Birds II - Songbirds, Woodpeckers, Ground feeding birds

Birds I've seen while tromping in the woods and wilds!
Image Number Image (Click to Enlarge)CaptionImage Viewed
1 I had to hold my camera above my head to get this photo of these Baby Robins because the nest was about 6 feet above the ground. I had to try to focus through the leaves while looking at a tiny LCD screen a foot above my head. I was excited to find thi...

I had to hold my camera above my head to get this photo of these Baby Robins because the nest was about 6 feet above the ground. I had to try to focus through the leaves while looking at a tiny LCD screen a foot above my head. I was excited to find thi...

I had to hold my camera above my head to get this photo of these Baby Robins because the nest was about 6 feet above the ground. I had to try to focus through the leaves while looking at a tiny LCD screen a foot above my head. I was excited to find this little baby with its nest mates. It was so young its eyes were not yet open. The bright-colored mouth and loud peeping calls let the parents know the chicks are ready to be fed! 3411
2 This fledgling Robin is like a teenager going through puberty, it may look a lot like an adult, but it is still a kid! It is beginning to get the rusty brown plumage of the adult, but it still has its' "baby spots" and it has the call of a chick. I pho...

This fledgling Robin is like a teenager going through puberty, it may look a lot like an adult, but it is still a kid! It is beginning to get the rusty brown plumage of the adult, but it still has its' "baby spots" and it has the call of a chick. I pho...

This fledgling Robin is like a teenager going through puberty, it may look a lot like an adult, but it is still a kid! It is beginning to get the rusty brown plumage of the adult, but it still has its' "baby spots" and it has the call of a chick. I photographed this little guy (or gal) sitting on the tree outside my living room window in mid-May 2007. Even at this size, it was calling for food from its' parent. 2333
3 This was one of the parent <strong>American Robins</strong> (<em>Turdus migratorius</em>). They were very cautious about going back to the nest.

This was one of the parent American Robins (Turdus migratorius). They were very cautious about going back to the nest.

This was one of the parent American Robins (Turdus migratorius). They were very cautious about going back to the nest. 2367
4 We finally got a little snow in early February 2007, so I went to the UT Arboretum to get some pictures of the holly trees. When I walked over to one of the trees,it erupted in Robins! The birds had been gorging on the red berries.

We finally got a little snow in early February 2007, so I went to the UT Arboretum to get some pictures of the holly trees. When I walked over to one of the trees,it erupted in Robins! The birds had been gorging on the red berries.

We finally got a little snow in early February 2007, so I went to the UT Arboretum to get some pictures of the holly trees. When I walked over to one of the trees,it erupted in Robins! The birds had been gorging on the red berries. 3433
5 My husband heard a noise in the basement and saw this male Robin attacking his reflection in the window. We were surprised to see him doing it through the screen! Many male birds are highly territorial and will defend their area, this guy saw his refle...

My husband heard a noise in the basement and saw this male Robin attacking his reflection in the window. We were surprised to see him doing it through the screen! Many male birds are highly territorial and will defend their area, this guy saw his refle...

My husband heard a noise in the basement and saw this male Robin attacking his reflection in the window. We were surprised to see him doing it through the screen! Many male birds are highly territorial and will defend their area, this guy saw his reflection as a "rival" and tried (unsuccessfully) to scare it away. He sure made a mess on the window! 1940
6 I photographed this <strong>Mockingbird</strong> (<em>  Mimus polyglottos)</em> sitting on a sculpture in the Univerisity of Tennessee Trial Gardens. I guess it was appropriate to see it, this is the State Bird of Tennessee. Mockingbirds will mimic oth...

I photographed this Mockingbird ( Mimus polyglottos) sitting on a sculpture in the Univerisity of Tennessee Trial Gardens. I guess it was appropriate to see it, this is the State Bird of Tennessee. Mockingbirds will mimic oth...

I photographed this Mockingbird ( Mimus polyglottos) sitting on a sculpture in the Univerisity of Tennessee Trial Gardens. I guess it was appropriate to see it, this is the State Bird of Tennessee. Mockingbirds will mimic other birds and other sounds, including ringing telephones! They repeat each call three or more times. It is not unusual to hear them singing in the middle of the night. 3691
7 This Mockingbird in my yard is such a bully! I had just grabbed my camera to take a picture of a Yellow-bellied Sapsucker that came to the feeder outside my living room window. Just as I was lifting the camera to take a picture, this bird came and chas...

This Mockingbird in my yard is such a bully! I had just grabbed my camera to take a picture of a Yellow-bellied Sapsucker that came to the feeder outside my living room window. Just as I was lifting the camera to take a picture, this bird came and chas...

This Mockingbird in my yard is such a bully! I had just grabbed my camera to take a picture of a Yellow-bellied Sapsucker that came to the feeder outside my living room window. Just as I was lifting the camera to take a picture, this bird came and chased the woodpecker away! :( Usually the "bully" stays in our neighbor's yard and terrorizes the birds at their feeder, but if he (or maybe she) sees birds at our feeder he swoops in and chases them off. He seems to dislike the larger birds, maybe he just doesn't notice the smaller ones! He sure uses a lot of energy flying back and forth between yards! ***Update*** Nov. 30, 2007 - He's back, meaner than ever, and chasing all the other birds! Today he attacked a wren on the ground under the feeder and he tried to attack a Pileated Woodpecker while it was on the suet feeder! 2560
8 Even "bully" Mockingbirds get in the mood to dance when love is in the air! I photographed these two doing a courtship dance the last day of February. Spring is in the air and this young man's fancy has turned to thoughts of love! :) Actually, I'm not ...

Even "bully" Mockingbirds get in the mood to dance when love is in the air! I photographed these two doing a courtship dance the last day of February. Spring is in the air and this young man's fancy has turned to thoughts of love! :) Actually, I'm not ...

Even "bully" Mockingbirds get in the mood to dance when love is in the air! I photographed these two doing a courtship dance the last day of February. Spring is in the air and this young man's fancy has turned to thoughts of love! :) Actually, I'm not sure which is the male since mockingbirds are monomorphic, both genders have the same feather color and pattern. Cardinals are a good example of heteromorphic (different feather color and pattern) birds. 2168
9 Mockingbird

Mockingbird

Mockingbird 2479
10 <strong>Swainson's (L) and Gray-cheeked (R) Thrushes</strong>
<em>Catharus ustulatus</em> and <em>Catharus minimus</em>
October 2007
I was surprised to see two different kinds of thrushes sharing my birdbath. These birds were migrating.

Swainson's (L) and Gray-cheeked (R) Thrushes Catharus ustulatus and Catharus minimus October 2007 I was surprised to see two different kinds of thrushes sharing my birdbath. These birds were migrating.

Swainson's (L) and Gray-cheeked (R) Thrushes Catharus ustulatus and Catharus minimus October 2007 I was surprised to see two different kinds of thrushes sharing my birdbath. These birds were migrating. 3122
11 <strong>Brown Thrasher</strong>
<em>Toxostoma rufum</em>
March 6, 2007
These birds are well camouflaged against a leafy, brown background. It is fun to watch them toss leaves around in search of a tasty insect. Thrashers are related to mockingbirds.

Brown Thrasher Toxostoma rufum March 6, 2007 These birds are well camouflaged against a leafy, brown background. It is fun to watch them toss leaves around in search of a tasty insect. Thrashers are related to mockingbirds.

Brown Thrasher Toxostoma rufum March 6, 2007 These birds are well camouflaged against a leafy, brown background. It is fun to watch them toss leaves around in search of a tasty insect. Thrashers are related to mockingbirds. 3110
12 <strong>Brown Thrasher</strong>
<em>Toxostoma rufum</em>
Jan. 30, 2010
Oak Ridge, TN 

These birds are well camouflaged against a leafy, brown background, so I was happy to get this photo in the snow. It is fun to watch them toss leaves around in ...

Brown Thrasher Toxostoma rufum Jan. 30, 2010 Oak Ridge, TN These birds are well camouflaged against a leafy, brown background, so I was happy to get this photo in the snow. It is fun to watch them toss leaves around in ...

Brown Thrasher Toxostoma rufum Jan. 30, 2010 Oak Ridge, TN These birds are well camouflaged against a leafy, brown background, so I was happy to get this photo in the snow. It is fun to watch them toss leaves around in search of a tasty insect. Thrashers are related to mockingbirds. 3097
13 <strong>American Goldfinches</strong> 
<em>Carduelis tristis</em>
Great Smoky Mountains NP
April 2005

I photographed these lovely birds at the Cades Cove Visitors Center. I love seeing these pretty little bright yellow birds. My camera (Nikon Coo...

American Goldfinches Carduelis tristis Great Smoky Mountains NP April 2005 I photographed these lovely birds at the Cades Cove Visitors Center. I love seeing these pretty little bright yellow birds. My camera (Nikon Coo...

American Goldfinches Carduelis tristis Great Smoky Mountains NP April 2005 I photographed these lovely birds at the Cades Cove Visitors Center. I love seeing these pretty little bright yellow birds. My camera (Nikon Coolpix 5700) does not do well when I try to push the telephoto capabilities as I did for this picture. 3133
14 I photographed this pair of Goldfinches on the feeder at Frozen Head State Park in August. The duller colored female is the bird perched on the chain. In the winter the male birds will lose the bright yellow plumage and take on an olive hue.

I photographed this pair of Goldfinches on the feeder at Frozen Head State Park in August. The duller colored female is the bird perched on the chain. In the winter the male birds will lose the bright yellow plumage and take on an olive hue.

I photographed this pair of Goldfinches on the feeder at Frozen Head State Park in August. The duller colored female is the bird perched on the chain. In the winter the male birds will lose the bright yellow plumage and take on an olive hue. 2338
15 These Goldfinches and a lone Junco were eating seed beneath a feeder at Frozen Head State Park in February 2007.

These Goldfinches and a lone Junco were eating seed beneath a feeder at Frozen Head State Park in February 2007.

These Goldfinches and a lone Junco were eating seed beneath a feeder at Frozen Head State Park in February 2007. 2352
16 This little <strong>Black-capped Chickadee</strong> (<em>Parus atricapillus</em>) was snacking on seeds from the birdfeeder in the tree outside my picture window. They are charming little birds that get their name from their "chick-a-dee-dee-dee" call....

This little Black-capped Chickadee (Parus atricapillus) was snacking on seeds from the birdfeeder in the tree outside my picture window. They are charming little birds that get their name from their "chick-a-dee-dee-dee" call....

This little Black-capped Chickadee (Parus atricapillus) was snacking on seeds from the birdfeeder in the tree outside my picture window. They are charming little birds that get their name from their "chick-a-dee-dee-dee" call. The bird feeder photos were taken from my living room window through double pane glass. The autofocus on my camera has a hard time focusing on the birds through the window, so those bird photos are not so great! 2797
17 <strong>Black-capped Chickadee</strong>
<em>Parus atricapillus</em>
Oak Ridge, TN
December 14, 2008

The short, sharp beak of the Chickadee is used for eating seeds and small insects. This one was waiting its turn on the rope that holds the bird f...

Black-capped Chickadee Parus atricapillus Oak Ridge, TN December 14, 2008 The short, sharp beak of the Chickadee is used for eating seeds and small insects. This one was waiting its turn on the rope that holds the bird f...

