Summer Flowers - Roadsides - White and Cream-colored

These flowers bloom between June and August.
Image Number Image (Click to Enlarge)CaptionImage Viewed
1 <strong>Ox-eye Daisy close-up</strong><br>
<em>Chrysanthemum leucanthemum*</em> /Aster Family<br>
Note the small yellow disc flowers in the middle. They bloom from the outside in with the male parts of the flower blooming first and the female parts l...

Ox-eye Daisy close-up
Chrysanthemum leucanthemum* /Aster Family
Note the small yellow disc flowers in the middle. They bloom from the outside in with the male parts of the flower blooming first and the female parts l...

Ox-eye Daisy close-up
Chrysanthemum leucanthemum* /Aster Family
Note the small yellow disc flowers in the middle. They bloom from the outside in with the male parts of the flower blooming first and the female parts last. I found these blooming in my yard in June. Daisies can bloom well into November. Perennial Where seen:Oak Ridge, widespread
2665
2 <strong>Mayweed; Dog Fennel</strong>
<em>Anthemis cotula*</em> /Aster Family<br>
These could be confused with dasies at first glance. The Mayweed plant and flowers are much smaller and the leaves are fern-like. The leaves have an unpleasant odor when...

Mayweed; Dog Fennel Anthemis cotula* /Aster Family
These could be confused with dasies at first glance. The Mayweed plant and flowers are much smaller and the leaves are fern-like. The leaves have an unpleasant odor when...

Mayweed; Dog Fennel Anthemis cotula* /Aster Family
These could be confused with dasies at first glance. The Mayweed plant and flowers are much smaller and the leaves are fern-like. The leaves have an unpleasant odor when crushed. Annual Where seen:Oak Ridge, widespread, Great Smoky Mountains NP
2775
3 <strong>Small-flower Galinsoga; Gallant Soldier; Smooth Peruvian Daisy; Lesser Quickweed</strong>
<em>Galinsoga parviflora</em>*
Cherohala Skyway, TN/NC border
August 20, 2006<br>
This is a common roadside wildflower. It was growing at over 5000 fe...

Small-flower Galinsoga; Gallant Soldier; Smooth Peruvian Daisy; Lesser Quickweed Galinsoga parviflora* Cherohala Skyway, TN/NC border August 20, 2006
This is a common roadside wildflower. It was growing at over 5000 fe...

Small-flower Galinsoga; Gallant Soldier; Smooth Peruvian Daisy; Lesser Quickweed Galinsoga parviflora* Cherohala Skyway, TN/NC border August 20, 2006
This is a common roadside wildflower. It was growing at over 5000 feet in elevation. It has some strange common names!
2127
4 <strong>Prairie Goldenrod</strong>
<em>Solidago ptarmigoides</em> /Aster Family<br>
I found this plant and many others like it growing in Oak Ridge. How a white, aster-like flower got called a "goldenrod" is beyond me! 
Perennial 
<u>Where seen</u>...

Prairie Goldenrod Solidago ptarmigoides /Aster Family
I found this plant and many others like it growing in Oak Ridge. How a white, aster-like flower got called a "goldenrod" is beyond me! Perennial Where seen...

Prairie Goldenrod Solidago ptarmigoides /Aster Family
I found this plant and many others like it growing in Oak Ridge. How a white, aster-like flower got called a "goldenrod" is beyond me! Perennial Where seen:Oak Ridge in Jefferson Middle School Cedar Barrens
2478
5 <strong>Tall Flat-topped White Aster</strong>
<em>Doellingeria umbellata</em> /Aster Family<br>
There are LOTS of white asters in Tennessee, some can be difficult to identify; this one was fairly easy. I found it blooming on the East Overlook road at...

Tall Flat-topped White Aster Doellingeria umbellata /Aster Family
There are LOTS of white asters in Tennessee, some can be difficult to identify; this one was fairly easy. I found it blooming on the East Overlook road at...

Tall Flat-topped White Aster Doellingeria umbellata /Aster Family
There are LOTS of white asters in Tennessee, some can be difficult to identify; this one was fairly easy. I found it blooming on the East Overlook road at Big South Fork National River and Recreation Area in mid-August. Perennial Where seen: Big South Fork NRRA Big South Fork NRRA {Formerly known as Aster umbellatus}
2373
6 <strong>Narrow-leaf White-topped Aster</strong>
<em>Sericocarpus linifolius</em> /Aster Family<br>
I found this plant growing near Piney Falls parking area in Rhea County in August. 
{formerly known as <em>Aster solidagineus</em>}
Perennial 
<u>Wh...

Narrow-leaf White-topped Aster Sericocarpus linifolius /Aster Family
I found this plant growing near Piney Falls parking area in Rhea County in August. {formerly known as Aster solidagineus} Perennial Wh...

Narrow-leaf White-topped Aster Sericocarpus linifolius /Aster Family
I found this plant growing near Piney Falls parking area in Rhea County in August. {formerly known as Aster solidagineus} Perennial Where seen: Piney Falls SNA
1681
7 <strong>Pale Indian Plantain</strong>
<em>Cacalia atriplicifolia</em> /Aster Family<br>
Many of the white summer composites are unusual; these flowers do not have ray flowers (petals). I found these flowers blooming at Piney Falls State Natural Area ...

Pale Indian Plantain Cacalia atriplicifolia /Aster Family
Many of the white summer composites are unusual; these flowers do not have ray flowers (petals). I found these flowers blooming at Piney Falls State Natural Area ...

Pale Indian Plantain Cacalia atriplicifolia /Aster Family
Many of the white summer composites are unusual; these flowers do not have ray flowers (petals). I found these flowers blooming at Piney Falls State Natural Area in Grandview in mid-July. They can also be found blooming in openings in woods. Perennial Where seen: Oak Ridge, Piney Falls SNA, Cherokee NF, Great Smoky Mountains NP, Warrior's Path SP
2403
8 <strong>Indian Plantain</strong> Close-up

Indian Plantain Close-up

Indian Plantain Close-up 1192
9 <strong>Wild Quinine</strong>
<em>Parthenium integrifolium</em> /Aster Family<br>
These are not the most attractive of the wildflowers, but they are an interesting type of composite. Note the metallic green bee on the flowers in the center of the clu...

Wild Quinine Parthenium integrifolium /Aster Family
These are not the most attractive of the wildflowers, but they are an interesting type of composite. Note the metallic green bee on the flowers in the center of the clu...

Wild Quinine Parthenium integrifolium /Aster Family
These are not the most attractive of the wildflowers, but they are an interesting type of composite. Note the metallic green bee on the flowers in the center of the cluster. Perennial Where seen: Oak Ridge, Piney Falls SNA, Great Smoky Mountains NP
2932
10 <strong>Wild Quinine</strong>
close-up

Wild Quinine close-up

Wild Quinine close-up 1700
11 <strong>Round-leaved Thoroughwort</strong>
<em>Eupatorium rotundifolium</em> /Aster Family<br>
The tiny flowers of the Thoroughworts and Bonesets add a sprinkling of white to the late summer fields and roadsides.
Perennial 
<u>Where seen</u>: Oak R...

Round-leaved Thoroughwort Eupatorium rotundifolium /Aster Family
The tiny flowers of the Thoroughworts and Bonesets add a sprinkling of white to the late summer fields and roadsides. Perennial Where seen: Oak R...

Round-leaved Thoroughwort Eupatorium rotundifolium /Aster Family
The tiny flowers of the Thoroughworts and Bonesets add a sprinkling of white to the late summer fields and roadsides. Perennial Where seen: Oak Ridge Greenways, Great Smoky Mountains NP
3798
12 <strong>Boneset</strong>
<em>Eupatorium perfolatium</em> /Aster Family<br>
I liked the pretty wasp pollinating the flowers of this Boneset plant.
Perennial 
<u>Where seen</u>: Oak Ridge Greenways, Great Smoky Mountains NP, Warriors' Path SP

Boneset Eupatorium perfolatium /Aster Family
I liked the pretty wasp pollinating the flowers of this Boneset plant. Perennial Where seen: Oak Ridge Greenways, Great Smoky Mountains NP, Warriors' Path SP

Boneset Eupatorium perfolatium /Aster Family
I liked the pretty wasp pollinating the flowers of this Boneset plant. Perennial Where seen: Oak Ridge Greenways, Great Smoky Mountains NP, Warriors' Path SP
2945
13 <strong>Hyssop-leaved Boneset; Hyssop-leaf Thoroughwort</strong>
<em>Eupatorium hyssopifolium</em> /Aster Family<br>
Bonesets were once used in folk medicine  for setting broken bones, thus the common name. 
Perennial 
<u>Where seen</u>: Oak Ridge ...

Hyssop-leaved Boneset; Hyssop-leaf Thoroughwort Eupatorium hyssopifolium /Aster Family
Bonesets were once used in folk medicine for setting broken bones, thus the common name. Perennial Where seen: Oak Ridge ...

Hyssop-leaved Boneset; Hyssop-leaf Thoroughwort Eupatorium hyssopifolium /Aster Family
Bonesets were once used in folk medicine for setting broken bones, thus the common name. Perennial Where seen: Oak Ridge Greenways, Great Smoky Mountains NP, Warriors' Path SP
2634
14 <strong>Upland Boneset</strong>
<em>Eupatorium altissimum</em> /Aster Family<br>
Note the bright green spider eating her prey (possibly her mate?!) below the flowers on the right side of the plant.
Perennial 
<u>Where seen</u>: Oak Ridge Greenways

Upland Boneset Eupatorium altissimum /Aster Family
Note the bright green spider eating her prey (possibly her mate?!) below the flowers on the right side of the plant. Perennial Where seen: Oak Ridge Greenways

Upland Boneset Eupatorium altissimum /Aster Family
Note the bright green spider eating her prey (possibly her mate?!) below the flowers on the right side of the plant. Perennial Where seen: Oak Ridge Greenways
3063
15 <strong>Horseweed - close-up of flowers</strong>
<em>Erigeron canadensis</em> /Aster Family<br>
This is a very common, late summer bloomer. The flowers are tiny clusters of even smaller composite flowers.
Annual
<u>Where seen</u>: Oak Ridge, Warrio...

Horseweed - close-up of flowers Erigeron canadensis /Aster Family
This is a very common, late summer bloomer. The flowers are tiny clusters of even smaller composite flowers. Annual Where seen: Oak Ridge, Warrio...

