarf Larkspur close-up

Dwarf Larkspur close-up 2200
14 <strong>Dwarf Crested Iris</strong> 
<em>Iris cristata</em> /Iris Family
April 17, 2005<br>
Frozen Head State Park is famous for its stands of these pretty blue flowers. The cultivated Iris is Tennessee's State Flower. This small iris spreads by rhi...

Dwarf Crested Iris Iris cristata /Iris Family April 17, 2005
Frozen Head State Park is famous for its stands of these pretty blue flowers. The cultivated Iris is Tennessee's State Flower. This small iris spreads by rhi...

Dwarf Crested Iris Iris cristata /Iris Family April 17, 2005
Frozen Head State Park is famous for its stands of these pretty blue flowers. The cultivated Iris is Tennessee's State Flower. This small iris spreads by rhizomes on the surface of the ground. These rhizomes contain irisin, iridin, or irisine and are poisonous to swine and cattle. Humans are also poisoned by these plants if eaten. Perennial Where seen:Frozen Head SP, Great Smoky Mountains NP, University of Tennessee Arboretum, Norris Dam SP, Haw Ridge
3934
15 <strong>Vernal Iris</strong> 
<em>Iris verna</em> /Iris Family
May 1, 2005<br>
The sword-like leaves of this pretty little iris caught my attention as we hiked along the Byrd Trail at Cumberland Mountain State Park. The flower has wider petals than ...

Vernal Iris Iris verna /Iris Family May 1, 2005
The sword-like leaves of this pretty little iris caught my attention as we hiked along the Byrd Trail at Cumberland Mountain State Park. The flower has wider petals than ...

Vernal Iris Iris verna /Iris Family May 1, 2005
The sword-like leaves of this pretty little iris caught my attention as we hiked along the Byrd Trail at Cumberland Mountain State Park. The flower has wider petals than the Crested Iris. Perennial Where seen: Cumberland Mountain SP, Fall Creek Falls SP
3352
16 <strong>Blue Phlox</strong>
<em>Phlox divaricata</em> /Phlox Family<br>
This is a very common spring wildflower. Norris Dam State Park has many of these plants along the Bluff Trail.
Perennial 
<u>Where seen:</u>Oak Ridge Greenways, Norris Dam SP, ...

Blue Phlox Phlox divaricata /Phlox Family
This is a very common spring wildflower. Norris Dam State Park has many of these plants along the Bluff Trail. Perennial Where seen:Oak Ridge Greenways, Norris Dam SP, ...

Blue Phlox Phlox divaricata /Phlox Family
This is a very common spring wildflower. Norris Dam State Park has many of these plants along the Bluff Trail. Perennial Where seen:Oak Ridge Greenways, Norris Dam SP, Great Smoky Mountains NP, Haw Ridge Greenway, Ijams Nature Center
3834
17 <strong>Creeping Phlox</strong>
<em>Phlox stolonifera</em> /Phlox Family
April 15, 2005<br>
This Phlox spreads by above-ground runners called "stolons". The plants can form large mats which are quite colorful when they are in bloom. The petals are m...

Creeping Phlox Phlox stolonifera /Phlox Family April 15, 2005
This Phlox spreads by above-ground runners called "stolons". The plants can form large mats which are quite colorful when they are in bloom. The petals are m...

Creeping Phlox Phlox stolonifera /Phlox Family April 15, 2005
This Phlox spreads by above-ground runners called "stolons". The plants can form large mats which are quite colorful when they are in bloom. The petals are more round than the blue phlox. I found these blooming along the Schoolhouse Gap trail in the Smokies in late April. Some of the flowers were a light mauve color. Perennial Where seen:Great Smokies NP, Frozen Head SP, Great Smoky Mountains NP
3085
18 <strong>Greek Valerian; Jacob's Ladder</strong>
<em>Polemonium reptans</em> /Phlox Family<br>
This plant was growing among Blue Phlox on the Haw Ridge Trail in Oak Ridge and I nearly missed it! There is another similar plant, also called "Jacob's Lad...

Greek Valerian; Jacob's Ladder Polemonium reptans /Phlox Family
This plant was growing among Blue Phlox on the Haw Ridge Trail in Oak Ridge and I nearly missed it! There is another similar plant, also called "Jacob's Lad...