Black-capped Chickadee Parus atricapillus Oak Ridge, TN December 14, 2008 The short, sharp beak of the Chickadee is used for eating seeds and small insects. This one was waiting its turn on the rope that holds the bird feeder outside our window. 3138
18 <strong>Tufted Titmouse</strong> 
<em>Baeolophus bicolor</em>
Nov. 30, 2007
This little gray Tufted Titmouse was just one of many that was waiting to snatch a seed from the feeder and then fly off to a distant branch to shell and eat it. It seems li...

Tufted Titmouse Baeolophus bicolor Nov. 30, 2007 This little gray Tufted Titmouse was just one of many that was waiting to snatch a seed from the feeder and then fly off to a distant branch to shell and eat it. It seems li...

Tufted Titmouse Baeolophus bicolor Nov. 30, 2007 This little gray Tufted Titmouse was just one of many that was waiting to snatch a seed from the feeder and then fly off to a distant branch to shell and eat it. It seems like they use a lot of energy to fly back and forth to eat their food! When I was a kid growing up in Nashville, we had a titmouse that came to our feeder for 2 years in a row that had just one leg. We never knew what awful trauma it suffered to lose a limb. It was amazing to watch that little guy handle the seeds. 2561
19 Titmice (or is it "titmouses"?) coming and going! Sometimes I can't quite catch the birds sitting still! I wish the birds had been in focus better, it is interesting to see how they use the feathers on their wings and tail.

Titmice (or is it "titmouses"?) coming and going! Sometimes I can't quite catch the birds sitting still! I wish the birds had been in focus better, it is interesting to see how they use the feathers on their wings and tail.

Titmice (or is it "titmouses"?) coming and going! Sometimes I can't quite catch the birds sitting still! I wish the birds had been in focus better, it is interesting to see how they use the feathers on their wings and tail. 1986
20 <strong>Gray Catbird</strong>
<em>Dumetella carolinensis</em>
Oak Ridge, TN
August 11, 2008

Gray Catbird Dumetella carolinensis Oak Ridge, TN August 11, 2008

Gray Catbird Dumetella carolinensis Oak Ridge, TN August 11, 2008 2399
21 <strong>Gray Catbird</strong>
<em>Dumetella carolinensis</em>
Oak Ridge, TN
August 11, 2008

Gray Catbird Dumetella carolinensis Oak Ridge, TN August 11, 2008

Gray Catbird Dumetella carolinensis Oak Ridge, TN August 11, 2008 1972
22 This <strong>Indigo Bunting</strong> (<em>Passerina cyanea</em>) was flitting around a roadside pullout in the Smokies early one morning in late April. He was singing loudly trying to let a nearby rival that this was his territory. He was stunningly be...

This Indigo Bunting (Passerina cyanea) was flitting around a roadside pullout in the Smokies early one morning in late April. He was singing loudly trying to let a nearby rival that this was his territory. He was stunningly be...

This Indigo Bunting (Passerina cyanea) was flitting around a roadside pullout in the Smokies early one morning in late April. He was singing loudly trying to let a nearby rival that this was his territory. He was stunningly beautiful! I really wished I had better telephoto capabilities when I downloaded this blurry photo! Yes, I was using a tripod! :) 3199
23 <strong>Indigo Bunting</strong>
<em>Passerina cyanea</em>
Knoxville, TN Ijams Nature Center
May 31, 2010

What a thrill it was to see this beautiful male Indigo Bunting on a Queen Anne's Lace! I had been trying to get a good photo of one of these ...

Indigo Bunting Passerina cyanea Knoxville, TN Ijams Nature Center May 31, 2010 What a thrill it was to see this beautiful male Indigo Bunting on a Queen Anne's Lace! I had been trying to get a good photo of one of these ...

Indigo Bunting Passerina cyanea Knoxville, TN Ijams Nature Center May 31, 2010 What a thrill it was to see this beautiful male Indigo Bunting on a Queen Anne's Lace! I had been trying to get a good photo of one of these handsome guys for years, I finally succeeded. 1961
24 I snapped this photo of a <strong>Blue Jay</strong> (<em>Cyannocitta cristata</em>) with an acorn in its' mouth through my picture window in the living room. It took it to a tree to open it. This may solve the mystery of how the oak trees sprout in the...

I snapped this photo of a Blue Jay (Cyannocitta cristata) with an acorn in its' mouth through my picture window in the living room. It took it to a tree to open it. This may solve the mystery of how the oak trees sprout in the...

I snapped this photo of a Blue Jay (Cyannocitta cristata) with an acorn in its' mouth through my picture window in the living room. It took it to a tree to open it. This may solve the mystery of how the oak trees sprout in the garden at my school. It is completely enclosed by walls so no squirrels or other animas can bring them in and bury them. Birds, however, would have no trouble bringing in acorns! Blue Jays are colorful, loud, and boistrous birds. They make many different sounds with their calls. These birds will dive at and harass cats that they see as a threat. The scientific name Cyanocitta cristata comes from Greek, cyanos = "blue" kitta = "jay" and cristata = "crested". 3000
25 This close-up shot of a Blue Jay shows the beautiful pattern of their wings. I took this shot through a classroom window at school while I was waiting (in vain) for the white member of its flock to return. 
According to sources I've read, blue-colored...

This close-up shot of a Blue Jay shows the beautiful pattern of their wings. I took this shot through a classroom window at school while I was waiting (in vain) for the white member of its flock to return. According to sources I've read, blue-colored...

This close-up shot of a Blue Jay shows the beautiful pattern of their wings. I took this shot through a classroom window at school while I was waiting (in vain) for the white member of its flock to return. According to sources I've read, blue-colored birds do not have blue feathers! The blue color comes from the refractive structures in the feathers, only the blue wavelength of the white light (from the sun) is reflected back to our eyes. A good discussion of feather color can be found on this link: Feather color. 3853
26 This white <strong>Blue Jay</strong> (<em>Cyanocitta cristata</em>) has been appearing at a feeder in the garden at the elementary school where I work (2006). I spotted it from my room and I raced around the corner to go to another room to get a closer...

This white Blue Jay (Cyanocitta cristata) has been appearing at a feeder in the garden at the elementary school where I work (2006). I spotted it from my room and I raced around the corner to go to another room to get a closer...

This white Blue Jay (Cyanocitta cristata) has been appearing at a feeder in the garden at the elementary school where I work (2006). I spotted it from my room and I raced around the corner to go to another room to get a closer picture. When some kids in the hall saw me they scolded, "Mrs. Light, you're not supposed to run in the hall!" This Blue Jay is not an albino because it does have some black markings, it is considered "leucistic" (leuco means "white"). 2870
27 In January 2008 we were delighted to see that the white ("leucistic") Blue Jay was still alive. I brought my camera to school in hopes of getting a better photo of it. I was surprised to see that it does have a bit of blue on its wings, as this photo s...

In January 2008 we were delighted to see that the white ("leucistic") Blue Jay was still alive. I brought my camera to school in hopes of getting a better photo of it. I was surprised to see that it does have a bit of blue on its wings, as this photo s...

In January 2008 we were delighted to see that the white ("leucistic") Blue Jay was still alive. I brought my camera to school in hopes of getting a better photo of it. I was surprised to see that it does have a bit of blue on its wings, as this photo shows. I'll try to get an even better photo, I had to take this one through double pane glass and in the shade at 8:15 in the morning. This bird has a very rigid schedule of when it shows up at the feeder at the school. 3869
28 January 16, 2008
The white ("leucistic") Blue Jay has few of the typical blue markings of its normal-colored kin(only the wingtips are pale blue) and the black markings are much lighter colored. A good discussion of feather color can be found on this ...

January 16, 2008 The white ("leucistic") Blue Jay has few of the typical blue markings of its normal-colored kin(only the wingtips are pale blue) and the black markings are much lighter colored. A good discussion of feather color can be found on this ...

January 16, 2008 The white ("leucistic") Blue Jay has few of the typical blue markings of its normal-colored kin(only the wingtips are pale blue) and the black markings are much lighter colored. A good discussion of feather color can be found on this link: Feather color. 3478
29 These <strong>Eastern Bluebirds</strong> (<em>Sialia sialis</em>) were photographed at the Hiwassee Wildlife Management Area on Feb. 10, 2007. The Sandhill Cranes that we had gone there to see were gone, so we enjoyed seeing the other birds, such as sn...

These Eastern Bluebirds (Sialia sialis) were photographed at the Hiwassee Wildlife Management Area on Feb. 10, 2007. The Sandhill Cranes that we had gone there to see were gone, so we enjoyed seeing the other birds, such as sn...

These Eastern Bluebirds (Sialia sialis) were photographed at the Hiwassee Wildlife Management Area on Feb. 10, 2007. The Sandhill Cranes that we had gone there to see were gone, so we enjoyed seeing the other birds, such as snow geese, various ducks, a red-tailed hawk and even a bald eagle. The male bluebird was the most brilliant blue I have ever seen! His duller colored mate is to his left. I have a hard time getting photographs of birds facing me, I usually seem to get them from the wrong side! Bluebirds stay in our area during the winter. 2800
30 This pretty little female Bluebird was photographed late in the afternoon in late February at the Civic Center Park in Oak Ridge.

This pretty little female Bluebird was photographed late in the afternoon in late February at the Civic Center Park in Oak Ridge.

This pretty little female Bluebird was photographed late in the afternoon in late February at the Civic Center Park in Oak Ridge. 2023
31 This handsome male Bluebird was getting ready to take a bath in my yard. I stood very still on the carport to get this shot with my telephoto lens.

This handsome male Bluebird was getting ready to take a bath in my yard. I stood very still on the carport to get this shot with my telephoto lens.

This handsome male Bluebird was getting ready to take a bath in my yard. I stood very still on the carport to get this shot with my telephoto lens. 1778
32 "Splish splash, Bluebirds takin' a bath!" Mom is waiting her turn while dad freshens up for the evening. This was one of those times I really could have used a faster telephoto lens!

"Splish splash, Bluebirds takin' a bath!" Mom is waiting her turn while dad freshens up for the evening. This was one of those times I really could have used a faster telephoto lens!

"Splish splash, Bluebirds takin' a bath!" Mom is waiting her turn while dad freshens up for the evening. This was one of those times I really could have used a faster telephoto lens! 1680
33 <strong>Bluebirds in bath</strong>
September 22, 2008

These young bluebirds were splashing in the birdbath in our yard. I had just filled it a few hours earlier, after a few vigorous baths, it was nearly empty!

Bluebirds in bath September 22, 2008 These young bluebirds were splashing in the birdbath in our yard. I had just filled it a few hours earlier, after a few vigorous baths, it was nearly empty!

Bluebirds in bath September 22, 2008 These young bluebirds were splashing in the birdbath in our yard. I had just filled it a few hours earlier, after a few vigorous baths, it was nearly empty! 1597
34 This Male <strong>Cardinal</strong> (<em>Cardinalis cardinalis</em>)was photographed in April at Ijams Nature Center. He looked so striking with the redbud tree in the background. The males are more brightly colored. I am careful to avoid saying, "Male...

This Male Cardinal (Cardinalis cardinalis)was photographed in April at Ijams Nature Center. He looked so striking with the redbud tree in the background. The males are more brightly colored. I am careful to avoid saying, "Male...