Horseweed - close-up of flowers Erigeron canadensis /Aster Family
This is a very common, late summer bloomer. The flowers are tiny clusters of even smaller composite flowers. Annual Where seen: Oak Ridge, Warriors' Path SP, widespread
1480
16 <strong>Horseweed - whole plant</strong>
<em>Erigeron canadensis</em> /Aster Family<br>
This plant can grow to up to 7 feet in height, it is a very common roadside weed found blooming in August.

Horseweed - whole plant Erigeron canadensis /Aster Family
This plant can grow to up to 7 feet in height, it is a very common roadside weed found blooming in August.

Horseweed - whole plant Erigeron canadensis /Aster Family
This plant can grow to up to 7 feet in height, it is a very common roadside weed found blooming in August.
2214
17 <strong>Canada Milk Vetch </strong>
<em>Astragalus canadensis</em> /Pea Family
Height: 2' to 5'
August 12, 2005<br>
My poor husband heard me yell, "Stop, stop, stop!" when I saw this plant as we lumbered up a gravel mountain road. My  "wildflower r...

Canada Milk Vetch Astragalus canadensis /Pea Family Height: 2' to 5' August 12, 2005
My poor husband heard me yell, "Stop, stop, stop!" when I saw this plant as we lumbered up a gravel mountain road. My "wildflower r...

Canada Milk Vetch Astragalus canadensis /Pea Family Height: 2' to 5' August 12, 2005
My poor husband heard me yell, "Stop, stop, stop!" when I saw this plant as we lumbered up a gravel mountain road. My "wildflower radar" was going full blast as we went along this road since it was new territory. I wasn't immediately sure what it was, but I knew it was something new for me (chalk up another one for the life-list!). I knew it was a Vetch due to its' flower shape, but I didn't know it was of the Canadian variety until I looked it up in my wildflower book. It can be very difficult to photograph flowers along a roadcut, especially a steep one in the mountains. This plant was quite a challenge to photograph while I struggled to keep my balance! To make matters worse, the tendrils of the vetch were attached to the small sassafras tree that I was holding to keep from falling down the road bank. If I moved, the plant moved and messed up my photo! Plants in the Astragalus species are highly poisonous to cattle, horses, and sheep, they contain selenium, nitro compounds, swainsonine. Perennial Where seen: TN/NC border
1957
18 <strong>Everlasting Pea; Sweet Pea</strong>
<em>Lathyrus latifolius*</em> /Pea Family<br>
This plant usually has pink flowers, this was found growing along a roadside in Oak Ridge, TN. (No "radioactive jokes", please!) 
Perennial 
<u>Where seen</u>...

Everlasting Pea; Sweet Pea Lathyrus latifolius* /Pea Family
This plant usually has pink flowers, this was found growing along a roadside in Oak Ridge, TN. (No "radioactive jokes", please!) Perennial Where seen...

Everlasting Pea; Sweet Pea Lathyrus latifolius* /Pea Family
This plant usually has pink flowers, this was found growing along a roadside in Oak Ridge, TN. (No "radioactive jokes", please!) Perennial Where seen: Oak Ridge, widespread
1585
19 <strong>Sweet White Clover</strong>
<em>Melilotus alba*</em> /Pea Family<br>
Like its yellow relative, bees, rabbits, and deer love this plant. Fermented leaves of this plant can cause serious illness or death in livestock that may eat it. A chemical...

Sweet White Clover Melilotus alba* /Pea Family
Like its yellow relative, bees, rabbits, and deer love this plant. Fermented leaves of this plant can cause serious illness or death in livestock that may eat it. A chemical...

Sweet White Clover Melilotus alba* /Pea Family
Like its yellow relative, bees, rabbits, and deer love this plant. Fermented leaves of this plant can cause serious illness or death in livestock that may eat it. A chemical called "coumarin" becomes "dicoumarol," an anticoagulant, when fermented. Coumarin is the poison that is found in rat poison. When the affected rat squeezes through a small opening, capillaries and small blood vessels break and the rat bleeds to death. Biennial Where seen: Oak Ridge, widespread
1473
20 <strong>Sericea Lespedeza</strong>
<em>Lespedeza cuneata*</em> /Pea Family
<span style="color: red;">(INN) Rank 1</span><br>
This non-native bush clover is a very common roadside plant. It is a favorite of deer and rabbits. Bees are often seen visit...

Sericea Lespedeza Lespedeza cuneata* /Pea Family (INN) Rank 1
This non-native bush clover is a very common roadside plant. It is a favorite of deer and rabbits. Bees are often seen visit...

Sericea Lespedeza Lespedeza cuneata* /Pea Family (INN) Rank 1
This non-native bush clover is a very common roadside plant. It is a favorite of deer and rabbits. Bees are often seen visiting these flowers. Perennial Where seen: Oak Ridge Greenways, Great Smoky Mountains NP, Warrior's Path SP, widespread
2539
21 <strong>Prairie Mimosa</strong>
<em>Desmanthus illinoensis</em> / Pea Family
Oak Ridge, TN
August 14, 2009

I was amazed and excited to find a new flower for my life list in a place that I have been visited for over 20 years. The only difference w...

Prairie Mimosa Desmanthus illinoensis / Pea Family Oak Ridge, TN August 14, 2009 I was amazed and excited to find a new flower for my life list in a place that I have been visited for over 20 years. The only difference w...

Prairie Mimosa Desmanthus illinoensis / Pea Family Oak Ridge, TN August 14, 2009 I was amazed and excited to find a new flower for my life list in a place that I have been visited for over 20 years. The only difference was that I went at a different time of the year than I go normally. These fuzzy little white flowers make large brown twisted seedpods. 892
22 <strong>Wild Potato Vine</strong>
<em>Ipomoea pandurata</em> /Morning Glory Family<br>
This plant is a relative of the common blue morning glory. The plant's leaves are the heart-shaped ones, the ones with the three leaflets are a type of tick trefoi...

Wild Potato Vine Ipomoea pandurata /Morning Glory Family
This plant is a relative of the common blue morning glory. The plant's leaves are the heart-shaped ones, the ones with the three leaflets are a type of tick trefoi...

Wild Potato Vine Ipomoea pandurata /Morning Glory Family
This plant is a relative of the common blue morning glory. The plant's leaves are the heart-shaped ones, the ones with the three leaflets are a type of tick trefoil. This picture was taken in the Metcalf Bottoms Picnic area in the Smokies. Perennial Where seen: Great Smoky Mountains NP
2910
23 <strong>Hedge Bindweed</strong>
<em>Calystegia sepium</em> /Morning Glory Family<br>
The long, deep roots of this plant can make it an unwelcome addition to a flower garden! Note the difference in the leaves from the previous flower. Unlike the Wild ...

Hedge Bindweed Calystegia sepium /Morning Glory Family
The long, deep roots of this plant can make it an unwelcome addition to a flower garden! Note the difference in the leaves from the previous flower. Unlike the Wild ...

Hedge Bindweed Calystegia sepium /Morning Glory Family
The long, deep roots of this plant can make it an unwelcome addition to a flower garden! Note the difference in the leaves from the previous flower. Unlike the Wild Potato Vine, this flower has no pink center. I photographed this flower at Three Bends Scenic Wildlife Area in Oak Ridge in mid-June. Perennial Where seen:Oak Ridge Greenways, Great Smoky Mountains NP, Warriors' Path SP, widespread {Formerly known as: Convolvulus sepium}
2421
24 <strong>Dodder; Love Vine (a parasitic vine)</strong>
<em>Cuscuta gronovii</em> /Morning Glory Family<br>
This strange orange-hued vine is another unwelcome plant in the garden; it is an obligate parasite. It contains no chlorophyll, therefore it can...

Dodder; Love Vine (a parasitic vine) Cuscuta gronovii /Morning Glory Family
This strange orange-hued vine is another unwelcome plant in the garden; it is an obligate parasite. It contains no chlorophyll, therefore it can...

Dodder; Love Vine (a parasitic vine) Cuscuta gronovii /Morning Glory Family
This strange orange-hued vine is another unwelcome plant in the garden; it is an obligate parasite. It contains no chlorophyll, therefore it can't make its own food. It "steals" food (sugar and minerals) and water from its' green host plant by means of small "teeth" called haustoria (note them on the segment of vine on right-hand side of the picture). I like to call it the "Vampire Vine!" The only way to rid this plant from a garden is to pull up any "infected" host plants. Annual Where seen:Oak Ridge Greenways, Great Smoky Mountains, Oliver Springs, Warriors' Path SP
2043
25 <strong>Dodder Flowers</strong> close-up of flowers
<em>Cuscuta gronovii</em> /Morning Glory Family<br>
Dodder flowers are small and white. They make little round fruits which contain a few small round seeds.

Dodder Flowers close-up of flowers Cuscuta gronovii /Morning Glory Family
Dodder flowers are small and white. They make little round fruits which contain a few small round seeds.

Dodder Flowers close-up of flowers Cuscuta gronovii /Morning Glory Family
Dodder flowers are small and white. They make little round fruits which contain a few small round seeds.
2186
26 <strong>Dodder Haustoria</strong> close-up of vine
Notice the little "teeth" on the vine called "haustoria," they are used for obtaining water and nurtients from the host plant. (see more information in previous photo)

Dodder Haustoria close-up of vine Notice the little "teeth" on the vine called "haustoria," they are used for obtaining water and nurtients from the host plant. (see more information in previous photo)

Dodder Haustoria close-up of vine Notice the little "teeth" on the vine called "haustoria," they are used for obtaining water and nurtients from the host plant. (see more information in previous photo) 2347
27 <strong>Hoary Mountain Mint; Gray Mountain Mint</strong>
<em>Pycnanthemum incanum</em> /Mint Family<br>
Smell a piece of leaf from this plant, it has a very strong, distinctive smell.
Perennial 
<u>Where seen</u>:Oak Ridge Greenways, Great Smoky Mo...

Hoary Mountain Mint; Gray Mountain Mint Pycnanthemum incanum /Mint Family
Smell a piece of leaf from this plant, it has a very strong, distinctive smell. Perennial Where seen:Oak Ridge Greenways, Great Smoky Mo...

Hoary Mountain Mint; Gray Mountain Mint Pycnanthemum incanum /Mint Family
Smell a piece of leaf from this plant, it has a very strong, distinctive smell. Perennial Where seen:Oak Ridge Greenways, Great Smoky Mountains NP, Big South Fork NRRA, Piney River SNA, Warrior's Path SP
2335
28 <strong>Thin-leaf Mountain Mint</strong>
<em>Pycnanthemum montanum</em> /Mint Family<br>
This Mountain Mint doesn't have the white, powdery-looking leaves that the Hoary Mountain Mint has. There are often two clusters of flowers on the upper parts of...