Greek Valerian; Jacob's Ladder Polemonium reptans /Phlox Family
This plant was growing among Blue Phlox on the Haw Ridge Trail in Oak Ridge and I nearly missed it! There is another similar plant, also called "Jacob's Ladder" (P. van-bruntiae), it has protruding stamens with reddish anthers. This is why I always add the scientific names! Perennial Where seen: Haw Ridge Greenway, Great Smoky Mountains NP, Warriors' Path SP, Ijams Nature Center
3445
19 <strong>Miami Mist (close up)</strong>
<em>Phacelia purshii</em> /Waterleaf Family
April 22, 2005<br>
If you find this lovely little flower in the forest during April and early May be sure to look at the delicately fringed edges of the petals. This ...

Miami Mist (close up) Phacelia purshii /Waterleaf Family April 22, 2005
If you find this lovely little flower in the forest during April and early May be sure to look at the delicately fringed edges of the petals. This ...

Miami Mist (close up) Phacelia purshii /Waterleaf Family April 22, 2005
If you find this lovely little flower in the forest during April and early May be sure to look at the delicately fringed edges of the petals. This is very common in the Smokies, especially near the Metcalf Bottoms Picnic Area and Cades Cove. Annual Where seen:Great Smoky Mountains NP, Oak Ridge
2538
20 <strong>Purple Phacelia</strong>
<em>Phacelia bipinnatifida</em> /Waterleaf Family
March 27, 2005<br>
This pretty purple flower with the mottled leaves is quite common in many spring woodlands. The flowers have orange anthers. 
Biennial 
<u>Where ...

Purple Phacelia Phacelia bipinnatifida /Waterleaf Family March 27, 2005
This pretty purple flower with the mottled leaves is quite common in many spring woodlands. The flowers have orange anthers. Biennial Where ...

Purple Phacelia Phacelia bipinnatifida /Waterleaf Family March 27, 2005
This pretty purple flower with the mottled leaves is quite common in many spring woodlands. The flowers have orange anthers. Biennial Where seen:Oak Ridge Greenways, Norris Dam State Park, Piney River SNA
3392
21 <strong>Lyre-leaf Sage</strong>
<em>Salvia lyrata</em> /Mint Family
April 22, 2005<br>
This plant is also found in the open on the edges of woods. I found this one blooming in Oak Ridge. It often forms large patches. Look for the larger basal leaves...

Lyre-leaf Sage Salvia lyrata /Mint Family April 22, 2005
This plant is also found in the open on the edges of woods. I found this one blooming in Oak Ridge. It often forms large patches. Look for the larger basal leaves...

Lyre-leaf Sage Salvia lyrata /Mint Family April 22, 2005
This plant is also found in the open on the edges of woods. I found this one blooming in Oak Ridge. It often forms large patches. Look for the larger basal leaves that lay flat on the ground. In winter the basal leaves are often a maroon hue. Like other mints, this plant has a square stem; it has no minty smell though. Perennial Where seen:Frozen Head SP, Great Smoky Mountains NP, Oak Ridge Greenways, Warrior's Path SP
2917
22 <strong>Veined Skullcap</strong> 
<em>Scutellaria nervosa</em> /Mint Family<br>
These little paired flowers have tiny purple dots on the lip. I found these blooming along a trail at the Haw Ridge Greenway in Oak Ridge.
Perennial 
<u>Where seen</u>:...

Veined Skullcap Scutellaria nervosa /Mint Family
These little paired flowers have tiny purple dots on the lip. I found these blooming along a trail at the Haw Ridge Greenway in Oak Ridge. Perennial Where seen:...

Veined Skullcap Scutellaria nervosa /Mint Family
These little paired flowers have tiny purple dots on the lip. I found these blooming along a trail at the Haw Ridge Greenway in Oak Ridge. Perennial Where seen:Haw Ridge Greenway
2674
23 <strong>Brook Speedwell</strong>
<em>Veronica scutellata</em> /Snapdragon Family
<span style="color: blue;">Aquatic</span> 
<span style="color:purple;">Rare - Endangered in TN</span><br>
As the name implies, this tiny-flowered, pale blue Speedwell ...

Brook Speedwell Veronica scutellata /Snapdragon Family Aquatic Rare - Endangered in TN
As the name implies, this tiny-flowered, pale blue Speedwell ...

Brook Speedwell Veronica scutellata /Snapdragon Family Aquatic Rare - Endangered in TN
As the name implies, this tiny-flowered, pale blue Speedwell lives on streambanks. This one was blooming in a drainage ditch along the Oak Ridge Turnpike. I have to take pictures in some strange places sometimes! Annual? Where seen:University of Tennessee Arboretum; Oak Ridge
2325
24 <strong>Blue-eyed Mary</strong>
<em>Collinsia verna</em> / Snapdragon Family
Oak Ridge, TN (University of Tennessee Arboretum)
May 3, 2009

This is a plant that I have wanted to see for many years! I was excited to see it had been planted at the A...