This Male Cardinal (Cardinalis cardinalis)was photographed in April at Ijams Nature Center. He looked so striking with the redbud tree in the background. The males are more brightly colored. I am careful to avoid saying, "Male birds are brighter than females;" I said that once and the boys in my class loved it! Their smart-aleck answer was, "Well, yeah, we know that!" So now I say that male birds are more brightly colored than females! 1851
35 Male cardinals are highly territorial, they will even fight their own reflection, making a mess of windows and car mirrors. I like to listen to their loud, "Cheer, cheer, cheer" calls in the spring. Contrary to popular belief, birds do not call to gree...

Male cardinals are highly territorial, they will even fight their own reflection, making a mess of windows and car mirrors. I like to listen to their loud, "Cheer, cheer, cheer" calls in the spring. Contrary to popular belief, birds do not call to gree...

Male cardinals are highly territorial, they will even fight their own reflection, making a mess of windows and car mirrors. I like to listen to their loud, "Cheer, cheer, cheer" calls in the spring. Contrary to popular belief, birds do not call to greet the sunrise or because they are happy, they are saying, "You other guys stay away, this is my territory!" Or sometimes, "Are any of you pretty ladies interested in a date?" Listen to the birds on a spring morning and see how many different kinds you hear. How many can you identify? 2845
36 Note how this female Cardinal has the same facial markings as the male, she is much more cryptically colored though. A brightly colored female would be easier for predators to see and attack. I like to tell my students that in nature, it's the males th...

Note how this female Cardinal has the same facial markings as the male, she is much more cryptically colored though. A brightly colored female would be easier for predators to see and attack. I like to tell my students that in nature, it's the males th...

Note how this female Cardinal has the same facial markings as the male, she is much more cryptically colored though. A brightly colored female would be easier for predators to see and attack. I like to tell my students that in nature, it's the males that put on the "make-up" of bright colors to attract a mate! ;) 1899
37 A female Cardinal awaits her time at the feeder. She has fluffed out her feathers to keep warm on a very cold winter day (it was in the low 20's when this photo was taken). Birds' feathers trap a layer of air keeping them warm; birds, like mammals, are...

A female Cardinal awaits her time at the feeder. She has fluffed out her feathers to keep warm on a very cold winter day (it was in the low 20's when this photo was taken). Birds' feathers trap a layer of air keeping them warm; birds, like mammals, are...

A female Cardinal awaits her time at the feeder. She has fluffed out her feathers to keep warm on a very cold winter day (it was in the low 20's when this photo was taken). Birds' feathers trap a layer of air keeping them warm; birds, like mammals, are warm-blooded (this is why penguins are able to survive the brutal conditions of Antarctica). 1804
38 <strong>Leucistic Female Cardinal</strong><br><br>

Leucistic Female Cardinal

Leucistic Female Cardinal

I was excited to see this leucistic (it is not an albino) female Cardinal on January 27, 2019 in my yard under the bird feeders. It is interesting how she kept the red coloration, but most of the brown did not develop.
78
39 Look at the difference in the beaks of the Nuthatch and the Cardinal. Cardinals are seed eaters, thus they have short, thick beaks. Nuthatches have long, sharp beaks for poking around the cracks in tree bark as they hunt for insects.

Look at the difference in the beaks of the Nuthatch and the Cardinal. Cardinals are seed eaters, thus they have short, thick beaks. Nuthatches have long, sharp beaks for poking around the cracks in tree bark as they hunt for insects.

Look at the difference in the beaks of the Nuthatch and the Cardinal. Cardinals are seed eaters, thus they have short, thick beaks. Nuthatches have long, sharp beaks for poking around the cracks in tree bark as they hunt for insects. 1840
40 I photographed these Cardinal eggs in a vine in the garden at my school. It will be fun to watch the chicks as they hatch and grow.

I photographed these Cardinal eggs in a vine in the garden at my school. It will be fun to watch the chicks as they hatch and grow.

I photographed these Cardinal eggs in a vine in the garden at my school. It will be fun to watch the chicks as they hatch and grow. 1949
41 <strong>Summer Tanager</strong> - female
<em>Piranga rubra</em>
Oak Ridge, TN
September 28, 2008

I wish I could have taken a better photo than this, but sometimes I get only one shot. I'll have to be happy with this until another opportunity aris...

Summer Tanager - female Piranga rubra Oak Ridge, TN September 28, 2008 I wish I could have taken a better photo than this, but sometimes I get only one shot. I'll have to be happy with this until another opportunity aris...

Summer Tanager - female Piranga rubra Oak Ridge, TN September 28, 2008 I wish I could have taken a better photo than this, but sometimes I get only one shot. I'll have to be happy with this until another opportunity arises! I would love to see the male, he is a brilliant red. 2052
42 <strong>White-breasted Nuthatch</strong>
<em>Sitta carolinensis</em>
I love to watch Nuthatches, they are such lively little birds! They are quite hyperactive, so they are hard to photograph. This little guy would fly to the feeder, fly back to the t...

White-breasted Nuthatch Sitta carolinensis I love to watch Nuthatches, they are such lively little birds! They are quite hyperactive, so they are hard to photograph. This little guy would fly to the feeder, fly back to the t...

White-breasted Nuthatch Sitta carolinensis I love to watch Nuthatches, they are such lively little birds! They are quite hyperactive, so they are hard to photograph. This little guy would fly to the feeder, fly back to the tree, jam the seed into the tree bark, shell and eat the seed, then fly back to the feeder. They are one of the few birds that can walk down the tree bark! (see next photo) 2377
43 Nuthatches often walk upside-down on the tree branches. This one is eating suet from our feeder. I took this photo with a spotting scope attached to my camera.

Nuthatches often walk upside-down on the tree branches. This one is eating suet from our feeder. I took this photo with a spotting scope attached to my camera.

Nuthatches often walk upside-down on the tree branches. This one is eating suet from our feeder. I took this photo with a spotting scope attached to my camera. 2140
44 <strong>House Finch</strong>
<em>Carpodacus mexicanus</em> 
It is very easy to tell the difference between the male and female house finch, he is much more brightly colored.

House Finch Carpodacus mexicanus It is very easy to tell the difference between the male and female house finch, he is much more brightly colored.

House Finch Carpodacus mexicanus It is very easy to tell the difference between the male and female house finch, he is much more brightly colored. 2437
45 This male <strong>House finch</strong> was photographed from the living room window at my house. Even with a 300mm lens, I'm still having a hard time getting a really clear shot. House finches differ from Purple finches by having more brown on them.

This male House finch was photographed from the living room window at my house. Even with a 300mm lens, I'm still having a hard time getting a really clear shot. House finches differ from Purple finches by having more brown on them.

This male House finch was photographed from the living room window at my house. Even with a 300mm lens, I'm still having a hard time getting a really clear shot. House finches differ from Purple finches by having more brown on them. 2233
46 House Finch in the fall

House Finch in the fall

House Finch in the fall 1839
47 <Strong>Purple finch</Strong>
<em>Carpodacus purpureus</em>
This Purple finch was photographed during a snow shower at Frozen Head State Park in mid-February. I took it from the side porch at the visitor center. These finches have much more purple on...

Purple finch Carpodacus purpureus This Purple finch was photographed during a snow shower at Frozen Head State Park in mid-February. I took it from the side porch at the visitor center. These finches have much more purple on...

Purple finch Carpodacus purpureus This Purple finch was photographed during a snow shower at Frozen Head State Park in mid-February. I took it from the side porch at the visitor center. These finches have much more purple on them than the House finches do. 2229
48 This male <strong>House Sparrow</strong> (<em>Passer domesticus</em>) was photographed in the garden at my school. Like starlings, these birds are invasive European imports. My parents always called them "spatzies" when I was growing up. When a friend ...

This male House Sparrow (Passer domesticus) was photographed in the garden at my school. Like starlings, these birds are invasive European imports. My parents always called them "spatzies" when I was growing up. When a friend ...

This male House Sparrow (Passer domesticus) was photographed in the garden at my school. Like starlings, these birds are invasive European imports. My parents always called them "spatzies" when I was growing up. When a friend from Germany gave me a German bird book, I learned that this bird is called a "Haus Spatz", and I realized that is where "spatzie" came from. I don't like these birds, they've taken over our Bluebird houses. 2895
49 A House Sparrow pair caught in the act of building a nest in our bluebird house at school! Look who is doing all the work, the female with the grass in her mouth!

A House Sparrow pair caught in the act of building a nest in our bluebird house at school! Look who is doing all the work, the female with the grass in her mouth!

A House Sparrow pair caught in the act of building a nest in our bluebird house at school! Look who is doing all the work, the female with the grass in her mouth! 2072
50 <strong>White-throated Sparrow</strong>
<em>Zonotrichia albicollis</em>
March 6, 2007
This pretty little sparrow was feeding on the ground under my feeder. I'm not much of a birder, but thanks to the bright yellow patches on the head and the white t...

White-throated Sparrow Zonotrichia albicollis March 6, 2007 This pretty little sparrow was feeding on the ground under my feeder. I'm not much of a birder, but thanks to the bright yellow patches on the head and the white t...

White-throated Sparrow Zonotrichia albicollis March 6, 2007 This pretty little sparrow was feeding on the ground under my feeder. I'm not much of a birder, but thanks to the bright yellow patches on the head and the white throat patch, this one was easy to identify in my Audubon's field guide. This little guy won't be around much longer, White-throated Sparrows are only winter visitors. Could we consider them "snow birds" in Tennessee?! 2278
51 Copy of Sparrow White-throated male 1-30d

Copy of Sparrow White-throated male 1-30d

Copy of Sparrow White-throated male 1-30d 1705
52 Copy of Sparrow White-throated female 1-30

Copy of Sparrow White-throated female 1-30

Copy of Sparrow White-throated female 1-30 1574
53 <strong>Song Sparrow</strong>
<em>Melospiza melodia</em>
Kingsport, TN
March 2, 2008
This pretty little bird and its mate were seen by the bank of the Holston River in Kingsport on a warm March morning. Song Sparrows have a beautiful, lilting call ...

Song Sparrow Melospiza melodia Kingsport, TN March 2, 2008 This pretty little bird and its mate were seen by the bank of the Holston River in Kingsport on a warm March morning. Song Sparrows have a beautiful, lilting call ...

Song Sparrow Melospiza melodia Kingsport, TN March 2, 2008 This pretty little bird and its mate were seen by the bank of the Holston River in Kingsport on a warm March morning. Song Sparrows have a beautiful, lilting call that will cheer you up! 2257
54 <b>Song Sparrow</b>

Song Sparrow

Song Sparrow 1894
55 <strong>Chipping Sparrow pair</strong>
<em>Spizella passerina</em>
Oak Ridge, TN
March 27, 2008

This pair of Chipping Sparrows were nibbling seeds at the feeder outside my living room window. The male has a distinctive rusty red crown in the spri...

Chipping Sparrow pair Spizella passerina Oak Ridge, TN March 27, 2008 This pair of Chipping Sparrows were nibbling seeds at the feeder outside my living room window. The male has a distinctive rusty red crown in the spri...

Chipping Sparrow pair Spizella passerina Oak Ridge, TN March 27, 2008 This pair of Chipping Sparrows were nibbling seeds at the feeder outside my living room window. The male has a distinctive rusty red crown in the spring when he sports his breeding plumage. In nature, it is the males who wear the pretty colors and put on the "make up" to attract their mates! :) 2121
56 <strong>Chipping Sparrow male</strong>
<em>Spizella passerina</em>
Here the rusty red cap can be easily seen.