Thin-leaf Mountain Mint Pycnanthemum montanum /Mint Family
This Mountain Mint doesn't have the white, powdery-looking leaves that the Hoary Mountain Mint has. There are often two clusters of flowers on the upper parts of...

Thin-leaf Mountain Mint Pycnanthemum montanum /Mint Family
This Mountain Mint doesn't have the white, powdery-looking leaves that the Hoary Mountain Mint has. There are often two clusters of flowers on the upper parts of the stems. Look for bright purple dots on the small flowers. I photographed this plant at Tremont in the Smokies in mid-July. Perennial Where seen: Great Smoky Mountains NP
2126
29 <strong>Southern Mountain Mint</strong>
<em>Pycnanthemum pycnanthemoides</em> / Mint Family
August 1, 2008
Corbin, KY

Good grief, what a difficult scientific name to have to type or pronounce! There are several Mountain Mints growing in east Tenn...

Southern Mountain Mint Pycnanthemum pycnanthemoides / Mint Family August 1, 2008 Corbin, KY Good grief, what a difficult scientific name to have to type or pronounce! There are several Mountain Mints growing in east Tenn...

Southern Mountain Mint Pycnanthemum pycnanthemoides / Mint Family August 1, 2008 Corbin, KY Good grief, what a difficult scientific name to have to type or pronounce! There are several Mountain Mints growing in east Tennessee. Several of them have the whitish, hoary leaves, so it can be difficult to tell them apart. Luckily, I had a rare plant expert with me to help identify this plant. Although this plant was photographed in Kentucky, we share many of the same plants along our common border and habitats. Much of the Daniel Boone National Forest has the same topography and flora as the Cumberland Plateau that extends into central eastern Tennessee. 1668
30 <strong>Virginia Mountain Mint</strong>
<em>Pycnanthemum virginianum</em> /Mint Family<br>
This mint does not have the hoary white leaves of some of the other mountain mints. The crushed leaves have a very strong minty smell. Bees, butterflies, and w...

Virginia Mountain Mint Pycnanthemum virginianum /Mint Family
This mint does not have the hoary white leaves of some of the other mountain mints. The crushed leaves have a very strong minty smell. Bees, butterflies, and w...

Virginia Mountain Mint Pycnanthemum virginianum /Mint Family
This mint does not have the hoary white leaves of some of the other mountain mints. The crushed leaves have a very strong minty smell. Bees, butterflies, and wasps love the flowers. I found this plant blooming in Oak Ridge in mid-July. A close-up photo follows. Perennial Where seen:Oak Ridge - Jefferson Middle School Cedar Barrens
2389
31 <strong>Virginia Mountain Mint</strong> close-up<br>
Note the bee on the flowers.

Virginia Mountain Mint close-up
Note the bee on the flowers.

Virginia Mountain Mint close-up
Note the bee on the flowers.
1130
32 <strong>Narrow-leaved Mountain-mint</strong>
<em>Pycnanthemum tenuifolium</em> /Mint Family
The thin leaves of this Mountain Mint have a strong minty smell. Butterflies like the flowers.
Perennial 
<u>Where seen</u>: Piney River Pocket Wilderness, ...

Narrow-leaved Mountain-mint Pycnanthemum tenuifolium /Mint Family The thin leaves of this Mountain Mint have a strong minty smell. Butterflies like the flowers. Perennial Where seen: Piney River Pocket Wilderness, ...

Narrow-leaved Mountain-mint Pycnanthemum tenuifolium /Mint Family The thin leaves of this Mountain Mint have a strong minty smell. Butterflies like the flowers. Perennial Where seen: Piney River Pocket Wilderness, Great Smoky Mountains NP 1896
33 <strong>Cut-leaf  Water Horehound</strong>
<span style="color: blue;">Aquatic</span>
<em>Lycopus americanus</em>/Mint Family
I found this plant blooming along the lake shore in Big Ridge State Park. Notice how the opposite leaves alternate direction...

Cut-leaf Water Horehound Aquatic Lycopus americanus/Mint Family I found this plant blooming along the lake shore in Big Ridge State Park. Notice how the opposite leaves alternate direction...

Cut-leaf Water Horehound Aquatic Lycopus americanus/Mint Family I found this plant blooming along the lake shore in Big Ridge State Park. Notice how the opposite leaves alternate directions. Perennial Where seen:Oak Ridge Greenways, Cove Lake SP, Big Ridge SP, Great Smoky Mountains NP, Warriors' Path SP 2837
34 <strong>Cut-leaf  Water Horehound</strong> Close-up
<em>Lycopus americanus</em> /Mint Family 
<span style="color: blue;">Aquatic</span>
Notice how the flowers bloom in whorls above the leaf stems.

Cut-leaf Water Horehound Close-up Lycopus americanus /Mint Family Aquatic Notice how the flowers bloom in whorls above the leaf stems.

Cut-leaf Water Horehound Close-up Lycopus americanus /Mint Family Aquatic Notice how the flowers bloom in whorls above the leaf stems. 1376
35 <strong>Bugelweed</strong>
<em>Lycopus virginicus</em> /Mint Family
<span style="color: blue;">Aquatic</span>
This plant is a mint but it has no minty odor. The tiny white flowers are in tight clusters in the leaf axils. It can be easy to confuse th...

Bugelweed Lycopus virginicus /Mint Family Aquatic This plant is a mint but it has no minty odor. The tiny white flowers are in tight clusters in the leaf axils. It can be easy to confuse th...

Bugelweed Lycopus virginicus /Mint Family Aquatic This plant is a mint but it has no minty odor. The tiny white flowers are in tight clusters in the leaf axils. It can be easy to confuse this plant with Cut-leaf Water Horehound, a close look at the leaf will help in identification. Perennial Where seen:Oak Ridge Greenways, Great Smoky Mountains NP, Warriors' Path SP 2057
36 <strong>Obedient Plant</strong>
<em>Physostegia virginiana</em> /Mint Family<br>
This mint family member has large flowers. I found these blooming in Oak Ridge.
Perennial 
<u>Where seen</u>:Oak Ridge Greenways

Obedient Plant Physostegia virginiana /Mint Family
This mint family member has large flowers. I found these blooming in Oak Ridge. Perennial Where seen:Oak Ridge Greenways

Obedient Plant Physostegia virginiana /Mint Family
This mint family member has large flowers. I found these blooming in Oak Ridge. Perennial Where seen:Oak Ridge Greenways
1243
37 <strong>Obedient Plant; False Dragonhead</strong>
<em>Physostegia virginiana</em> /Mint Family<br>
This plant can be white, light pink, or lavender in color. It is in the Mint Family. I found this plant blooming in Oak Ridge in mid-August. 
Perennia...

Obedient Plant; False Dragonhead Physostegia virginiana /Mint Family
This plant can be white, light pink, or lavender in color. It is in the Mint Family. I found this plant blooming in Oak Ridge in mid-August. Perennia...

Obedient Plant; False Dragonhead Physostegia virginiana /Mint Family
This plant can be white, light pink, or lavender in color. It is in the Mint Family. I found this plant blooming in Oak Ridge in mid-August. Perennial Where seen: Great Smoky Mountains NP, Oak Ridge {Formerly known as: Dracocephalum virginianum}
2565
38 <strong>Obedient Plant grouping</strong>

Obedient Plant grouping

Obedient Plant grouping 1430
39 <strong>New Jersey Tea</strong>
<em>Ceanothus americanus</em> /Buckthorn Family<br>
Early settlers once used the leaves to make a pleasant tea. I don't recommend making teas from wild leaves or eating wild plants though, some mistakes could be fatal!...

New Jersey Tea Ceanothus americanus /Buckthorn Family
Early settlers once used the leaves to make a pleasant tea. I don't recommend making teas from wild leaves or eating wild plants though, some mistakes could be fatal!...

New Jersey Tea Ceanothus americanus /Buckthorn Family
Early settlers once used the leaves to make a pleasant tea. I don't recommend making teas from wild leaves or eating wild plants though, some mistakes could be fatal! Perennial - Shrub Where seen:Oak Ridge Greenways, Great Smoky Mountains NP, Haw Ridge
4895
40 <strong>Queen Anne's Lace</strong>
<em>Daucus carota*</em> /Parsley Family
<span style="color: red;">(INN) Rank 2</span><br>
This is the "ancient relative" of the edible carrot. Never eat roots from any wild carrot-like plants, some are deadly poiso...

Queen Anne's Lace Daucus carota* /Parsley Family (INN) Rank 2
This is the "ancient relative" of the edible carrot. Never eat roots from any wild carrot-like plants, some are deadly poiso...

Queen Anne's Lace Daucus carota* /Parsley Family (INN) Rank 2
This is the "ancient relative" of the edible carrot. Never eat roots from any wild carrot-like plants, some are deadly poisonous! Queen Anne's Lace often blooms far into November. Biennial Where seen:Oak Ridge Greenways, Great Smoky Mountains NP, Warrior's Path SP, widespread
4519
41 <strong>Hairy Angelica</strong>
<em>Angelica venenosa</em> / Parsley Family
Corbin, KY
August 1, 2008
<span style="color: red;">Danger - Poisonous</span>

I had the great opportunity to go on a hunt for rare wildflowers with University of Kentuck...

Hairy Angelica Angelica venenosa / Parsley Family Corbin, KY August 1, 2008 Danger - Poisonous I had the great opportunity to go on a hunt for rare wildflowers with University of Kentuck...

Hairy Angelica Angelica venenosa / Parsley Family Corbin, KY August 1, 2008 Danger - Poisonous I had the great opportunity to go on a hunt for rare wildflowers with University of Kentucky professor, Dr. Thomas Barnes in the Daniel Boone National Forest near Corbin, KY. He is the author of The Rare Wildflowers of Kentucky published in the summer of 2008 by the University of Kentucky Press. Dr. Barnes and I began corresponding 2 years ago when he found a wildflower on this website that he needed for his book. During our walk through the woods and the weeds, we came across several of these pretty, lacy wildflowers. I'm including the flowers we found on this trip in the Tennessee galleries because they are also found in our state. The only other Angelica found in Tennessee grows high in the Appalachian mountains. It is a larger and more robust plant. 2950
42 <strong>Hairy Angelica</strong> close-up of flowers
<em>Angelica venenosa</em> / Parsley Family
Corbin, KY
<span style="color: red;">Danger - Poisonous</span>
August 1, 2008

Hairy Angelica close-up of flowers Angelica venenosa / Parsley Family Corbin, KY Danger - Poisonous August 1, 2008

Hairy Angelica close-up of flowers Angelica venenosa / Parsley Family Corbin, KY Danger - Poisonous August 1, 2008 1440
43 <strong>Water Hemlock, Spotted Cowbane</strong>
<span style="color: blue;">Aquatic</span>
<span style="color: red;">Danger - Poisonous</span>
<em>Cicuta maculata</em> /Parsley Family<br>
This common plant is often found growing in ditches, swampy a...

