Black Cohosh; Bugbane - Whole plant
Cimicifuga racemosa /Buttercup Family
The common name "Bugbane" implies that the flowers repel insects, however the flowers are usually covered with bees, beetles, and other insects. The flowers don't smell very nice. This plant has estrogenic compounds, it was once used in Lydia Pinkham's Female Disorder Medicine
to treat "female problems."
Where seen:Big South Fork NRRA, Oak Ridge Greenways, Haw Ridge Greenway, Great Smoky Mountains NP, Warriors' Path SP, Cumberland Trail