Chipping Sparrow male Spizella passerina Here the rusty red cap can be easily seen.

Chipping Sparrow male Spizella passerina Here the rusty red cap can be easily seen. 1737
57 <strong>Carolina Wren</strong>
<em>Thryothorus ludovicianus</em>
Dec. 6, 2007
Oak Ridge, TN
These perky little birds are often heard before they are seen, they are very loud for their size! They have a variety of calls and songs. Carolina Wrens are...

Carolina Wren Thryothorus ludovicianus Dec. 6, 2007 Oak Ridge, TN These perky little birds are often heard before they are seen, they are very loud for their size! They have a variety of calls and songs. Carolina Wrens are...

Carolina Wren Thryothorus ludovicianus Dec. 6, 2007 Oak Ridge, TN These perky little birds are often heard before they are seen, they are very loud for their size! They have a variety of calls and songs. Carolina Wrens are easy to identify by their white eyebrows! These birds mate for life. 2487
58 <strong>Brown Creeper</strong>
<em>Certhia americana</em>
Oak Ridge, TN
Jan. 17, 2009

I was so glad this little bird quit moving long enough that I could fire off a few shots with my camera (not a gun!) through my field scope. The lighting was pr...

Brown Creeper Certhia americana Oak Ridge, TN Jan. 17, 2009 I was so glad this little bird quit moving long enough that I could fire off a few shots with my camera (not a gun!) through my field scope. The lighting was pr...

Brown Creeper Certhia americana Oak Ridge, TN Jan. 17, 2009 I was so glad this little bird quit moving long enough that I could fire off a few shots with my camera (not a gun!) through my field scope. The lighting was pretty bad, so this photo is not as sharp as I would like. I'll keep watching and maybe I'll see it on a sunny morning when I have better light! I was happy to get this in the meantime, it's been a long time since I've seen one of these active little birds. 1822
59 <strong>Mourning Dove</strong>
<em>Zenaida macroura</em>
These pretty brown doves are related to the  common "park pigeon", a.k.a. Rock Dove. Their name comes from the mournful cooing sound they make. Mourning Doves are the "rabbits" of the birds, th...

Mourning Dove Zenaida macroura These pretty brown doves are related to the common "park pigeon", a.k.a. Rock Dove. Their name comes from the mournful cooing sound they make. Mourning Doves are the "rabbits" of the birds, th...

Mourning Dove Zenaida macroura These pretty brown doves are related to the common "park pigeon", a.k.a. Rock Dove. Their name comes from the mournful cooing sound they make. Mourning Doves are the "rabbits" of the birds, they are quite prolific breeders, having up to 6 broods of babies per year (2 babies each time)! They don't have a chance to suffer from "empty nest syndrome", as soon as the babies fly away they mate and start all over again! Whew! At least the father bird stays around to help mom! :) We have had Mourning Doves build a nest in our hanging baskets on the porch outside our front door. They are really messy, the babies use the porch as their toilet! 3507
60 Mourning Dove with fluffed feathers

Mourning Dove with fluffed feathers

Mourning Dove with fluffed feathers 1559
61 This pair of Mourning Doves was on the ground beneath the bird feeder. Doves are usually ground feeders.

This pair of Mourning Doves was on the ground beneath the bird feeder. Doves are usually ground feeders.

This pair of Mourning Doves was on the ground beneath the bird feeder. Doves are usually ground feeders. 1702
62 <strong>Feral Rock Pigeon</strong>
<em>Columba livia domestica</em>
These birds are very common in cities all over the world. They have adapted to city life and are not bothered by people. I was pooped on by a pigeon while visiting Florence, Italy wh...

Feral Rock Pigeon Columba livia domestica These birds are very common in cities all over the world. They have adapted to city life and are not bothered by people. I was pooped on by a pigeon while visiting Florence, Italy wh...

Feral Rock Pigeon Columba livia domestica These birds are very common in cities all over the world. They have adapted to city life and are not bothered by people. I was pooped on by a pigeon while visiting Florence, Italy when I was 16. A friendly shopkeeper came out and wiped it off, saying, "Don't-a worry, don't-a worry, that's-a good-a luck"! My reply was, "I sure hope my luck doesn't get any better today!" 2245
63 This male <strong>Rufous-sided Towhee</strong> (<em>Pipilo erythropthalmus</em>) was scratching through the leaves beneath our Black Gum tree in the back yard. The females are brown, where the males have the black plumage. The common name comes from th...

This male Rufous-sided Towhee (Pipilo erythropthalmus) was scratching through the leaves beneath our Black Gum tree in the back yard. The females are brown, where the males have the black plumage. The common name comes from th...

This male Rufous-sided Towhee (Pipilo erythropthalmus) was scratching through the leaves beneath our Black Gum tree in the back yard. The females are brown, where the males have the black plumage. The common name comes from the call the bird makes, the species name means "red eye". 3173
64 This female <strong>Rufous-sided Towhee</strong> (Pipilo erythropthalmus) would be well camouflaged if there wasn't snow on the ground.

This female Rufous-sided Towhee (Pipilo erythropthalmus) would be well camouflaged if there wasn't snow on the ground.

This female Rufous-sided Towhee (Pipilo erythropthalmus) would be well camouflaged if there wasn't snow on the ground. 2070
65 <strong>Eastern Meadowlark</strong> 
<em>Sturnella magna</em>
Great Smoky Mountains NP
May 10, 2008

I had been looking for a Meadowlark to photograph for years. Sadly, these handsome birds are becoming scarce due to habitat destruction. This guy ...

Eastern Meadowlark Sturnella magna Great Smoky Mountains NP May 10, 2008 I had been looking for a Meadowlark to photograph for years. Sadly, these handsome birds are becoming scarce due to habitat destruction. This guy ...

Eastern Meadowlark Sturnella magna Great Smoky Mountains NP May 10, 2008 I had been looking for a Meadowlark to photograph for years. Sadly, these handsome birds are becoming scarce due to habitat destruction. This guy was singing loudly in a tree in Cades Cove in the Smokies. Meadowlarks are ground nesters. They eat insects, grain and seeds. 2060
66 <strong>Tree Swallow</strong>
<em>Tachycineta bicolor</em>
This beautiful irridescent bird is one of many that live in the artificial gourds at the area where we have our science camp. They are important insect eaters.

Tree Swallow Tachycineta bicolor This beautiful irridescent bird is one of many that live in the artificial gourds at the area where we have our science camp. They are important insect eaters.

Tree Swallow Tachycineta bicolor This beautiful irridescent bird is one of many that live in the artificial gourds at the area where we have our science camp. They are important insect eaters. 2180
67 <strong>Barn Swallow</strong>
<em>Hirundo rustica</em>
Palo Alto, CA
July 2, 2008

I was happy to see this Barn Swallow resting on a bridge, they are nearly impossible to photograph in flight! I saw this bird at the Palo Alto Baylands, but they ca...

Barn Swallow Hirundo rustica Palo Alto, CA July 2, 2008 I was happy to see this Barn Swallow resting on a bridge, they are nearly impossible to photograph in flight! I saw this bird at the Palo Alto Baylands, but they ca...

Barn Swallow Hirundo rustica Palo Alto, CA July 2, 2008 I was happy to see this Barn Swallow resting on a bridge, they are nearly impossible to photograph in flight! I saw this bird at the Palo Alto Baylands, but they can be found over most of the U.S. They catch insects while they are flying. 1792
68 This display at the visitor center at the Palo Alto Baylands shows the difference between Barn and Cliff Swallows. The Cliff Swallows had mud nests built in the rafters of the building. It was fun to watch them zoom in and out of the nests to feed thei...

This display at the visitor center at the Palo Alto Baylands shows the difference between Barn and Cliff Swallows. The Cliff Swallows had mud nests built in the rafters of the building. It was fun to watch them zoom in and out of the nests to feed thei...

This display at the visitor center at the Palo Alto Baylands shows the difference between Barn and Cliff Swallows. The Cliff Swallows had mud nests built in the rafters of the building. It was fun to watch them zoom in and out of the nests to feed their chicks. 1574
69 <strong>Cliff Swallow</strong>
<em>Petrochelidon pyrrhonota</em>
Palo Alto, CA
July 2, 2008

Cliff Swallows build a more enclosed vase-shaped nest, Barn Swallows an open cup-shaped nest of mud. I liked the way these birds would peek out of the nes...

Cliff Swallow Petrochelidon pyrrhonota Palo Alto, CA July 2, 2008 Cliff Swallows build a more enclosed vase-shaped nest, Barn Swallows an open cup-shaped nest of mud. I liked the way these birds would peek out of the nes...

Cliff Swallow Petrochelidon pyrrhonota Palo Alto, CA July 2, 2008 Cliff Swallows build a more enclosed vase-shaped nest, Barn Swallows an open cup-shaped nest of mud. I liked the way these birds would peek out of the nests at the observers below! I wonder what they thought of us? :)Unfortunately, this was the best I could do for a photo of these birds, it was nearly impossible to catch them in flight! 1562
70 These two Cliff Swallow chicks were so cute peering out of their nest waiting for mom or dad to return from the salt marsh with an insect meal. It looks like they are nearly big enough to leave the nest and start looking for their own meals!

These two Cliff Swallow chicks were so cute peering out of their nest waiting for mom or dad to return from the salt marsh with an insect meal. It looks like they are nearly big enough to leave the nest and start looking for their own meals!

These two Cliff Swallow chicks were so cute peering out of their nest waiting for mom or dad to return from the salt marsh with an insect meal. It looks like they are nearly big enough to leave the nest and start looking for their own meals! 1654
71 This <strong>Eastern Phoebe</strong> (<em>Sayornis phoebe</em>) was nesting on a porch rafter at the old Freels' cabin, where we have our annual science camp. These birds use mud and mosses as their nesting material. The only problem with having them n...

This Eastern Phoebe (Sayornis phoebe) was nesting on a porch rafter at the old Freels' cabin, where we have our annual science camp. These birds use mud and mosses as their nesting material. The only problem with having them n...

This Eastern Phoebe (Sayornis phoebe) was nesting on a porch rafter at the old Freels' cabin, where we have our annual science camp. These birds use mud and mosses as their nesting material. The only problem with having them nest on the porch is their bad hygiene habit of depositing their droppings in a pile below the nest! I can understand why they don't want them in the nest, but they sure do make a mess! The common name comes from the sound of the birds' call, "fee-bee". 1834
72 <strong>Eastern Phoebe</strong>
<em>Sayornis phoebe</em>
Oak Ridge, TN
September 23, 2008

Eastern Phoebe Sayornis phoebe Oak Ridge, TN September 23, 2008

Eastern Phoebe Sayornis phoebe Oak Ridge, TN September 23, 2008 1932
73 <strong>Eastern Kingbird</strong>
<em>Tyrannus tyrannus</em>
It is fun to watch these birds sit on a branch and then suddenly dart out to catch insects in mid-air. The white band on the tail is a good identification marker.

Eastern Kingbird Tyrannus tyrannus It is fun to watch these birds sit on a branch and then suddenly dart out to catch insects in mid-air. The white band on the tail is a good identification marker.