Water Hemlock, Spotted Cowbane Aquatic Danger - Poisonous Cicuta maculata /Parsley Family
This common plant is often found growing in ditches, swampy a...

Water Hemlock, Spotted Cowbane Aquatic Danger - Poisonous Cicuta maculata /Parsley Family
This common plant is often found growing in ditches, swampy areas, and even wet fields. Like Poison Hemlock, Water Hemlock is very poisonous, it contains cicutoxin. Children have died from making blowguns from the stems of both of these plants. All parts of the plant contain the toxin, most animals are affected if they consume Water Hemlock. Perennial Where seen:Oak Ridge Greenways, Great Smoky Mountains NP, Warriors' Path SP, widespread
3288
44 <strong>Poison Hemlock</strong>
<em>Conium maculatum*</em> /Parsley Family
<span style="color: red;">Danger - Poisonous</span>
<span style="color: red;">(INN) Rank 2</span><br>
Poison Hemlock is a wildflower and should not be confused with the ever...

Poison Hemlock Conium maculatum* /Parsley Family Danger - Poisonous (INN) Rank 2
Poison Hemlock is a wildflower and should not be confused with the ever...

Poison Hemlock Conium maculatum* /Parsley Family Danger - Poisonous (INN) Rank 2
Poison Hemlock is a wildflower and should not be confused with the evergreen hemlock tree. This is a very common roadside plant which is often found in large masses near ditches and wet areas. It looks like Queen Anne's Lace on steroids! Unlike Queen Anne's Lace though, it is deadly poisonous; the chemical responsible is coniine. All parts of the plant are poisonous and most domesticated animals are affected. This plant was responsible for the death of Socrates. The symptoms of Water Hemlock poisoning are horrible: convulsions, vomiting, weak pulse, paralysis, and eventually, coma, followed by death. The purple spotted stem is a good identifying trait for this plant (the species name "maculatum" means "spotted"). Notice the insects on the flowers. Biennial Where seen:Oak Ridge Greenways, Warriors' Path SP, widespread
3542
45 <strong>Cowbane</strong>
<em>Oxypolis rigidor</em> /Parsley Family
<span style="color: red;">Danger! - Poisonous</span>
<span style="color: blue;">Aquatic</span>

This plant is often found along lake banks. I photographed this one blooming on the ...

Cowbane Oxypolis rigidor /Parsley Family Danger! - Poisonous Aquatic This plant is often found along lake banks. I photographed this one blooming on the ...

Cowbane Oxypolis rigidor /Parsley Family Danger! - Poisonous Aquatic This plant is often found along lake banks. I photographed this one blooming on the shore of Melton Hill Lake in Oak Ridge. Cowbane is poisonous if ingested. Perennial Where seen:Oak Ridge Greenways, Great Smoky Mountains NP, Warriors' Path SP, widespread 2260
46 <strong>Cowbane close-up</strong>
These little flowers look a lot like their close relative, the Queen Anne's Lace. Note the ants on the flowers, the small flowers are located in clusters called <em>umbels</em> (like umbrellas), as the ants walk and e...

Cowbane close-up These little flowers look a lot like their close relative, the Queen Anne's Lace. Note the ants on the flowers, the small flowers are located in clusters called umbels (like umbrellas), as the ants walk and e...

Cowbane close-up These little flowers look a lot like their close relative, the Queen Anne's Lace. Note the ants on the flowers, the small flowers are located in clusters called umbels (like umbrellas), as the ants walk and eat the nectar from the flowers, they spread the pollen. 1425
47 <strong>Rattlesnake Master</strong>

Rattlesnake Master

Rattlesnake Master 957
48 <strong>Yucca</strong>
<em>Yucca flaccida</em> /Agave Family<br>
Yucca plants are often found growing at old home sites. Some, like these plants, are used as ornamentals.These flowers have a symbiotic relationship with the yucca moth, the only pollin...

Yucca Yucca flaccida /Agave Family
Yucca plants are often found growing at old home sites. Some, like these plants, are used as ornamentals.These flowers have a symbiotic relationship with the yucca moth, the only pollin...

Yucca Yucca flaccida /Agave Family
Yucca plants are often found growing at old home sites. Some, like these plants, are used as ornamentals.These flowers have a symbiotic relationship with the yucca moth, the only pollinator they have. The female moth lays her eggs in the ovaries of these flowers, next she stuffs a ball of pollen into the ovary which seals in the eggs and pollinates the flower. The caterpillars eat some of the unripe seeds when they hatch. Perennial Where seen:Oak Ridge Greenways, Great Smoky Mountains, University of Tennessee Arboretum
6340
49 <strong>Yucca close-up</strong>

Yucca close-up

Yucca close-up 1064
50 <strong>Japanese Honeysuckle</strong>
<span style="color: red;">(INN)</span> 
<em>Lonicera japonica*</em> /Honeysuckle Family<br>
The flowers of this highly invasive, imported vine have a sweet aroma. Notice how the flowers bloom white the first day...

Japanese Honeysuckle (INN) Lonicera japonica* /Honeysuckle Family
The flowers of this highly invasive, imported vine have a sweet aroma. Notice how the flowers bloom white the first day...

Japanese Honeysuckle (INN) Lonicera japonica* /Honeysuckle Family
The flowers of this highly invasive, imported vine have a sweet aroma. Notice how the flowers bloom white the first day. After being pollinated, the flowers wilt and turn yellow. Perennial Where seen:Oak Ridge Greenways, Great Smoky Mountains, University of Tennessee Arboretum, House Mountain SNA, widespread
1180
51 <strong>Common Elderberry</strong>
<em>Sambucus canadensis</em> /Honeysuckle Family<br>
The berries of this common roadside plant have been used to make a delicate pink wine. All other parts of the Elderberry are toxic, they contain the cyanogenic gl...

Common Elderberry Sambucus canadensis /Honeysuckle Family
The berries of this common roadside plant have been used to make a delicate pink wine. All other parts of the Elderberry are toxic, they contain the cyanogenic gl...

Common Elderberry Sambucus canadensis /Honeysuckle Family
The berries of this common roadside plant have been used to make a delicate pink wine. All other parts of the Elderberry are toxic, they contain the cyanogenic glycoside sambunigrin which is changed by microorganisms in the rumen to form hydrogen cyanide (HCN). I photographed this one along Pumphouse Road in Oak Ridge in mid-June. Perennial Where seen:Oak Ridge Greenways, University of Tennessee Arboretum, Warriors' Path SP, Cumberland Trail
2674
52 <strong>Moth Mullein</strong>
<em>Verbascum blattaria*</em> /Snapdragon Family<br>
It is worth getting close to this plant to enjoy seeing the lovely flowers. Look for the yellow variety of this plant too.
Biennial
<u>Where seen</u>:Oak Ridge Green...

Moth Mullein Verbascum blattaria* /Snapdragon Family
It is worth getting close to this plant to enjoy seeing the lovely flowers. Look for the yellow variety of this plant too. Biennial Where seen:Oak Ridge Green...

Moth Mullein Verbascum blattaria* /Snapdragon Family
It is worth getting close to this plant to enjoy seeing the lovely flowers. Look for the yellow variety of this plant too. Biennial Where seen:Oak Ridge Greenways
1255
53 <strong>Shaggy Hedge Hyssop</strong>
<em>Gratiola pilosa</em> / Snapdragon Family
Corbin, KY
August 1, 2008

This little plant could be very easily overlooked. I was fortunate to have a rare plant expert, UK professor Dr. Thomas Barnes, show me wh...

Shaggy Hedge Hyssop Gratiola pilosa / Snapdragon Family Corbin, KY August 1, 2008 This little plant could be very easily overlooked. I was fortunate to have a rare plant expert, UK professor Dr. Thomas Barnes, show me wh...

Shaggy Hedge Hyssop Gratiola pilosa / Snapdragon Family Corbin, KY August 1, 2008 This little plant could be very easily overlooked. I was fortunate to have a rare plant expert, UK professor Dr. Thomas Barnes, show me where to find it in a badly overgrown powerline cut in the Daniel Boone National Forest. I told him, as we were wiping sweat from our brows, squishing through mud and swatting pesky gnats, we were either crazy or really loved what we do to go through such discomfort to find a few wildflowers! Thanks to his help that day I added 6 new flowers to my lifelist raising the total to 2123! 1597
54 <strong>Thimbleweed</strong>
<em>Anemone virginiana</em> /Buttercup Family
Height: up to 3'
June 1, 2005<br>
Like many other anemones, Thimbleweed has just a single flower. The "thimble" in the common name comes from the shape of the seedhead after...

Thimbleweed Anemone virginiana /Buttercup Family Height: up to 3' June 1, 2005
Like many other anemones, Thimbleweed has just a single flower. The "thimble" in the common name comes from the shape of the seedhead after...

Thimbleweed Anemone virginiana /Buttercup Family Height: up to 3' June 1, 2005
Like many other anemones, Thimbleweed has just a single flower. The "thimble" in the common name comes from the shape of the seedhead after the flower blooms. Perennial Where seen:Oak Ridge Greenways, University of Tennessee Arboretum, Great Smoky Mountains NP, Warriors' Path SP, Haw Ridge
2376
55 <strong>Thimbleweed - close-up</strong>
<em>Anemone virginiana</em> /Buttercup Family<br>
Like other flowers in the Buttercup family, Anemones have numerous pistils and stamens. The mature fruit head looks somewhat like a thimble, thus the name "Thim...

Thimbleweed - close-up Anemone virginiana /Buttercup Family
Like other flowers in the Buttercup family, Anemones have numerous pistils and stamens. The mature fruit head looks somewhat like a thimble, thus the name "Thim...

Thimbleweed - close-up Anemone virginiana /Buttercup Family
Like other flowers in the Buttercup family, Anemones have numerous pistils and stamens. The mature fruit head looks somewhat like a thimble, thus the name "Thimbleweed." The flowers have tepals, sepals which are colored and function as petals. Formerly known as: A. riparia
1170
56 <strong>Lizard's Tail</strong>
<span style="color: blue;">Aquatic</span> 
<em>Saururus cernuus</em> /Lizard's Tail Family<br>
Lizard's Tail is a very distinctive plant. The flower spike has hundreds of tiny white flowers. It grows in damp areas, oft...