Blue-eyed Mary Collinsia verna / Snapdragon Family Oak Ridge, TN (University of Tennessee Arboretum) May 3, 2009 This is a plant that I have wanted to see for many years! I was excited to see it had been planted at the A...

Blue-eyed Mary Collinsia verna / Snapdragon Family Oak Ridge, TN (University of Tennessee Arboretum) May 3, 2009 This is a plant that I have wanted to see for many years! I was excited to see it had been planted at the Arboretum. 1901
25 <strong>Virginia Spiderwort</strong> 
<em>Tradescantia virginiana</em> /Spiderwort Family<br>
I found these pretty blue flowers blooming at the University of Tennessee Arboretum in April.
Perennial 
<u>Where seen:</u>University of Tennessee Arboret...

Virginia Spiderwort Tradescantia virginiana /Spiderwort Family
I found these pretty blue flowers blooming at the University of Tennessee Arboretum in April. Perennial Where seen:University of Tennessee Arboret...

Virginia Spiderwort Tradescantia virginiana /Spiderwort Family
I found these pretty blue flowers blooming at the University of Tennessee Arboretum in April. Perennial Where seen:University of Tennessee Arboretum, Big South Fork NRRA
2339
26 <strong>Long-spurred Violet</strong> 
<em>Viola rostrata</em> /Violet Family
April 10, 2005<br>
Look for the elongated, nectar-containing spur on the back of the flowers. Other violets have rounded, shorter spurs. Frozen Head State Park has not only...

Long-spurred Violet Viola rostrata /Violet Family April 10, 2005
Look for the elongated, nectar-containing spur on the back of the flowers. Other violets have rounded, shorter spurs. Frozen Head State Park has not only...

Long-spurred Violet Viola rostrata /Violet Family April 10, 2005
Look for the elongated, nectar-containing spur on the back of the flowers. Other violets have rounded, shorter spurs. Frozen Head State Park has not only these violets, but several other species throughout the spring. Perennial Where seen:Frozen Head SP, Great Smoky Mountains NP, Warriors' Path SP
2989
27 <strong>Marsh Blue Violet</strong>
<span style="color: blue;">Aquatic</span> 
<em>Viola cucullata</em> /Violet Family<br>
As the name implies, these violets like damp environments. This one was blooming on the Northridge Greenway Trail in Oak Ridge ...

Marsh Blue Violet Aquatic Viola cucullata /Violet Family
As the name implies, these violets like damp environments. This one was blooming on the Northridge Greenway Trail in Oak Ridge ...

Marsh Blue Violet Aquatic Viola cucullata /Violet Family
As the name implies, these violets like damp environments. This one was blooming on the Northridge Greenway Trail in Oak Ridge in April. Perennial Where seen:Oak Ridge Greenways, Great Smoky Mountains NP, Warriors' Path SP
2942
28 <strong>Common Blue Violet</strong> 
<em>Viola sororia</em> /Violet Family<br>
These violets have not only the colorful, easily seen flowers, but also "cleistogamous" --- closed, self-pollinating ---  flowers that grow near the ground. The seed pods ...

Common Blue Violet Viola sororia /Violet Family
These violets have not only the colorful, easily seen flowers, but also "cleistogamous" --- closed, self-pollinating --- flowers that grow near the ground. The seed pods ...

Common Blue Violet Viola sororia /Violet Family
These violets have not only the colorful, easily seen flowers, but also "cleistogamous" --- closed, self-pollinating --- flowers that grow near the ground. The seed pods of these flowers later mature, split open and throw their seeds. These were blooming in the woods in Oak Ridge. Perennial Where seen:Oak Ridge Greenways, Great Smoky Mountains NP, Haw Ridge, Ijams Nature Center, widespread
4826
29 <strong>Dog Violet</strong>
<em>Viola conspersa</em> /Violet Family
April 6, 2006<br>
I found this light blue violet blooming along the river in the Cherokee National Forest. It is a "stemmed violet" and has small leaves.
<u>Where seen:</u>Tellico ...

Dog Violet Viola conspersa /Violet Family April 6, 2006
I found this light blue violet blooming along the river in the Cherokee National Forest. It is a "stemmed violet" and has small leaves. Where seen:Tellico ...