Eastern Kingbird Tyrannus tyrannus It is fun to watch these birds sit on a branch and then suddenly dart out to catch insects in mid-air. The white band on the tail is a good identification marker. 2224
74 <strong>Rose-breasted Grosbeak</strong> - male
<em>Pheucticus ludovicianus</em>
Oak Ridge, TN
Sept. 25, 2007
I first noticed this bird squabbling with a female cardinal (unseen on the other side of the feeder) from my living room window. I could se...

Rose-breasted Grosbeak - male Pheucticus ludovicianus Oak Ridge, TN Sept. 25, 2007 I first noticed this bird squabbling with a female cardinal (unseen on the other side of the feeder) from my living room window. I could se...

Rose-breasted Grosbeak - male Pheucticus ludovicianus Oak Ridge, TN Sept. 25, 2007 I first noticed this bird squabbling with a female cardinal (unseen on the other side of the feeder) from my living room window. I could see only the back of it, so I couldn't figure out what it was. Finally, it turned and I could see the red patch on its chest, then I knew it was a Rose-breasted Grosbeak. I had seen the female over the weekend, but I didn't know what she was. "Grosbeak" means "large beak". 2287
75 <strong>Rose-breasted Grosbeak</strong> - female
<em>Pheucticus ludovicianus</em>
Oak Ridge, TN
Sept. 25, 2007
Like many female birds, this little lady is much more drab than her flashy mate! The last time I had seen a Rose-breasted Grosbeak was in...

Rose-breasted Grosbeak - female Pheucticus ludovicianus Oak Ridge, TN Sept. 25, 2007 Like many female birds, this little lady is much more drab than her flashy mate! The last time I had seen a Rose-breasted Grosbeak was in...

Rose-breasted Grosbeak - female Pheucticus ludovicianus Oak Ridge, TN Sept. 25, 2007 Like many female birds, this little lady is much more drab than her flashy mate! The last time I had seen a Rose-breasted Grosbeak was in 1990, so I was excited to have this pair visiting the feeder outside my living room window! (see male in previous photo) 1903
76 <strong>Cedar Waxwing</strong>
<em>Bombycilla cedrorum</em>
November 25, 2007
These beautiful birds can be enjoyed only in the late fall and winter in east TN. They are fruit and berry eaters, they are often seen in flocks visiting cedar, holly, and...

Cedar Waxwing Bombycilla cedrorum November 25, 2007 These beautiful birds can be enjoyed only in the late fall and winter in east TN. They are fruit and berry eaters, they are often seen in flocks visiting cedar, holly, and...

Cedar Waxwing Bombycilla cedrorum November 25, 2007 These beautiful birds can be enjoyed only in the late fall and winter in east TN. They are fruit and berry eaters, they are often seen in flocks visiting cedar, holly, and other berry producing bushes and trees. I quickly snapped this photo along a trail at Haw Ridge. The birds get their common name from the small red waxy tips on their wings. 3531
77 I was surprised to see this <strong>Common Crow</strong> (<em>Corvus brachyrhynchos</em>) with a grasshopper in its beak in mid-February at the Oak Ridge Marina. It had been harassing sea gulls a few minutes earlier. Crows are highly intelligent birds.

I was surprised to see this Common Crow (Corvus brachyrhynchos) with a grasshopper in its beak in mid-February at the Oak Ridge Marina. It had been harassing sea gulls a few minutes earlier. Crows are highly intelligent birds.

I was surprised to see this Common Crow (Corvus brachyrhynchos) with a grasshopper in its beak in mid-February at the Oak Ridge Marina. It had been harassing sea gulls a few minutes earlier. Crows are highly intelligent birds. 1640
78 Crows are scavengers, this one is eating a dead ground squirrel in California. They will also eat bird eggs and nestlings, that is why it is common to see smaller birds harassing and chasing crows.

Crows are scavengers, this one is eating a dead ground squirrel in California. They will also eat bird eggs and nestlings, that is why it is common to see smaller birds harassing and chasing crows.

Crows are scavengers, this one is eating a dead ground squirrel in California. They will also eat bird eggs and nestlings, that is why it is common to see smaller birds harassing and chasing crows. 2345
79 <strong>European Starling</strong>
<em>Sturnus vulgaris</em>
The genus name <em>vulgaris</em> means "common", not "vulgar", however with these rowdy birds the latter name is more fitting! Starlings were brought from Europe and released into New York'...

European Starling Sturnus vulgaris The genus name vulgaris means "common", not "vulgar", however with these rowdy birds the latter name is more fitting! Starlings were brought from Europe and released into New York'...

European Starling Sturnus vulgaris The genus name vulgaris means "common", not "vulgar", however with these rowdy birds the latter name is more fitting! Starlings were brought from Europe and released into New York's Central Park in the early 1890's. Their numbers exploded over the past 100 years and they are now found all over North America. They often mass into huge flocks, forming clouds of birds, wheeling and turning en masse in the sky. Starlings are like a "winged form of kudzu", these invasive non-natives crowd out the native birds. I had a hard time photographing these birds because they are leery of people, I had to take this photo from my car! 2649
80 Starlings can be quite attractive when the sun shines on them. The black feathers refract the light into purple, green, and blue. That is about the only redeeming factor that I can think of for them though!

Starlings can be quite attractive when the sun shines on them. The black feathers refract the light into purple, green, and blue. That is about the only redeeming factor that I can think of for them though!

Starlings can be quite attractive when the sun shines on them. The black feathers refract the light into purple, green, and blue. That is about the only redeeming factor that I can think of for them though! 2156
81 <strong>Common Grackle</strong>
<em>Quiscalus quiscula</em>
Like starlings, grackles have highly refractive black feathers when viewed in direct sunlight. These birds often travel in large flocks and roost in trees overnight. You learn quickly not to...

Common Grackle Quiscalus quiscula Like starlings, grackles have highly refractive black feathers when viewed in direct sunlight. These birds often travel in large flocks and roost in trees overnight. You learn quickly not to...

Common Grackle Quiscalus quiscula Like starlings, grackles have highly refractive black feathers when viewed in direct sunlight. These birds often travel in large flocks and roost in trees overnight. You learn quickly not to park your car under a tree that these birds spend the night in! Grackles can clean out the seed from a bird feeder in no time. When our neighbors stopped putting out seed because flocks of these birds kept emptying their feeder, they started showing up at ours! 2351
82 Common Grackles are one of the most common native birds in North America.

Common Grackles are one of the most common native birds in North America.

Common Grackles are one of the most common native birds in North America. 1939
83 <strong>Brown-headed Cowbird</strong> - Male 
<em>Molothrus ater</em>
Cowbirds lay their eggs in the nests of other birds, their young are raised by unsuspecting "surrogate parents". They get their common name from the habit of following cattle and b...

Brown-headed Cowbird - Male Molothrus ater Cowbirds lay their eggs in the nests of other birds, their young are raised by unsuspecting "surrogate parents". They get their common name from the habit of following cattle and b...

Brown-headed Cowbird - Male Molothrus ater Cowbirds lay their eggs in the nests of other birds, their young are raised by unsuspecting "surrogate parents". They get their common name from the habit of following cattle and bison around to eat insects disturbed by the larger animals. 2423
84 <strong>The Cowbird Dance</strong>
Spring is in the air and this young man's fancy has turned to thoughts of love! :) I was entertained watching this pair of courting cowbirds as the male did a dance of feather puffing, wing spreading, bowing and wipi...

The Cowbird Dance Spring is in the air and this young man's fancy has turned to thoughts of love! :) I was entertained watching this pair of courting cowbirds as the male did a dance of feather puffing, wing spreading, bowing and wipi...

The Cowbird Dance Spring is in the air and this young man's fancy has turned to thoughts of love! :) I was entertained watching this pair of courting cowbirds as the male did a dance of feather puffing, wing spreading, bowing and wiping his beak on the tree branch. The female would also wipe her beak on the branch. The eggs that will result from their union will be laid in another bird's nest, this couple will never see their offspring! 1726
85 A Cowbird, European starling, and house finches at my feeder; so much for "birds of a feather flocking together"! I thought it was funny how I caught the starling as it was flying up to the suet feeder!

A Cowbird, European starling, and house finches at my feeder; so much for "birds of a feather flocking together"! I thought it was funny how I caught the starling as it was flying up to the suet feeder!

A Cowbird, European starling, and house finches at my feeder; so much for "birds of a feather flocking together"! I thought it was funny how I caught the starling as it was flying up to the suet feeder! 1588
86 Juvenile male <strong>Red-winged Blackbird</strong>
<em>Agelaius phoeniceus</em>
When I e-mailed Charlie, my bird expert friend in Georgia, he identified this Mystery bird. It turned out to be what I suspected it was! I must be getting better at bird...

Juvenile male Red-winged Blackbird Agelaius phoeniceus When I e-mailed Charlie, my bird expert friend in Georgia, he identified this Mystery bird. It turned out to be what I suspected it was! I must be getting better at bird...

Juvenile male Red-winged Blackbird Agelaius phoeniceus When I e-mailed Charlie, my bird expert friend in Georgia, he identified this Mystery bird. It turned out to be what I suspected it was! I must be getting better at bird identification! :) His reply was, "Your bird is a 2nd year male Red-winged Blackbird. It hatched sometime in 2006, and is just molting into it's adult plumage, after spending the winter looking like his mom. In a month he won't be distinguishable from a 3 or 4 or 10 year old male." So, I was lucky to see this little guy at the feeder behind the house. I have not seen any other Red-winged blackbirds around my house, so I don't know where he came from. 2019
87 This baby <strong>Red-winged Blackbird</strong> (<em>Agelaius phoeniceus)</em> was perched on an old cattail seedhead on the shoreline of the lake at Cumberland Mountain State Park. I saw it while I was photographing the bridge. Dad was nearby flying a...

This baby Red-winged Blackbird (Agelaius phoeniceus) was perched on an old cattail seedhead on the shoreline of the lake at Cumberland Mountain State Park. I saw it while I was photographing the bridge. Dad was nearby flying a...

This baby Red-winged Blackbird (Agelaius phoeniceus) was perched on an old cattail seedhead on the shoreline of the lake at Cumberland Mountain State Park. I saw it while I was photographing the bridge. Dad was nearby flying around and loudly fussing at me. I took the hint and didn't stick around long. The males are black with pretty yellow and red wingbars. 1693
88 Red-winged Blackbird

Red-winged Blackbird

Red-winged Blackbird 1535
89 This photo shows what those pretty red feathers on male Red-winged Blackbird are used for! He was putting on quite a display in hopes of attracting a female's attention! ;)

This photo shows what those pretty red feathers on male Red-winged Blackbird are used for! He was putting on quite a display in hopes of attracting a female's attention! ;)

This photo shows what those pretty red feathers on male Red-winged Blackbird are used for! He was putting on quite a display in hopes of attracting a female's attention! ;) 1585
90 I took this photo of these <strong>Killdeer</strong> (<em>Charadrius vociferus</em>) in a Maryville restaurant parking lot from my car window. They were just far enough away that I couldn't get them in sharp focus. Killdeers lay their eggs on the groun...

I took this photo of these Killdeer (Charadrius vociferus) in a Maryville restaurant parking lot from my car window. They were just far enough away that I couldn't get them in sharp focus. Killdeers lay their eggs on the groun...