Lizard's Tail Aquatic Saururus cernuus /Lizard's Tail Family
Lizard's Tail is a very distinctive plant. The flower spike has hundreds of tiny white flowers. It grows in damp areas, oft...

Lizard's Tail Aquatic Saururus cernuus /Lizard's Tail Family
Lizard's Tail is a very distinctive plant. The flower spike has hundreds of tiny white flowers. It grows in damp areas, often on stream banks and sometimes in the shallow areas of lakes. Perennial Where seen:Oak Ridge Greenways, University of Tennessee Arboretum
1852
57 <strong>Lizard's Tail</strong>
Close-up
These are the tiny, individual flowers of the Lizard's Tail. I don't know why the end of the flower cluster is black! I found this plant blooming at the UT Arboretum in mid-June.

Lizard's Tail Close-up These are the tiny, individual flowers of the Lizard's Tail. I don't know why the end of the flower cluster is black! I found this plant blooming at the UT Arboretum in mid-June.

Lizard's Tail Close-up These are the tiny, individual flowers of the Lizard's Tail. I don't know why the end of the flower cluster is black! I found this plant blooming at the UT Arboretum in mid-June. 1079
58 <strong>Green-lipped or Slender Lady's Tresses Orchid</strong> 
<em>Spiranthes lacera var. gracilis</em> /Orchid Family
Height: 4" to 16"
August 12, 2005<br>
This is a very lovely orchid, the tiny white flowers spiral around the stem. If you ever w...

Green-lipped or Slender Lady's Tresses Orchid Spiranthes lacera var. gracilis /Orchid Family Height: 4" to 16" August 12, 2005
This is a very lovely orchid, the tiny white flowers spiral around the stem. If you ever w...

Green-lipped or Slender Lady's Tresses Orchid Spiranthes lacera var. gracilis /Orchid Family Height: 4" to 16" August 12, 2005
This is a very lovely orchid, the tiny white flowers spiral around the stem. If you ever wondered what purpose sweat bees serve (other than stinging and irritating people on hot summer days), note the pollinating sweat bee on the flowers in the middle of the stem. So, they actually are good for something! See next photo for close-up of the tiny flowers. Perennial Where seen:Oak Ridge Greenways, University of Tennessee Arboretum, Great Smoky Mountains NP, Warrior's Path SP
2593
59 <strong>Green-lipped or Slender Lady's Tresses Orchid</strong>-close-up

Green-lipped or Slender Lady's Tresses Orchid-close-up

Green-lipped or Slender Lady's Tresses Orchid-close-up 1251
60 <strong>White Fringeless Orchid; Monkey-faced Orchid</strong>
<em>Platanthera integrilabia</em> / Orchid Family
Corbin, KY
August 1, 2008

When Dr. Thomas Barnes (a professor at the University of Kentucky) emailed me and asked if I'd like to come ...

White Fringeless Orchid; Monkey-faced Orchid Platanthera integrilabia / Orchid Family Corbin, KY August 1, 2008 When Dr. Thomas Barnes (a professor at the University of Kentucky) emailed me and asked if I'd like to come ...

White Fringeless Orchid; Monkey-faced Orchid Platanthera integrilabia / Orchid Family Corbin, KY August 1, 2008 When Dr. Thomas Barnes (a professor at the University of Kentucky) emailed me and asked if I'd like to come up and look for this orchid I jumped at the chance! The area had been burned the year before to control encroaching weeds, so the plants were about a week behind their expected blooming schedule. We saw lots of these orchids in bud, but only one open flower. What a disappointment to drive over 100 miles to find just one flower! We were headed back up the hill to move on to another site when Tom's friend Lowell casually said, "Here's one with a lot of flowers." That one plant justified the whole trip (and the muddy boots and the chiggers)! I was amazed at how long the spurs are on these flowers, it must be pollinated by an insect with a really long tongue, like a butterfly! The following photo shows a close-up of a single flower, which may better show how it gets the name Monkey-face Orchid. 1870
61 <strong>White Fringeless Orchid; Monkey-faced Orchid</strong> front view
<em>Platanthera integrilabia</em> / Orchid Family
August 1, 2008
Corbin, KY

White Fringeless Orchid; Monkey-faced Orchid front view Platanthera integrilabia / Orchid Family August 1, 2008 Corbin, KY

White Fringeless Orchid; Monkey-faced Orchid front view Platanthera integrilabia / Orchid Family August 1, 2008 Corbin, KY 1051
62 <strong>Indian Hemp</strong>
<em>Apocynum cannabinum</em> /Dogbane Family<br>
This plant has been confused with common milkweed by people wanting to feed hungry monarch caterpillars. It does "bleed" white sap when cut, but the leaf placement is diffe...

Indian Hemp Apocynum cannabinum /Dogbane Family
This plant has been confused with common milkweed by people wanting to feed hungry monarch caterpillars. It does "bleed" white sap when cut, but the leaf placement is diffe...

Indian Hemp Apocynum cannabinum /Dogbane Family
This plant has been confused with common milkweed by people wanting to feed hungry monarch caterpillars. It does "bleed" white sap when cut, but the leaf placement is different than milkweed. Also, Indian Hemp stems are tough and stringy, and they branch, none of these traits are found in the unbranching, hollow-stemmed common milkweed. By the way, monarch caterpillars will not eat these leaves. Indian hemp and other plants in the Apocynum genus are poisonous to horses, cattle, sheep, goats cats, dogs, and humans. The plants contain apocynamarin, cynarin, and apocynein. The last 2 poisons are cardiac glycosides which cause irregular heartbeats and can result in death. Perennial Where seen:Oak Ridge Greenways, Haw Ridge, University of Tennessee Arboretum, widespread
2896
63 <strong>Virgin's Bower</strong>
<em>Clematis virginiana</em> /Buttercup Family<br>
This is a lovely vine that is covered with hundreds of small white flowers when it is full bloom. It is a relative of the colorful garden Clematis and is a member of t...

Virgin's Bower Clematis virginiana /Buttercup Family
This is a lovely vine that is covered with hundreds of small white flowers when it is full bloom. It is a relative of the colorful garden Clematis and is a member of t...

Virgin's Bower Clematis virginiana /Buttercup Family
This is a lovely vine that is covered with hundreds of small white flowers when it is full bloom. It is a relative of the colorful garden Clematis and is a member of the Buttercup Family. Perennial Where seen:Oak Ridge Greenways, University of Tennessee Arboretum, Warrior's Path SP, Cove Lake SP,
1570
64 <strong>Virgin's Bower</strong>
close-up
<em>Clematis virginiana</em><br>
These flowers have a nice smell. Sometimes this plant is grown on porches or trellises. I found this blooming in Oak Ridge in mid-August. Virgin's Bower contains the toxin <u>...

Virgin's Bower close-up Clematis virginiana
These flowers have a nice smell. Sometimes this plant is grown on porches or trellises. I found this blooming in Oak Ridge in mid-August. Virgin's Bower contains the toxin ...

Virgin's Bower close-up Clematis virginiana
These flowers have a nice smell. Sometimes this plant is grown on porches or trellises. I found this blooming in Oak Ridge in mid-August. Virgin's Bower contains the toxin ranunculin. Horses, cattle and sheep are affected if they eat the plant. The toxin can blister affected skin and mucous membranes.
2326
65 <strong>White Avens</strong>
<em>Geum canadense</em> /Rose Family<br>
This odd white flower blooms in the woods during much of the summer. In the fall the little hooked seeds catch in your clothes and are spread when you pull them off! 
Perennial
<...

White Avens Geum canadense /Rose Family
This odd white flower blooms in the woods during much of the summer. In the fall the little hooked seeds catch in your clothes and are spread when you pull them off! Perennial <...

White Avens Geum canadense /Rose Family
This odd white flower blooms in the woods during much of the summer. In the fall the little hooked seeds catch in your clothes and are spread when you pull them off! Perennial Where seen:Oak Ridge Greenways, University of Tennessee Arboretum, Great Smoky Mountains NP, Warriors' Path SP
2091
66 <strong>Three-toothed Cinquefoil</strong>
<em>Potentilla tridentata</em>
<span style="color: purple;">Rare</span> 
Roan Mountain State Park
June 23, 2007
This plant is found mostly in the tundra  of Canada and Greenland, so it is a pleasant surpri...

Three-toothed Cinquefoil Potentilla tridentata Rare Roan Mountain State Park June 23, 2007 This plant is found mostly in the tundra of Canada and Greenland, so it is a pleasant surpri...

Three-toothed Cinquefoil Potentilla tridentata Rare Roan Mountain State Park June 23, 2007 This plant is found mostly in the tundra of Canada and Greenland, so it is a pleasant surprise to find it growing in the mountains of east Tennessee. Formerly known as: Sibbaldiopsis tridentata 1606
67 <strong>Buttonbush</strong>
<span style="color: blue;">Aquatic</span> 
<em>Cephalanthus occidentalis</em> /Madder Family<br>
Buttonbush is found near water. The spherical flower clusters are interesting. Close-up photo follows.
Perennial
<u>Where ...

Buttonbush Aquatic Cephalanthus occidentalis /Madder Family
Buttonbush is found near water. The spherical flower clusters are interesting. Close-up photo follows. Perennial Where ...

Buttonbush Aquatic Cephalanthus occidentalis /Madder Family
Buttonbush is found near water. The spherical flower clusters are interesting. Close-up photo follows. Perennial Where seen:Oak Ridge Greenways, Piney Falls SNA, Cove Lake SP, Great Smoky Mountains NP
1972
68 <strong>Buttonbush</strong> close-up
Note the small beetle on the 2:00 position on the flower.

Buttonbush close-up Note the small beetle on the 2:00 position on the flower.

Buttonbush close-up Note the small beetle on the 2:00 position on the flower. 1636
69 <strong>Fragrant Bedstraw</strong>
<em>Galium triflorum</em> /Madder Family<br>
This plant was once dried and used as mattress stuffing. It becomes more fragrant when it is dried. The tiny white flowers are in groups of 3. I found these in Oak Ridge ...

Fragrant Bedstraw Galium triflorum /Madder Family
This plant was once dried and used as mattress stuffing. It becomes more fragrant when it is dried. The tiny white flowers are in groups of 3. I found these in Oak Ridge ...

Fragrant Bedstraw Galium triflorum /Madder Family
This plant was once dried and used as mattress stuffing. It becomes more fragrant when it is dried. The tiny white flowers are in groups of 3. I found these in Oak Ridge growing along South Illinois Ave. Annual Where seen:Oak Ridge Greenways, University of Tennessee Arboretum, Great Smoky Mountains NP
3426
70 <strong>Diodia; Virginia Buttonweed</strong>
<em>Diodia virginiana</em> /Madder Family<br>
Buttonweed is a common yard weed. It is in the Madder Family, which makes it related to coffee.
Annual
<u>Where seen</u>:Oak Ridge Greenways, University of T...