Dog Violet Viola conspersa /Violet Family April 6, 2006
I found this light blue violet blooming along the river in the Cherokee National Forest. It is a "stemmed violet" and has small leaves. Where seen:Tellico Plains
2464
30 <strong>Wood Violet</strong> 
<em>Viola palmata</em> /Violet Family
April 24, 2005<br>
These blue violets have unusually patterned leaves. I found these at Piney River State Natural Area.
Perennial 
<u>Where seen:</u>Oak Ridge Greenways, Piney Riv...

Wood Violet Viola palmata /Violet Family April 24, 2005
These blue violets have unusually patterned leaves. I found these at Piney River State Natural Area. Perennial Where seen:Oak Ridge Greenways, Piney Riv...

Wood Violet Viola palmata /Violet Family April 24, 2005
These blue violets have unusually patterned leaves. I found these at Piney River State Natural Area. Perennial Where seen:Oak Ridge Greenways, Piney River SNA, Haw Ridge, Formerly known as: Viola triloba
3212
31 <strong>Wild Comfrey</strong>  
<em>Cynoglossum virginianum</em> /Forget-Me-Not Family<br>
The leaves of this plant are large and quite fuzzy, very similar to the related (maroon-flowered) "Hounds Tongue." The large, round, flat seeds are hooked and ...

Wild Comfrey Cynoglossum virginianum /Forget-Me-Not Family
The leaves of this plant are large and quite fuzzy, very similar to the related (maroon-flowered) "Hounds Tongue." The large, round, flat seeds are hooked and ...

Wild Comfrey Cynoglossum virginianum /Forget-Me-Not Family
The leaves of this plant are large and quite fuzzy, very similar to the related (maroon-flowered) "Hounds Tongue." The large, round, flat seeds are hooked and can often be found on hikers' socks in the fall. A close look at the flower lets you know it is in the Forget-Me-Not Family. The flowers are usually a light blue, but they can be white. There were lots of these plants blooming at Norris Dam State Park on Mother's Day. Perennial Where seen:Norris Dam SP, University of Tennessee Arboretum, Haw Ridge Greenway, Great Smoky Mountains NP, Warriors' Path SP
4735
32 <strong>Virginia Bluebell</strong>
<em>Mertensia virginica</em> /Forget-Me-Not Family
April 12, 2005<br>
These lovely flowers have pink buds and blue flowers. One of my neighbors had these growing in their yard.
Perennial 
<u>Where seen:</u>Oak Ri...

Virginia Bluebell Mertensia virginica /Forget-Me-Not Family April 12, 2005
These lovely flowers have pink buds and blue flowers. One of my neighbors had these growing in their yard. Perennial Where seen:Oak Ri...

Virginia Bluebell Mertensia virginica /Forget-Me-Not Family April 12, 2005
These lovely flowers have pink buds and blue flowers. One of my neighbors had these growing in their yard. Perennial Where seen:Oak Ridge, Great Smoky Mountains NP, Ijams Nature Center
3900
33 <strong>Greater Periwinkle</strong>  
<em>Vinca major*</em>
May 6, 2006<br>
This plant often grows on old homesites. I found this one blooming along one of the greenways in Oak Ridge. It can be just as invasive as its relative, Periwinkle. 
Perennial

Greater Periwinkle Vinca major* May 6, 2006
This plant often grows on old homesites. I found this one blooming along one of the greenways in Oak Ridge. It can be just as invasive as its relative, Periwinkle. Perennial

Greater Periwinkle Vinca major* May 6, 2006
This plant often grows on old homesites. I found this one blooming along one of the greenways in Oak Ridge. It can be just as invasive as its relative, Periwinkle. Perennial
2696
34 <strong>Jack-in-the-Pulpit</strong> 
<em>Arisaema triphyllum</em> /Arum Family<br>
Flowers are either male or female; plants can change "gender" from one year to the next, depending on the health of the plant (it requires more energy to produce fruit...

Jack-in-the-Pulpit Arisaema triphyllum /Arum Family
Flowers are either male or female; plants can change "gender" from one year to the next, depending on the health of the plant (it requires more energy to produce fruit...

Jack-in-the-Pulpit Arisaema triphyllum /Arum Family
Flowers are either male or female; plants can change "gender" from one year to the next, depending on the health of the plant (it requires more energy to produce fruits than pollen). Female plants usually have 2 leaves, males 1 leaf. "Black Jacks" have dark maroon stripes on the pulpit (spathe) and on "Jack" (spadix). These are common in the Smokies in April. These plants are sometimes called "Indian Turnip" because the roots were once eaten by the Native Americans. This is not recommended though, the roots contain large amounts of oxalic acid crystals which can make the tongue swell severely. The roots had to be boiled again and again to remove the chemical. Perennial Where seen:Great Smoky Mountains NP, Frozen Head SP, Piney River Trail, Oak Ridge Greenways, Haw Ridge Greenway, Warriors' Path SP, Cumberland Trail, Ijams Nature Center
4087
35 <strong>Jack-in-the-Pulpit; opened to show pistillate (female) flowers</strong><br>
If you open the bottom of the spathe (pulpit) you'll see the round green pistillate flowers on the spadix which, if pollinated, will become the berries in the autumn. ...