I took this photo of these Killdeer (Charadrius vociferus) in a Maryville restaurant parking lot from my car window. They were just far enough away that I couldn't get them in sharp focus. Killdeers lay their eggs on the ground, often among gravel. The parents will feign injury, dragging a wing as they run away from the nest to distract predators. The babies are precocious, they can run not long after hatching. The birds are named for their distinctive "kill-deer" call. 2889
91 These Kildeers were vying for territory in the middle of the field of Oak Ridge's walking track at the Civic Center. The two pairs were calling and running at each other. I was excited to catch these two birds flying when the tension between them built...

These Kildeers were vying for territory in the middle of the field of Oak Ridge's walking track at the Civic Center. The two pairs were calling and running at each other. I was excited to catch these two birds flying when the tension between them built...

These Kildeers were vying for territory in the middle of the field of Oak Ridge's walking track at the Civic Center. The two pairs were calling and running at each other. I was excited to catch these two birds flying when the tension between them built up! I just love my new camera! :) 1597
92 A female Kildeer on her nest

A female Kildeer on her nest

A female Kildeer on her nest 2098
93 This poor female Kildeer was quite upset because her nest with 4 eggs was very close to the resting area for the Ithaca Rowing team during the 2007 NCAA Women's Rowing Championships. Kildeers nest on the ground, so they often have problems with humans,...

This poor female Kildeer was quite upset because her nest with 4 eggs was very close to the resting area for the Ithaca Rowing team during the 2007 NCAA Women's Rowing Championships. Kildeers nest on the ground, so they often have problems with humans,...

This poor female Kildeer was quite upset because her nest with 4 eggs was very close to the resting area for the Ithaca Rowing team during the 2007 NCAA Women's Rowing Championships. Kildeers nest on the ground, so they often have problems with humans, animals and cars! This picture was taken through a chainlink fence. 1907
94 A Kildeer's nest

A Kildeer's nest

A Kildeer's nest 1632
95 This <strong>Killdeer chick</strong> is probably just a few days old. I photographed it on 4/25/10. These babies are <em>precocious</em>, meaning they are able to run and feed themselves not long after hatching.

This Killdeer chick is probably just a few days old. I photographed it on 4/25/10. These babies are precocious, meaning they are able to run and feed themselves not long after hatching.

This Killdeer chick is probably just a few days old. I photographed it on 4/25/10. These babies are precocious, meaning they are able to run and feed themselves not long after hatching. 1344
96 The male Kildeer was trying to defend his mate and nest by feigning injury. The birds call loudly and run dragging a wing to lure predators away from the nest.

The male Kildeer was trying to defend his mate and nest by feigning injury. The birds call loudly and run dragging a wing to lure predators away from the nest.

The male Kildeer was trying to defend his mate and nest by feigning injury. The birds call loudly and run dragging a wing to lure predators away from the nest. 1782
97 <strong>Northern Bobwhite</strong>
<em>Colinus virginianus</em>
Homosassa Springs, FL
Dec. 13, 2009

The whistling "bob-white" call of this quail was once quite common, but due to loss of grassy fields, the birds have lost much of their habitat. I...

Northern Bobwhite Colinus virginianus Homosassa Springs, FL Dec. 13, 2009 The whistling "bob-white" call of this quail was once quite common, but due to loss of grassy fields, the birds have lost much of their habitat. I...

Northern Bobwhite Colinus virginianus Homosassa Springs, FL Dec. 13, 2009 The whistling "bob-white" call of this quail was once quite common, but due to loss of grassy fields, the birds have lost much of their habitat. I photographed this one in an aviary at Homosassa Springs State Wildlife Park in Florida. The last time I heard the call of a Bobwhite was in the Smoky Mountains earlier this year. 1355
98 I saw this <strong>Wild Turkey</strong> (<em>Meleagris galloparvo</em>) hen and her babies, called "poults", on the last day of science camp in June 2005. It is amazing how many animals emerge when the kids leave! :) Wild turkeys were reintroduced into...

I saw this Wild Turkey (Meleagris galloparvo) hen and her babies, called "poults", on the last day of science camp in June 2005. It is amazing how many animals emerge when the kids leave! :) Wild turkeys were reintroduced into...

I saw this Wild Turkey (Meleagris galloparvo) hen and her babies, called "poults", on the last day of science camp in June 2005. It is amazing how many animals emerge when the kids leave! :) Wild turkeys were reintroduced into our area around 20 years ago and they have done quite well. Large flocks are a treat to see. I took this photo from the open window of my car. Turkeys may lay an average of 10 -12 eggs. 2407
99 We were driving along one of the busy highways in Kingsport when I saw a flock of Turkeys right next to the road. We turned back and parked in a lot nearby. I quietly walked near where they were, but they got nervous and started walking quickly toward ...

We were driving along one of the busy highways in Kingsport when I saw a flock of Turkeys right next to the road. We turned back and parked in a lot nearby. I quietly walked near where they were, but they got nervous and started walking quickly toward ...

We were driving along one of the busy highways in Kingsport when I saw a flock of Turkeys right next to the road. We turned back and parked in a lot nearby. I quietly walked near where they were, but they got nervous and started walking quickly toward the Holston Defense Plant, where they live. I never thought my best turkey photo would have the double arches of a McDonald's in the background! :) The feathers refract the sunlight into beautiful reds, greens and blues. This turkey has a long "beard" on his chest. The length and color of the beard indicates the age of the turkey. Young male turkeys are called "jakes", young females are called "jennies". Adult males are called "toms" or "gobblers" and the females are called "hens". 1902
100 <strong>Wild Turkey</strong>
<em>Meleagris galloparvo</em>
Oct. 8, 2007
I photographed this Wild Turkey at the Chattanooga Nature Center. Turkeys are quite colorful birds.

Wild Turkey Meleagris galloparvo Oct. 8, 2007 I photographed this Wild Turkey at the Chattanooga Nature Center. Turkeys are quite colorful birds.

Wild Turkey Meleagris galloparvo Oct. 8, 2007 I photographed this Wild Turkey at the Chattanooga Nature Center. Turkeys are quite colorful birds. 1489
101 A wild turkey track in the sand.
Wild turkeys have been re-introduced into east Tennessee and have been quite successful. I saw this track on the trail to Piney Falls.

A wild turkey track in the sand. Wild turkeys have been re-introduced into east Tennessee and have been quite successful. I saw this track on the trail to Piney Falls.

A wild turkey track in the sand. Wild turkeys have been re-introduced into east Tennessee and have been quite successful. I saw this track on the trail to Piney Falls. 1973
102 I snapped this <strong>Turkey Vulture</strong> (<em>Cathartes aura</em>) just as it was taking off. A lot of my pictures are just "dumb luck"! Many digital cameras have a tiny delay before the shutter releases, that delay can be "just enough" to make o...

I snapped this Turkey Vulture (Cathartes aura) just as it was taking off. A lot of my pictures are just "dumb luck"! Many digital cameras have a tiny delay before the shutter releases, that delay can be "just enough" to make o...

I snapped this Turkey Vulture (Cathartes aura) just as it was taking off. A lot of my pictures are just "dumb luck"! Many digital cameras have a tiny delay before the shutter releases, that delay can be "just enough" to make or break a photo. I once had a vulture fly a few feet over my head while I was walking down a road where I teach my outdoor classes. Although it has been many years ago, I still remember hearing the slow "whoosh, whoosh" sound of the wings. Turkey Vultures are much larger than Black Vultures with a wingspan of up to 72 inches. They have a keen sense of smell and they use it to locate carrion. Turkey Vultures have a red head, Black Vultures have a black head. 2123
103 <strong>Turkey Vulture</strong> 
<em>Cathartes aura</em> 
Kingsport, TN
March 3, 2008
I once had a vulture fly a few feet over my head while I was walking down a road where I teach my outdoor classes. Although it has been many years ago, I still re...

Turkey Vulture Cathartes aura Kingsport, TN March 3, 2008 I once had a vulture fly a few feet over my head while I was walking down a road where I teach my outdoor classes. Although it has been many years ago, I still re...

Turkey Vulture Cathartes aura Kingsport, TN March 3, 2008 I once had a vulture fly a few feet over my head while I was walking down a road where I teach my outdoor classes. Although it has been many years ago, I still remember hearing the slow "whoosh, whoosh" sound of the wings. Turkey Vultures are much larger than Black Vultures with a wingspan of up to 72 inches. They have a keen sense of smell that they use it to locate carrion. Turkey Vultures have a red head, Black Vultures have a black head. 2249
104 This Turkey Vulture was preening atop a utility pole at Warriors Path State Park. It looks like this one needs to do a bit more, its feathers are coated with white where other birds have defecated on it! On hot days, vultures will often defecate on the...

This Turkey Vulture was preening atop a utility pole at Warriors Path State Park. It looks like this one needs to do a bit more, its feathers are coated with white where other birds have defecated on it! On hot days, vultures will often defecate on the...

This Turkey Vulture was preening atop a utility pole at Warriors Path State Park. It looks like this one needs to do a bit more, its feathers are coated with white where other birds have defecated on it! On hot days, vultures will often defecate on their legs as a way to cool off. Needless to say, vultures are best enjoyed at a distance! 1615
105 <strong>Black Vulture</strong>
<em>Coragyps atratus</em>
Kingsport, TN Warriors Path State Park
March 2, 2008 
Vultures have no feathers on their head to prevent getting blood and other putrid, decaying body parts and fluids from matting up the fea...

Black Vulture Coragyps atratus Kingsport, TN Warriors Path State Park March 2, 2008 Vultures have no feathers on their head to prevent getting blood and other putrid, decaying body parts and fluids from matting up the fea...

Black Vulture Coragyps atratus Kingsport, TN Warriors Path State Park March 2, 2008 Vultures have no feathers on their head to prevent getting blood and other putrid, decaying body parts and fluids from matting up the feathers. Many people are repulsed by the sight of vultures at a roadkill, but they do a very important job of cleaning up carrion. Our world would be an unpleasant place without scavengers such as this bird. Black Vultures have a black head and a shorter tail than the Turkey Vulture. According to my Audubon Bird Book, Black Vultures do not find carrion by smell, they use their sense of vision to find food, either by spotting it from the sky or seeing Turkey Vultures flying to the dead animal. See the previous photo for a view of a turkey vulture. Vultures often spread their wings to warm them in the sun while perching. One Halloween morning a few years ago I saw several vultures sitting on the barn at the property where I teach my outdoor classes, they looked pretty spooky with their outstretched wings! They have a 54 inch wingspan, so they are much smaller than the Turkey Vultures. However, 54" is still pretty big for a bird! Wow, what a treat it was to see nearly 100 Black Vultures sunning themselves and bathing in the lake at Warrior's Path SP! I was amazed to be able to get so close to this bird without making it nervous. It is easy to see the adaptations it has for eating carrion --- a hooked beak and featherless head. 2204
106 Kenny and I were amazed to see all these Vultures sunning and warming their wings near a parking lot at Warriors Path SP in Kingsport.

Kenny and I were amazed to see all these Vultures sunning and warming their wings near a parking lot at Warriors Path SP in Kingsport.

Kenny and I were amazed to see all these Vultures sunning and warming their wings near a parking lot at Warriors Path SP in Kingsport. 1506
107 These Black Vultures were bathing in the lake at Warriors Path SP! So maybe they do have a bit of dignity! :) The Turkey Vulture in the earlier photo should have joined them!