Diodia; Virginia Buttonweed Diodia virginiana /Madder Family
Buttonweed is a common yard weed. It is in the Madder Family, which makes it related to coffee. Annual Where seen:Oak Ridge Greenways, University of T...

Diodia; Virginia Buttonweed Diodia virginiana /Madder Family
Buttonweed is a common yard weed. It is in the Madder Family, which makes it related to coffee. Annual Where seen:Oak Ridge Greenways, University of Tennessee Arboretum, Great Smoky Mountains NP, Warriors' Path SP, widespread
2508
71 <strong>Jimsonweed - close-up</strong>
<span style="color: red;">Danger - Poisonous</span>
<em>Datura stramonium*</em> /Potato (Nightshade) Family<br>
You'll have to look for this flower late in the evening. It opens at night and is pollinated by mo...

Jimsonweed - close-up Danger - Poisonous Datura stramonium* /Potato (Nightshade) Family
You'll have to look for this flower late in the evening. It opens at night and is pollinated by mo...

Jimsonweed - close-up Danger - Poisonous Datura stramonium* /Potato (Nightshade) Family
You'll have to look for this flower late in the evening. It opens at night and is pollinated by moths. Note the bright purple nectar guides. It has a very strong, unpleasant smell. All parts of T the plant are highly poisonous if ingested; it is a source of the drug belladonna (which means "beautiful lady" because the drug causes dilation of the pupils of the eyes). It also contains atropine, scopalamine, and hyoscyamine. Along with humans, horses, cattle, and goats are affected by the poisons. Annual Where seen:Oak Ridge Greenways, Great Smoky Mountains NP, Warriors' Path SP, widespread
2760
72 <strong>Jimsonweed - Growth habit</strong>
<em>Datura stramonium*</em> /Potato (Nightshade) Family<br>
Jimsonweed grows in disturbed areas, such as this new house site.

Jimsonweed - Growth habit Datura stramonium* /Potato (Nightshade) Family
Jimsonweed grows in disturbed areas, such as this new house site.

Jimsonweed - Growth habit Datura stramonium* /Potato (Nightshade) Family
Jimsonweed grows in disturbed areas, such as this new house site.
1485
73 <strong>Eastern Black Nightshade</strong>
<span style="color: red;">Danger - Poisonous berries</span>
<em>Solanum ptychanthum</em> /Potato (Nightshade) Family<br>
These plants are in the Nightshade family, the same family as tomatoes, horse nettle, ...

Eastern Black Nightshade Danger - Poisonous berries Solanum ptychanthum /Potato (Nightshade) Family
These plants are in the Nightshade family, the same family as tomatoes, horse nettle, ...

Eastern Black Nightshade Danger - Poisonous berries Solanum ptychanthum /Potato (Nightshade) Family
These plants are in the Nightshade family, the same family as tomatoes, horse nettle, potatoes, jimsonweed, tobacco, and petunias. The shiny black berries are poisonous. The unripe fruit and leaves are poisonous to humans, rodents, goats, cattle, sheep, and horses. The toxins contained in the leaves are soladulcidine and solanine. Annual Where seen:Oak Ridge, Knoxville, Great Smoky Mountains NP, widespread {Formerly known as: Solanum americanum, Solanum nigrum}
2635
74 <strong>White Vervain</strong>
<em>Verbena urticifolia</em> /Vervain Family<br>
The flowers are very small for the size of the plant. The species name means that the leaves are similar to nettle leaves.
Annual
<u>Where seen</u>:Oak Ridge Greenways,...

White Vervain Verbena urticifolia /Vervain Family
The flowers are very small for the size of the plant. The species name means that the leaves are similar to nettle leaves. Annual Where seen:Oak Ridge Greenways,...

White Vervain Verbena urticifolia /Vervain Family
The flowers are very small for the size of the plant. The species name means that the leaves are similar to nettle leaves. Annual Where seen:Oak Ridge Greenways, University of Tennessee Arboretum, Warriors' Path SP
1847
75 <strong>Devil's Walkingstick</strong>
<em>Aralia spinosa</em> /Ginseng Family<br>
This small tree gets its name from the numerous straight, sharp spines on the stems and leaves because only the Devil could use one of these as a "walking stick!" Look ...

Devil's Walkingstick Aralia spinosa /Ginseng Family
This small tree gets its name from the numerous straight, sharp spines on the stems and leaves because only the Devil could use one of these as a "walking stick!" Look ...

Devil's Walkingstick Aralia spinosa /Ginseng Family
This small tree gets its name from the numerous straight, sharp spines on the stems and leaves because only the Devil could use one of these as a "walking stick!" Look closely at the leaves of this plant, each bipinnately compound leaf is about 3 feet long and made up of numerous leaflets. This plant was blooming in mid-July in Oak Ridge. Flower close-up following. Perennial Where seen:Oak Ridge Greenways, University of Tennessee Arboretum, House Mountain SNA, Great Smoky Mountains NP
3024
76 <strong>Devil's Walkingstick</strong> close-up
<em>Aralia spinosa</em><br> 
These bees were among several that were on the flowers. All of the bees were motionless, I thought they might be dead. Since it was a warm day they were not too cold to move ...

Devil's Walkingstick close-up Aralia spinosa
These bees were among several that were on the flowers. All of the bees were motionless, I thought they might be dead. Since it was a warm day they were not too cold to move ...

Devil's Walkingstick close-up Aralia spinosa
These bees were among several that were on the flowers. All of the bees were motionless, I thought they might be dead. Since it was a warm day they were not too cold to move as sometimes happens in the early spring. When I blew on them gently they moved slowly. They acted as though they might have been intoxicated! Some flowers can produce an addictive, narcotic-like chemical in their nectar, perhaps that is the case here?!
1607
77 <strong>Fogfruit; Capeweed close-up</strong>
<span style="color: blue;">Aquatic</span>
<em>Phyla lanceolata</em> /Vervain Family<br>
This flower always fascinated me as a child when I found it blooming in Florida. I found these flowers blooming in O...

Fogfruit; Capeweed close-up Aquatic Phyla lanceolata /Vervain Family
This flower always fascinated me as a child when I found it blooming in Florida. I found these flowers blooming in O...

Fogfruit; Capeweed close-up Aquatic Phyla lanceolata /Vervain Family
This flower always fascinated me as a child when I found it blooming in Florida. I found these flowers blooming in Oak Ridge in mid-June. Perennial Where seen:Oak Ridge Greenways, Warriors' Path SP {Formerly known as: Lippia lanceolata}
2251
78 <strong>Crimson-eyed or Swamp Rose-mallow</strong>
<span style="color: blue;">Aquatic</span>
<em>Hibiscus moscheutos</em> /Mallow Family<br>
I had a very angry osprey circling overhead when I took this picture! I guess I was a bit too close to her n...

Crimson-eyed or Swamp Rose-mallow Aquatic Hibiscus moscheutos /Mallow Family
I had a very angry osprey circling overhead when I took this picture! I guess I was a bit too close to her n...

Crimson-eyed or Swamp Rose-mallow Aquatic Hibiscus moscheutos /Mallow Family
I had a very angry osprey circling overhead when I took this picture! I guess I was a bit too close to her nest (on top of a utility pole) for her comfort! These plants are related to hibiscus, althea bushes, hollyhocks, cotton, and ocra. Perennial Where seen:Oak Ridge Greenways, Great Smoky Mountains NP (story)
2070
79 <strong>Halberd-leaf Rose-mallow</strong>
<span style="color: blue;">Aquatic</span>
<em>Hibiscus laevis</em> /Mallow Family<br>
Look at the leaves of this plant compared to the Swamp Rose Mallow. These leaves are spear-shaped. Note the multiple-stig...

Halberd-leaf Rose-mallow Aquatic Hibiscus laevis /Mallow Family
Look at the leaves of this plant compared to the Swamp Rose Mallow. These leaves are spear-shaped. Note the multiple-stig...

Halberd-leaf Rose-mallow Aquatic Hibiscus laevis /Mallow Family
Look at the leaves of this plant compared to the Swamp Rose Mallow. These leaves are spear-shaped. Note the multiple-stigmas on the pistil. Perennial Where seen: Cove Lake State Park Formerly known as: Hibiscus militaris
1940
80 <strong>Broad-leaved Arrowhead; Duck Potato</strong>
<span style="color: blue;">Aquatic</span> 
<em>Sagittaria latifolia</em> /Water Plantain Family<br>
Look for Arrowheads in ponds and slow-moving streams. The male flowers are the yellow-centered o...

Broad-leaved Arrowhead; Duck Potato Aquatic Sagittaria latifolia /Water Plantain Family
Look for Arrowheads in ponds and slow-moving streams. The male flowers are the yellow-centered o...

Broad-leaved Arrowhead; Duck Potato Aquatic Sagittaria latifolia /Water Plantain Family
Look for Arrowheads in ponds and slow-moving streams. The male flowers are the yellow-centered ones on the top of the stalk and the female flowers are the green-centered flowers. Perennial Where seen: University of Tennessee Arboretum, Haw Ridge Greenway
2918
81 Arrowhead flowers are monoecious, the flower with the yellow stamens is male, the one with the green pistils if female. These flowers are insect pollinated.

Arrowhead flowers are monoecious, the flower with the yellow stamens is male, the one with the green pistils if female. These flowers are insect pollinated.

Arrowhead flowers are monoecious, the flower with the yellow stamens is male, the one with the green pistils if female. These flowers are insect pollinated. 1219
82 <strong>Plantainleaf Arrowhead</strong>
<em>Sagittaria platyphylla</em>
Chattanooga, TN
Oct. 8, 2007
This plant was growing in a pond at the Chattanooga Nature Center.

Plantainleaf Arrowhead Sagittaria platyphylla Chattanooga, TN Oct. 8, 2007 This plant was growing in a pond at the Chattanooga Nature Center.

Plantainleaf Arrowhead Sagittaria platyphylla Chattanooga, TN Oct. 8, 2007 This plant was growing in a pond at the Chattanooga Nature Center. 771
83 <strong>Water Pimpernel</strong>
<em>Samolus parviflorus</em> /Water Plantain Family
<span style="color: blue;">Aquatic</span> 
This plant grows in low, wet areas. I found this one growing in the stream at the University of Tennessee Arboretum. The ...