Jack-in-the-Pulpit; opened to show pistillate (female) flowers
If you open the bottom of the spathe (pulpit) you'll see the round green pistillate flowers on the spadix which, if pollinated, will become the berries in the autumn. ...

Jack-in-the-Pulpit; opened to show pistillate (female) flowers
If you open the bottom of the spathe (pulpit) you'll see the round green pistillate flowers on the spadix which, if pollinated, will become the berries in the autumn. Perhaps this should be called a "Jill"-in-the-Pulpit!
1519
36 <strong>Jack-in-the-Pulpit; opened to show staminate (male) flowers</strong><br>
These are the pollen-producing flowers at the base of the spadix. The flower dies after producing the pollen (males are expendible in the floral world!), no berries for t...

Jack-in-the-Pulpit; opened to show staminate (male) flowers
These are the pollen-producing flowers at the base of the spadix. The flower dies after producing the pollen (males are expendible in the floral world!), no berries for t...

Jack-in-the-Pulpit; opened to show staminate (male) flowers
These are the pollen-producing flowers at the base of the spadix. The flower dies after producing the pollen (males are expendible in the floral world!), no berries for this guy. The insect on the left of the flower is a flower fly, not a bee.
1471
37 <strong>Green Dragon</strong> 
<em>Arisaema dracontium</em> /Arum Family
Height: 8" to 40"
May 18, 2005<br>
This was one of those lucky accidental finds! I was photographing Veined Skullcap on one side of the trail, I turned around and saw the leav...

Green Dragon Arisaema dracontium /Arum Family Height: 8" to 40" May 18, 2005
This was one of those lucky accidental finds! I was photographing Veined Skullcap on one side of the trail, I turned around and saw the leav...

Green Dragon Arisaema dracontium /Arum Family Height: 8" to 40" May 18, 2005
This was one of those lucky accidental finds! I was photographing Veined Skullcap on one side of the trail, I turned around and saw the leaves of this plant. The flower is very unusual and hard to see since it is green (and VERY difficult to photograph, I might add!). If I had not noticed the leaves I would have never seen this flower. Like its' close relative, the Jack-in-the-Pulpit, the flower has an inner spathe and the greatly elongated spadix which contains the flowers. Perennial Where seen: Haw Ridge and Northridge greenways
2844
38 <strong>Green Dragon</strong>  close-up of flower

Green Dragon close-up of flower

Green Dragon close-up of flower 1312
39 <strong>Carrionflower - male and female plants</strong>
<em>Smilax ecirrata</em> /Greenbrier Family<br>
The fairly inconspicuous green flowers of this plant will get your attention very quickly if you are down-wind of them! They live up to their name...

Carrionflower - male and female plants Smilax ecirrata /Greenbrier Family
The fairly inconspicuous green flowers of this plant will get your attention very quickly if you are down-wind of them! They live up to their name...

Carrionflower - male and female plants Smilax ecirrata /Greenbrier Family
The fairly inconspicuous green flowers of this plant will get your attention very quickly if you are down-wind of them! They live up to their name, smelling like a dead animal! Carrion Flower is a dioecious plant in the Greenbrier Family. This picture shows the male plant on the left with the stamens and the female flowers on the right with the pistils. I found these growing on a trail at Haw Ridge, one of the Greenways trails in Oak Ridge. Close-up pictures follow. Perennial Where seen:Great Smoky Mountains NP, Haw Ridge Greenways
3328
40 <strong>Carrionflower - female flowers</strong>
Note the three-parted pistils on the flowers. A quick sniff of the female flowers will prove that they are just as potent as the male flowers, there's no difference of odor in the "fairer sex!" :)

Carrionflower - female flowers Note the three-parted pistils on the flowers. A quick sniff of the female flowers will prove that they are just as potent as the male flowers, there's no difference of odor in the "fairer sex!" :)

Carrionflower - female flowers Note the three-parted pistils on the flowers. A quick sniff of the female flowers will prove that they are just as potent as the male flowers, there's no difference of odor in the "fairer sex!" :) 1163
41 Carrionflower male plant

Carrionflower male plant

Carrionflower male plant 1142
42 <strong>Carrion Flower Vine</strong> (female)
<em>Smilax herbacea</em> /Greenbriar Family
May 18, 2005<br>
The Carrion Flower Vine smells like a dead animal, just like the Carrion Flower. The difference between the two plants is that this one is a c...