These Black Vultures were bathing in the lake at Warriors Path SP! So maybe they do have a bit of dignity! :) The Turkey Vulture in the earlier photo should have joined them!

These Black Vultures were bathing in the lake at Warriors Path SP! So maybe they do have a bit of dignity! :) The Turkey Vulture in the earlier photo should have joined them! 1517
108 One of the teachers at my school told me about the Black Vultures that have been perching on this water tower in Oak Ridge. Nearly every flat, level area on the tower had a vulture on it. I got a laugh when a big gust of wind sent the vultures scatteri...

One of the teachers at my school told me about the Black Vultures that have been perching on this water tower in Oak Ridge. Nearly every flat, level area on the tower had a vulture on it. I got a laugh when a big gust of wind sent the vultures scatteri...

One of the teachers at my school told me about the Black Vultures that have been perching on this water tower in Oak Ridge. Nearly every flat, level area on the tower had a vulture on it. I got a laugh when a big gust of wind sent the vultures scattering! :) 1458
109 Black Vultures on the support beams of the water tower.

Black Vultures on the support beams of the water tower.

Black Vultures on the support beams of the water tower. 1463
110 <strong>Pileated Woodpecker</strong> - female
<em>Dryocopus pileatus</em>
I was thrilled to see this beautiful, huge woodpecker eating from the suet feeder in early March 2007. It is the largest of the woodpeckers in our area. It is not hard to see h...

Pileated Woodpecker - female Dryocopus pileatus I was thrilled to see this beautiful, huge woodpecker eating from the suet feeder in early March 2007. It is the largest of the woodpeckers in our area. It is not hard to see h...

Pileated Woodpecker - female Dryocopus pileatus I was thrilled to see this beautiful, huge woodpecker eating from the suet feeder in early March 2007. It is the largest of the woodpeckers in our area. It is not hard to see how this bird was the inspiration for the "Woody Woodpecker" cartoon series! These large woodpeckers often drum on wood siding on houses and on gutters, they are just marking their territory they are not eating the house! 2210
111 <strong>Pileated Woodpecker</strong> - female
<em>Dryocopus pileatus</em>
Oak Ridge, TN
Jan. 8, 2010

I photographed this beautiful female Pileated Woodpecker on the tree outside our living room window. She had been feeding on the suet feeder.

Pileated Woodpecker - female Dryocopus pileatus Oak Ridge, TN Jan. 8, 2010 I photographed this beautiful female Pileated Woodpecker on the tree outside our living room window. She had been feeding on the suet feeder.

Pileated Woodpecker - female Dryocopus pileatus Oak Ridge, TN Jan. 8, 2010 I photographed this beautiful female Pileated Woodpecker on the tree outside our living room window. She had been feeding on the suet feeder. 1266
112 <strong>Pileated Woodpecker</strong> - male
<em>Dryocopus pileatus</em>
Nov. 30, 2007
The Pileated Woodpecker on the tree after feeding on suet. They often wipe their beak on the tree to clean off loose pieces of suet. I guess it works as a pretty g...

Pileated Woodpecker - male Dryocopus pileatus Nov. 30, 2007 The Pileated Woodpecker on the tree after feeding on suet. They often wipe their beak on the tree to clean off loose pieces of suet. I guess it works as a pretty g...

Pileated Woodpecker - male Dryocopus pileatus Nov. 30, 2007 The Pileated Woodpecker on the tree after feeding on suet. They often wipe their beak on the tree to clean off loose pieces of suet. I guess it works as a pretty good napkin! The red cheek blaze indicates this is a male. I was amazed to see our resident "bully" mockingbird dive at this woodpecker as it fed at the suet feeder. We can't believe the audacity of that bird; one strike from the woodpecker's huge bill, and that would be the end of the mocking bird! We have a ringside seat for the action at our livingroom window! Woodpeckers have air bubbles in the bones of their skull to absorb the shock of pounding their beak into the wood of trees when searching for insects. 2188
113 <strong>Downy Woodpecker</strong> - female
<em>Picoides pubescens</em>
This little female Downy Woodpecker was searching for insects on the tree outside our living room window. Male "downies" have a small red patch on the top of their heads.

Downy Woodpecker - female Picoides pubescens This little female Downy Woodpecker was searching for insects on the tree outside our living room window. Male "downies" have a small red patch on the top of their heads.

Downy Woodpecker - female Picoides pubescens This little female Downy Woodpecker was searching for insects on the tree outside our living room window. Male "downies" have a small red patch on the top of their heads. 1836
114 Note the little red patch on the back of this male <strong>Downy Woodpecker's</strong> (<em>Picoides pubescens</em>) head.

Note the little red patch on the back of this male Downy Woodpecker's (Picoides pubescens) head.

Note the little red patch on the back of this male Downy Woodpecker's (Picoides pubescens) head. 2202
115 <strong>Hairy Woodpecker</strong>
<em>Picoides villosus</em>

This female <strong>Hairy Woodpecker</strong> (<em>Picoides villosus</em>) was another winter visitor to my birdfeeder. These woodpeckers look a lot like Downies, but they are slightly la...

Hairy Woodpecker Picoides villosus This female Hairy Woodpecker (Picoides villosus) was another winter visitor to my birdfeeder. These woodpeckers look a lot like Downies, but they are slightly la...

Hairy Woodpecker Picoides villosus This female Hairy Woodpecker (Picoides villosus) was another winter visitor to my birdfeeder. These woodpeckers look a lot like Downies, but they are slightly larger. They are important insect eaters in the forest. Hairy woodpeckers are found in all parts of the U.S. except the southern part of Texas and southwest Arizona. 2544
116 <strong>Hairy Woodpecker</strong>
<em>Picoides villosus</em>
Oak Ridge, TN
Jan. 8, 2010

Hairy Woodpecker Picoides villosus Oak Ridge, TN Jan. 8, 2010

Hairy Woodpecker Picoides villosus Oak Ridge, TN Jan. 8, 2010 1515
117 This female <strong>Redbellied Woodpecker</strong> (<em>Melanerpes carolinus</em>) is enjoying a seed from the feeder outside my picture window. Males have a fuller red patch  on their head. Note how the feet grasp onto the feeder. Woodpeckers have 2 f...

This female Redbellied Woodpecker (Melanerpes carolinus) is enjoying a seed from the feeder outside my picture window. Males have a fuller red patch on their head. Note how the feet grasp onto the feeder. Woodpeckers have 2 f...

This female Redbellied Woodpecker (Melanerpes carolinus) is enjoying a seed from the feeder outside my picture window. Males have a fuller red patch on their head. Note how the feet grasp onto the feeder. Woodpeckers have 2 forward and 2 rear-facing toes; perching birds have 3 forward-facing toes and one rear-facing toe. 2320
118 This female <strong>Redbellied Woodpecker</strong> (<em>Melanerpes carolinus</em>) is waiting her turn to  eat from the feeder outside my picture window. Males of this species have a fuller red patch on their head (see next photo). Note how her feet gr...

This female Redbellied Woodpecker (Melanerpes carolinus) is waiting her turn to eat from the feeder outside my picture window. Males of this species have a fuller red patch on their head (see next photo). Note how her feet gr...

This female Redbellied Woodpecker (Melanerpes carolinus) is waiting her turn to eat from the feeder outside my picture window. Males of this species have a fuller red patch on their head (see next photo). Note how her feet grasp onto the limb. Woodpeckers have 2 forward and 2 rear-facing toes; perching birds have 3 forward-facing toes and one rear-facing toe. 2279
119 This male <strong>Red-bellied Woodpecker</strong> has much more red on his head than the female. He was seen on the tree behind our house. Note the position of the toes on his feet, two toes point forward, the other two point backwards.

This male Red-bellied Woodpecker has much more red on his head than the female. He was seen on the tree behind our house. Note the position of the toes on his feet, two toes point forward, the other two point backwards.

This male Red-bellied Woodpecker has much more red on his head than the female. He was seen on the tree behind our house. Note the position of the toes on his feet, two toes point forward, the other two point backwards. 1903
120 <strong>Red-Bellied Woodpecker</strong>
Feb. 2, 2009

This photo of a male woodpecker shows why it is the "Red-bellied" variety.

Red-Bellied Woodpecker Feb. 2, 2009 This photo of a male woodpecker shows why it is the "Red-bellied" variety.

Red-Bellied Woodpecker Feb. 2, 2009 This photo of a male woodpecker shows why it is the "Red-bellied" variety. 1328
121 This female Red-bellied Woodpecker is defending her nest hole from a starling that wants to move in too. Later I watched the male woodpecker attack another starling! It was just a blur of feathers!

This female Red-bellied Woodpecker is defending her nest hole from a starling that wants to move in too. Later I watched the male woodpecker attack another starling! It was just a blur of feathers!

This female Red-bellied Woodpecker is defending her nest hole from a starling that wants to move in too. Later I watched the male woodpecker attack another starling! It was just a blur of feathers! 1406
122 <strong>Red-headed Woodpecker</strong>
<em>Melanerpes erythrocephalus</em>
Grassy Point State Preserve, FL
Dec. 29, 2008

I was excited to see this beautiful woodpecker while we were at Grassy Point Preserve near Milton, FL. Unfortunately, I was a...

Red-headed Woodpecker Melanerpes erythrocephalus Grassy Point State Preserve, FL Dec. 29, 2008 I was excited to see this beautiful woodpecker while we were at Grassy Point Preserve near Milton, FL. Unfortunately, I was a...

Red-headed Woodpecker Melanerpes erythrocephalus Grassy Point State Preserve, FL Dec. 29, 2008 I was excited to see this beautiful woodpecker while we were at Grassy Point Preserve near Milton, FL. Unfortunately, I was a little too far away to get a good photo with my telephoto lens. I really wished I had taken my new spotting scope at that moment! Red-headed woodpeckers cache acorns in tree cavities. I had enjoyed watching this one pluck acorns from a nearby oak tree and place them in a hole in this dead tree. The difference between this woodpecker and the Red-bellied variety is the amount of red on their heads (the species name erythrocephalus means "red head"). Red-bellied woodpeckers also have black and white striped wings. 1520
123 <strong>Northern Flicker</strong> - (Yellow-shafted) female
<em>Colaptes auratus</em>
Sept. 21, 2007
Flickers are common woodpeckers, they eat ants. The yellow feathers in her tail are just barely visible, the underside of her flight feathers are ye...

Northern Flicker - (Yellow-shafted) female Colaptes auratus Sept. 21, 2007 Flickers are common woodpeckers, they eat ants. The yellow feathers in her tail are just barely visible, the underside of her flight feathers are ye...

Northern Flicker - (Yellow-shafted) female Colaptes auratus Sept. 21, 2007 Flickers are common woodpeckers, they eat ants. The yellow feathers in her tail are just barely visible, the underside of her flight feathers are yellow too. This photo was taken through my dining room window early in the morning. I had really been wanting to get a Flicker photo to finish out my Tennessee woodpeckers, so I was happy to see her and her mate sitting and preening in the silver maple tree. It is fun to watch a courting pair in the spring as they call and bob their heads back and forth! The female does not have the "moustache" that the male has, so it is easy to identify her. (see male in next photo) 2445
124 <strong>Northern Flicker</strong> - (Yellow-shafted) male
<em>Colaptes auratus</em>
Sept. 21, 2007
Note the "moustache" below this male flicker's beak. I took this photo through the dining room window. He was near the female, she was sitting on the ...