Water Pimpernel Samolus parviflorus /Water Plantain Family Aquatic This plant grows in low, wet areas. I found this one growing in the stream at the University of Tennessee Arboretum. The ...

Water Pimpernel Samolus parviflorus /Water Plantain Family Aquatic This plant grows in low, wet areas. I found this one growing in the stream at the University of Tennessee Arboretum. The flowers are very small on this plant(close-up picture follows). Perennial Where seen: University of Tennessee Arbortum 1527
84 <strong>Water Pimpernel</strong>
 <em>Samolus parviflorus</em> /Water Plantain Family
<span style="color: blue;">Aquatic</span>

Water Pimpernel Samolus parviflorus /Water Plantain Family Aquatic

Water Pimpernel Samolus parviflorus /Water Plantain Family Aquatic 1162
85 <strong>Whorled Milkweed</strong>
<em>Asclepias verticillata</em> /Milkweed Family<br>
This is one of the 13 species of milkweeds in Tennessee. It has very small flowers and long, thin leaves. Close-up photo follows.
Perennial
<u>Where seen</u>: Oa...

Whorled Milkweed Asclepias verticillata /Milkweed Family
This is one of the 13 species of milkweeds in Tennessee. It has very small flowers and long, thin leaves. Close-up photo follows. Perennial Where seen: Oa...

Whorled Milkweed Asclepias verticillata /Milkweed Family
This is one of the 13 species of milkweeds in Tennessee. It has very small flowers and long, thin leaves. Close-up photo follows. Perennial Where seen: Oak Ridge, Great Smoky Mountains NP, Cumberland Trail
1963
86 <strong>Whorled Milkweed</strong> close-up
<em>Asclepias verticillata</em> /Milkweed Family<br>
This Milkweed also has thin leaves. The flowers are much smaller than Common Milkweed. 
Perennial
<u>Where seen</u>: Jefferson Middle School Cedar Barrens

Whorled Milkweed close-up Asclepias verticillata /Milkweed Family
This Milkweed also has thin leaves. The flowers are much smaller than Common Milkweed. Perennial Where seen: Jefferson Middle School Cedar Barrens

Whorled Milkweed close-up Asclepias verticillata /Milkweed Family
This Milkweed also has thin leaves. The flowers are much smaller than Common Milkweed. Perennial Where seen: Jefferson Middle School Cedar Barrens
1267
87 <strong>Whorled Milkwort</strong>
<em>Polygala verticillata</em> /Milkwort Family<br>
Milkworts have pretty little butterfly-shaped flowers.  The flowers and the plant are tiny. I almost overlooked this one! A larger version of the milkwort is Gaywin...

Whorled Milkwort Polygala verticillata /Milkwort Family
Milkworts have pretty little butterfly-shaped flowers. The flowers and the plant are tiny. I almost overlooked this one! A larger version of the milkwort is Gaywin...

Whorled Milkwort Polygala verticillata /Milkwort Family
Milkworts have pretty little butterfly-shaped flowers. The flowers and the plant are tiny. I almost overlooked this one! A larger version of the milkwort is Gaywings, a pink, spring, woodland flower. Annual Where seen: Oak Ridge Greenways, Great Smoky Mountains NP
1745
88 <strong>Blue vined milkweed; Sandvine; 
Honeyvine milkweed</strong> / Milkweed Family
<em>Cynanchum laeve</em> 

I found this plant blooming in Oak Ridge in early August. The honeybee is collecting nectar to take back to her hive. The flowers produ...

Blue vined milkweed; Sandvine; Honeyvine milkweed / Milkweed Family Cynanchum laeve I found this plant blooming in Oak Ridge in early August. The honeybee is collecting nectar to take back to her hive. The flowers produ...

Blue vined milkweed; Sandvine; Honeyvine milkweed / Milkweed Family Cynanchum laeve I found this plant blooming in Oak Ridge in early August. The honeybee is collecting nectar to take back to her hive. The flowers produce nectar to attract bees and other pollinators, in turn, the pollinators spread pollen from one plant to another which fertilizes the flowers. Honeybees are extremely important pollinators. Formerly known as: Ampelamus albidus Perennial Where seen: Oak Ridge 2338
89 <strong>Swamp Azalea; Clammy Azalea</strong>
<span style="color: blue;">Aquatic</span> 
<em>Rhododendron viscosum</em> /Heath Family<br>
These wild azalea flowers have a very strong, sweet fragrance. They are also quite sticky (thus the name "viscos...

Swamp Azalea; Clammy Azalea Aquatic Rhododendron viscosum /Heath Family
These wild azalea flowers have a very strong, sweet fragrance. They are also quite sticky (thus the name "viscos...

Swamp Azalea; Clammy Azalea Aquatic Rhododendron viscosum /Heath Family
These wild azalea flowers have a very strong, sweet fragrance. They are also quite sticky (thus the name "viscosum") as I learned when I removed some loose, brown, wilted flower petals for this photograph! All parts of azaleas are deadly poisonous to people. Perennial Where seen: Piney River Pocket Wilderness, Great Smoky Mountains NP
2859
90 <strong>Mild Water-Pepper</strong>
<span style="color: blue;">Aquatic</span> 
<em>Polygonum hydropiperoides</em> /Smartweed Family<br>
There are many species of Smartweeds. The flowers are either pink or white. Some, such as this one, grow in water....

Mild Water-Pepper Aquatic Polygonum hydropiperoides /Smartweed Family
There are many species of Smartweeds. The flowers are either pink or white. Some, such as this one, grow in water....

Mild Water-Pepper Aquatic Polygonum hydropiperoides /Smartweed Family
There are many species of Smartweeds. The flowers are either pink or white. Some, such as this one, grow in water. All Smartweeds have swollen joints on the stem and a sheath where each leaf is attached. This species has a fringe of bristles on the sheaths. Perennial Where seen: Oak Ridge, Kingston, Great Smoky Mountains NP
1634
91 <strong>False Buckwheat; Climbing Buckwheat</strong>
<em>Polygonum scandens</em> /Smartweed Family<br>
I found this vining plant growing at Norris Dam State Park in late August. The wavy fruits have not fully developed on this plant yet. 
Perennial
...

False Buckwheat; Climbing Buckwheat Polygonum scandens /Smartweed Family
I found this vining plant growing at Norris Dam State Park in late August. The wavy fruits have not fully developed on this plant yet. Perennial ...

False Buckwheat; Climbing Buckwheat Polygonum scandens /Smartweed Family
I found this vining plant growing at Norris Dam State Park in late August. The wavy fruits have not fully developed on this plant yet. Perennial Where seen: Norris Dam State Park, Great Smoky Mountains NP
1935
92 <strong>Japanese Knotweed</strong>
<em>Polygonum cuspidatum*</em> /Smartweed Family<br>
This plant is sometimes called Bamboo (although it is in the  Buckwheat Family and Bamboo is in the Grass Family) due to the jointed stems. It can become an invas...

Japanese Knotweed Polygonum cuspidatum* /Smartweed Family
This plant is sometimes called Bamboo (although it is in the Buckwheat Family and Bamboo is in the Grass Family) due to the jointed stems. It can become an invas...

Japanese Knotweed Polygonum cuspidatum* /Smartweed Family
This plant is sometimes called Bamboo (although it is in the Buckwheat Family and Bamboo is in the Grass Family) due to the jointed stems. It can become an invasive plant. There are large patches of this plant along I-75 near Caryville. Perennial Where seen: Caryville, TN; Oliver Springs, TN, Great Smoky Mountains NP, Warriors' Path SP
1986
93 <strong>Flowering Spurge (different shaped bracts)</strong>
<em>Euphorbia corollata</em> /Spurge Family<br>
Perennial
<u>Where seen</u>: Oak Ridge, University of Tennessee Arboretum

Flowering Spurge (different shaped bracts) Euphorbia corollata /Spurge Family
Perennial Where seen: Oak Ridge, University of Tennessee Arboretum

Flowering Spurge (different shaped bracts) Euphorbia corollata /Spurge Family
Perennial Where seen: Oak Ridge, University of Tennessee Arboretum
1471
94 <strong>Carolina Seed-leaf; Carolina Leaf-flower</strong>
<em>Phyllanthus caroliniensis</em> /Spurge Family<br>
I bought the <u>Manual of the Vascular Flora of the Carolinas</u>, a three-inch thick "Mother-of-All-Plant-ID-Books" for this area. This p...

Carolina Seed-leaf; Carolina Leaf-flower Phyllanthus caroliniensis /Spurge Family
I bought the Manual of the Vascular Flora of the Carolinas, a three-inch thick "Mother-of-All-Plant-ID-Books" for this area. This p...

Carolina Seed-leaf; Carolina Leaf-flower Phyllanthus caroliniensis /Spurge Family
I bought the Manual of the Vascular Flora of the Carolinas, a three-inch thick "Mother-of-All-Plant-ID-Books" for this area. This plant is listed in the Euphorbia family with just the scientific name listed. The 6-petaled flowers, which bloom in the leaf axils, are pinhead-sized. The green seed pods form just below the leaves. I found this blooming in the garden at my school at my school in July. I imagine it was brought in with the topsoil when the garden was built in 1996. Annual Where seen: Oak Ridge
1696
95 <strong>Eyebane</strong> close-up
<em>Euphorbia nutans</em> /Spurge Family<br> 
The flowers of Eyebane are minute. This is a common roadside and driveway weed. It is related to the Poinsettia. It will ooze sticky white sap if the leaves or stems are ...

Eyebane close-up Euphorbia nutans /Spurge Family
The flowers of Eyebane are minute. This is a common roadside and driveway weed. It is related to the Poinsettia. It will ooze sticky white sap if the leaves or stems are ...

Eyebane close-up Euphorbia nutans /Spurge Family
The flowers of Eyebane are minute. This is a common roadside and driveway weed. It is related to the Poinsettia. It will ooze sticky white sap if the leaves or stems are broken. This plant was found in Oak Ridge in August. Annual Where seen: Oak Ridge, common
2113
96 <strong>Toothed Spurge</strong>
<em>Euphorbia dentata</em>/Spurge Family <br>
I found it growing in Oak Ridge in mid-July. The plant is monoecious. The leaves turn a brilliant red in autumn. 
Annual
<u>Where seen</u>: Oak Ridge, Haw Ridge Greenways...

Toothed Spurge Euphorbia dentata/Spurge Family
I found it growing in Oak Ridge in mid-July. The plant is monoecious. The leaves turn a brilliant red in autumn. Annual Where seen: Oak Ridge, Haw Ridge Greenways...