Carrion Flower Vine (female) Smilax herbacea /Greenbriar Family May 18, 2005
The Carrion Flower Vine smells like a dead animal, just like the Carrion Flower. The difference between the two plants is that this one is a c...

Carrion Flower Vine (female) Smilax herbacea /Greenbriar Family May 18, 2005
The Carrion Flower Vine smells like a dead animal, just like the Carrion Flower. The difference between the two plants is that this one is a climbing vine, note the tendrils. Perennial - Vine Where seen: Haw Ridge greenway
2647
43 <strong>Common Greenbriar</strong>- female
<em>Smilax rotundifolia</em> /Greenbrier Family
April 22, 2005<br>
This woody vine has tendrils and sharp thorns. These flowers are female (pistillate). The vine is dioecious. 
Perennial - Vine
<u>Where s...

Common Greenbriar- female Smilax rotundifolia /Greenbrier Family April 22, 2005
This woody vine has tendrils and sharp thorns. These flowers are female (pistillate). The vine is dioecious. Perennial - Vine Where s...

Common Greenbriar- female Smilax rotundifolia /Greenbrier Family April 22, 2005
This woody vine has tendrils and sharp thorns. These flowers are female (pistillate). The vine is dioecious. Perennial - Vine Where seen:Oak Ridge Greenways, Piney River Pocket Wilderness, widespread
2224
44 <strong>Common Greenbriar</strong>- male
<em>Smilax rotundifolia</em> /Greenbrier Family
April 24, 2005<br>
These are the pollen-bearing flowers of this vine.
Perennial - Vine
<u>Where seen:</u>Oak Ridge Greenways, Piney River Pocket Wilderness, w...

Common Greenbriar- male Smilax rotundifolia /Greenbrier Family April 24, 2005
These are the pollen-bearing flowers of this vine. Perennial - Vine Where seen:Oak Ridge Greenways, Piney River Pocket Wilderness, w...

Common Greenbriar- male Smilax rotundifolia /Greenbrier Family April 24, 2005
These are the pollen-bearing flowers of this vine. Perennial - Vine Where seen:Oak Ridge Greenways, Piney River Pocket Wilderness, widespread
1132
45 <strong>Sedge</strong><br>

These plants look like grass, but they are in the Sedge Family. Sedges have triangular stems. Remember, "Sedges have edges."

Sedge
These plants look like grass, but they are in the Sedge Family. Sedges have triangular stems. Remember, "Sedges have edges."

Sedge
These plants look like grass, but they are in the Sedge Family. Sedges have triangular stems. Remember, "Sedges have edges."
1816
46 <strong>Cranefly Orchid leaves</strong> 
<em>Tipularia discolor</em> /Orchid<br>
These leaves are included in the "spring purple and green" section because at this time of year only the leaves are visible. The lower side of the leaf is a brilliant pu...

Cranefly Orchid leaves Tipularia discolor /Orchid
These leaves are included in the "spring purple and green" section because at this time of year only the leaves are visible. The lower side of the leaf is a brilliant pu...

Cranefly Orchid leaves Tipularia discolor /Orchid
These leaves are included in the "spring purple and green" section because at this time of year only the leaves are visible. The lower side of the leaf is a brilliant purple. The brown orchid flowers (see Summer: Woodland - Pink, Red, and Brown Flowers) resemble several craneflies on the stalk. The leaves are gone by the time the flowers appear in late summer. A close relative, Putty-root, has similar leaves, however the leaves are strongly ribbed with parallel white veins. These are common at Big South Fork in Campbell County. Perennial Where seen:Oak Ridge Greenways, Frozen Head SP, Big South Fork NRRA
2160
47 <strong>Tulip Poplar</strong> 
<em>Liriodendron tulipifera</em> /Magnolia Family<br>
The Tulip Poplar is the State Tree of Tennessee. Note the magnolia-like pistils and stamens in the flower. In the fall the hard center develops into seeds. The flowe...

Tulip Poplar Liriodendron tulipifera /Magnolia Family
The Tulip Poplar is the State Tree of Tennessee. Note the magnolia-like pistils and stamens in the flower. In the fall the hard center develops into seeds. The flowe...