Northern Flicker - (Yellow-shafted) male Colaptes auratus Sept. 21, 2007 Note the "moustache" below this male flicker's beak. I took this photo through the dining room window. He was near the female, she was sitting on the ...

Northern Flicker - (Yellow-shafted) male Colaptes auratus Sept. 21, 2007 Note the "moustache" below this male flicker's beak. I took this photo through the dining room window. He was near the female, she was sitting on the branch above him. 2109
125 <strong>Yellow-bellied Sapsucker</strong>
<em>Sphyrapicus varius</em>
The first time I tried to take a photo of this bird the "bully" mockingbird chased him away. Unfortunately, this time I had one of the settings wrong on my camera, so I had to "doc...

Yellow-bellied Sapsucker Sphyrapicus varius The first time I tried to take a photo of this bird the "bully" mockingbird chased him away. Unfortunately, this time I had one of the settings wrong on my camera, so I had to "doc...

Yellow-bellied Sapsucker Sphyrapicus varius The first time I tried to take a photo of this bird the "bully" mockingbird chased him away. Unfortunately, this time I had one of the settings wrong on my camera, so I had to "doctor" this photo in Photoshop, it isn't as good as I would like. Hopefully, he will come back when I'm watching. These woodpeckers bore holes in the bark of many types of trees to drink the sap. They also eat any insects that are in the sap (see following photo). The yellow feathers on the belly are slightly visible in this photo. 2977
126 <strong>Yellow-bellied Sapsucker</strong>
<em>Sphyrapicus varius</em>
Oak Ridge, TN
March 17, 2009

I finally got a good photo of this bird! It landed on the tree behind my house. I changed lenses in record time to get this shot! He didn't stay th...

Yellow-bellied Sapsucker Sphyrapicus varius Oak Ridge, TN March 17, 2009 I finally got a good photo of this bird! It landed on the tree behind my house. I changed lenses in record time to get this shot! He didn't stay th...

Yellow-bellied Sapsucker Sphyrapicus varius Oak Ridge, TN March 17, 2009 I finally got a good photo of this bird! It landed on the tree behind my house. I changed lenses in record time to get this shot! He didn't stay there long, so I was delighted to catch him. :) 1440
127 I was delighted to get the chance to photograph this Yellow-bellied Sapsucker with my spotting scope as she hopped up the tree behind our house!

I was delighted to get the chance to photograph this Yellow-bellied Sapsucker with my spotting scope as she hopped up the tree behind our house!

I was delighted to get the chance to photograph this Yellow-bellied Sapsucker with my spotting scope as she hopped up the tree behind our house! 1394
128 I photographed this <strong>Yellow Bellied Sapsucker Woodpecker</strong> drilling holes in a tree in our neighbors' yard behind our house. It was taken through the living room window with a spotting scope at a distance of about 40 yards, so it is not a...

I photographed this Yellow Bellied Sapsucker Woodpecker drilling holes in a tree in our neighbors' yard behind our house. It was taken through the living room window with a spotting scope at a distance of about 40 yards, so it is not a...

I photographed this Yellow Bellied Sapsucker Woodpecker drilling holes in a tree in our neighbors' yard behind our house. It was taken through the living room window with a spotting scope at a distance of about 40 yards, so it is not as sharp as I would have liked. However, it is possible to tell what the bird is doing! When the sap oozes from the holes it is drilling in the bark, the bird will come back and drink the sap. 1306
129 These holes look like someone has shot the tree with a .22 rifle, but they were actually made by a woodpecker called a <strong>Yellow-bellied Sapsucker</strong>. The bird pecks holes in the bark to encourage sap to ooze, later it will return to drink t...

These holes look like someone has shot the tree with a .22 rifle, but they were actually made by a woodpecker called a Yellow-bellied Sapsucker. The bird pecks holes in the bark to encourage sap to ooze, later it will return to drink t...

These holes look like someone has shot the tree with a .22 rifle, but they were actually made by a woodpecker called a Yellow-bellied Sapsucker. The bird pecks holes in the bark to encourage sap to ooze, later it will return to drink the sap and eat any small insects caught in it. Now I just need to get a photo of the bird in action! 3778
130 <strong>Dark-eyed Junco</strong> a.k.a. Slate-colored Juncos
<em>Junco hyemalis</em> are also called "snowbirds".

Dark-eyed Junco a.k.a. Slate-colored Juncos Junco hyemalis are also called "snowbirds".

Dark-eyed Junco a.k.a. Slate-colored Juncos Junco hyemalis are also called "snowbirds". 2372
131 <strong>Yellow-billed Cuckoo; Rain Crow</strong>
<em>Coccyzus americanus</em>
These birds are often heard, but seldom seen. I took this photo quickly with a wide-angle lens at about 50 yards, so it is not very good.

Yellow-billed Cuckoo; Rain Crow Coccyzus americanus These birds are often heard, but seldom seen. I took this photo quickly with a wide-angle lens at about 50 yards, so it is not very good.

Yellow-billed Cuckoo; Rain Crow Coccyzus americanus These birds are often heard, but seldom seen. I took this photo quickly with a wide-angle lens at about 50 yards, so it is not very good. 2567
132 <strong>Blue-gray Gnatcatcher</strong>
<em>Polioptila caerulea</em>
These busy little birds dart about tree branches and trunks eating tiny insects.

Blue-gray Gnatcatcher Polioptila caerulea These busy little birds dart about tree branches and trunks eating tiny insects.

Blue-gray Gnatcatcher Polioptila caerulea These busy little birds dart about tree branches and trunks eating tiny insects. 2753
133 <strong>Ruby-throated Hummingbird</strong> adult male
<em>Archilochus colubris</em>
Oak Ridge, TN
July 28, 2008

This is a heavily cropped photo taken at a distance of about 20', under heavy shade, so I had a lot of factors working against me. But...

Ruby-throated Hummingbird adult male Archilochus colubris Oak Ridge, TN July 28, 2008 This is a heavily cropped photo taken at a distance of about 20', under heavy shade, so I had a lot of factors working against me. But...

Ruby-throated Hummingbird adult male Archilochus colubris Oak Ridge, TN July 28, 2008 This is a heavily cropped photo taken at a distance of about 20', under heavy shade, so I had a lot of factors working against me. But, at least I got a photo of a male Ruby-throated Hummingbird! I was happy to catch him as he turned around and flashed those brilliant red throat feathers (called a gorget). If it wasn't for those red-reflecting feathers, he would be very well camouflaged in the trees. 1534
134 <strong>Ruby-throated Hummingbird</strong> juvenile male
<em>Archilochus colubris </em>
Oak Ridge, TN
July 16, 2008

I staked out a spot near the hummingbird feeder in hopes of snapping a few shots of a Ruby-throated hummingbird.These little birds...

Ruby-throated Hummingbird juvenile male Archilochus colubris Oak Ridge, TN July 16, 2008 I staked out a spot near the hummingbird feeder in hopes of snapping a few shots of a Ruby-throated hummingbird.These little birds...

Ruby-throated Hummingbird juvenile male Archilochus colubris Oak Ridge, TN July 16, 2008 I staked out a spot near the hummingbird feeder in hopes of snapping a few shots of a Ruby-throated hummingbird.These little birds are difficult to photograph because they are always on the go! Even when they do stop to rest, it isn't for long! This young fellow is beginning to look like a "guy" instead of a "gal", when he is fully mature, he will have a full red gorget (neck patch). I don't want to sound like we have "Redneck Hummingbirds" here in Tennessee! :) Well, maybe if the nectar sits too long and ferments... ;) 1332
135 I snapped this(slightly blurry)female Ruby-throated Hummingbird in flight as she hovered near the feeder. The white tips on the tail feathers distinguishes this bird as a female, she is slightly larger than the male too. You will often hear the charact...

I snapped this(slightly blurry)female Ruby-throated Hummingbird in flight as she hovered near the feeder. The white tips on the tail feathers distinguishes this bird as a female, she is slightly larger than the male too. You will often hear the charact...

I snapped this(slightly blurry)female Ruby-throated Hummingbird in flight as she hovered near the feeder. The white tips on the tail feathers distinguishes this bird as a female, she is slightly larger than the male too. You will often hear the characteristic buzzing sound of a hummer before you see it. The Ruby-throated ones have an average wingbeat of 52 beats per second. They can fly at 30 mph and dive at up to 63 mph! To be so little, they sure are fast! 1425
136 It isn't every day that you get to see a  Hummingbird's tongue! How cool is that!? The bird was backlit by the sun, so it was in good light to catch this shot. The long tongue is used for drinking flower nectar and catching small insects. Hummingbirds ...

It isn't every day that you get to see a Hummingbird's tongue! How cool is that!? The bird was backlit by the sun, so it was in good light to catch this shot. The long tongue is used for drinking flower nectar and catching small insects. Hummingbirds ...

It isn't every day that you get to see a Hummingbird's tongue! How cool is that!? The bird was backlit by the sun, so it was in good light to catch this shot. The long tongue is used for drinking flower nectar and catching small insects. Hummingbirds are attracted to the colors red and orange. It is not necessary to have red liquid in a feeder as long as the feeder has some red on it. In fact, it is probably better not to have artificial red dye in the hummingbird food. It is important to keep the feeder clean and replace the "nectar" weekly to keep the birds from drinking contaminated food. 1711
137 <strong>Purple Martin</strong> - male
<em>Progne subis</em>
San Antonio, TX
March 24, 2009

I had been wanting to get a photo of a Purple Martin for a long time, so I was glad to find this fellow at the San Antonio Botanical Gardens. These birds l...

Purple Martin - male Progne subis San Antonio, TX March 24, 2009 I had been wanting to get a photo of a Purple Martin for a long time, so I was glad to find this fellow at the San Antonio Botanical Gardens. These birds l...

Purple Martin - male Progne subis San Antonio, TX March 24, 2009 I had been wanting to get a photo of a Purple Martin for a long time, so I was glad to find this fellow at the San Antonio Botanical Gardens. These birds live in large colonies and will readily nest in houses provided for them. Martins are great insect-eaters that catch their prey in the air. 1894
138 <b>Common Nighthawk</b>
<em>Chordeiles minor</em>
Oak Ridge, TN
10-8-11

I was excited to see one of these birds flying during the daytime, usually they are seen in the evening (often flying around lights at football stadiums or parking lots).

Common Nighthawk Chordeiles minor Oak Ridge, TN 10-8-11 I was excited to see one of these birds flying during the daytime, usually they are seen in the evening (often flying around lights at football stadiums or parking lots).

Common Nighthawk Chordeiles minor Oak Ridge, TN 10-8-11 I was excited to see one of these birds flying during the daytime, usually they are seen in the evening (often flying around lights at football stadiums or parking lots). 1331
139 <b>Black-throated Green Warbler </b>

Black-throated Green Warbler

Black-throated Green Warbler Setophaga virens 4-13-13 Frozen Head SP 1005
140 <b>Yellow-throated Warbler</b>

Yellow-throated Warbler

Yellow-throated Warbler Setophaga dominica 4-13-13 955
141 <b>White-eyed Vireo </b>

White-eyed Vireo

White-eyed Vireo Vireo griseus 4-13-13 909

Adsense