Toothed Spurge Euphorbia dentata/Spurge Family
I found it growing in Oak Ridge in mid-July. The plant is monoecious. The leaves turn a brilliant red in autumn. Annual Where seen: Oak Ridge, Haw Ridge Greenways, Great Smoky Mountains NP
2038
97 <strong>Biennial Gaura; Morning Honeysuckle</strong>
<em>Gaura biennis</em> /Evening Primrose Family<br>
These are very common roadside plants that bloom in August. I like the unusual white and pink flowers. They close by afternoon, so you have to go...

Biennial Gaura; Morning Honeysuckle Gaura biennis /Evening Primrose Family
These are very common roadside plants that bloom in August. I like the unusual white and pink flowers. They close by afternoon, so you have to go...

Biennial Gaura; Morning Honeysuckle Gaura biennis /Evening Primrose Family
These are very common roadside plants that bloom in August. I like the unusual white and pink flowers. They close by afternoon, so you have to go out early to see them. Note the X-shaped stigma on the pistil."Biennial" means "two years." Biennial or winter annual Where seen: Oak Ridge Greenways, Great Smoky Mountains NP, Warriors' Path SP
2556
98 <strong>Pokeweed</strong>
<em>Phytolacca americana</em> /Pokeweed Family<br>
These are the flowers of the "Poke Salad" (a.k.a. Poke Sallet) plant, which is relished by some people in this area in the early spring (the fresh leaves have to be boiled s...

Pokeweed Phytolacca americana /Pokeweed Family
These are the flowers of the "Poke Salad" (a.k.a. Poke Sallet) plant, which is relished by some people in this area in the early spring (the fresh leaves have to be boiled s...

Pokeweed Phytolacca americana /Pokeweed Family
These are the flowers of the "Poke Salad" (a.k.a. Poke Sallet) plant, which is relished by some people in this area in the early spring (the fresh leaves have to be boiled several times). Even though I live in Tennessee and this plant is a common weed here, I have never eaten Poke. I still have memories of eating boiled Chickweed on a Girl Scout campout many years ago, so I'm not much into eating weeds! :) The berries of Pokeweed turn a dark purple in the fall (see "Fruits and Seeds" gallery). There are 10 shiny black seeds in each berry. Birds love the berries and often leave an unmistakable purple, seedy "calling card" on your car or mailbox! All parts of the Pokeweed plant are poisonous to turkeys, horses, pigs, sheep, and cattle due to the toxins phytolaccatoxin and phytolaccigenin. Perennial Where seen: Oak Ridge, Great Smoky Mountain NP, Warrior's Path SP, widespread
2507
99 <strong>Catalpa; Catawba Tree</strong>
<em>Catalpa speciosa</em> /Bignonia Family<br>
These trees are in the family Bignoniaceae, the same family as Trumpet Creeper vines and Cross Vine. The Catalpa moth lays her eggs on the big leaves of this tree a...

Catalpa; Catawba Tree Catalpa speciosa /Bignonia Family
These trees are in the family Bignoniaceae, the same family as Trumpet Creeper vines and Cross Vine. The Catalpa moth lays her eggs on the big leaves of this tree a...

Catalpa; Catawba Tree Catalpa speciosa /Bignonia Family
These trees are in the family Bignoniaceae, the same family as Trumpet Creeper vines and Cross Vine. The Catalpa moth lays her eggs on the big leaves of this tree and her large black and yellow caterpillars eat them. When my parents were dating in the 1940's my father would climb the Catalpa tree in his yard and pitch the caterpillars to my mother to collect for fishing bait. Now THAT was true love on her part! :) Perennial Where seen: Oak Ridge, Great Smoky Mountains NP, widespread, Warriors' Path SP
3587
100 <strong>Ditch stonecrop </strong>
<span style="color: blue;">Aquatic</span>
<em>Penthorum sedoides</em> /Saxifrage Family<br>
I was surprised to find this plant in two different places in one day and it was the first time I'd ever seen it! I found i...

Ditch stonecrop Aquatic Penthorum sedoides /Saxifrage Family
I was surprised to find this plant in two different places in one day and it was the first time I'd ever seen it! I found i...

Ditch stonecrop Aquatic Penthorum sedoides /Saxifrage Family
I was surprised to find this plant in two different places in one day and it was the first time I'd ever seen it! I found it first in a ditch on the Haw Ridge Greenways trail and then later in the creek at the University of Tennessee Arboretum. Ditch Stonecrop is in the Saxifrage Family. The little fly on the flower on the right side of the plant was hovering, thus the wings are blurred. Perennial Where seen: Haw Ridge Greenways, University of Tennessee Arboretum, Great Smoky Mountains NP, Warriors' Path SP
2209
101 <strong>Ditch stonecrop</strong> whole plant
<em>Penthorum sedoides</em> /Saxifrage Family<br>

Ditch stonecrop whole plant Penthorum sedoides /Saxifrage Family

Ditch stonecrop whole plant Penthorum sedoides /Saxifrage Family
1257
102 <strong>Carpetweed</strong>
<em>Mollugo verticillata*</em> /Carpetweed Family<br>
This is a common roadside weed. It grows in a low mat on the ground. I found this one blooming in Oak Ridge in late August.
Annual
<u>Where seen</u>: Oak Ridge, Great...

Carpetweed Mollugo verticillata* /Carpetweed Family
This is a common roadside weed. It grows in a low mat on the ground. I found this one blooming in Oak Ridge in late August. Annual Where seen: Oak Ridge, Great...

Carpetweed Mollugo verticillata* /Carpetweed Family
This is a common roadside weed. It grows in a low mat on the ground. I found this one blooming in Oak Ridge in late August. Annual Where seen: Oak Ridge, Great Smoky Mountains NP, widespread
2291
103 <strong>Lamb's-Quarters; White Goosefoot; Pigweed</strong>
<em>Chenopodium album*</em> /Goosefoot Family<br>
This is a common weed of fields, waste ground, and roadsides. It has tiny flowers. I found this one in Tellico Plains growing outside our cab...

Lamb's-Quarters; White Goosefoot; Pigweed Chenopodium album* /Goosefoot Family
This is a common weed of fields, waste ground, and roadsides. It has tiny flowers. I found this one in Tellico Plains growing outside our cab...

Lamb's-Quarters; White Goosefoot; Pigweed Chenopodium album* /Goosefoot Family
This is a common weed of fields, waste ground, and roadsides. It has tiny flowers. I found this one in Tellico Plains growing outside our cabin at the KOA! All parts of the Lamb's Quarters plants contain poisonous nitrates. Horses, pigs, sheep, and cattle are poisoned by eating the plants. Annual Where seen: Oak Ridge, Tellico Plains, Great Smoky Mountains NP, widespread, Warrior's Path SP
2720
104 <strong>Blue Haw; Arrow-wood</strong>
<em>Viburnum rifidulum</em> /Honeysuckle Family
Height: up to 10'
July 8, 2005<br>
I found this plant blooming when I led a hike to Andrews Bald in the Smokies. It will have blue fruits later in the season. 
P...

Blue Haw; Arrow-wood Viburnum rifidulum /Honeysuckle Family Height: up to 10' July 8, 2005
I found this plant blooming when I led a hike to Andrews Bald in the Smokies. It will have blue fruits later in the season. P...

Blue Haw; Arrow-wood Viburnum rifidulum /Honeysuckle Family Height: up to 10' July 8, 2005
I found this plant blooming when I led a hike to Andrews Bald in the Smokies. It will have blue fruits later in the season. Perennial - shrub Where seen: Great Smoky Mountains NP
2257
105 <strong>Lesser Stitchwort</strong>
<em>Stellaria graminea*</em> / Pink Family
Height: up to 12"
August 12, 2005<br> 
I found this plant growing on Max Patch, a pretty bald high in the mountains on the TN / NC border not far from the Smokies. Like t...

Lesser Stitchwort Stellaria graminea* / Pink Family Height: up to 12" August 12, 2005
I found this plant growing on Max Patch, a pretty bald high in the mountains on the TN / NC border not far from the Smokies. Like t...

Lesser Stitchwort Stellaria graminea* / Pink Family Height: up to 12" August 12, 2005
I found this plant growing on Max Patch, a pretty bald high in the mountains on the TN / NC border not far from the Smokies. Like the Chickweed flowers to which it is related, the 5 petals are so deeply cut, they appear to have 10 petals. This plant has long, thin leaves and the flowers bloom on tiny, thread-like stems. Perennial Where seen: TN / NC border
2357
106 <strong>Mountain Sandwort</strong>
<em>Arenaria groenlandica</em> / Pink Family
<span style="color: purple;">Rare</span>
Roan Mountain
June 22, 2007
These little white flowers grow near the parking area at the Rhododendron Gardens at Roan Mountain.

Mountain Sandwort Arenaria groenlandica / Pink Family Rare Roan Mountain June 22, 2007 These little white flowers grow near the parking area at the Rhododendron Gardens at Roan Mountain.

Mountain Sandwort Arenaria groenlandica / Pink Family Rare Roan Mountain June 22, 2007 These little white flowers grow near the parking area at the Rhododendron Gardens at Roan Mountain. 1659
107 <strong>American Burr Reed</strong> 
<em>Sparganium americanum</em> / Burr Reed Family
<span style="color: blue;">Aquatic</span>
Bays Mountain Park - Kingsport, TN
June 23, 2007
Monoecious
There were lots of these plants growing in the wetland ar...

American Burr Reed Sparganium americanum / Burr Reed Family Aquatic Bays Mountain Park - Kingsport, TN June 23, 2007 Monoecious There were lots of these plants growing in the wetland ar...

American Burr Reed Sparganium americanum / Burr Reed Family Aquatic Bays Mountain Park - Kingsport, TN June 23, 2007 Monoecious There were lots of these plants growing in the wetland areas along the bank of Bays Mountain Lake. The upper flowers are staminate or male, the green flowers are the pistillate or female flowers. 2157
108 <strong>Bladder Campion</strong>
<em>Silene vulgaris*</em> / Pink Family
Elizabethton, TN
June 22, 2007
Unfortunately, I was not able to photograph these flowers until late in the afternoon, the petals had curled up already. I found these blooming ...

Bladder Campion Silene vulgaris* / Pink Family Elizabethton, TN June 22, 2007 Unfortunately, I was not able to photograph these flowers until late in the afternoon, the petals had curled up already. I found these blooming ...

Bladder Campion Silene vulgaris* / Pink Family Elizabethton, TN June 22, 2007 Unfortunately, I was not able to photograph these flowers until late in the afternoon, the petals had curled up already. I found these blooming in a crack in the pavement at a hotel parking lot! Sometimes I don't have to look very far to find flowers! 2504

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