Tulip Poplar Liriodendron tulipifera /Magnolia Family
The Tulip Poplar is the State Tree of Tennessee. Note the magnolia-like pistils and stamens in the flower. In the fall the hard center develops into seeds. The flowers, leaves and twigs are often found on the ground under the tree; for some reason squirrles nip the twigs off. I found this one at Piney River State Natural Area. Perennial - Tree Where seen:Oak Ridge Greenways, Great Smoky Mountains NP, Frozen Head SP, Piney River Trail, Big South Fork NRRA, Pickett SP, Warriors' Path SP
2726
48 <strong>Poison Ivy Flowers</strong> 
<span style="color:red;">Danger!</span>
<em>Toxicodendron radicans</em> /Cashew Family<br>
Learn how to identify this plant, it grows almost everywhere! All parts of the plant contain the rash-inducing oil, so it...

Poison Ivy Flowers Danger! Toxicodendron radicans /Cashew Family
Learn how to identify this plant, it grows almost everywhere! All parts of the plant contain the rash-inducing oil, so it...

Poison Ivy Flowers Danger! Toxicodendron radicans /Cashew Family
Learn how to identify this plant, it grows almost everywhere! All parts of the plant contain the rash-inducing oil, so it should be avoided. Remember the saying: "Leaves of 3, leave it be!" Many other plants have 3 leaflets too, so it is important to know the characteristics of Poison Ivy. The middle leaflet is on a long petiole (leaf stem), the 2 lower leaflets have very short petioles. The petioles (stems) of the lower leaflets are often a reddish color. The older vines are grayish-brown and hairy. Younger vines have smooth, light brown stems. In the fall the berries are a brownish-white. These were found in Oak Ridge. Perennial Where seen: Just about everywhere!
3649
49 <strong>Poison Ivy and Virginia Creeper</strong><br> 
These 2 vines are often confused by many people! Poison Ivy has "leaflets of 3," Virginia Creeper has 5 leaflets.

Poison Ivy and Virginia Creeper
These 2 vines are often confused by many people! Poison Ivy has "leaflets of 3," Virginia Creeper has 5 leaflets.

Poison Ivy and Virginia Creeper
These 2 vines are often confused by many people! Poison Ivy has "leaflets of 3," Virginia Creeper has 5 leaflets.
4787
50 <strong>Fragrant Sumac</strong>
<em>Rhus aromatica</em> /Cashew Family<br>
Looks can be deceiving, this is NOT, I repeat, NOT: 
(a.)Poison Oak  
(b.)Poison Ivy
(c.)Poison Sumac! 
In fact, it is not poisonous at all! It is related to all of the ab...

Fragrant Sumac Rhus aromatica /Cashew Family
Looks can be deceiving, this is NOT, I repeat, NOT: (a.)Poison Oak (b.)Poison Ivy (c.)Poison Sumac! In fact, it is not poisonous at all! It is related to all of the ab...

Fragrant Sumac Rhus aromatica /Cashew Family
Looks can be deceiving, this is NOT, I repeat, NOT: (a.)Poison Oak (b.)Poison Ivy (c.)Poison Sumac! In fact, it is not poisonous at all! It is related to all of the above, however it does not contain the poisonous oil, called urushiol, that causes the itchy rash in many people. Notice that the middle leaflet does not have the long, reddish petiole (stem) that Poison Ivy has. The flowers had already bloomed and were gone when I found this at Norris Dam State Park in mid-May. The hairy berries of Fragrant Sumac are bright red in the fall. Perennial - Shrub Where seen:Norris Dam SP, Great Smoky Mountains NP, Warriors' Path SP
3278
51 <strong>Chinese Yam</strong>
<span style="color: red;">(INN) Rank 1</span>
<em>Dioscorea batatas*</em><br>
The leaves look similar to morning glories, but  the plant is in the Yam family. This plant is a nasty weed that chokes out native plants, it ...

Chinese Yam (INN) Rank 1 Dioscorea batatas*
The leaves look similar to morning glories, but the plant is in the Yam family. This plant is a nasty weed that chokes out native plants, it ...

Chinese Yam (INN) Rank 1 Dioscorea batatas*
The leaves look similar to morning glories, but the plant is in the Yam family. This plant is a nasty weed that chokes out native plants, it is causing serious problems in the Smoky Mountains. I photographed these plants at the University of Tennessee Arboretum. The plant reproduces by small brown, potato-like tubers on the vine. Perennial Where seen:Oak Ridge Greenways, University of Tennessee Arboretum, Great Smoky Mountains NP
2519
52 <strong>Black Snakeroot</strong>
<em>Sanicula canadensis</em> /Parsley Family
Height: 1' to 4'<br>
These little green flowers are not very noticible or interesting. These plants can be very prolific where they grow. I found these on the Haw Ridge tr...

Black Snakeroot Sanicula canadensis /Parsley Family Height: 1' to 4'
These little green flowers are not very noticible or interesting. These plants can be very prolific where they grow. I found these on the Haw Ridge tr...

Black Snakeroot Sanicula canadensis /Parsley Family Height: 1' to 4'
These little green flowers are not very noticible or interesting. These plants can be very prolific where they grow. I found these on the Haw Ridge trail in late April. Some areas of the trail was thickly covered with them. Perennial Where seen:Frozen Head SP, Haw Ridge Greenway, University of Tennessee Arboretum, Great Smoky Mountains NP, Warriors' Path SP, Cumberland Trail
3022
53 <strong>Long-fruited Snakeroot</strong>
<em>Sanicula trifoliata</em> /Parsley Family
Height: 1'
May 23, 2005<br>
This plant closely resembles its relative the Black Snakeroot. The flowers bloom on short stalks on this plant. The leaves are made up ...

Long-fruited Snakeroot Sanicula trifoliata /Parsley Family Height: 1' May 23, 2005
This plant closely resembles its relative the Black Snakeroot. The flowers bloom on short stalks on this plant. The leaves are made up ...

Long-fruited Snakeroot Sanicula trifoliata /Parsley Family Height: 1' May 23, 2005
This plant closely resembles its relative the Black Snakeroot. The flowers bloom on short stalks on this plant. The leaves are made up of 3 leaflets, thus the species name, trifoliata.
1721
54 <strong>Oilnut; Buffalo Nut</strong>
<em>Pyrularia oleifera </em> /? Family<br>
April 17, 2005
According to this website, http://entweb.clemson.edu/caps/pestalrt/onpfir/onpfirs.htm , Oilnut is a semiparasitic shrub. The "haustoria" on the roots atta...

Oilnut; Buffalo Nut Pyrularia oleifera /? Family
April 17, 2005 According to this website, http://entweb.clemson.edu/caps/pestalrt/onpfir/onpfirs.htm , Oilnut is a semiparasitic shrub. The "haustoria" on the roots atta...

Oilnut; Buffalo Nut Pyrularia oleifera /? Family
April 17, 2005 According to this website, http://entweb.clemson.edu/caps/pestalrt/onpfir/onpfirs.htm , Oilnut is a semiparasitic shrub. The "haustoria" on the roots attach to other trees to take in nutrients. Later in the year "nuts", called drupes, will form. The early settlers used the oil from these nuts for lamp oil. Perennial - shrub Where seen: Frozen Head State Park
2241
55 <strong>Striped Maple</strong> 
<em>Acer pensylvanicum</em> /Maple Family
April 29, 2005<br>
This small tree grows in the Smokies and blooms in late April and early May. The light green flowers hang like pendants, usually below the large leaves. Mos...

Striped Maple Acer pensylvanicum /Maple Family April 29, 2005
This small tree grows in the Smokies and blooms in late April and early May. The light green flowers hang like pendants, usually below the large leaves. Mos...

Striped Maple Acer pensylvanicum /Maple Family April 29, 2005
This small tree grows in the Smokies and blooms in late April and early May. The light green flowers hang like pendants, usually below the large leaves. Most maple flowers don't have petals, so these are much more showy and pretty! I found this tree blooming along the Little River Trail while I was leading a hike for the Gatlinburg Wildflower Pilgrimage. Perennial - tree Where seen: Great Smoky Mountains, Fall Creek Falls SP
2454
56 <strong>Oriental Bittersweet</strong> (male)
<em>Celastris orbiculatus</em> 
<span style="color: red;">(INN) Rank 1</span>
May 18, 2005<br>
This woody vine is an ecological disaster, it smothers and kills trees and other plants. It has pretty orang...

Oriental Bittersweet (male) Celastris orbiculatus (INN) Rank 1 May 18, 2005
This woody vine is an ecological disaster, it smothers and kills trees and other plants. It has pretty orang...

Oriental Bittersweet (male) Celastris orbiculatus (INN) Rank 1 May 18, 2005
This woody vine is an ecological disaster, it smothers and kills trees and other plants. It has pretty orange berries with papery capsules in the fall. The berries are poisonous and can cause vomiting and diarrhea if eaten. Perennial - Vine Where seen: Haw Ridge Greenway, University of Tennessee Arboretum, widespread
2802

Adsense